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to pass at any time a law by which that contract T. Van Horn, Warner. Elihu B. Washburne, Went would have voted for the bill, and I would might be annulled. worth, Whaley, and Stephen F. Wilson-56.
have voted against it. About the details of the bill, as originally
So the House refused to lay the bill upon the Mr. JENCKES moved to reconsider the reported, the committee have never been tena table.
vote by which the bill was passed; and also cious. I merely carried out their instructions During the vote,
moved to lay the motion to reconsider upon in contending for what they had carefully con
Mr. CÚLLOM stated he was paired with Mr. the table. sidered and prepared, and in insisting upon the WENTWORTH, who was for the bill, while he was The latter motion was greed to. provisions of the bill as they were, until some against it.
The SPEAKER stated as the next business thing better was offered. Since the last ref Mr. DENISON stated he was paired with
in order the calling of the select committee on erence of the bill, friends of the measure, not Mr. NOELL, who would vote for the bill, while freedmen's affairs for reports. upon the committee, have submitted amend he was against it.
WILBERFORCE INSTITUTE. ments which the committee have become sat Mr. KUYKENDALL stated he was paired isfied were improvements on the original plan. with Mr. RAYMOND, who would vote for the bill, On motion of Mr. ELIOT, the committee on These have in every instance been incorpo while he would vote against it.
freedmen's affairs was discharged from the rated into the bill as now reported. None of Mr. ALLISON stated that his colleague, Mr. further consideration of the memorial of J. H. them were matured and offered while the bill
Kasson, who would vote for the bill, was paired Irwin for an appropriation for Wilberforce was under discussion in the House. If they with Mr. BENJAMIN, who would vote against it.
Institute, and the same was referred to the had been, they would have been promptly ac Mr. LE BLOND stated he was paired with committee on education. cepted then. I was instructed to sustain and Mr. GRINNELL, who was for the bill, while he
FREEDMEN'S BUREAU. detend the bill in the spirit of the teaching of was against it.
The select committee on
Mr. ELIOT. the Roman poet, which forms a maxim in his The vote was then announced as above
freedmen's affairs have instructed me to report art:
recorded. “Si quid novisti rectius istis,
a bill to continue in force and to amend an act The bill was ordered to be engrossed and Candidus imperti; ri run, his utere mecum." read a third time; and being engrossed, it was
entitled "An act to establish a Bureau for the And whenever the better have been imparted accordingly read the third time.
Relief of Freedmen and Refugees, and for other they have beer gladly accepted.
Mr.JENCKES demanded the previous ques
purposes. Mr. Speaker, I now call the previous ques tion on the passage of the bill.
The bill was read a first and second time, tion.
The previous question was seconded and the
and the question was upon ordering it to be Mr. PAINE. I desire to move an amendmain question ordered.
engrossed and read a third time. ment to strike out from the bill the provisions Mr. HARDING, of Kentucky, demanded
The Clerk commenced the reading of the with reference to compulsory or involuntary the yeas and nays.
bill, but before concluding the morning hour bankruptcy, sections thirty-nine, forty, forty
expired. The yeas and
nays were ordered. one, and forty-two. I do not suppose that this
On motion of Mr. ELIOT, by unanimous amendment will meet the approval of the gen
The question was taken ; and it was decided in the affirmative-yeas 68, nays 59, not vot
consent, the bill was ordered to be printed. tleman from Rhode Island; but I ask him to ing 56; as follows:
ENROLLED BILLS SIGNED. yield to me that I may test the opinion of the
YEAS-Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, James M. House upon the matter.
Mr. TROWBRIDGE, from the Committee Ashley, Baldwin, Banks, Baxter, Beaman, Bergen,
on Enrolled Bills, reported that they had Mr. JENCKES. That point was raised
Blow, Boutwell, Brandegee. Chanler, Conkling, Da-
examined and found truly enrolled bills and during the course of the discussion, and as the
Farnsworth, Ferry, Griswold, Hale, Hogan, Holmes, a joint resolution of the following titles; when · sense of the House has already been tested, I Hooper, Hotchkis, Asahel W. Hubbard, Demas Hub
the Speaker signed the same: decline to withdraw the previous question for
bard, John H. Hubbard, Hulburd, James M. Humthat amendment. phrey, Jenckes, Kelley, Ketcham. Lafin, Longyear,
An act (H. R. No. 510) to incorporate the Marvin, McCullough, McRuer, Moorhead, Morris, Mr. STEVENS. I hope the gentleman will
Academy of Music of Washington city; Nicholson, Phelps, Pike, Radford, Alexander H. An act (H. R. No. 371) to grant a pension withdraw the call for the previous question to
Rice, John H. Rice, Rousseau, Scofield. Sloan, Spaldlet me move the postponement of this hariing, Taber, Taylor, Thayer, Francis Thomas, John
to Leonard St. Clair; and L. Thomas, Trimble, Trowbridge; Upson. Van Aerkari until December next. [Laughter.]
Joint resolution (S. R. No. 97) to authorize nam, Burt Van Horn, Ward, Henry D. Washburn,
certain medals to be distributed to veteran Mr. JENCKES. I decline to withdraw the
Williams, and Woodbridge-68. demand for the previous question.
NAYS-Messrs. Ancona, Anderson, Delos R. Ash
soldiers free of postage. ley, Baker, Bidwell, Blaine, Boyer, Sidney Clarke, The House divided; and there were-ayes Cobb, Cook, Dawson, Defrees, Deming, Dumont, Eck
WITHDRAWAL OF PAPERS. 59, noes 35. ley, Eldridge, Glossbrenner, Goodyear, Grider, Aaron
On motion of Mr. DRIGGS, by unanimous Mr. BLAINE demanded tellers.
Harding, Abner C. IIarding, Henderson, Higby, Ches
ter D. Hubbard, Edwin N. lIubbell, Julian, Kelso, consent, leave was granted to withdraw from Tellers were not ordered.
Kerr, George V. Lawrence, William Lawrenco, Loan. || the files of the House the papers in the caso So the previous question was seconded.
