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Mr. CLARK. I cannot quite agree to that, gines it would require extra iron. If the pig. Mr. CLARK, Yes, with the Government, that if anything is to be paid we ought to pay iron was to go into the dome of the Capitol it so that the Goverument would have to stand the award, if that is what the Senator means. wonld not necessarily be very superior. between the contractor for the hull and the conMr. NYE. The cost is to be paid,

Mr. CLARK. But I was not proposing to tractor for the engines, but in equity it should BIr. CLARK. If the cost is to be paid, we comment on that, because I am willing to take come out of the engine builder. are to pay what is reported; but we have not the tables as I find them for the purpose of Mr. JOHNSON. In the end it should accome to an agreement to pay what the cost is what I have to say. I want to call the atten cording to these facts; but you would not throw reported :o be, because it lays out of the case tion of the Senator from Indiana to the first the builder of ihe hull on the engine builder. entirely the equities on the other side. Now, case reported here, to show what may be the Mr. CLARK. Certainly I would not; but if you will constitute a board, and a fair board || equities on the one side and the other. If he if I had to pay $11,000 to the builder of the -I do not care who you take, whether they will take the report and follow me a little hull for the delay of this engine builder, I would are builders, mechanics, or merchants, if they | while, I will call his attention to the case of not give this engine builder $30,000 extra over are fair people, and refer the matter to them the Iosco. It will be found that the con his contract for doing it. with authority to say what ought to be paid tractors for building the hull of the Iosco were Mr. JOIINSON. Certainly not. under all the circumstances by the Govern Larrabee & Allen, and they went on to con Mr. CLARK. Now let us turn to page 15 ment, then I might perhaps be willing to abide struct the vessel, and they brought in their bill

of this report: by that award; but I am certainly not willing of costs, and their costs exceed the contract "Appeared before the board Daniel N. Pickering, to abide by an award which has been made | price and the extra work by $11,703 97. It

treasurer of the Globe Works, South Boston, Massashowing only the cost, when so far as I can is the first case upon the list. If the Senator

chusetts, on the part of the company, contractors for

the machinery of the double-enders Iosco and Masascertain-and the Senator from Indiana will will be kind enough to turn to page 10 of the sasoit. Under oath stated, that thecontracts for these correct me if I am wrong-the committee did | report of the board he will find this case of the vessels were dated by the Navy Department August not receive any new testimony on that point. Iosco specially reported:

15, 1862, in which they were allowed seven months, or

until March 14, 1863"-He will allow me to inquire whether there was “Regarding the United States steamcr Iosco, side When the vessel was readyany textimony before the committee going to wheel, double-ender: on the part of the contractors show what deductions should be made oiher and builders of the above vesselappeared before the

"to complete the machinery and deliver the vessels board A. L. Allen, ship-builder, Bath, Maino, who

to the Government, but the Massasoit was not so comthan what came from the report of the board. under oath stated that tho contract for the above

pleted and delivered until the 9th of January, 1861, Mr. HENDRICKS. In reply to the Sena vessel was signed by the Navy Department on the

nor the Iosco until the 18th of January, 1861, the printor I will say that at the last session of Con9th day of September, 1862, in wlrich he was allowed

cipal cause of delay being the difficulty in obtaining one hundred and twenty-six days to launch the ves

workmen, as the demand for the services of men in gress the committee had before them two of sel, or until January 13, 1863, but the vessel was not

the Army and Navy was so great, and also on account the leads of bureaus in the Navy Department, put into the water until March 20, 1863, the vessel

of the number of vessels being built by the Governbeing detained on the stocks by order of Admiral

ment." the head of the Engineering Bureau and of Gregory and Inspector Pook”

Because the Government was choosing to the Construction Bur2:11, Mr. Lenthall and Mr.

Now, this is the reason

build vessels in other yards these people were Isherwood, and also Superintendent Wood. They testified before the committee at the last

as the engine builders were not ready to set up delayed, and therefore you are to pay them for

the engine; that the vessel was delivered to the Globe session. What they testified at that time was

their delay. And now you allow for this engine Works, South Boston, March 24, 1803; that thirty incorporated into the report made by the com days, or until May 13, were allowed to erect the

of the Tosco the sum of $20,789 because they mittee at the last session, and it is extracted machinery on board, but the work was not completed

did not finish it until nearly a year after they until March 5, 1801, three hundred and forty-six || agreed to do it. You compel the Government into the report made at this session. The com days, mittee bad also before them a document certi

to pay $11,000 on the hull because they were

The engine builders were to have erected fied to by Admiral Gregory who had charge

not ready, and then give them $29,000 for that that work in the vessel in thirty days, and they delay. That is the justice of this operation, of this work, showing the cost of labor and

took three hundred and forty-six days to do it. materials from time to timethe table which

and that is the "justice'' to these contractors

Mr. JOHNSON. Is any reason given for which the Senator from Indiana talks about. is appended to the report. I do not know

the delay? wheraer that was before the board or not. I

I have got as strong a case as that in an

Mr. CLARK. There is no reason given for other instance. I have had tiine to examine do not know of any other testimony that was

the delay here; I am going to go on a little before the committee that was not before the further. Mr. Allen says further:

only two or three of these cases, because one

cannot go through forty-two cases in one day. board.

