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The military expenditure of the state, on account of the late war, was, in 1812, 32,700 dollars; 1813, 92,720 dollars; 1814, 470,000 dollars.

Finances. The mode of assessment is as follows: “ Every third year, at the general election in Oc. tober, the people choose assessors, who, after having ascertained the value in ready money of all taxable property, return the names of two respectable citizens, freeholders of the district, to the county commis. sioners, by whom one is appointed collector. This officer informs the citizens of the rate of assessment, and day of appeal before the commissioners, after which the money is collected and paid into the hands of the city or county treasurer, appointed every three years by the county commissioners, whose compensa. tion is about one and a quarter per cent, on all monies received. The following are taxable articles ; lands, houses, mills, manufactories, ground rents, negro and mulatto slaves, cattle above four years old, offices of profit, trades and occupations, * tavern licences, free adults who follow no occupation. No tax can exceed one per cent. of the value of the property; and that for a single freeman, or particular occupation, is limited to the annual sum of ten dollars. t

* Ministers of the gospel and schoolmasters are excepted.

+ The provincial revenue was derived from the interest of their paper currency, let out by the loan office on land security, amounting to 5000 pounds a.year; and, 2dly, From an excise on wine and rum, sold in public houses; the former at thirty shillings a pipe, the latter fourpence a gallon, amounting to about 3000 pounds çurrency.

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The total receipts of 1813 amounted to 492,908 dollars, the total expenditure to 336,186 dollars. The capital of the state was found to be 6,508,748 dollars, consisting of, Bank stock, at par,

2,108,700 Road stock,

135,000 Monies due for lands,

3,918,329 Cash in the treasury,

346,719

6,508,748 The following is from the report of the auditor-general of 1815.

Receipts.—Summary statement of the receipts at the state treasury, for the year commencing on the 1st day of December 1814, and ending with the 30th day of November 1815.

Dlls. cts. Loans in pursuance of the provisions of the act of February 1814,

100,000 Dividends on bank stock, &c.

313,033 90 Auction duties,

123,233 30 Lands, fees on lands, &c.

105,563 44 Tavern licences,

24,039 92 Militia exemption fines, arrears of money

returned by brigades, inspectors, &c.

17,774 83 Tax on new banks,

4,550 52 Tax on certain offices,

8,477 63 1,139 70

1,301 19 Fees of the office of secretary of the commonwealth,

759 82 Miscellaneous receipts,

1,470 42

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Court fines, Old debts,

To which add the balance in the treasury, 1st De

701,344 67

36,167 5

cember 1814,

Dollars, 737,511 72

Expenditure.-Summary statement of the payments at

the state treasury for the year commencing on the 1st of December 1814, and ending with the 30th day of November 1815 :

Dlls. cts. Expences of government,

159,592 28 Of the monies borrowed under the provisions of the

act of February 1814, amount of return, with interest thereon,

266,384 99 Improvements,

102,402 50 Expences consequent on the late war,

71,391 89 Military expences,

33,050 45 Pensions,

15,734 82 Interest of 300,000 borrowed in pursuance of the act of 11 th March 1815,

7,305 00 Miscellaneous,

4,873 40

660,735 32 To which add the balance in the treasury, 1st December 1815,

76,776 40

Dollars, 737,511 72 The expences of the government were as follows: Dollars.

Dollars. Governor,

5,333 Judicial expences, 41,378 Secretary, 2,000 Treasury department,

7,839 Deputy,

1,200 Land office ditto, 13,157 Chief-justice,

2,666 Contingencies, Senate, 18,915

20,029 House of Representatives, 47,075

159,592

Price of Provisions.—At Philadelphia, and on the eastern side of the mountains, the price of provisions is near double of that on the western side. In the latter, the value of different commodities, in 1817, was as follows: Wheat from 1 dollar to idl. 29c.

bushel ; rye

per

from 75c. to 1dl. ; corn 75c.; oats 37{c.; beef 5c. ; pork from 6dl. to 701. per cwt.; salt from 6dl. 50c. to 701.

50c. per

barrel of 250lbs. net. In some of the counties,--Armstrong, Westmoreland, Alleghany, Washington, Greene, and Fayette—the prices were even lower: wheat 60c.; rye 30c.; maise 33c.; buckwheat 30c. ; potatoes 20c.; beef 3c.; pork and mutton 4c. ; butter 6c.; eggs 4c. per dozen; a turkey 33c.; a hen 6c.