Marshall, Marston, McClurg, Mckee, Myers, Nib-
of John C. Jacoby, copies being left. The main question was ordered to be put. Price, Samuel J. Randalí, William H. Randall, Rit
LAWS OF ARIZONA. Mr. STEVENS moved that the bill be laid ter, Rolling, Ross, Sawyer, Schenck, Sitgreaves, Steupon the table; and on that motion demanded vens, Stilwell, William B. Washburn, Welker, James The SPEAKER laid before the House a
F. Wilson, Windom, and Winfield-59. the yeas and nays.
NOT VOTING-Messrs. Barker, Benjamin, Bing
copy of the laws of Arizona Territory; which The yeas and nays were ordered. ham, Bromwell, Broomall, Buckland, Bundy, Reader
was referred to the Committee on Territories. The question was taken; and it was decided
W. Clarke, Coffroth, Cullom, Culver, Darling, Del-
CLERKS IN THE WAR DEPARTMENT. in the negative-yeas 49, nays 78, not voting Grinnell, Harris, Hart, Hayes, Hill, James R. Hub The SPEAKER laid before the House a 56; as follows:
bell, James Humphrey, Ingersoll, Johnson, Jones, YEAS-Messrs. Anderson, Delos R. Ashley, Baker, Kasson, Kuykendall, Latham, Le Blond, Lynch, Mc
communication from the Secretary of War, Indoe, Mercur, Miller, Morrill, Moulton, Newell, transmitting a list of clerks in his Department, Bidwell, Blaine. Sidney Clarke, Cobb, Cook, Dawson,
Noell, Pomeroy, Raymond, Rogers, Shanklin, ShelDefrees, Dumont, Eckley, Eldridge, Goodyear, Grider,
in compliance with a resolution of the House labarger, Smith, Starr, Strouse, Thornton, Robert T. Aaron Harding, Abner C. Harding, Henderson, Ches Van Horn, Warner, Elihu B. Washburne, Wentworth,
of the 7th instant; which was referred to the ter 1. Hubbard, Edwin N. Hubbell, Ingersoll, Julian, Whaley, Stephen F. Wilson, and Wright-56.
select committee on the civil service of the Kelso, Kerr, William Lawrence, Loan, Lynch, Marston, McClurg, McKee, Niblack, O'Neill, Orth, Paine,
So the bill was passed.
EQUALIZATION OF BOUNTIES.
Mr. CULLOM said: I have paired with my Mr. SCHENCK. A motion has been enWinfield--49.
colleague, Mr. WENTWORTH. He would have NAYS- Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, Ancona,
tered to reconsider the reference of the bill for James M. Ashley, Baldwin, Banks, Baxter, Beaman, voted for the bill, and I against it.
the equalization of bounties to the Committee Bergen, Boutwell, Boyer, Brandegee, Chanler, Conk
Mr. KUYKENDALL. I have paired with of the Whole. Some suggestions have been ling, Davis, Dawes, Deming, Dixon, Dodge, Donnelly, the gentleman 'from New York, Mr. Raymond. made in reference to a change of phraseology, Driggs, Eliot, Farnsworth, Ferry, Garfield, Griswold, Halo, Higby, Hogan, Holmes, Hooper, Hotchkiss,
He would have voted for it, and I against it. there being two or three ambiguities in the bill, Asahel W. Hubbard, Demas Hubbard, John H. Hub Mr. ALLISON. My colleague, Mr. Kas and it may be well to revise it. I ask, therefore, bard, Hulburd, James M. Humphrey, Jenckes, Kel son, who would have voted for this bill, has ley, Ketcham. Laflin, George V. Lawrence, Longyear, I paired with the gentleman from Missouri, Mr.
to have it recommitted to the Committee on Marvin, McCullough, McRucr, Moorhead. Morris,
Military Affairs, so that we may act upon it at Mycrs, Nicholson, Phelps, Pike, Radford, Alexander
BENJAMIN, who would have voted against it. the next meeting on Thursday, and report it H. Rice, John H. Rice, Rogers, Rousscau, Scofield, Mr. INGERSOLL. Mr. Speaker, I voted back. Sloan, Spalding, Taber, Taylor, Thayer, Francis Thomas, John L. Thomas, Trimble, Trowbridge,
“no” on the call of the Clerk. The chairman The motion to reconsider prevailed ; and the Upson, Van Aernam, Burt Van Horn, Ward, Henry of the committee informs me that the gentleman || bill was accordingly recommitted to the comD. Washburn, William B. Washburn, Williams, Win from New York, Mr. POMEROY, who is absent, mittee with authority to report at any time. dom, Woodbridge, and Wright-78. NOT VOTING-Messrs. Barker, Benjamin. Bing
has written to him that he understood the pair ham, Blow. Bromwell, Broomall, Buckland, Bundy, that he made with me a month ago still con
WITHHOLDING SOLDIERS' MONEY. Reader W.Clarke, Coffroth. Cullom, Culver, Darling, tinues; that he supposes that the pair applied
Mr. DRIGGS, by unanimous consent, introDelano, Denison, Eggleston. Farquhar, Finck, Glossbrenner, Grinnell, Harris, Hart, Hayes, Hill, James to the old bankrupt bill, which was defeated,
duced a bill to punish attorneys and others for R. Hubbell, James Humphrey, Johnson, Jones, Kas and also to this, that takes its place. If that withholding moneys collected for officers, sol. gon, Knykendall, Latham, Le Blond, Marshall, McIn is so, I wish to withdraw my vote.
diers, and sailors; which was read a first and doe, Mercur, Miller, Morrill, Moulton, Nowell, Noell, Patterson, Pomeroy, Raymond, Shanklin, Shellabar
Mr. GARFIELD. I have paired with the second time, and referred to the Committee ger, Smith, Starr, Stilwell, Strouse, Thornton, Robert Il gentleman from New York, Mr. Darling, who on Military Affairs.
CIIANGES OF REFERENCE. On motion of Mr. DRIGGS, the Committee on Public Lands was discharged from the further consideration of House bill No. 522, to provide for the construction of a wagon road from Columbus, Nebraska Territory, to Virginia City, Montana Territory.
On motion of Mr. SAWYER, the Committee on Invalid Pensions was discharged from the further consideration of the petition of Joseph Blick, the father of Henry Blick; and the same was referred to the Committee on Military Affairs.
MUSIC IN TIIE PUBLIC GROUNDS. Mr. WRIGHT, by unanimous consent, submitted the following resolution; which was read and referred to the Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds:
Resolved, That the Commissioner Public Buildings be directed to replace tho orchestra platform recently removed from the President's grounds by thc crcction of a new one, and also to erect one upon the Capitol grounds.