“That his vessel could not have been really for Mr. JOHNSON. Is that the only excuse Mr. CLARK. I understand that at the last launching at the expiration of the contract, and they

in that case ? session, before the committee as then consti wcre in no fault for this delay or loss of time to Government; that the contract price for the vessel de

Mr. CLARK. That is the only excuse. I tnted, some testimony was given. I do not know

livered at Boston amounted to $75,500; that the will read the whole of what was said. whether the committee is the same now or not; entire cost of the vessel was $91,845 91; that in addi

Mr. JOHNSON. You need not on my probably it is nearly the same; but at this ses tion to the contract price he has been paid by bureau

account. sion, after this report from the board comes to

for extra work $1,535 81; that the cost to him of the

vessel over and above the contract and extra bills them, they consider it and consider in addition

Mr. CLARK. They say that the demand paid was $11,810 07; and would state that, in addition what was said at the last session, and the evi to the great extra expense to which he was placed by

for men for the Army and Navy, and the numdence furnished them then. Now, I want to say

the delay of the engine builders to complete their ber of vessels being built by the Government,

work, he was obliged to keep watchmen and to furone word in regard to the table, for I am satis

made it impossible, with the scarcity of labor, nish material and outfits at greatly increased prices fied that the table is not made up correctly in and larger wages for labor."

to fulfill the contracts within the given time."

There is the whole of it. Now, if the Senate some instances. Take, for instance, the cost of You see he was put to great extra expense

will turn to the case of the Chenango, on page pig iron in 1864. It is said to be in the month by the delay of the engine builders. of January, forty-five dollars; in the month of Mr. JOHNSON. Permit me to ask whether 4, they will find :

"Appeared before the board Jeremiah Simonson, February, fifty dollars; and so running through. the engine builder is allowed anything in this

ship-builder, and constructor of United States steamer I happen to have in my possession an affidavit, bill?

Chenango, under oath stated the whole amount of cost furnished by a house in New York, of actual Mr. CLARK. Yes, sir. The engine builder

of above vessel to have been $91,141 81; the amount sales, and they quote the sales from their books is allowed, as I will show presently, something

of extra work allowed and paid by bureau, $3,528 17;

the amount of contract, $75,000; and presented the made through the months of 1864, all the like thirty thousand dollars for the delay. I accompanying sworn statement, marked 3, showing mouths, and I have compared it with this ta want to call the attention of the Senate to the

thecostofthat vesselover and above the contract price ble, and the actual sales which they made were contract for the hull and the contract of the

and allowance paid for extra work to be $16,441 81.". fron ten to fifteen per cent. lower than the engine builder to show the injustice that is to

And here in the table you find $16,441 81 prices quoted in the table. But I have not had be done here. The contractor who built the

for the steamer Chenango. Now, what was the the opportunity of examining the table further, hull clearly ought to be paid; he was delayed by

occasion for that? Mr. Simonson's statement because I had no means.

somebody; Admiral Gregory and Constructor || proceeds: Jr. WILLEY. I ask the Senator from New Pook kept the vessel on the stocks until it

"That the contract for the hull was dated Septein

ber 9, 1862, and the vessel to be launched on January Hampshire whether the iron, the sales of which was necessary for her to be sent to the Globe

13, 1863, (one hundred and twenty-six days;) that tho be relers to, was the same kind of iron and of Works to have her machinery put in, and then holl was ready for launching at that time, but was the superior quality required for these vessels. when she got there thirty days were to have

detained on the ways by request of the naval con

structor and inspector of bulls, S. M. Pook, to be Jir. CLARK. I cannot say what quality it been consumed in putting in that machinery so hereafter shown, as the steam machinery was not

It is quoted as pig-iron, as the general that he could have finished his vessel, and yet ready." quotation is here “ American pig-iron." It these engine builders took in the whole three The same excuse again; the steam machinery does not appear from this table what the qual. hundred and forty-six days to put in that was not ready; this man was delayed because ity was.

