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rights of the other members of the society, that any body of men therein should have authority to enlarge their own powers, prerogatives or emoluments, without restraint: the said general assembly cannot at their own will increase the allowance which their members are to draw from the publick treasury for their expenses while in assembly, but to enable them so to do, an application to the body of the people has become neces. sary, and such application having been accordingly made to the several counties, and a majority of them having thereupon consented that the said allowance shall be enlarged, and authorized their members to enlarge the same for themselves, and thie members of all future assemblies to fifty pounds of neat tobacco by the day for attendance on assembly, and two pounds of like tobacco for every mile they must necessarily travel going to or from the same, together with their ferriages, to be paid in money out of the publick treasury, at such rate as shall be estimated by the grand jury at the session of the general court nexi, before the meeting of every session of assembly, governing theina selves in the said estimate by the worth of the said tobacco, and the competence of the same to defray the

necessary expenses of travelling and attendance. Be members of it therefore enacted by the General Assembly, by exassembly, in press authority from the body of the people, that the tobacco, how allowance to the several members of the present, and estimated &

of all future general assemblies, shall be of fifty pounds of tobacco by the day for attendance on the said assemblies, two pounds of the like tobacco for every mile they must necessarily travel going to or from the same, together with their ferriages, to be paid to them in money out of the publick treasury, at such rate as shall be estimated by the grand jury at the session of the general court next, before the meeting of each respeca rive session of assembly, governing themselves in the said estimate by the worth of the said tobacco, and the competence of the same to defray the necessary expen ses of travelling and attendance.

Wages of

peid.

CHAP. X.

An Act for enabling the Treasurer to

emit a sum of money for supplying the publick exigencies. WHEREAS it is at present uncertain whether the Further emonies directed to be emitted by an act of the last as

mission of sembly, entitled “ An act for providing a supply in aid paper mor of the loan office," and those which have, a:d shall sed. come into the treasury, until the taxes of the present year be paid in, will be sufficient to answer the calls for the publick service: Be it enacted by the General Assembly, That it may and shall be lawful for the treasurer of this commonwealth, to issue treasury notes in dollars for any sum, or sums, which may be required to supply the deficiency, until the taxes of this present year shall be paid in, so as the sum to be issued by authority hereof do not exceed one million of pounds. And he shall cause such notes to be engraved and printed in such manner, and on such paper, as he shall judge most likely to secure the same from being counterfeited. He shall appoint proper persons to overlook the press, and to number and sign the notes, upon the best terms he can. The bills of credit to be einitted by virtue of this act, shall be entered in the auditors office to the debit of the treasurer, and be signed in the left hand corner by one of the auditors or of their clerks, or by any assistant clerk to be appointed for this special purpose by the auditors, who shall receive such allowance for his service as they shall judge reasonable; without which signature, the said notes or bills of credit all not be current. If the taxes imposed by the several acts now in force shall be insufficient to answer the purposes for which the said taxes were laid, and also for the redemption of the notes to be issued by authority of this present act, farther provision shall be made by law for making good the deficiency, and redeeming the whole before the first day of December, which shall be in the year of our Lord, oue thousand seven hundred and eighty six.

CHAP. XI.

An Act for raising a body of troops

for the defence of the commonwealth.

Four regi.

FOR the better defence of the commonwealth and ments to be providing a force sufficient to repel any hostile invaraised; two sion: Be it enacted by the General Assembly, That four for the de. fence of the regiments of infantry be raised, two for the defence of western, and the western frontiers, and two for the defence of the two for the eastern limits of this state. Each regiment to be comeastern fron- manded by a lieutenant colonel commandant (who tiers.

shall take rank of a colonel of militia) and a major; How officer- the regiments to be divided into ten companies, each ed and or

company to be commanded by one captain, one lieuganized.

