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Civil or Administrative Division of the State of Vir.
ginia, with the Population of each County and Chief Town, in 1810, the year of the late Enumeration. Counties.
Number of Inhabitants. Chief Towns. Accomack,
15,743 Drummond. Albemarle,
16,268 Charlottenville. Ainelia,
New Glasgow. Augusta,
14.308 Staunton. Bath,
4,837 Warmsprings. Bedford,
16,148 Liberty Berkley,
11,479 Martinsburg. Botetourt,
13,301 Fincastle, 700. Brooke,
5,813 Charlestown. Brunswick,
New Canton. Campbell,
11,001 Lynchburg. Caroline,
17,544 Port-Royal, 1500. Charles' city,
13,161 Marysville. Chesterfield,
9.979 Manchester. Cumberland,
9,992 Cartersville. Culpeper,
18,967 Fairfax. Cabell,
12,524 Petersburg, 5,668. Elizabeth city,
3,608 Hampton. Essex,
9,376 Tappahannock, 600. Faquier,
22,689 Warrentown. Fairfax,
13,'11 Centreville. Fluvanna,
4,775 Columbia, Frederick,
22,574 Winchester, 2,500. Franklin,
10:724 Rocky Mount. Gloucester,
Number of inhabitants. Chief Towns.
May, 1817, 14,333.
5,444 Uniontown. 8,409 Christiansburg.
1,991 Point Pleasant, 10,324 Suffolk.
6,478 Cumberland. 13,679
Norfolk. 7,474 8,308
Number of Inhabitants. Nottaway,
8,073 Prince Edward,
12,409 Princess Aone,
9,498 Prince William,
11,311 Prince George,
3,007 Tyler, Warwick,
5,87 City of Richmond, 9.735 Norfolk borough,
Franklin. Woodstock. Jerusalem. Fredericksburg. Falmouth. Cobham.
The increase of whites, in the last ten years, was 31,860, or 6,5 per cent.-of blacks, 55,603, or 151 per cent. The first blacks were introduced by the Hollanders, about the year 1620, and several thousands were afterwards imported, yearly, by Great Britain, to whom this trade was a source of profit. Mr Jefferson states, that, from the period when the population became uniform, in 1654, to the year 1772, it doubled every 27+ years, and that this progression continued nearly the same. The population, in 1810, was 974,672, and the area being 70,500 square miles, this gives nearly fourteen persons to a square mile.
Manners and Character.-The inhabitants of the hilly and mountainous parts are tall, robust, generally with black lively eyes, and remarkably white teeth. They are of a browner complexion than the people farther north. The country is very healthy, except in low marshy places bordering on the sea, where the inhabitants are subject to fevers and pleurisies. The yellow fever prevailed at Norfolk, in the summer and autumn of 1800 and 1801, occasioned by the miasma enianating from a considerable extent of surface, which, at the ebb of the tide, is exposed to the sun's rays. It is owing to this circumstance, that, at Lambert's point, fever and ague constantly prevail. Those who inhabit the district from Tide Water to the Blue Ridge, a breadth of from sixty to a hundred miles, enjoy a better climate, and are of larger stature than the generality of Europeans. It is not uncommon to see men from six feet six inches to six feet nine inches in height. Benjamin Harrison is seven feet five inches. Some of the natives are gifted with extraordinary muscular powers. Peter Francisco was known to take two men, each six feet high, and hold them in the air by the ankles at arms length. This tract, and the hilly country in general, is very healthy, and free from miasma; the people lead an industrious and active life, are well fed and clothed, and have comfortable houses. The Virginians are chiefly the descendants of the first English settlers, though there are some small colonies of Scotch and Irish emigrants in different parts. The population of Petersburg is chiefly from Ireland ; and, at Norfolk, there are also several families from that country, and about 300 individuals of French origin. The inhabitants of this state took an active part in the war of independence, and still interest themselves keenly in politics. They have been generally allowed to be open, frank, and hospitable, polite, generous, and high-spirited ; but they have also been accused of pride, indolence, and the other bad qualities nourished by the practice of negro slavery. A late intelligent traveller considers the plantation bred Virginians as having more pretension than good sense ; the insubordination, he says, both to parental and scholastic authority, in which they glory, produces, as might be expected, a petulance of manner, and frothiness of intellect, very unlike what we may inagine of the old Romans, to whom they affect to com