engine, and he was put to this delay. The the steam machinery was not ready. Mr. HENDRICKS. It was a very superior board have rightfully awarded him, probably, “That the hull was launched on March 19, 1863, and quality,

eleven thousand and odd dollars for that delay, that no injury arose to the Government from dolay Mr. CLARK. It may have been very supebut the question is who should pay it. Do you

on his part; that the contractors for the steam ma

chinery were allowed until May 8 (fifty days) to crect rior. but I do not understand it to be so. propose that the Government should


on board the engines, &c., but occupied until DecemMr. GRIMES. That would depend some when the engine builders caused that delay, not ber 30, 1863, (two hundred and cighty-four days." what upon what it was used for in either case. the Government; the Government were in no. It took two hundred and eighty-four days to Mr. CLARK. For common ordinary cast. fault.

get that machinery in. ings it would not require a very superior qual Mr. JOHNSON. I suppose the engine Mr. JOHNSON. Where was th3 machinery ity,

builder contracted with the Government, not to be built? Mr. GRIMES. If it was to go into the en: with these parties.

Mr. CLARK. I will show the Senator pres.


per cent. for


ently ; I do not now remember; but I will call first and then took another at haphazard to see | Committee for the District of Columbia. I his attention to it.

how they would come, and I find that result. feel, under the circumstances, that I can no Mr.JOHNSON. I thought you had it before Mr. JOHNSON. I do not see exactly how longer hold that position with profit to the yoll.

he could charge for the use of his shop and country or honor ic myself. Therefore I ask Mr. CLARK. It is in another part of the tools. That was included, I suppose, in the to be discharged from further service on that volume, page 18. This was built at the Morgan contract price.

committee. Iron Works, New York. Now, I want Sen Mr. CLARK. I suppose he kept some The gentleman was accordingly ex.cused. ators to bear in mind that there was no delay account of the labor and material he had put here on the part of the contractor for the hull. into this vessel, and then charged ten per cent. He was obliged to keep his vessel unfinished on the tools and shop as a part of the cost of

Mr. WASHBURN, of Indiana, asked and because the steam machinery was not erected the vessel.

obtained leave of absence for his colleague, in her, and was put to delay on that account, Mr. JOHNSON. During the ten months

Mr. HILL. and they took two hundred and eighty-four days he delayed it?

SENATE BILL RETURNED. to erect that machinery, and he claims of the Mr. CLARK. I


The SPEAKER laid before the House the Government, and has been allowed by the one year. I do not wish to be severe on these following communication from the Secretary board, the sum of $16,441 81 on account of the contractors. I only make these observations of the Senate: delay of these people in erecting that machinery | for the purpose of showing what injustice you

IX SENATE OF TIE UNITED STATES, in his boat. That is the sole cause of it. Now, are likely to do here to the Government and

April 16, 1860. let us turn over to page 18 of the report and

Resolved, That the Secretary be directed to request the people who pay the money; for while the House of Representatives to return to the Senate see what the Morgan Iron Works, who were to these contractors are to be protected, the tax a bill of the House (II. R. No. 458) granting a pension build this machinery, did; here is the statement payer also is to be regarded. While you under ta Sarah F. Pickell, which was postponed indefinitely of Mr. Quintard, who is the man that got up the

on the 13th instant. take to do justice to those who deserve it, you


J. W. FORNEY, Secretary. table appended to the committee's report: certainly cannot do it in this inconsiderate Appeared before the board, George W. Quintard, way, which encourages those who have no just will was ordered to be returned to the Senate.

According to the usage of the House, the proprietor of the Morgan Iron Works, Now York, claim to come here with the expectation that and contractor for the machinery of the double

Mr. SCHENCK. I call for the regular order enders Chenango and Ascutney; also for the bull Congress will pay any amount which they make

of business. and machinery of the iron-clad 'Onondaga. Under out. onth states, that the contracts for the Chenango and Now, I ask the Senate to pause; I do not

The House accordingly proceeded to the reg. Asentney weredated by the Navy Department August know what is best to be done. I do not think

ular order of business, which was the calling 15, 1862, in which he was allowed seven months, or until March 16, 1863, to complete the machinery of the amendment of the Senator from Iowa

of the committees for reports, beginning with said vesses and deliver them to the Government, but

the Committee on Invalid Pensions. reaches the case entirely, if you cut it down to the Chenango was not so completed and delivered until February 1, 1861." twelve per cent. I doubt if some of these par

ADVERSE REPORTS. The Chenango was not completed until Feb

ties ought to have anything, and perhaps some Mr. BENJAMIN, from the Committee on ruary 1, 1864, ten months after he agreed to ought to have fifty per cent. It is the indis

Invalid Pensions, reported adversely on the do it, and he had been keeping this hull all

criminate lumping of forty-two cases in one
bill that works the mischief. Give us one by table:

following cases, and the same were laid on the the time unfinished and putting the man who

one if it takes time, and let us consider each built it to expense because he failed in his

The petition of Elizabeth J. Brooks, widow or establish a board that will consider the cases contract.

of Thomas J. Brooks; and Mr. JOHNSON. What reasons did he one by one, and give each man his due, not

The petition of George W. Bonnin. assign?

bring all up here in this omnibus which is to Mr. CLARK. I will go on and read the

carry everything to the end of the journey and reasons he assigned: make you pay the fare.