EXECUTIVE MANSION. Mr. RICE, of Maine. I ask the unanimous consent of the House to offer the following concurrent resolution:
Resolved by the House of Representatives, (the Senato concurring.) That the standing Committees of the two Houses on Public Buildings and Grounds be, and they hereby are, constituted a joint committee to examine the several sites and grounds wbich may be proposed for the purposes of a new Executive Mansion and residence, to inquire as to the necessity and expediency for such new accommodations for the President, and to consider such prices, plans, and estimates touching thesamo as may be presented, and that they report by bill or otherwise. Mr. FARNSWORTH. I object.
TAX BILL. Mr. MORRILL moved that the rules be sus. pended, and that the House resolve itself into the Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union on the special order.
The motion was agreed to.
So the rules were suspended; and the House accordingly resolved itself into the Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, (Mr. Dawes in the chair,) and resumed the consideration of the special order, being a bill of the House (No. 513) to amend an act entitled "An act to provide internal revenue to support the Government, to pay interest on the public debt, and forother purposes,l'approved June 30,1864, and acts amendatory thereof.
The Clerk read the pending paragraphs, as follows:
On cotton upon which no tax has been levied, collected, or paid, and which is not exempted by law, a tax of two cents per pound, which shall be and remain a lien thereon until said tax shall have been paid, in the possession of any person or persons whomsoever: Provided, That this paragraph shall be and remain in force until July 1, 1866, and no longer.
On all manufactures not otherwise provided for, of cotton, wool, silk, worsted, flax, hemp, jute, Indiarubber, gutta-percha, wood, glass, pottery-ware, leather, paper, iron, steel, lead, tin, copper, zinc, brass, gold, silver, horn, ivory, bone, bristles, wholly or in part, or of other materials, a tax of five per cent. ad valorem: Provided, That on all cloths or articles dyed, printed, or bleached, on which a tax shall have been paid before the same were so dyed, printed, or bleached, the said tax of five per cent. shall be assessed only upon the increased value thereof: And provided further, That any cloth or fabrics or articles, as aforesaid, when made wholly or in part of thread, yarn, or warps, imported, or upon which a duty shall have been assessed and paid, shall bo assessed and pay a tax on the increased value only thereof; and when made wholly by the samo manufacturer shall be subject to a tax only of fivo per cent. ad valorem.
Mr. MORRILL.. On page 95, line twentyone hundred and fifty-two, I move to strike out the words “wholly or in part;" so that the proviso will read:
Axd provided further, That any cloth or fabrics or artiolos, as aforesaid, when made of thread, yarn, or warps, &o.
The amendment was agreed to.
Mr. SPALDING. I move to insert at the end of the paragraph the following additional proviso:
And provided further, That broyn carthen and common or grey stone-waro shall be subject to a tax of two and one half percent. ad valorem and no more.
I believe that this amendment will not meet
with any opposition from the Committee of articles, or, if you please, to exclude them
the difficulty presented by the gentleman from Mr. MORRILL. I have not consulted the Vermont [Mr. Morrill) simply by levying such Committee of Ways and Means, but I am in a duty on the importation of these articles as favor of that amendment myself.
will completely shut them out, or levy such The amendment was agreed to.
a tax as will give the home manufacturer the The Clerk read as follows:
command of this trade. I do not under
stand the philosophy that is so often presented On all diamonds, emeralds, precious stones, and imitations thereof, and all other jewelry, a tax of
here, when we are insisting upon an increased five per cent. ad valorem: Provided, That when tax upon articles of luxury, by saying that we diamonds, emeralds, precious stones, or imitations cannot collect the tax. I know no reason why thereof, imported from foreign countries, or upon which import duties have been paid, shall be set or
high taxes cannot be collected upon articles reset in gold or any other material, the tax shall be of luxury as well as upon articles of necessity. assessed and paid only upon the value of the settings. The tax can be collected by vigilant officers.
Mr. LAWRENCE, of Ohio. I hope I can If it be necessary we can add provisions to this have leave to go back to the paragrapli pre law which will enable officers to collect thorceding the one just read for the purpose of oughly all the tax that may be levied by the striking out the words “flax and jute."
law. Mr. MORRILL. I must object.
I hope the amendment I have offered will Mr. LAWRENCE, of Ohio. I move to prevail, and that we will increase the duty upon amend the paragraph just read by striking out these articles, so that we may derive more revin line twenty-one hundred and fifty-eight the enue from these articles than we will if the tax word "five” and inserting "ten," and also by should be left at five per cent. I am sure if striking out the proviso.
the committee will give their attention to this I hope the committee will give their atten- | subject they will have no objection to the tion to this provision. It will be seen that this amendment I have proposed. provision designs to assess a tax of five per Mr. MORRILL. I should have no more cent. "on all diamonds, emeralds, precious objection than the gentleman from Ohio [Mr. stones and imitations thereof, and all other | LAWRENCE] has to levying a greater tax upon jewelry." Now, I object to that paragraph these articles, if it could be collected. But because the tax upon these articles is not suff the gentleman does not seem to appreciate the ciently high as compared with the other arti objection to that, which is that these articles cles enumerated in this bill.
are and will be smuggled if the tax upon them I do not see the propriety of levying the should be raised. The experience of the whole. same tax upon these articles, confessedly arti world is against the argument of the gentlecles of mere ornament and luxury, wholly un man from Ohio, that you can impose a great necessary for any valuable purpose. I cannot see tax upon these articles. Take for instance the the propriety of levying the same tax upon these article of watches; a very large amount of the articles that you assess upon thread, leather, watches which are brought into this country candles, screws, and many other articles that from abroad are smuggled. Precious stones enter into the manufacture of articles of neces are not bulky articles, and they are not prosity, and articles for the use of the mechanic, duced to any extent in this country, and if we the artisan, and laborer all over the country. are to get any revenue at all from such artiIt seems to me that we should impose as large cles, we must fix the tax at a low rate. They a tax as possible upon these articles of mere come into the country in letters, in ladies' luxury, so as to derive as much revenue as dresses, in gentlemen's pockets. It is impospracticable.
sible for the gentleman from Ohio (Mr. Law. I do not wish to discuss this matter at any RENCE] to reach his object by the amendment length. But I hope the amendment I have he has proposed, and I trust his amendment offered will prevail, and that we will assess at
will not be adopted. least a tax of ten per cent. upon these articles Mr. LAWRENCE, of Ohio. I withdraw which can bear it much better than other arti
my amendment to my amendment. cles which are taxed the same amount.
