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(Despite of death, that lives upon my grave")
Rage must be withstood :
but my shame,
— my fair name, &c.] That is, ' my name that lives on my grave, in despight of death. This easy passage most of the editors seem to have mistaken. Johnson.
with the greatest ignominy imaginable.' So, Holinshed, vol. iii. p. 827, and 1218, or annis 1513, and 1570, explains it : “ Bafulling," says he, “ is a great disgrace among the Scots, and it is used when a man is openlie perjured, and then they make of him an image painted, reversed, with his heels upward, with his name wondering, crieing, and blowing out of him with horns." Spenser's Fairy Queen, b. v. c. iii. st. 37, and b. vi. c. vii. st. 27, has the word in the same signification. TOLLET The same expression occurs in Twelfth-Night, Sc. ult. :
“ Alas, poor fool! how have they baffled thee?" Again, in King Henry IV. Part I. Act I. Sc. II.:
“M an I do not, call me villain, and baffle me." Again, in The London Prodigal, 1605: “ -- chil be abaffelled up and down the town, for a messel ;” i, e. for a beggar, or rather a leper, STEEVENS.
i - Lions make leopards tame.] There is a peculiar allusion here which has not been noticed. The Norfolk crest was a golden leopard. MALONE.
8 - but not change his spots :) The old copies have-his spots. Mr. Pope altered it to their spots ; but the change from the singular to the plural number was not uncommon in our poet's time. See the Essay on Shakspeare's phraseology. Malone.
Mine honour is my life; both grow in one;
[Exit GAUNT. K. Rich. We were not born to sue, but to com
9 — with pale beggar-fear-] This is the reading of one of the oldest quartos, [quarto 1597) and the folio. The quartos 1608 and 1615, read-beggar-face ; i. e. (as Dr. Warburton observes,) with a face of supplication. Steevens. The slavish MOTIVE ] Motive, for instrument.
WARBURTON. Rather that which fear puts in motion. Johnson. 2 – Atone you.] i. e. reconcile you. So, in Cymbeline : “I was glad I did atone my countryman and you."
STEEVENS. 3 Justice Design-) Thus the old copies. Mr. Pope reads “ Justice decide," but without necessity. Designo, Lat. signifies
Lord Marshal, command 4 our officers at arms
SCENE II. The Same. A Room in the Duke of LANCASTER's
Enter Gaunt, and Duchess of GLOSTER'. GAUNT. Alas! the part I had in Gloster's blood Doth more solicit me, than your exclaims, To stir against the butchers of his life. But since correction lieth in those hands, Which made the fault that we cannot correct, Put we our quarrel to the will of heaven;
to mark out, to point out : “ Notat designatque oculis ad cædem unumquemque nostrûm.” Cicero in Catilinam. STEEVENS.
To design, in our author's time, signified to mark out. See Minsheu's Dict. in v.: “ To designe or shew by a loken, hal. Denotare, Lat. Designare.” At the end of the article the reader is referred to the words “ to marke, note, demonstrate, or shew." - the word is still used with this signification in Scotland.
MALONE. 4 Marshal, command, &c.] The old copies-Lord Marshal ; but (as Mr. Ritson observes,) the metre requires the omission I have made. It is also justified by his Majesty's repeated address to the same officer, in Scene III. STEEVENS.
“ Lord Marshal.” Mr. Steevens, with his usual disregard of the ancient copies, omits the word Lord, forsooth to assist the metre; and he says, the omission is “justified by his Majesty's repeated address to the same officer in Sc. III.” We are therefore to suppose that whatever form of address the poet has used in one scene, must be likewise employed by him in every other!
The truth is, the metre is such as the poet has used in innumerable other places. MALONE.
5 — Duchess of Gloster.] The Duchess of Gloster was Eleanor Bohun, widow of Duke Thomas, son of Edward III.
WALPOLE. 0 - the part I had-] That is, my relation of consanguinity to Gloster. HANMER.
Who when he sees' the hours ripe on earth,
“ Who when they see ."
" heaven's substitute,
“ His deputy, anointed in his sight,” &c. Steevens.
“ One phial full of Edward's sacred blood
“ Is hack'd down, and his summer leaves all faded.
In some large measure to thy father's death,
& caitifi Farewel
As muc Duci
Gospel, xxiii. 51 : “ The same had not consented to the counsel and deed of them.” STEEVENS.
1 may I COMPLAIN myself ?] To complain is commonly a verb neuter, but it is here used as a verb active. So, in a very scarce book entitled A Courtlie Controversie of Cupid's Cautels, &c. Translated from the French, &c. by H. W. (Henry Wotton] Gentleman, 4to. 1578 : “ I coulde finde no companion, eyther to comforte me, or helpe to complaine my great sorrowe.” Again, p. 58 : “ — wyth greate griefe he complained the calamitie of his
Again, in The Queenes Majesties Entertainment in Suffolke and Norfolke, by Thomas Churchyard : “ — Cupid encountring the Queene, beganne to complayne hys state and his mothers," &c. Dryden also employs the word in the same sense in his Fables :
“Gaufride, who couldst so well in rhyme complain
« The death of Richard with an arrow slain.” Complain myself (as Mr. M. Mason observes,) is a literal translation of the French phrase, me plaindre. STEEVENS.