Mr. BENJAMIN, from the Committee on Mr. President, I am opposed to this bill. I Invalid Pensions, reported a bill granting a “The principal causes of the delay in completing the machinery of theso vessels were scarcity of labor,

have heard all that has been said about war pension to Mrs. Joanna Winans, mother of difficulty of obtaining materials, strikes, and having

times; I have heard all that has been said George W. Winans, acting assistant paymaster to close his shop for two months on account of mobs in about justice to mechanics; but let us be just of the United States Navy. the summer of 1863." to the country and to the constituency we rep

The bill was read a first and second time. It Nothing in the world in which the Govern

resent, for you will bear in mind that the forty grants a pension, at the rate of twenty dollars ment was concerned, things likely to happen, perhaps, to any contractor ; and yet he delayed | gentlemen they may be and deserving considtwo gentlemen who claim here, though eminent per month, during her widowhood.

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I call for that hull ten months, putting the Government

cration, are but a drop in the bucket of the the reading of the report. to the cost of $16,000, and now he wants the

great people who are interested in this matter. The report was read. Government to pay him for all that delay Mr. JOHNSON. Mr. President

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I desire to just what the machinery cost.

Mr. TRUMBULL. Will the Senator from inquire whether this case is not provided for by Mr. JOHNSON. How much is allowed

Maryland give way? I think we might as well the general law. him?

adjourn. Mr. CLARK. For the Chenango there was

We shall hardly get through with

Mr. BENJAMIN. It is not provided for by this bill to-day. We are sitting very long. the general law, the absence not being on sick allowed him extra for putting in that machin Mr. JOHNSON. That would be very agree

leave. ery, ten months after it should have been, able to me.

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. What are $25,826 33. It is said that the Chenango blew

Mr. TRUMBULL. I move that the Senate the peculiar reasons for passing this special up on her trial trip, but I am not talking to do now adjourn.

bill? I am pretty liberal in regard to this matthat point. I am taking this work as if it had been done well. I am speaking of the delay || adjourned.

The motion was agreed to; and the Senate ter of pensions, but I would like to know some

thing of the principles by which the Committee which he caused and his equity to have pay

on Invalid Pensions are governed. from the Government. Mr. Quintard says,


Now, I sent a case to the committee where a further:

widow made an application for a pension on "That he was relieved by an act of Congress from

TUESDAY, April 17, 1866.

the ground that her son had been killed in the the terms of his contract, so far as the time of com The House met at twelve o'clock m. Prayer service. But a very sliort time before he was pletion was concerned, and that the Department was fully satisfied that it was finished as soon as possible; by the Chaplain, Rev. C. B. BOYxTON.

killed he had been married; if he had not been that the excess of cost over and above the contract The Journal of yesterday was read and married, then his mother was in that position price was on account of the continued rise in the price of labor and material; that the total cost of the approved.

that she would have been entitled to the peninachinery for both vessels, including charge of ten


sion. His widow afterwards married and per cent. for use of shop, tools, &c., was $215,652 67;

Mr. J. L. THOMAS asked leave to with

thereby forfeited her pension. Now, the mother that the contract price of both vessels paid by the Government was $164,000, leaving a balance, tho draw from the files of the House the petition comes in with her petition and asks that she oxcess of cost to him, over and above the contract and papers of Rev. Richard Fuller.

may be entitled to the pension which she would price, of $51,652 67."

have been entitled to had not her son been

Leave was granted, and the papers were That is $25,826 34 for each vessel ; and this accordingly withdrawn.

married. man who has delayed you ten months and put

I understand that the committee declined to you to the expense of $16,000 on one vessel


report a bill of that kind, which was certainly has the impudence to charge you ten per cent. Mr. ELIOT, from the Committee on Com one of the strongest cases I have seen preon his whole stock and tools, and your com

I talked to the Commismerce, reported a bill making appropriations sented to the House. mission allow it. for the repair, preservation, and completion of

sioner of Pensions about the case, and while. Mr. JOHNSON. For the ten months? certain public works, and for other purposes;

he thought it came within the spirit of the law, Mr. CLARK. It simply says ten per cent., which was read a first and second time, re it was not within the letter of the law, but he without reference to time; and now there is an ferred to the Committee of the Whole on the thought it one of the most appropriate cases appeal to the equity and justice of Congress to state of the Union, and ordered to be printed. upon which Congress could legislate. pay that demand!