Price of Labour.--Monthly and day labourers have from 60c. to 70c. per day, with food : the wages of a labouring man per year, with food and lodging, is 140dl. ; the wages of mechanics per day, with food, idl. 50c.; a woman servant in the country, with food, 40c.; a journeyman bricklayer 2dl.; a printer 1dl. 50c.

Price of Living in a farmer's house, boarding, lodging, and washing, 20l. per week. It is well ascertained that a family may be comfortably supported each, per day, for 20c.; and even for 16c. in some counties,--Lancaster, Bucks, Lebanon, and Dauphin. On the western side of the mountains a resident has assured me, that a family may be supported at the rate of 10c. each, A gentleman who lived many years at Carlisle, in reply to my inquiry on this subject, observed, that before the year 1812, the average expence of a family for living was a dollar per week; and all other expences amounted to nearly the same sum.

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Abstract of Lands, Lots, Dwelling Houses, and Slaves, owned or possessed on the 1st day of April 1815, within the State
of Pennsylvania, returned by the United States' Assessors, revised and corrected by the Board of Principal Assessors.

Dwelling and Out- Total valuation as de
Lands and Lots subject to

houses subject to

termined by princi- Quota for each
DISTRICTS.

Taxation.
Taxation.
pal assessors.

District.
Acres.
Square Feet. No. Dwell. No.Out-ho. Dollars.

Dollars. Cents./
1. Philadelphia city,

37,838,2931 8,4911 4,005] 32,812,743 69,113 31 2. Philadelphia county, 74,654 144| 11,2771 5,683 22,128,369 60

46,662 82 3. Chester and Delaware counties,

511,6791 213

11,062 32,325,807 80 68,166 49 4. Montgomery county,

285,565

4,6051 5,743 12,474,617 33 26,305 64 5. Bucks county,

356,809 112 5,257 7,346 16,314,349 34,402 61 6. Lancaster county,

529,812
41 7,918] 7,574 39,228,851 75

82,723 17
J York,

| 16,830,307 20
8,480

35,490 62

191 7,840 Adams,

19,211,222 90 19,424 I 8. Northampton and Wayne,

1,550,792 16,172,029

6,3951 6,20721,063,237 52 44,416 74 9. Berks,

725,776

6,630 6,823 26,082,056 55,000 9 10. Dauphin and Lebanou,

349,165
3,708 2,118 19,102,388 40

40,281 83
11.
Franklin,

S 12,353,167 20

5,2771 Cumberland,

26,049 53 6,577 | 13,700,688 1

28,890 88 12. Northumberland,

913,178 5,3831 4,759 10,176,478 59

21,459 47 13. Miflin and Huntingdon,

958,535
3,403| 3,510 10,545,722

22,298 11
14. Bedford, Somerset, and Cambria,

1,829,7081 405
3,569 2,420 8,393,014 64

17,698] 63
15.

Fayette,
Green,

3,498
} 714,485

9,130 43 4,329,818/ 45 3,809 1,796,117 56

3,787 53 16. Washington,

487,508 176,440

4,422 5,826,708 82

12,286 97 Alleghany,

938,792

5,837,659

4,855
Armstrong,

12,310 6
3,775
705,294

1,487 27
Westmoreland,
18.

4,990,35185

10,523 32 Indiana,

4,024,967 2,791,210

4,4491
4,284
901,249 4

1,900 49
19. Centre, Clearfield, Jefferson, Potter, and M'Kean, 3,220,594 3,122,172 1,676 1,459 4,851,366 69 10,230 23
20. Luzerne,

1,662,502

3,431 2,438
3,633,162 30

7,661 37
21. Lycoming and Tioga,

1,702,772

1,972

4,263,579 57 9,001 9 22. Mercer, Butler, and Beaver,

1,015,427

4,3911 3,205 3,651,905 40

7,700 89 23. Crawford, Venango, Erie, and Warren,

2,180,418

27 2,516 2,097 3,098,755 12 6,534 443 25,778,741 60,101,280 117,880 108,939 546,633,889 32 730,958 32

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