« PreviousContinue »
Mathematics, and Natural Philosophy; 3d, Chemis. try and Mineralogy ; 4th, Languages and Ecclesiastical History; 5th, Law.
For the freshman class, the candidate must be able to construe the Greek Testament, Virgil, and Cicero, and to write Latin, according to Clarke's Introduction ; he must also be acquainted with arithmetic. There are three vacations; the first of six weeks' duration, beginning at the college commencement, the second Wednesday of September; the second of three weeks, from the second Wednesday of January; the third of the same length, beginning in May. The yearly stipend of the president is about 2000 dollars, with a house and garden ; that of each professor is about 1000 dollars, with lodging ; that of tutors 333 dollars, with the board of commons. The price of boarding is about two dollars a-week. Living is said to be nearly one half cheaper than at New York. The library contains about 6000 volumes, and has a fund yielding about 200 dollars. Most of the classical books, which are very valuable, were the donation of the celebrated Berkely, who founded a sort of fellowship, called the Dean's Bounty, for the best classical authors after three years' study. There are also a chemical laboratory, and a mineralogical cabinet containing 2500 specimens. There is, besides, a valuable collection of minerals, containing 24,000 specimens, and estimated at 20,000 dollars, presented for the use of the students by Colonel Gibbs. This gentleman established an annual premium for the student who has made the greatest progress in mineralogical
studies. Yale College is the favourite seminary of the Calvinistic clergy of New England. The chief stu: dies are mathematics, languages, and ethics. Medical Institution.-In Yale College there is also a medical institution, in which lectures are delivered on the following subjects : 1. Theory and Practice of Medicine; 2. Surgery and Midwifery ; 3. Anatomy; 4. Chemistry, Pharmacy, and Mineralogy. Lectures on materia medica and botany are also delivered by one or two of the professors of the foregoing branches. The number of medical students is from sixty to seventy. The whole number of physicians in the state, in 1815, was 347 ; that of surgeons (not physicians) 26. In the college there are three buildings, each four stories high, situated in the same line, 104 feet by 40, and containing ninety-six chambers, besides lecture-rooms, library, &c.
Academies and Societies.-Bacon Academy, in Col. chester, has about ninety scholars. It was founded in 1801 by Mr Pierpont Bacon of that town, who bequeathed 30,000 dollars for this institution. The Cheshire Episcopal Academy has about sixty students. In 1799, the legislature granted by lottery 15,000 dollars for its support. There are other academies at Canterbury, Plainfield, Fairfield, Danbury, Litchfield, Ellsworth, Windsor, Hartford, Norwich, New London, and Wood Stock. The “ Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences” was incorporated in 1799. The officers are: 1. A president, four vice-presidents, five counsellors, three corresponding secretaries, one recording secretary, a treasurer, and a committee
of three members for publications. It holds an annual meeting on the fourth Tuesday of October.
The “ Connecticut Medical Society” consists of a president, vice-president, secretary, and treasurer, and fellows from the several counties, in each of which examining committees are holden, according to the regu. lations of the society.
An institution has been lately organized at Hartford for the instruction of the deaf and dumb, under the direction of the Rev. J. Gallaudet, aided by Mr Le Clerc of the establishment of Abbé Sicard at Paris, who granted to Mr Gallaudet, at the request of the author of this work, free and gratuitous access to the private and public lectures of this admirable institution.
Masonic Lodges. In this state there is a masonic lodge, and fifty three master lodges.
Practice of Law.— Writs are issued throughout the state by assistants and judges, and by justices in their respective counties, containing the substance of the complaint or declaration ; and if there be no good reason for delay, the cause is heard and determined the same term in which the writs are returnable. Attor. nies are admitted and qualified by the county courts. Two years of studies with a practising attorney in the state after a college education, and three years without this advantage, entitle the candidate to examination. In 1815, there were 202 practising attornies in the state, and 704 justices of the peace. *
* See Connecticut Register for 1815, New London.
Marriage is solemnized by a justice in the county, or by an ordained minister of the parish where the parties reside.
The incorporated towns, five in number, are Newhaven, Hartford, New London, Norwich, and Middletown. A great variety of manufactures are now established. Those for domestic purposes are more than equal to the consumption.
Product of Mineral Substances.- Iron ware, hollow iron ware, and other species of ironmongery are made at Stafford, in sufficient quantity for the supply of the state. Iron works, at Salisbury, Norwich, Stafford, and East Hartford. Nails—several manufactories, which are multiplied in proportion to the increasing demand. Tinned plates for culinary pur. poses, and iron wire. The manufactures have been valued at 250,000 dollars. Metal buttons have been manufactured at Waterbury and Newhaven, of which the annual amount has been estimated at 100,000 dollars. There are glass and iron works at East Hartford. At Newhaven there is a very extensive manu. factory of arms.
Official Report in 1810.
Product of Vegetable Substances.-An immense quantity of maise is raised, which is a hearty and strengthening food for man, cattle, and poultry; it is said to make horses liable to founder. Paper is manu. factured in different places. There is a cotton and linen manufactory at Newhaven. Of sewing silk, a large manufactory at Mansfield. Of cider, every family has a plentiful supply. In June 1815, there were eight cotton factories in the county of New London,
Official Report in 1810. Flaxseed, 24 mills, value
64,712 dollars. Spirits, 1,374,404 gallons, · · · 811,144 Carriages, - - - - 68,855 Wooden clocks, No. 14,565, . . 122,955 Paper, •
82,188 Rope walks, 18 in number, .
, 243,950 Straw bonnets, . . : 27,100
Product of Animal Substances.—Tanneries are numerous. Soap, oil, and candles, are manufactured by every family, and, in several places, on a large scale. Of pork, an immense quantity is cured for domestic use, and foreign sale. Cheese and butter are in great plenty. In June 1815, there were fourteen woollen manufactories in New London county. That at Humphreysville * is on a large scale, and the cloth made there is of a superior quality. Capital employed 500,000 dollars.
* Situated on the Raugatuc, at the head of the Tide Water, four miles above its confluence with the Housatonic. This company is incorporated with a capital of 500,000 dollars, and a credit equal to the sum invested.