Now, I desire to know the principle by which These are the only two cases in this whole


the committee are governed, whether it is fish report which I have examined, and I have no Jr. SHANKLIN. Mr. Speaker, I desire for one and flesh for another. doubt that if I were to follow it through I should to submit a proposition to the House. I ask Mr. BENJAMIN. That has nothing to do find others of a similar character. I took the to be discharged from further service on the with the case under consideration. The report


uary, 1860.

of the committee now before the House stands been promoted to be a captain of the first ask the chairman of the committee [Mr. PERby itself. I demand the previous question. artillery; his death being caused by disease HAM] whether he is not satisfied that a pension

The previous question was seconded and the contracted in the service while on special duty. ought to be granted in this case. main question ordered. The bill was ordered Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. If the Mr. PERHAM. That was our conclusion. to be engrossed and read a third time; and report of the committee sets forth the facts of Mr. WASHBURN, of Indiana. If this lady being engrossed, it was accordingly read the the case, I would like to know why this lady | is entitled to a pension at all, she is entitled to third time and passed.

is not entitled to a pension under the general one for thirty-two years back instead of six Mr. BENJAMIN moved to reconsider the pension law. It is said that this Patrick died years. But, as I understand, she asks it for vote by which the bill was passed; and also of disease contracted in the service while in only six years back ; and therefore the commitmoved that the motion to reconsider be laid the line of his duty. If that is so, why is it tce have reported the bill in that form. If justice upon the table.

that there is any necessity for a special law in were done, she should receive a pension from The latter motion was agreed to. this case ?

March 6, 1831. The bill provides for giving

Mr. STILWELL. This old lady is now her a pension for six years back, as she does Mr. PERHAM, from the Committee on

seventy-four years of age. She never made not ask more. Invalid Pensions, reported back, with the

an application for a pension until this time, Mr. PERHAJ. In answer to the gentle

and now only asks that the pension to which man from Indiana, I ought to say that our recommendation that it do pass, bill of the

she is entitled shall date back to January 1, committee have had before them a large numSenate No. 201, for the relief of Ann Heth,

1860. widow of William Heth, of Harrison county,

The surgeon who attended her husband ber of petitions for the enactment of a general

at the time of his death has since died; thus law to give pensions to all who served in the Indiana. The bill directs the Secretary of the Interior | required by the general pension law.. But the

war of 1812. The committee have declined to producing a break in the chain of evidence

report favorably on that subject; but we have to place the name of Ann Heth, widow of Wil

certificate of the Adjutant General is on file liam Heth, of Harrison county, Indiana, who

taken up and reported favorably many indiwith the papers in this case establishing the vidual cases which appealed most strongly to was killed by the rebel Morgan's men while

facts. resisting their advance upon Corydon, Indiana,

our sympathies, and which we thought would

Mr. WASIIBURNE, of Illinois. We are meet the approbation of this House and of the upon the pension-roll at the rate of eight dol

asked to do something which Congress has other branch of Congress. They were cases lars per month, to commence on the 9th of July, 1863, to continue during her widowhood.

rarely if ever done before; granting a pension which did not come under the provisions of

to date back before the passage of the bill. The report having been read, the bill was

any general law. They were isolated cases, We are asked to grant a pension to this lady to the circumstances of which, as the committee ordered to a third reading; and it was accord

date back six years. I do not know that it is thought, justified the granting of pensions. In ingly read the third time and passed. Mr. PERHAJI moved to reconsider the vote

of any use whatever to oppose any of these this case, if we grant this lady a pension from

pension cases, no matter what principle may the time of the passage of the act until her by which the bill was passed; and also moved

be involved. But I think this is going further death, we shall, I think, be treating her as well that the motion to reconsider be laid upon the

than we have ever gone before under any state as she could expect. table. of circumstances.

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. As I The latter motion was agreed to.