The amendment of Mr. LAWRENCE, of Ohio, Mr. MORRILL. If the gentleman had had was not agreed to. some experience in this matter he would see
Mr. GARFIELD. I desire consent to recur the impolicy of levying any higher rate of duty
to the following paragraph:
On articles of clothing manufactured or produced
for sale by weaving, knitting, or felting; on bats, merly placed at five per cent. In the tariff act bonnets, and hoop skirts; on articles manufactured of 1861 it was raised to ten per cent. And I or produced for salo as constituent parts of clothing, am informed by those who are engaged in the
or for trimming or ornamenting the same, and on
articles of wearing apparel manufactured or produced business that they can contract for diamonds for sale from India-rubber, gutta-percha, or paper, and precious stones, whether set or unset, de or from fur, or fur skins dressed with the fur on, a livered in New York free of duty, for seven
tax of five per cent. ad valorem. and a half per cent. Should we undertake to I am satisfied that the amendment proposed levy a high tax upon these articles it would on yesterday, to strike ont the words "or prove to be wholly fallacious. If the gentle- paper,' should have been adopted. man means by his amendment to throw this No objection was made to recurring to the business entirely into the hands of foreigners, paragraph referred to. then his course is a proper one.
But if he is Mr. GARFIELD. I now move to strike out willing to continue the little amount of business the words or paper. that we have already in this country in these Mr. HOOPER, of Massachusetts. I have articles, then the present tax is high enough. some doubt as to the expediency of the proIt is all that we can collect, and I hope that posed amendment. The reason paper was the rate bere proposed will not be changed. included in that paragraph was that there is no
Mr. LAWRENCE, of Ohio. I move to tax upon the raw material, for we have relieted amend my amendment by making it twelve per paper entirely from tax. We therefore thought cent., for the purpose of saying that I am not it right that the manufacturer of paper clothing troubled with the objection which is urged to should be included in the tax of five per cent. my amendment by the distinguished chairman It is the only tax it will pay, either as raw of the Committee of Ways and Means, [Mr. material or as manufactured articles. MORRILL.] I would not propose to throw this Mr. GARFIELD. The action of the combusiness entirely into the hands of foreign man mittee yesterday was based upon what we then ufacturers. But I understand we are to have. I understood to be the fact that the whole busi. reported a tariff bill in which we can provide ness of making paper collars is in the hands for all that. I would levy such duty on the of a monopoly controlling entirely the manuimportation of those articles as would enable facture. That, so far as we were then informed, the home manufacturer to produce all these Il appeared to be the truth. But we have since
had a statement from gentlemen well acquainted clared by law that an ounce of gold, whether it product taken to the assayer and stamped, unwith the business, and we find that instead of cost a day's or a month's labor, shall be worth less he is willing to subject himself to the severe the business being in the hands of a monopoly, only so many dollars and cents.
penalties of this act. This, I think, is unfair, there is a very heavy competing interest, so Now, while there is great propriety in taxing, unnecessary, and unjust. The large manufacthat these paper collars are now sold at a very and taxing heavily, gold and silver which enter turers in New York and other principal cities reduced rate. If we should take off the tax into articles of manufacture, plate, jewelry, &c., use, I suppose, bullion to a great extent, but provided for in this paragraph and place this because tlie consumer or the wearer must event the small manufacturers using limited amounts article with other articles of clothing, this ually pay the tax, it is manifestly unjust and depend principally upon old coin and old artibranch of business will have the advantage contrary to the whole theory and principle of cles which have been injured or the fashion of which I think it ought to have. The question this bill to require that this tax be paid by the which has changed. My amendment will give simply comes to this: whether we shall charge | miner. I know that there is an impression here to them a deserved protection from the inconupon collars made of linen a different rate of that it is a very easy thing to dig gold and sil venience, annoyance, and injustice to which tax ad valorem from that charged on collars Men see or hear of the millions of gold | they will be otherwise subjected. made of paper. The paper collar is certainly | landing at the port of New York from San Mr. WRIGHT. In looking at the latter worn by a class of men less able to pay a tax Francisco; but they do not know anything part of this paragraph I do not quite see the than those wearing collars of more costly ma about the miner who spends oftentimes years effect of the following: terials. It seems to me, therefore, that we in unprofitable labor in order to get this gold No person or corporation shall take, transport, or ought to liberate this article from tax. from the earth.
cause to be transported, export or cause to be exThe gentleman from Massachusetts (Mr. There is in this tax a principle which does ported from the United States, any gold or silver HOOPER) states that the raw material from
in its natural state, uncoincd or unassayed, and unnot apply to any other single provision in this stamped, as aforesaid; and for every violation this which these collars are made has been ex bill. Gold and silver bullion are worth only provision every offender shall be subject to the penempted from tax. So much the better, I reply; so many dollars and cents. This tax cannot alties herein contained. for this is a home manufacture almost exclu be attached to them, but must be paid by the Would the Adams Express Company, or any șively; whereas linen is an article very largely | labor which produces them, whether that labor other express company, for sending abroad a imported. I hope the amendment will prevail. is profitable or not. I hope, therefore, the box containing unstamped metal be liable to The amendment was agreed to.
justice of the committee will see that this par be sent to State's prison? Mr. MORRILL. I move to amend by strik- agraph ought to be stricken out, and that the Mr. MORRILL. Unless this provision is in ing out " or,”' in line twenty-one hundred and tax should only be placed upon gold and silver we shall be unable to collect the tax. This is sixty-one, and inserting in lieu thereof the
bullion manufactured into articles of luxury. simply a provision that compels the payment word “and..?
