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The importance of Louisiana to the United States, which, for some years after the purchase, was a matter of doubt and uncertainty, is now universally acknowledged. Protection against Indian warfare has been to a certain extent obtained; foreign powers are deprived of the means of annoying the union through the Mississippi, and a channel of communication, of incalculable value to the western states, has been secured. The country itself, by the fertility of its soil, the nature and extent of its productions, the mildness of its climate, and its vicinity to Mexico and the West Indies, is extremely useful to the union. The delicate question involved in buying or selling a colony without consulting the inhabitants, need scarcely be touched, since no transfer of the kind was ever so obviously beneficial to the parties transferred. Of this the inhabitants of Louisiana are fully sensible, and though composed of men of every country in Europe, they are united by the strongest zeal in support of the government. Free trade is found to be far more advantageous than monopoly; trial by jury is acknowledged to be preferable to military law; and elective authority far more desirable than the absolute rule of a military commander. In the course of a very few years, the population of the city of New Orleans has increased from 10,000 to 30,000; and many of the proprietors who were in a state of indigence under the dominion of Spain, have risen to sudden wealth by the rise on the value of land, which followed the change of government. * Among the new buildings are a legislative
* Hall's Travels, p. 377.
hall, a hall of justice, and an office of insurance. Two banks and an inland navigation company have been established; and what is of still greater importance, a college or seminary of learning. There are five weekly newspapers; the Courier, and the Ami des Lois, in French, and the Louisiana Gazette, the Orleans Gazette, and a Price Current, or Commercial Register, in English.
Books and Documents relating to this State.
IÔ87. Marquette, Decouverte de quelques Pays et Nations de l'Amerique Septentrionale. The Journal of this Jesuit's travels to the Mississippi, with Joliet, in 1ÔS7, in the Collection of Voyages by Thev enoU
1683. Hennepin, (R. P. Louis, of Douay,) Description de la Louisiane, nouvellement découverte au sud de la Nouvelle France, 1 vol. in 8vo.
Voyage en un Pays plus grand que l'Europe, entre la Mer Glaciale et le Nouveau Mexique.
—————— Nouvelle Description d'un très grand Pays situé dans l'Amérique entre les Nouveau Mexique et la Mer Glaciale.
1691. Leclercq, Premier établissement de la foi dans la Nouvelle France.
1705. La Hontan, Voyages dans l'Amerique Septentrionale, &c
1713, Joutel, Journal Historique due dernier Voyages de La Salle, rédigé et mis en ordre par M. de Michel; with a small map.
1715. Delile, (the French Geographer,) Lettre à M. Cassini sur l'Embouchure de la Rivière Mississippi. Contained in the Recueil de Voyages au Nord. Amsterdam, 3 torn.
1744. Charlevoix, Histoire et Description Générale de la Nouvelle France. Paris, 3 vols, in 4to.
1753. Dumont. Mémoire Historique sur la Louisiane, composé sur les Mémoires de Dumont, par M. L. L. M. 2 vols, in 8vo. Paris. With a small map of the country. This officer resided twenty-two years in the country.
1758. Du Pratz, (Le Page,) Histoire de la Louisiane, 3 vols, in 8vo. Paris. This author resided sixteen years in Louisiana, and eight of them at the Post of Natchez. There is an English translation of this work, published in London, 1774.
1767. Bossu, (Capitaine dans les troupes de la marine,) Nouveaux Voyages aux Indes Occidentales, contenant une Relation *les differents Peuples qui habitent les Environs du grand Fleuve St Louis, appellé vulgairement la Mississippi, &c Paris, 2 vois, in 12mo.
Pitinian's (Captain Philip) Present State of the European Settle, inents on the Mississippi, illustrated by plans and draughts. London, in 4lo.
1774. Present State of Louisiana. London.
1776'. Champigny, Etat Présent delà Louisiane. A la Haye, in Svo.
1778. Bartram's (William) Travels through North and South Carolina, Georgia, East aud Wist Florida, in the years 1773— 177S.
17S7- Ulioa, Mémoires Philosophiques, Historiques, et Physiques, 2 vols, in 8vo. Avec des Observations et Additions par Schneider.
1797- Regulations concerning General Police, the repair of Bridges, Roads, and Mounds, and the Treatment and Discipline of Slaves, by the Governor, the Baron de Carondelet.