Mr. STILWELL. This lady is strictly | understand, the idea of the committee was to URS. MARTIA J. WILLEY.

entitled to a pension from the 6th of March, | report a bill, corresponding with other pension Mr. STILWELL, from the Committee on

1834, when her husband died of disease con bills, the pension to take effect from the pasInvalid Pensions, reported a bill for the relief

tracted while in the service. But she does not sage of the act. of Martha J. Willey; which was read a first

claim that; only asks for a pension from Jan Mr. TAYLOR. I hope that this bill will not and second time.

be recommitted. The committee have had the The question was upon ordering the bill to

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. If she case under consideration, and know as much be engrossed and read a third time.

was entitled to a pension, she has waived her about the circumstances as they would if they The bill provides a pension of eight dollars

right to it heretofore. And now she comes should attempt a reëxamination of the case. a month, to Mrs. Martha J. Willey, widow of

here, having waived her right, if it ever existed, There seems to be some misunderstanding as George W. Willey, late a corporal in company

and asks us to pass a bill to give her a pension to the date when this pension should comF, seventh regiment of New Hampshire vol dating back for six years.

The bill proposes that it shall comMr. STILWELL. She comes here now unteers, the pension to commence on the 18th

mence in 1860. There has been a rule estabof April. 1865, to continue during her widow

because she is poor and in indigent circum lished in the committee that all pensions of hood, and in the event of her marriage or death, stances.

this kind shall commence from the passage of to go to the minor children of George W. Wil

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I have no the act. ley, subject to the limitations and restrictions of

doubt this old lady may be a very meritorious This case does not come within the general the pension laws.

subject for charity. But I contend that we have pension law, because of the absence of the Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I ask that

no right to legislate for charitable purposes. record evidence of the death of this officerthe report be read.

If we do the money in our Treasury might go the certificate of the surgeon. If that could be The report was read. It states that George

out a little faster than it now does, and it might procured, the pension of this lady would date W. Willey enlisted at Dover, New Hampshire, | possibly give out.. I do not see any principle || back from 1834. There is, however, satisfacabout the 29th of December, 1861, reënlisted at upon which this bill can be passed.

tory evidence in the case that the husband did Fernandina, Florida, in 1864, at which time he

Mr. BENJAMIN. This case, Mr. Speaker, die from disease contracted in the service; and received a furlough for thirty days, before the

is somewhat new to me. I was not aware that in order that this case may be disposed of now, expiration of which he died of congestion of the

the committee had agreed to report a bill going I move to amend the bili by striking out the lungs at Dover, New Hampshire, on April 18,

back the length of time that this does, or even words, " to take effect from and after the pas1865. going back at all. I have been present at all

sage of the act." The bill was ordered to be engrossed and

the meetings of the committee that have taken Mr. STILWELL. I will consent to the read a third time; and being engrossed, it was

place when I have been in the city, though there amendment; and I call the previous question. accordingly read the third time and passed.

have been some meetings held when I was The previous question was seconded and the Mr. STILWELL moved to reconsider the

absent from the city. I ask the gentlemen from main question ordered; and under the operavote by which the bill was passed; and also

Indiana [Mr. STILWELL] to consent to the tion thereof the amendment was agreed to. moved that the motion to reconsider be laid on

postponement of the bill till the next call of the The bill, as amended, was ordered to be the table.

committee, one week hence. I would like to engrossed and read a third time; and being The latter motion was agreed to.

examine the matter further. I think the bill | engrossed, it was accordingly read the third should be amended.

time and passed. MRS. MARY A. PATRICK.

Mr. STILWELL. A majority of the com Mr. STILWELL moved to reconsider the Mr. STILWELL, from the Committee on mittee have recommended the reporting of the vote by which the bill was passed; and also Invalid Pensions, reported a bill for the relief bill. I have only carried out their instructions. moved that the motion to reconsider be laid of Mrs. Mary A. Patrick; which was read a Mr. PERHAM. I feel that I ought to say on the table. tirst and second time.

that I have no recollection of any action of the The latter motion was agreed to. The question was upon ordering the bill to committee agreeing that this bill should go back

AGNES W. LAUGULIN. be engrossed and read a third time.

as far as is proposed. As to the merit of the The bill grants a pension of twenty dollars case, I recollect it; and the committee, I be Mr. PERHAM reported back, from the per month to Mrs. Mary A. Patrick, widow of lieve, were unanimously in favor of a pension; Committee on Invalid Pensions, a bill (S. No. Mathew A. Patrick, wb was a captain of the but I am not aware that there was any authority (241) entitled "An act directing the enrollment first artillery of the United States Army, the to extend the pension back so far.

of Agnes W. Laughlin, the widow of a deceased pension to commence on the 1st of January, Mr. BENJAMIN. If it be in order, I will soldier, as a pensioner." 1860, and to be continued during her widow move to strike out the clause which provides The bill was ordered to a third reading, was hood.

that the pension shall take effect six years back. read the third time, and passed. Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I ask that The SPEAKER. The gentleman from In Mr. PERHAM moved to reconsider the vote the report shall be read.

diana [Mr. STILWELL] is entitled to the floor. by which the bill was passed; and also moved The report was read. It states that Mathew My. STILWELL. I yield to my colleague, that the motion to reconsider be laid on the 4. Patrick entered the Army in 1814, as ensign, (Mr. WasmeRx;}

table. and died on the 6th of March, 1834, having Mr. WASHBURN, of Indiana. I desire to The latter motion was agreed to.