Mr. STEVENS. It was reduced to this small of this tax before it can be exported. The amendment was agreed to.
sum, as it was thought, by the common consent Mr. DAVIS. I move pro formâ to amend The Clerk read as follows:
of the Representatives from the Pacific slope. the amendment by striking out “of." The We of other parts of the country thought it
chairman of the committee is in error in sayOn bullion, in lump, ingot, bar, or otherwise, a tax of one half of one per cent, ad valorem, to be paid by
should be larger. The reason for this is ob ing that no complaint has ever been made in the assayer of the same, who shall stamp the product vious. The gold mines are owned by the Gov- || regard to the existing law. I have complaints of the assay as the Cominissionerof Internal Revenue, ernment of the United States, and we have now from manufacturers in my own district. under the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, may prescribe by general regulations. And all sales,
laid no royalty upon these mines. The only Mr. MORRILL. What do they want? transfers, exchanges, transportation, and exportation return the Government can get for the treas Mr. DAVIS. Simply that they shall be of gold or silver assayed at any mint of the United ure taken is this small percentage. Every | allowed to work gold and silver ware and jew. States, or by any private assayer, unless stamped as prescribed by general regulations as aforesaid, are
other Government charges five times as much. elry without being obliged to go to the assayer. hereby declared unlawful; and every person or cor
The Government of Mexico charges a much I withdraw the amendment to the amendment.
to export, ordcal in the same, shall be subject to a penalty of $1.000 for each offense, and to a fine not ex
get a return by the Government for their own that this provision, as it now reads, would be coeding: that sum, and to imprisonment for a term treasure taken out by these miners, and for a entirely inoperative. It says that "all sales, not exceeding two years nor less than six months. long time no way was found to be satisfactory. | transfers, exchanges, transportation, and ex: No jewcler, worker, or artificer in gold or silver shall use either of those metals except it shall have first
Finally the tax was reduced to this small per portation of gold or silver assayed at any mint been stamped as aforesaid, as required by this act; centage on bullion. It comes from those who of the United States'' are declared unlawful. and cvery violation of this section shall subject the
own mines, and is paid as a royalty. A man in There is no penalty except in regard to such offender to the penalties contained herein. No person or corporation shall take, transport, or cause to
Pennsylvania who owned a coal mine and al as is assayed, because in the latter part of the be transported, export or cause to be exported from lowed it to be worked would charge five times section the same penalty is provided against the United States any gold or silver in its natural as much. This tax is very small, and I hope the transportation or exportation of gold and state, uncoined or unassayed, and unstamped, as aforesaid; and for every violation of this provision there will be no further objection to it.
silver in its natural state, uncoined or unasevery offender shall be subject to the penalties con Mr. HIGBY. I move to strike out the last sayed and unstamped." tained herein.
word in order to make a brief statement in Now, I would like to know how you are going Mr. MORRILL. I move to amend by strik reference to the history of this matter. I know to fix a stamp on gold which is not assayed, in ing out in line twenty-one hundred and eighty very well the feeling of this House on this sub the form of dust, for instance. And I desire three the word "section" and inserting in lieu ject. I know the struggle we had to get the further to know whether that penalty of $1,000 thereof the word provision ;' so that the tax down even to the present rate. The bill will apply to the miner who digs out his hunclause will read:
as originally reported to the Thirty-Eighth dred dollars of gold in the course of two or And every violation of this provision shall subject | Congress put on a tax of three per cent., to be il three months and goes down to some village the offender to the penalties contained herein. paid in gold. On motion of a Delegate from in order to exchange it. I believe it will so The amnendment was agreed to.
Idaho, the words to be paid in gold” were apply, according to the reading of the section, Mr. MORRILL. I move to amend by strik- stricken out. Thereupon a member of the Com and thereby create the greatest dissatisfaction ing out in line twenty-one hundred and ninety mittee of Ways and Means rose and moved to throughout the entire mining region of the Pathe word "contained”' and by inserting after
increase it from three to five per cent., which cific slope, and, I may say, the greatest injusthe word “herein” the word provided.”
went through like a whirlwind. It then went tice. All that is necessary for a proper underThe amendment was agreed to.
from the House to the Senate, and the Senate standing of this question and to dispel the idea Mr. GARFIELD. I move to amend by strik
have the merit of reducing it down to one half of attempting to raise a revenue from the miners ing out in lines twenty-one hundred and eighty: House in that form the delegation from Cal;
When it came back to the in this way, would be for members of Congress three and twenty-one hundred and eighty-four lifornia was consulted as to whether we would
to go to the mining region. They never would the following words:
think of imposing such a tax after witnessing object to the tax as reduced. I said then, as the labors of those who, at the sacrifice of life And every violation of this provision shall subject the offender to the penalties contained herein.
I say now, that it is manifest injustice to tax and property, liave gone to labor in the mines. That clause is not necessary, as it is repeated While I do not think my colleague's motion
at all the digging of gold out of the mines. If anything should be done it should be rather in the last sentence of the paragraph.
to pay these men a bonus for the gold they dig. The amendment was agreed to.
will be adopted, still I shall cheerfully vote You say these precious metals belong to the Mr. GARFIELD. I move to amend by strik- amendment. for it. I withdraw my amendment to the Government. They belong to it just as much
as does the center of this globc, and no more, ing out in line twenty-one hundred and eighty Mr. DAVIS. I move to insert in line twenty and they would be no more benefit to the Gov. nine the word “provision” and inserting in lieu thereof the word "paragraph.
one hundred and eighty-one after the word ernment, unless they were extracted, than is The amendment was agreed to.
"use” the words "bullion of." My object, | the gold that lies at the center of the globe.
Mr. Chairman, in offering this amendment, is I am almost afraid that this House may come Mr. McRUER. I move to amend by striking to protect the small manufacturers of gold and to the conclusion that because we have asked out this whole paragraph. I desire to call the silver wares in our country towns as well as in for certain exclusions in regard to the interests attention of the committee to the fact that the our cities. If the original terms of the para of California we desire to escape all taxes.. tax provided for in this paragraph is the only graph I desire to amend shall be retained, it But I beg to assure the House that such is not tax in this bill that does not attach to the article will be seen that no manufacturer can use old
If you will only place the tax upon taxed and go forward to be paid by the con metal, either of gold or silver, old spoons,
those articles and those industries which can sumer. This is a direct tax upon the labor ein watch-casings, or jewelry settings which he may bear it we will say nothing. If you will single ployed in mining gold. The tax must be paid have received, as is customary, in exchange for out the mines which are paying fortunes almost by the miner, because the Government has de. his wares, without having such articles or their every month, I will say amen. But when you
attempt to place it indiscriminately you do Internal Revenue, under the direction of the obliged to take measures against the cabarets that injustice. Every man who goes into the mining | Secretary of the Treasury, may prescribe by supply cau-de-vie to children, for there are drunkards
of fifteen as there are laborers of eight; and morregion, and risks his means and his life, does | general regulations.” so because he hopes to be able to strike some Mr. KELLEY. All I ask is that the phrase / tacle. No one can believe, no one will venture to
ally and physically they present a melancholy
specthing rich, like those mines which are payingology shall be so guarded as not to be suscep
say, that the wretched people who haunt the public
houses to ruin and to poison themselves have any dividends. If you can fix this tax so that it tible of this construction.
excuse for so doing." will fall on the net proceeds, I have no objec Mr. MORRILL. Unless you allow the pro
During the reading of the paragraph, tion, even if you make it fisty per cent.
vision to stand as it is, of course these bars [Here the hammer fell.]