tenant, and one ensign, the field officers, as well as the inferiour commissioned officers, to be appointed by the governour, with the advice of the council, and commissioned by the governour. The whole to be arrayed, armed, disciplined, and provided as the governour and council, from time to time, shall direct. For completing those regiments, each county in this state, and the city of Williamsburg, except the county of Illinois, shall furnish one twenty fifth part of their militia. And

for the more speedy and certain mode of raising the How raised. said men: Be it enacted, That the county lieutenant

or commanding officer of each county within this commonwealth, so soon as he is certified of this act, shall summon the four senior justices, not being field officers, and the field officers of his county, to meet at such convenient time and place in the said county as he shall appoint, within not less than five, or more than ten days after due notice thereof to them given, which said justices and field officers, or in the absence of any of them, any two or more of the said justices, and any two or more of the said field officers having first taken an oath, to be adıninistered by the senior justice to the other members, and by some one of the other justices so liim, to do equal and impartial justice to the best of their judgment therein, shall proceed to lay off the mililia in their respective counties into divisions, agreeable to the act of the last session of assembly, entitled

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* An act for speedily recruiting the Virginia regiments
on continental establishment;" each division so laid off,
is hereby required to produce to the county lieutenant,
one able bodied man, on or before the first day of
August next. Every able bodied volunteer enlisting
for any division, shall be entitled to a bounty from the
division of seven hundred and fifty dollars, to be paid
by the individuals therein, and there shall be added to
every division su laid off, every person liable to a tax
within the bounds of the said districts, making them as
equal as possible, who shall pay in proportion to their
respective taxable property as it stands taxed for the
present year. Every division returning such volun-
teer soldier, shall be entitled to a discount for the boun-
ty aforesaid in the next years tax, in proportion to the
respective sums paid by the individuals therein. The
field officers of each county, or a majority of them,
shall meet on the first day of August, and direct certi-
ficates to be given to every individual of the sums se-
verally paid for their respective proportions of the
bounty aforesaid, such certificates to be taken by the
commissioners of the tax in evidence of the discount
to be allowed to each individual in the tax of the next
year. If any of the said divisions shall fail to furnish
an able bodied man in fifteen days after the said first
day of August, the said justices and field officers are
hereby empowered and required, to appoint some re-
putable diligent man in each of the said districts or dia
visions so failing, to enlist one able bodied volunteer to
serve as a soldier for the time aforesaid, and when any
soldier shall have so enlisted, the person who enlisted
him shall carry him before the county lieutenant or
commanding officer of the militia, who is hereby re-
quired carefully to view and examine such soldier,
and if he shall be found able bodied and fit for mili-
tary service, to give certificate thereof, which shall en-
title the person enlisting him, to receive the sum of ten
dollars for his charge and trouble, and the said county
lieutenant or commanding officer shall also certify to
the said justices and field officers, for what district and
division such soldier hath been enlisted, the bounty he
is entitled by law to receive, which sum, together with
the sum of ten dollars for the charge of enlisting, and
five per centum for collection, shall be forthwith levied
upon every person male and female, within such die

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trict, in proportion to the rate of each persons last as« sessment, to be adjusted and ascertained by the said

justices and field officers; for which purpose the comet de missioners of the tax are hereby required to furnish

them at their first meeting, with an exact alphabetical list or account of every persons assessment in their county, and the said justices and field officers are hereby authorized and required to nominate and appoint some reputable and responsible person for each district, speedily to make such collection, and when any person chargeable with his proportion as aforesaid, shall refuse or neglect to make payment thereof within ten days after the same shall have been demanded, it may and shall be lawful for such collector to distrain for the same, in manner directed by the act entitled “ An act for raising a supply of money for publick exigencies," provided that the sums so collected entitle the payer to the same discount as if voluntarily

advanced. All officers and soldiers serving in any of Par and e. moluments.

the regiments to be raised by virtue of this act, shall See ante p. be entitled to the same pay, benefits, privileges and 8.)

emoluments, provided for the officers and soldiers of this state by the act of this present session of assembly. entitled "An act concerning officers, soldiers, sailors, and marines.” All soldiers enlisted by virtue of this act, shall be entitled to a discharge from the commanding officers of the respective regiments on the twenty first day of December, one thousand seven hundred and eighty one.

Provided always, That the executive of this state may discharge any of the said regiments whenever their service is not necessary for the defence of this state. The said regiments shall not be marched out of this state, except to the assistance of North Carolina, Maryland, or the western frontiers of Pennsylvania in case of invasion

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