MRS. SARAIL E. WILSON. Mr. PERUAN, from the same committee, also reported back Senate bill No. 252, granting a pension to Mrs. Saralı E. Wilson, with the recommendation that it do pass.

The bill, which was read, provides that the Secretary of the Interior be authorized and directed to place the name of Mrs. Sarah E. Wilson, widow of William H. Wilson, late acting surgeon United States volunteers, on the pension-roll, at the rate of seventeen dollars per month, to commence from the passage of this bill, and to continue during her widowhood.

It appears from the report, which was also read, that William II. Wilson, the husband of the applicant, was sergeant of company I, eighty-second regiment New York volunteers; that he was a practicing plıysician and surgeon of goud standing in his profession; that at the battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861, he was detailed to act in his professional capacity on the field ; that while so acting he was taken prisoner by the enemy; that he remained in the Lands of the enemy as a prisoner until the fall of that year, when he was paroled and returned to his home; that at the battle of Antietam, being still unexchanged, he reported to the proper autorities at Washington in his professional capacity, and was sent to the battle-field to assist in caring for the wounded; that he discharged that duty faithfully and well, and while in the discharge thereof contracted the disease whereof he died March 22, 1863.

The bill was ordered to a third reading; and it was accordingly read the third time and passed.

Mr. PERHAM moved to reconsider the vote by which the bill was passed; and also moved that the motion to reconsider be laid upon the table. The latter motion was agreed to.

MRS. EJERAVCE GOLLER. Mr. PERHAM, from the same committee, also reported back Senate bill No. 260, granting a pension to Mrs. Emerance Gouler, with the recommendation that it do pass.

The bill, which was read, provides that the Secretary of the Interior be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to place the name of Mrs. Emerance Gouler, widow of Charles Gouler, late a private in company F, ninth New Hampshire volunteers, on the pensionroll, at the rate of eight dollars per month, to commence from the passage of this bill, and to continue during her widowhood.

It appears from the report, which was also read, that Charles Gouler, the husband of the petitioner, was a private in company F, ninth regiment New Hampshire volunteers, and was admitted to Satterlee United States general hospital, Pennsylvania, on the 28th of May, 1861, suffering from fever. That on the 8th of October following he received a pass from said hospital to leave the premises for a few hours, and that no information was afterward received concerning him until November 29, 1864, when it was stated by soldiers that he had been drowned. Upon an investigation by a coroner over the body of a soldier found in the Delaware river at Pine street wharf, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, October 14, 1864, he was identified by the pass and other papers found on the body.

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. If I understand this case, Mr. Speaker, this party was a soldier who was accidentally drowned. If that be so, I do not know why we should make this an exceptional case. If we are going to act on it we should pass a general law.

Mr. PERHAM. There is a whole class of cases which we have considered. I do not know whether this is one of them. The facts of one case are that a sick soldier was granted a sick furlough and was sent to New York in company with six or seven hundred soldiers. The vessel which he was on was sunk with nearly all on board. But I am not sure that is this case, though very much like it.

Mr. BINGHAM. I desire to bring to the attention of the honorable gentleman from Illi.

nois that we are to pass upon these special ORGANIZATION OF TIIE PENSION OFFICE, cases which are not included under the general Mr. PERHAM. The Committee on Irsalid law. This case is upon a like state of facts Pensions have instructed me to report back referred to by the chairinan of the committee. House bill No. 278, in amendment of the sevMr. WASÉBURNE, of Illinois. I beg the

eralacts relating to the organization of the Pengentleman's pardon. I ask the Clerk to read

sion Office, with an amendment in the nature the report, so that the members of the House

of a substitute therefor. may hear it.

The bill was read. It makes the salary of The report was again read.

the Commissioner of Pensions equal to that of Mr. PERHAM. This case has been exam the Commissioner of Patents, and the salary ined carefully. It was discussed at length by of the chief clerk of the Pension Office equal to the Senate, was passed and sent to us. The that of the chief clerk of the Patent Office. committee here, after investigation, approved The amendment reported by the committee it. It is now before the House, and I think in the nature of a substitute is as follows: ought to be passed. This man had a fever, Be it enacted by the Senate and Ilouse of Representcontracted in the service, and if he had died atives of the United States of encrica in Congress in the hospital there would have been no diffi

assembled. That from and after the pastaze of this act

the salary of the Commissioner of Pensions shall be culty about a pension. He received a fur.