Mr. ANCONA said: I rise to a point of unstamped might be used to any extent. Mr. KELLEY. I oppose the amendment Mr. BIDWELL. This clause provides that order, that the extract now being read is not of the gentleman from California. I invite no person or corporation shall take, trans
pertinent to the amendment now pending. the attention 'of the House especially to this port, or cause to be transported, export or
The CHAIRMAN. The Chair overrules the clause: cause to be exported from the United States,
point of order. The Clerk will proceed with No jeweler, worker, or artificer in gold or silver any gold or silver in its natural state, uncoined
The Clerk concluded the reading of the parshall use either of those metals except it shall have or unassayed, and unstamped, as aforesaid,"; first been stamped as aforesaid, as required by this &c. I would ask the gentleman if that would• agraph as above.
Mr. PRICE. That is a picture of the counThe amount of tax received by the Gov.
not apply to the persons who take the gold or
try where they have cheap wines. ernment from the branches of business in
What kind of wine do they
That provision refers volved in this provision would be but a small
make from potatoes? (Laughter.] merely to exportations from the United States. percentage of the whole tax imposed. InI withdraw the amendment to the amendment.
Mr. PRICE. I was referring to the cheapdeed, it would be almost inapplicable as to the
The question was taken on Mr. Davis's amount involved to the artificer. I know by amendment, and it was disagreed to.
Mr. KELLEY. I do not know what is the. experience, Mr. Chairman. For twelve years,
authority for the extract which has just been each day of my life, when in health, was given
Mr. KELLEY. I move to insert after line read; but I do know that it is very unreliable. to labor in one of those branches of business.
twenty-one hundred and ninety the following: I do not believe that my friend from lowa Jewelers, especially in the smaller shops, melt Provided, That nothing herein contained shall [Mr. Price] ever wrote it ; I do not think he but a few ounces of gold, sometimes but a few
apply to the reworking of old gold or silver not in
would commit himself so far. Let him turn pennyweights, and to force them to have a
to Kay's work upon the laboring classes of mint stamp put upon each melting before they
Mr. MORRILL. Although I consider it a can use it, would be the destruction of most matter of infinitesimal consequence, I do not
Europe, and he will find there the most elabo
rate contradiction of the cardinal points of the of the shops in our larger cities. It would give
object to the amendment.
statement that has just been read, and the most to the Government no compensation for the
ample verification of my theory on yesterday, amount of industry it would impair. Fashions
Mr. STEVENS. In lines twenty-one hun that where the cheap acid wines prevail there of jewels change. People will carry their dred and eighty-five and twenty-one hundred is an almost entire absence of intemperance, jewelry to an establishment and have it trans
and eighty-six I move to strike out the words inebriety, and all those excesses that mark the formed from the fashion which is passing away
"transport or cause to be transported." life of the British laboring population and to that which is coming in vogue. A small
Mr. MORRILL. I have no objection to which too often mark the life of our American worker has but little capital. He looks to the that.
laboring population. stock provided by the old goods, with a small
The amendment was agreed to.
Mr. STEVENS. I would ask my colleague addition, and if after having melted it, he must Mr. HOOPER, of Massachusetts. In lines [Mr. KELLEY] what effect it has upon snuff. carry it or send it to the mint to be stamped and twenty-one hundred and eighty-seven and Laughter.] taxed before he can work it up, he will be taxed twenty-one hundred and eighty-eight I move Mr. KELLEY. I am not responsible for inordinately and fruitlessly. It may not have to strike out the words "uncoined or unas
introducing the subject in this connection. been the intention of the committee to em sayed or unstamped" and to insert in lieu Mr. STEVENS. I only want to know. brace such cases, but the phraseology of the thereof the words “not coined nor assayed nor Mr. KELLEY. I have heard somewhere bill clearly has that effect, and I hope it will stamped."
that there is an affinity between the use of tobe stricken out. That is the understanding, The amendment was agreed to.
bacco and the use of strong drinks. But I do I find, of all the gentlemen to whom I have The Clerk then read as follows:
not know that there is any affinity between the spoken. And when gentlemen remember how
On snuff, manufactured of tobacco or any substi
use of tobacco and the use of sour wines. the Departments have construed the law; when tute for tobacco, ground, dry, or damp, pickled, Mr. GARFIELD. The gentleman from they remember how the mantua.maker, the scented, or otherwise, of all descriptions, when pre
Pennsylvania (Mr. STEVEYS] suggests there is widow, perhaps, of a soldier supporting her
pared for use or sale, a tax of forty cents per pound. children, has found that she must abandon her
Mr. PRICE. I move to amend that clause
not a very obvious connection between this
debate on wine and the section before the business because the material she used was by striking out “forty" and inserting "fifty''
House, which relates wholly to snuff. taxed, as well as her labor, while an un in lieu thereof, so as to make the tax fifty cents married woman, who could go from home to per pound. I offer that amendment for the
The late Dr. Hitchcock, of Amherst College,
in his little book entitled "A Zoological Temwork, escaped taxation, they will see that this reason th it has been suggested to me that will be the effect, and that all our small work this dampening or pickling is done with the
perance Convention,” makes one of his aniing jewelers, all the men who are struggling cheap wines that we talked about yesterday;
mals say that wine and tobacco are intimately, up to become employers of the little capital and if that be the case, then it may very readily of wine ; and when you pass to the third case
connected philologically. Bacchus was god they may have accumulated, as well as their pay a tax of fifty cents per pound. I know
in the declension of his Grecian name you own skill, will be taxed by this ; and I ask nothing of the quality of the tobacco out of
reach the weed under discussion, namely Ho either that the language of the clause be so which snuff is manufactured. But if it be
Bacchos," “ Tou Bacchou," "To Baccho" clearly modified that no such construction can dampened or pickled by the manufactured be put upon it or to strike out a clause calcu wines, about which we heard so much yester:
Mr. KELLEY. If I wanted to establish the lated to impede the industry of the country.
