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Then for th' encouragement and propagation of such a great concernment to the nation, all people were so full of complacence, and civil duty to the public sense, they had no name t'express a cuckold then, but that which signify'd all marry'd men; nor was the thing accounted a disgrace, upless among the dirty populace, and no man understands on what account Jess civil nations after hit upon't; for to be kwown a cuckold can be no dishonour but to him that thinks it so; for if he feel no chagrin or remorse, his forehead's shot free, and he's ne'er the worse: for horns (like horny callouses) are found to grow on sculls that have receiv'd a wound, are crackt, and broken; not at all on those that are invulnerate and free from blows. What a brave time had cuckold-makers then, when they were held the worthiest of men, the real fathers of the commonwealth that planted colonies in Rome itself? When he that help'd his neighbours, and begot most Romans, was the noblest patriot? for if a brave man, that preserv'd from death one citizen, was honour'd with a wreath, he that more gallantly got three or four, in reason must deserve a great deal more. Then if those glorious worthies of old Rome, that civiliz'd the world they'd overcome, and taught it laws and learning, found this way the best to save their empire from decay, why should not these that borrow all the worth they have from them not take this lesson forth,

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'Get children, friends, and honourtoo, and money, by prudent managing of matrimony; for if ’uis honourable by all confes!, adult'ry must be worshipful at least, and these times great, when private men are come up to the height and politic of Rome. All by-blows were not only freeborn then, but, like John Lilburn, free-begotten men; had equal right and privilege with these that claim by title right of the four seas: for being in marriage born, it matters not after what liturgy they were begot; and if there be a difference, they have th' advantage of the chance in proving brave, by b'ing engender'd with more life and force than those begotten the dull way of course.

The Chinese place all piety and zeal in serving with their wives the commonweal; fix all their hopes of merit and salvation upon their women's supererogation; with solemn vows their wives and daughters bind Jike Eve in Paradise, to all mankind; and those that can produce the most gallanta, are held 'the preciousest of all the saints: wear rosaries about their necks, to con their exercise of devotion on; that serve them for certificates, to shew with what vast numbers they have had to do: before they're marry'd, make a conscience t' omit no duty of incontinence; and she that has been oft'nest prostituted, is worthy of the greatest match reputed. But when the conq’ring Tartar went about to root this orthodox religion out,

they stood for conscience, and resolv'd to die, rather than change the ancient purity of that religion which their ancestors and they had prosper'd in so many years ; vowd to their gods to sacrifice their lives, and die their daughters martyrs and their wives, before they would commit so great a sin against the faith they had been bred up iu.


Do not unjustly blame

my guiltless breast,
for vent'ring to disclose a flame

it had so long supprest.
In it's own ashes it design'd

for ever to have lain; but that my sighs, like blasts of wind,

made it break out again.


Do not mine affection slight

'cause my locks with age are white: your breasts have snow without, and snow within, while flames of fire in your bright eyes are seen. SIR JOHN DENHAM was the only son of Sir John Denham, knight, of Little Horsley in Essex, some time chief Baron of the Exchequer in Ireland, and one of the Lord Justices of that kingdom, by Eleanor daughter of Sir GarretMore, Baron of Mellefont in Ireland. He was born at Dublin in 1615. But in the space two years afterwards, his father being made one of the barons of the Exchequerin England, theson was brought with his parents to London, where he received his grammatical education. In 1631 he was entered a GentlemanCommoner in Trinity-College, Oxford. He was then 16 years of age, and according to Anthony Wood, looked upon as a slow, dreaming, young man, more addicted to gaming than to study. He resided here three years, passed his examinations, and was admitted to the degree of Bachelor of Arts. He next took chambers in Lincoln's-Inn, and applied, for a time, closely to the study of common law. His propensity to gaming, however, continued, and subjected him to the depredations of adepts in the art. His father chid and threatened him; he grew repentant, and wrote, an Essay on Gaming, which he presented to his father. This effected a reconciliation. His father died in 1638. He again fell to gaming, and lost several thousand pounds. In 1641 he published a tragedy called The Sophy, which was much admired. Soon after he was high-sheriff for the county of Surry, and made governor of Farnham-Castle, by king Charles 1, but not understanding military affairs, he relinquished his post, and went to the king at Oxford. In 1643 be there published his Cooper's Hill; A poem,” says Dryden," which for majesty of style is, and ever will be, the standard of good writing.” His attachment to the royal cause during the civil wars gained him the confidence of the queen. She intrusted to our author, therefore, a message to the king, then a captive in the army, He afterwards resided some time in France, in the train of exiled royalty, and occasionally diverted the melancholy of the king and his retinue by poetic effusions. He returned to England in 1652, but as his estates had been seized and sold by an order of parliament, he accepted the hospitality of the earl of Pembroke, at Wilton. At the restoration he was received into the sunshine of court favour, succeeded Inigo Jones as surveyor general to the king's buildings, and at the coronation of Charles 2, dignified with the order of K. B. Indulged by his royal master, and publicly esteemed, there was reason to hope that Sir John might have been securely happy, but human felicity is short and precarious, and man while deeming himself most secure, plunges unwarily into deep calamity. It was thus that our author by an injudicious marriage subjected: himself to the bad dispositions of a wife. This unfortunate situation preyed so strongly upon his mind, that his understanding became disordered. This alienation of reason, was, however, only temporary, for he afterwards enjoyed his wonted faculțies, so as to write some verses on Cowley's death, whom he did not long survive. He died in March, 1668, at bis office near Wbite hall, and was interred in Westminsterabbey, near Chaucer, Spencer, and Cowley, the last of whom was his intimate friend. Tho’his early days seem to have been unruly and agitated, yet in ipatu


Life of Butler,
Satire upon Gaming,
Satire upon Drunkenness,

page 11 Satire upon Marriage,

10 To his Mistress,
13 To the same,

16 20 20

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