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Banks and Companies.-At Cincinnati the “ Miami Exporting Company" was incorporated in 1803, for
from the following statement, copied from the “ Pittsburgh
to the 24th of January 1811, a period of two months.
520 barrels. Pork,
681,900 lbs. in bulk. Bacon,
6,300 Venison hams,
817 hams. Tallow,
180 pounds. Butter,
1,085 gallons. Royal,
43 Peach brandy,
20 Seneca oil, Soap,
59 pounds. Hemp,
1,484 Rope yarn,
forty years ; capital 450,000; dividends between 10 and 15 per cent. for several years past. The “ Farmers and Mechanics' Bank,” incorporated in 1813, for five years, capital 200,000; dividends from 8 to 14 per cent. Bank of Cincinnati not yet chartered, the shares 50 dollars, of which 8800 were sold in 1817 to 345 persons ; dividends from 5 to 8 per cent. The Owl Creek Bank of Mount Vernon commenced its operations on the 5th of October 1816, with a nominal capital of 250,000 dollars, and power to increase it to double this amount. At Dayton, on the east bank of the Great Miami river, there is a bank called the “ Dayton Manufacturing Company," with a capital of 100,000 dollars; and at Lebanon, in Warren county, there is a bank called the “ Lebanon Miami Banking Company,” with a capital of 250,000 dollars.
Bridges.—The legislature hạs authorized the erection of a toll-bridge over Milk Creek, near its confluence with the Ohio. But the steam ferry-boats will probably be more economical than any bridge across this river. About eight miles from Canton, and one from Kendal, there is a toll-bridge across the Tuscarawa river 612 feet in length, supported by stone piers twenty feet in height. A mile east from Canton there is another across the Nimishillon creek 650 feet in length, built on wooden piles.
27,700 yards. Tow-cloth,
479 coils. Oats,
500 bushels. Corn,
216 Cherry plank,
286 All these articles passed the falls of the Ohio in keel and flat bottomed boats, 211 in number.
Canals.—Between the Cayahoga river and the Tuscarawa, a branch of the Muskingum, it is proposed to form a canal, and 100,000 acres of land have been allotted for this purpose by a law of the United States. Another is projected between the sources of the Wabash and the St Mary, eight miles above Fort Wayne; and an equal appropriation of land has been made by Congress for this purpose ; and a similar provision has been made for a third canal between the Illinois and the Chicago, or southern river of lake Michigan.
Roads.—Three per cent. of the nett proceeds of the United States' lands within the limits of the state of Ohio is allotted for the opening and repair of roads.
Books relating to this State.
1764. Historical Narrative of Colonel Bouguet's Expedition against the Indians of the Ohio in 1764.
A French Transl on, with Additional Reflections on Military Officers, by Dumas, (C. G. E.) appeared at Amsterdam in 1769. Valuable Notes are added by the Translator. 1. On the Construction of Forts against the Indians. 2. An Account of the French Forts in Louisiana ceded to Great Britain. 3. List of Indian towns situated on or near the Ohio and its branches. 4. Names of different Indian nations which inhabit North America, with the number of warriors.
1790. Jacquemart (Fr.) le Nouveau Mississippi, ou les dan. gers d'habiter les bords du Scioto, par un Patriote Voyageur. Paris, in 12mo, pp. 44.
Harris's Tour to Ohio.
1804. Volney's Tableau du Climat et du sol des Etats Unis d'Amerique, of which there is an American Translation by C. B. Brown. Philadelphia, 1804.
1808. Michaud's (F. A.) Voyage à l'ouest des Monts Alleghanys, 1 Vol. in 8vo. pp. 312. Paris.
Drake's (Daniel) Natural and Statistical View, or Picture, of Cincinnati and the Miami country, illustrated with Maps. 1 Vol. in 8vo. pp. 251. Cincinnati.
1817. Brown's Western Gazetteer, Article « Ohio."
July 1817. The Laws of this State, in July 1817, were comprised in two volumes of 900 pages, sold at 2 dollars 50 cents stitched, 3 dollars 50 cents bound in one volume, and 4 dollars bound separately.
Maps. — There is an excellent Map of this State in four sheets by Hough and Bourne, and an older one by Dr Mitchell.
SITUATION AND BOUNDARIES.- The state of Indiana is situated between 37° 50' and 42° 10 of north latitude, and between 7° 40' and 10° 45' west longitude from Washington. It is bounded on the south by the river Ohio ; north by the parallel of 42° 10, which passes through Lake Michigan, ten miles beyond its southern extremity ; east by the state of Ohio ; and west by the Illinois territory, from which it is separated by the Wabash river from its mouth to Vincennes, and from Vincennes northward by a meridian line. Its form is pretty nearly a parallelogram ; its length from north to south being about 284 miles, and its mean breadth about 155. Area, 39,000 square miles, or 24,960,000 acres.
Aspect of the Country, and Nature of the Soil.The surface, from the falls of the Ohio to the Wabash, is broken and uneven, being traversed by a range of hills called the " Knobs,” which rise to the height of 400 or 500 feet above their base. From this
is a level surface, called the “ Flat Woods," seventy miles in breadth, extending to the Ouitanon country. Along all the principal streams, except the Ohio, there is a tract of rich alluvial soil, without timber, which ter