day, then I propose to put this additional tax Mr. BIDWELL. I withdraw the amend upon it. And as an additional reason for my
charge of aristocracy against any portion of ment to the amendment. amendment I ask the Clerk to read the extract
my countrymen, I could not do it more thor: Mr. MORRILL. I renew the amendment which I send to his desk.
oughly in the minds of the aristocratic classes for the purpose of saying that the provision as
The Clerk read as follows:
of Europe than by arranging our taxes and so
controlling our imports as to keep from the it now is, I believe, will stand the test of criti "DRUNKENXESS AND DEBAUCHERY IN France.cism. I am satisfied that the gentleman from We have been accustomed to think that, through the
poor these wines, the use of which is so procheapness of light wine, the mechanics and agricul motive of temperance and health, and confine Pennsylvania has not fully considered the entire
turists of Franco were free from the coarser and lower the use of them to the wealthy classes. paragraph. This tax is to be levied upon and forms of drunkenness. But poor brandies are cheaper paid by the assayer and not by the miner, than poor wines; and such is the degradation of much
Mr. PRICE. I move to amend my amendof the French rural and manufacturing population and then the language is, that "no jeweler,
ment so as to make it forty-five cents instead that they resort to the former for exhilaration and for of fifty cents. I do this for the purpose of say. worker, or artificer in gold or silver shall use getfulness. Here is a sad picture of debasement and either of those metals except it shall first have debauchery, terribly suggestive of the effects of igno
ing to the gentleman from Pennsylvania [Mr. rance and poverty in dwarfing the race and belittling KELLEY) that he probably wonld believe Hor. been stamped as aforesaid, as required by this nations:
ace Greeley upon this subject quite as much “Even in France there are towns where women · Mr. KELLEY. The gentleman will observe rival men in the habits of intoxication. At Lille, at
as he would the author he has referred to as Rouen, there are some so saturated with it that their authority. And I am authorized to say, and no that the language is shall use either of these infants refuse to take the breast of a sober woman. gentleman who understands the question will
In the mountains of the Vosges, infants drink cau-
dispute it, that Horace Greeley indorses the Mr. MORRILL. Yes; but go on; "ex ally infected with the smell of cau-de-vie made from
statement the Clerk has read from the desk in cept it shall first have been stamped as afore potatoes. In those mountains there are no inore reference to the prevalence of drunkenness in said."
frequent causes of idiocy and imbecility, for in gen-
countries where cheap wines abound. It is the Mr. KELLEY. Yes.
cellent. The great inisfortune is that the children almost universal testimony of those who have Mr. MORRILL. That refers back to the of habitual drunkards are idiots, so that the punish- investigated this matter that the use of cheap tax paid by the assayer " who shall stamp the
ment follows from generation to generation, from
wines in any country is productive of anything product of the assay as the Commissioner of dron. In the manufacturing towns the mayors are else than temperance and morality. And that
is the issue I have made with the gentleman || And I see that the practice is prevailing to an have just offered, and renew my previous from Pennsylvania, (Mr. KELLEY.]
alarming extent, so much so that even little amendment that the tax shall be reduced to Mr. HALE. Mr. Chairman
boys are using tobacco.
I see little negro boys, ten cents. Mr. PRICE. I cannot yield. I am attend. not more than four feet high, walking the streets The committee divided; and there wereing to the gentleman from Pennsylvania now. with cigars in their mouths, costing perhaps ayes 26, noes 67. Mr. HALE. I rise to a question of order: twenty-five cents.
So the amendment was disagreed to. that this debate is not relevant to the paragraph Mr. GARFIELD. Is not that a "civil
The Clerk read as follows: under consideration. right?" [Laughter.]
On fine-cut chewing-tobacco, whether manufacThe CHAIRMAN. The Chair sustains the The amendment was not agreed to.
tured with stems in or not, or however sold, whether point of order.
The Clerk read as follows:
loose, in bulk, or in rolls, packages, papers, wrappers,
or boxes, a tax of forty cents per pound. Mr. PRICE. I thought the Chair had over
On cavendish, plug, twist, and all other kinds of ruled that point of order. manufactured tobacco, not herein otherwise provided
No amendment being offered, The CHAIRMAN. The point of order for, a tax of forty cents por pound.
The Clerk read as follows: which the Chair overruled was raised by the No amendment being offered,
On smoking-tobacco of all kinds, including that gentleman from Pennsylvania, (Mr. Ancona.] The Clerk read as follows:
made of stems, or in part of stems, and imitations
thereof, a tax of twenty cents per pound. (Laughter.]
On tobacco twisted by hand, or reduced from leaf Mr. MORRILL. I move that the commitinto a condition to be consumed without the use of
Mr. MORRILL. I move to insert in line any machincorinstrument,and without being pressed, twenty-two hundred and six after the word tee rise, that we may terminate debate on this
sweetened, or otherwise prepared, a tax of thirty cents vikinds" these words: not sweetened, nor paragraph.
per pound. Mr. HENDERSON. I should like to have Mr. HARDING, of Kentucky. I move to
stemmed, nor butted."
The amendment was agreed to. an opportunity to say a few words.
ameud by striking out in line twenty-two hun. Mr. MORRILL. I merely desire to say that dred and one the word "thirty," and inserting
Mr. MORRILL. I move to insert after line yesterday, we progressed to the extent of only in lieu thereof the word "ten;" so as to pro
twenty-two hundred and five the following: four pages of the bill. To-day we have not vide for a tax of ten cents per pound.