1SQ1. Pintard's Observations respecting Louisiana, and the Western Countries adjoining the Mississippi. Inserted in the 5th volume of the Medical Repository of New York, p. 4S9
1802. De Vergennes, Mémoire Politique et Historique sur la Louisiane. Paris. This author was minister of foreign affairs under Lewis XVI.
1802. Voyage à la Louisiane et sur le Continent de l'Amerique Septentrionale, fait dans les Années 1794 à 1798: contenant un Tableau Historique de la Louisiane, par li. D. Baudry de Lozières. Paris, in 8vo, . ■ 1803. Second Voyage, Paris, 2 vols, in Svo.
1802. Mémoire ou Coup-d'œil rapide sur mes Voyages dans la Louisiane, et mon séjour dans la Nation Creek, par le General Milfort, Testanogy, ou grand Chef de la Nation Creek, et General de Brigade, Paris, in 8vo.
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570 UNITED STATES.1802. Dubroca, Itineraire des Francais dans la Louisiane, I vol. in 12mo. Paris, pp. 102.
1803. Duane's (William) Mississippi Question. Report of a Debate in the Senate of the United States, in February 1803, on certain Resolutions concerning the Violation of the Right of Depo. sit in the Island of New Orleans. Philadelphia, pp. 198.
1804. Jefferson's Account of Louisiana, being an Abstract of Documents in the Offices of the Departments of State, and of the Treasury, in 8vo. pp. 112.
1804. Dunbar's (William) and Hunter's (Dr) Account of a Journey up the Washita, inserted in the Transactions of the Philosophical Society of Philadelphia.
1804. Memoires sur la Louisiane et la Nouvelle Orleans, &c. par M. Suivis d'une traduction de diverscs Notts sur cette
Colonie, publics aux Etats Unis. Paris, in 8vu. pp. 176.
1805. Perrin du Lac, Voyage dans les Deux Louisiancs. Paris, 1 vol. in 8vo.
1805. Memoires sur la Louisiane et la Nouvelle Orleans. Paris, Ballard, in 12mo.
1806. Robin (C. C.) Voyages dans l'lntSrieur de la Louisiane, de la Floride Occidentale, et dans les Isles de la Martinique et de St Domingue, pendant les Ann6es 1S02—1806, avec uue Carte nouvelle.
1807. Schultz's Travels. 2 vols, in 8vo.
1812. Stoddard's (Major Amos) Sketches, Historical and Descriptive of Louisiana. Philadelphia, 1 vol. in 8vo. pp. 488. This author states, that he is indebted for valuable information to the MS. journal of Bernard La Harpe, to which he had access, comprehending, in a great measure, the history of Louisiana from its first discovery to 1722.
1816. La Carriere La Tour, Historical Memoir of the War in West Florida and Louisiana, in 1814 and 1815. With an atlas. J vol. in 8vo, Philadelphia.
18l6. Darby's (William) Geographical Description of the State of Louisiana, being an Accompaniment to the Map of the same Country. 1 vol. in 8vo. pp. 270.
17. Heustis's (Jabez W. M. Dr) Physical Observations and Medical Tracts and Researches on the Topography and Diseases of Louisiana. 1 vol. in 8vo. pp. 165, New York.
1817. Brown's (Samuel R.) Western Gazetteer, article Louisiana.
Maps of Louisiana.
1712. Homan's Map, published at Nuremberg.
Delile, (Will, member of the Royal Academy of Sciences,) Carte de la Louisiana et du Cours du Mississippi, avec les Colonies Analaiscs.
1778. Carte d'une partie des Cotes de la Floride ct de la Louisiane, contenant le Cours du Mississippi depuis ses Embouchures jusqu'a la Riviere llouge, l'entr6e de la Mobile, et Jes Bayes de Peusacola, de St Rose, et de St Joseph. Par ordre de M. Sartine, Ministre et S6cretair d'Etat On this map the river Tensaw is the eastern boundary.
1779. A Chart, embracing the whole coast between the eighteenth degree of north latitude and the river St Mary, in Georgia, and twelfth degree of longitude, with all the soundings and islands, was made in 1799, by order of the King of Spain.
King's Map of the Washita country, compiled from the Journal of Survey of Dunbar and Hunter, engraved by William Kneas of Philadelphia.
Pittman's Draught of the Mississippi, from the Balise up to Fort Chartrcs.
Darby's (William) Map, in four sheets, of the State of Louisiana. Published in 1816.
END OF VOLUME SECOND.
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