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Of wounds and scars; and that his forward spirit
BARD. We all, that are engaged to this loss",
* Quartos, dare.
3 We all, that are engaged to this loss,] We have a similar phraseology in the preceding play:
“ Hath a more worthy interest to the state,
" Than thou the shadow of succession.” MALONE. 4 The gentle, &c.] These one-and-twenty lines were added since the first edition. Johnson.
This and the following twenty lines are not found in the quarto, 1600, either from some inadvertence of the transcriber or compositor, or from the printer not having been able to procure a perfect copy. They first appeared in the folio, 1623 ; but it is manifest that they were written at the same time with the rest of the play, Northumberland's answer referring to them. Malong.
Seem'd on our side, but, for their spirits and souls,
London. A Street.
Enter Sir John FALSTAFF, with his Page bearing
his Sword and Buckler. FAL. Sirrah, you giant, what says the doctor to my water ?
s Tells them, he doth bestride a bleeding land, ] That is, stands over his country to defend her as she lies bleeding on the ground. So Falstaff before says to the Prince, “ Hal, if thou see me down in the battle, and bestride me, so ; it is an office of friendship." Johnson.
6 And more, and less,] More and less mean greater and less. So, in Macbeth : “ Both more and less have given him the revolt."
Steevens. 7 ~ what says the doctor to my water?] The method of
Page. He said, sir, the water itself was a good healthy water: but for the party that owed it, he might have more diseases than he knew for.
Fal. Men of all sorts take a pride to gird at me 8 : The brain of this foolish-compounded clay, man, is not able to vent any thing that tends to laughter, more than I invent, or is invented on me: I am not only witty in myself, but the cause that wit is in other men. I do here walk before thee, like a sow, that hath overwhelmed all her litter but one. If the prince put thee into my service for
investigating diseases by the inspection of urine only, was once so much the fashion, that Linacre, the founder of the College of Physicians, formed a statute to restrain apothecaries from carrying the water of their patients to a doctor, and afterwards giving medicines, in consequence of the opinions they received concerning it. This statute was, soon after, followed by another, which forbade the doctors themselves to pronounce on any disorder from such an uncertain diagnostic.
John Day, the author of a comedy called Law Tricks, or Who
“ I'll make her cry so much, that the physician,
- To find the cause by."
The time is not yet come, when this is to be thought incredible. The same impudent quackery is carried on at this day.
Boswell. 8 - to GIRD at me :] i. e. to gibe. So, in Lyly's Mother Bombie, 1594 : “We maids are mad wenches; we gird them, and flout them," &c. STEEVENS.
any other reason than to set me off, why then I have no judgment. Thou whoreson mandrake”, thou art fitter to be worn in my cap, than to wait at my heels. I was never manned with an agate till now': but I will set * you neither in gold nor silver, but in vile apparel, and send you back again to your master, for a jewel; the juvenal”, the prince your master, whose chin is not yet fledged. I will sooner have a beard grow in the palm of my hand, than he shall get one on his cheek; and yet he will not stick to say, his face is a face-royal: God
* Quartos, in-set. 9 - mandrake,] Mandrake is a root supposed to have the shape of a man; it is now counterfeited with the root of briony.
JohnSON. II was never manned with an Agate till now :] That is, I never before had an agate for my man. Johnson
Alluding to the little figures cut in agates, and other hard stones, for seals; and therefore he says, “ I will set you neither in gold nor silver.” The Oxford editor alters it to aglet, a tag to the points then in use (a word, indeed, which our author uses to express the same thought): but aglets, though they were sometimes of gold or silver, were never set in those metals.
WARBURTON. It appears from a passage in Beaumont and Fletcher's Coxcomb, that it was usual for justices of peace either to wear an agate in a ring, or as an appendage to their gold chain : “ - Thou wilt spit as formally, and show thy agate and hatched chain, as well as the best of them."
The same allusion is employed on the same occasion in The Isle of Gulls, 1606 :
“ Grace, you Agate! hast not forgot that yet ?” The virtues of the agate were anciently supposed to protect the wearer from any misfortune. So, in Greene's Mamillia, 1593 : " the man that hath the stone agathes about hiin, is surely defenced against adversity.” Steevens.
I believe an agate is used merely to express any thing remarkably little, without any allusion to the figure cut upon it. So, in Much Ado About Nothing, vol. vii. p. 74, n. 3 :
“ If low, an agate very vilely cut.” Malone. 2-the JUVENAL] This term, which has already occurred in A Midsummer-Night's Dream, and Love's Labour's Lost, is used in many places by Chaucer, and always signifies a young man. STEEVENS,
may finish it when he will, it is not a hair amiss yet: he may keep it still as a face-royal, for a barber shall never earn sixpence out of it; and yet he will be crowing, as if he had writ man ever since his father was a batchelor. He may keep his own grace, but he is almost out of mine, I can assure him.- What said master Dumbleton * about the satin for my short cloak, and slops ?
Page. He said, sir, you should procure him better assurance than Bardolph: he would not take his bond and yours; he liked not the security.
FAL. Let him be damned like the glutton! may his tongue be hotter 5!LA whoreson Achitophel !
3 – he may keep it still as a FACE-ROYAL,] That is, a face exempt from the touch of vulgar hands. So, a stag-royal is not to be hunted, a mine-royal is not to be dug. JOHNSON.
Old copies—at a face royal. Corrected by the editor of the second folio. Malone.
Perhaps this quibbling allusion is to the English real, rial, or royal. The poet seems to mean that a barber can no more earn sixpence by his face-royal, than by the face stamped on the coin called a royal ; the one requiring as little shaving as the other.
STEEVENS. If nothing be taken out of a royal, it will remain a royal as it was. This appears to me to be Falstaff's conceit. A royal was a piece of coin of the value of ten snillings. I cannot approve either of Johnson's explanation, or of that of Steevens.
M. Mason. 4 — Dumbleton -7 The folio has-Dombledon; the quartoDommelton. This name seems to have been a made one, and designed to afford some apparent meaning. The author might have written-Double-done, (or, as Mr. M. Mason observes, Double-down,) from his making the same charge twice in his books, or charging twice as much for a commodity as it is worth.
I have lately, however, observed that Dumbleton is the name of a town in Glocestershire. The reading of the folio may therefore be the true one. STEEVENS.
The reading of the quarto (the original copy) appears to be only a mis-spelling of Dumbleton. MALONE.
s Let him be damned like the glutton! may his tongue be hotter!) An allusion to the fate of the rich man, who had fared sumptuously every day, when he requested a drop of water to cool his tongue, being tormented with the flames. Henley.