On smoking-tobacco sweetened, stemmed, or butmade that much progress. I trust that the Mr. Chairman, a tax of forty cents per pound
ted, a tax of forty cents per pound. committee will sustain me in the effort to cut on manufactured tobacco is perhaps about rea
The amendment was agreed to. off debate when a reasonable length of time sonable ; but tobacco put up in twists merely Mr. SCHENCK. I move to strike out has been allowed so that the facts can be under is not worth one fourth or one fifth of the value "twenty" in line twenty-two hundred and stood. I believe that the committee do not of the manufactured article. Manufactured eight and insert “ten.”! I propose to follow up require argument so much as facts.
tobacco sells for four or five times as much as this amendment, which relates to cheap, ordiThe motion was agreed to.
tobacco which is merely twisted. Hence the nary fine-cut smoking-tobacco, with an amendSo the committee rose; and the Speaker | tax proposed in this paragraph is altogether ment which shall also make it possible to manuhaving resumed the chair, Mr. Dawes reported | unreasonable.
facture cheap cigars. that the Committee of the Whole on the state In the West tobacco is prepared in this way, The present amendment, confining itself exof the Union had had under consideration the simply twisted up by hand, without any ma clusively to fine-cut smoking-tobacco, I will in Union generally and particularly the special | chinery, and without any expenditure of capi a word explain. So far as tobacco is concerned, order, being bill of the House No. 513, to tal whatever. It is furnished in this shape by ) while it related to that which is used for chewamend an act entitled "An act to provide || those who raise it, most generally negroes, who ing, I made no proposition because it does not internal revenue to support the Government, | raise perhaps one or two hundred pounds, and affect any interest I represent, but so far as to pay interest on the public debt, and for sell it prepared in this rough way at the coun smoking-tobacco is concerned, either fine-cut other purposes," approved June 30, 1864, and try stores.
or used in the manufacture of cigars, it does acts amendatory thereof, and had come to no
this tobacco will not sell in mar largely affect a great industrial pursuit in my resolution thereon.
ket for more than twenty cents per pound. State and in the West, and affects it, even with CLOSE OF DEBATE.
Twenty-five cents per pound is a high price. | the amendments to the existing law proposed Mr. MORRILL. I move that all debate in
Yet here is a tax of thirty cents, while on man in this bill, to a ruinous extent. Fine-cut Committee of the Whole on the state of the
ufactured tobacco worth five times as much the smoking-tobacco is largely manufactured from Union on the pending paragraph of the spe
tax is only forty cents. The result will be to the tobacco leaf raised in the western States. cial order terminate in three minutes after the
break this up and men will buy the tobacco | This tobacco leaf is a different article from the committee shall resume the consideration of and twist it themselves. Any man can twist southern tobacco. Southern tobacco has a the subject. This will give the gentleman from
up as much in two hours' time as will last him | glutinous or gummy character which enables Oregon (Mr. HENDERSON] an opportunity to for a year. It will therefore cut off entirely | you to manufacture from it plug, cavendish, submit a few remarks.
this source of revenue. Men cannot afford to and the various forms of chewing-tobacco. The motion was agreed to.
pay this tax. It is wholly confined to those | But that same tobacco seed sown in our north
who raise small quantities. You will find the western States produces an article which is TAX BILLAGAIN.
tobacco in small quantities in the little stores. not capable of being manufactured at all into Mr. MORRILL. I move that the rules be There is no expensive machinery about it. It | chewing-tobacco. It is dry, and is used only suspended, and that the House resolve itself is altogether unreasonable this tax should be for the purpose of smoking. into the Committee of the Whole on the state imposed. I therefore move that it shall be I spoke of fine.cut. I mean smoking-tobacco. of the Union on the special order. reduced to ten cents.
This smoking-tobacco, made out of leaf raised The motion was agreed to.
Mr. MORRILL. This was originally in in Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Pennsylvania, and So the rules were suspended; and the House serted into the law both for the protection of in all the Northwest, burdened by this tax which accordingly resolved itself into the Committee the revenue and the regular manufacturer of is now proposed of forty cents, cannot be proof the Whole on the state of the Union, (Mr. tobacco. We found in Kentucky that large duced or used at all, and the proposed tax will Dawes in the chair,) and resumed the consid quantities of this tobacco were twisted up, put therefore defeat the object sought of affording eration of the special order, being a bill of the into paper, and labeled, “ This tobacco has a revenue to the Government. House (No. 513) to amend an act entitled | paid no tax.”' It was to protect the Govern Let me tell you how it operates. This same "An act to provide internal revenue to sup ment and the honest manufacturers, and it is smoking-tobacco, as manufactured before the port the Government, to pay interest on the still found to be necessary.
Government tax was levied upon it, was made public debt, and for other purposes," approved Mr. HARDING, of Kentucky. I withdraw somewhat in this way and at this cost: mixing June 30, 1864, and acts amendatory thereof. my amendment and move to reduce the tax to the leaf and the stem in the proportion used, it Mr. HENDERSON. Mr. Chairman, I am fifteen cents.
was worth two and a half cents a pound. Makin favor of a high rate of taxation upon the Mr. Chairman, the tax moved by the com ing this half leaf and half stem by the process articles of tobacco, cigars, and spuff
. I think mittee in their bill will defeat the very object of cutting and drying and putting it into a con: that tobacco and the articles made from it are which the gentleman from Vermont declares dition fit for smoking-tobacco cost an average now altogether too cheap and too easily oh they had in view. You cannot prevent the of five cents a pound, making a total of seven tained by those who use them. I regard the men who wish to avail themselves of the priv and a half cents. Now, if you put upon that use of these articles as one of the nuisances ilege of twisting this tobacco. Why, sir, you a tax of twenty cents, as proposed by this bill, that curse the country, and I believe that they can go to a tobacco-raiser and buy fifty pounds, you will make the entire cost twenty-seven and ought to be taxed as highly as possible. If the twist it up, and lay it away. The whole object a half cents per pound, or more than three tax received should not increase the revenue, of twisting it is to preserve it so that it will not times the original cost of labor and stock to I hope it will decrease the use of tobacco. I crumble. You cannot force people to buy man the producer. If you bring the tax down to regard the use of this article as a barbarous || ufactured tobacco by this extremely high tax. ten cents it will still amount to about seventeen practice; and in confirmation of this idea I If you allow the tax to remain at a reasonable and a half cents, tax included, and the Governrefer to the trade-signs which I see on Penn- figure such as I propose, this will go on as it ment will get its full share, and more than its sylvania avenue. At the door of every tobacco has done heretofore. If
, on the contrary, the full share, at the lowest price for which the store I see the figure of a half-naked savage bill is allowed to remain as it is the Govern article can possibly be sold. or a crazy negro, or a monster representing, I ment will collect no revenue at all. This The effect of the adoption of the provisior suppose, a heathen god or some other imagi operates upon the poor class of people, and in the bill as it stands will be to destroy the nary being, holding out tobacco, cigars, and not upon the large planters, who of course manufacture of smoking-tobacco out of our comsnuffs; as much as to say, “ If you want to be send their tobacco to the regular market in mon leaf at the West. This leaf can be bought a heathen, a savage, or a monster, use tobacco." hogsheads. I withdraw tlie amendment I ll anywhere at ten cents a pound; but in what