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HISTORY OF EUROPE

PRINTED BY WILLIAM BLACKWOOD AND SONS, EDIN PURGH.

FROM THE

FALL OF NAPOLEO

IN MDCCCXV

TO THE

ACCESSION OF LOUIS NAPC

IN MDCCCLII

WILLIAM BLACKWOOD AND SONS, EDINBURGH.

BY

SIR ARCHIBALD ALISON, BA

Author of the History of Europe from the commencement of the French

Revolution, in 1789, to the Battle of Waterloo," &c. &c.

VOL. II.

WILLIAM BLACKWOOD AND
EDINBURGH AND LONDON

MDCCCLIII

The Author of this work notifies that he reserve the right of tran

CONTENTS OF VOL. II.

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1. Analogy of the early history of Spain and England, .

2. The colonies were not a source of weakness to Spain, .

3. Colonies are always a benefit to the parent state, .

4. Support which colonies afford to the mother country, .

5. What the colonial policy of the parent state should be,

6. Inevitable loss to the parent state from the separation of the colonies,

7. Tyrannical rule of old Spain over her colonies, .

8. The trade of Spain was all with foreign manufactures, .

9. Want of industry in the national character, . .

10. The physical circumstances of Spain favoured commerce, but not manufac-

tures, . . .

11. Effect of the long-continued hostility with the Moors,

12. Impolitic laws of Spain in regard to money, .

13. Important effect of the Romish faith,. .

14. Difference of the towns and country in respect of political opinion, .

15. Disposition of the army,

16. The church, .

17. State of the peasantry, ..

18. State of the nobility, ..

19. Huge gap in the revenue from the loss of the South American colonies,

20. Constitution of 1812: how it was formed, .

21. Its extreme democratic tendency, .

22. Utter unsuitableness of the constitution to the generality of Spain, .

23. Universal unpopularity of the Cortes and constitution,

24. Influence of the Cortes on South America, . .

25. Situation of Portugal: effect of the removal of the seat of government to

Rio Janeiro,

26. Its general adoption of English habits and ideas,

27. Character of Ferdinand VII., . . .

28. Ferdinand's arrival in Spain, and treatment by the Cortes

29. Universal unpopularity of the Cortes, .

30. Decree of Valencia, . . . . . . .

VOL. II.

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