$1,000 per annum, and ihe salary of thechiei clerk of lough for five or six hours, and on being missed the Pension Oflice shall be $2.500 per annuui. his body was found in the river.

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted. That the Secretary Mr. BINGHAM. He was sick when he

of the Interior shall appoint, froin the fourth-class

clerks in the Pension Ollice, one chief examiner of went out.

Army invalid pension claims, one chief examiner of Mr. PERHAM. Yes, sir.

Army pension claims of widows, mothers, and or

phas, and one chief examiner of Nary pension Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I do not

claims; each of said chief examiners shall be allowed see upon what ground you will grant this


$200 per annum in addition to the salarics already sion. This man did not lose his life while in

allowed to clerks of the fourth class: Provided, That

nothing in this section shall be so construed as to authe line of his duty.

thorize the appointmentof a larger number of fourthMr. BINGHAM. I do not think we should class clerks than is now provided by law, including look narrowly into these cases. This soldier

the examiners aforesaid. was suffering with fever and was in hospital.

Mr. PERHAM. I am directed by the comIf, instead of perishing in the river, he had mittee to move to amend the substitute by died in hospital the pension would have been striking out the second section. granted under the law. He had a temporary

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I wish the furlough, and was found dead in the river. gentleman would consent to have this bill No one is able to say how he lost his life. recommitted, and have the bill, substitute, and Mr. WASHBURNE, of Ilinois. I beg the

amendment printeil. gentleman's pardon; there is no fact of that Mr. PERHAM. They are all printed. kind appears on the face of the report.

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I hope Mr. BINGHAM. The fact has been stated he will not press the bill this morning. in the hearing of the House by the chairman

Mr. PERHAM. I wish to state briefly the of the committee, that he was suffering under

considerations which have actuated the comhis disease.

mittee in making the recommendation which Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I presume they do make. It will be seen by the substithe chairman of the committee kuows nothing tute, as it now stands, that it only applies to more about it than is stated in the report, and

the Commissioner of Pensions and to the chief that states nothing of the kind.

clerk. The salary of the Commissioner of Mr. BINGHAM. I take it for granted that Pensions now is $3,000, and that of the chief he knows what he states-that he was still suf clerk $2,000. I need not say to any gentlefering and got leave of temporary absence, and man who has had business with the pension during that time he was found dead in the river. department, that the Commissioner of PenNo one will deny that if he had died in the sions is one of the hardest worked officers in hospital his case would have gone on the pen the whole of the Departments of the Governsion-roll.

ment. And I need not say that there has been Mr. PERHAM. In regard to his suffering a very great-increase of business in that bureau in consequence of disease, I have only to say during the last three or four years, and that it this: the practice in the hospital is to discharge becomes necessary for the Commissioner, in soldiers whenever they are in a condition to be order to a proper discharge of his duties, to discharged, and I suppose that this soldier was work very much outside of the regular business not in a condition to be discharged.

hours, even well into the night, and that there I have no desire to discuss this matter at is very great responsibility derolved upon him. further length. I am willing to subinit it to We cre distributing now through this bureau the House. I call the previous question, something more than fifteen million dollars per

The previous question was seconded and annum-more than the whole expense of car: the main question ordered.

rying on the Government up to the time of John Thic bill was read the third time.

Quincy Adams's Administration. The bills that Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I ask for are now iu process of passage in Congress will a division on its passage:

increase the disbursements to more than twenty On the passage of the bill no quorum voted. million dollars, and this is to be paid out in sums

The SPEAKER ordered tellers; and ap averaging less than one hundred dollars each pointed Messrs. Perham, and WASHBURNE of in all parts of the country, and in almost every Illinois.

town in the country, making, aside from the The House divided; and the tellers reported necessity of a careful examination of all the -ayes 61, noes 38.

cases that came before the Commissioner, a vast The SPEAKER. The Chair votes in the amount of business in keeping allthese:lccounts affirmative to make a quorum, and the bill is with such a large number of persons, scattered accordingly passed.

over so very large a territory. Mr. PERHAM moved to reconsider the vote It is very true that the applications for pen. by which the bill was passed ; and also moved sions may now have reached the maximum and that the motion to reconsider be laid on the that there may not be so large a number of aptable.

plications for the next year as there has been The latter motion was agreed to.

for the last year. But it is also true that only

the plain cases have been disposed of. There ENROLLED BILLS SIGNED.

are a large number of cases remaining that are Mr. TROWBRIDGE, from the Committee different entirely, cases that require a great deal on Enrolled Bills, reported that the committee of investigation and very much research, to had examined and found truly enrolled bills which the Commissioner of Pensions must give of the following titles :

his careful attention.
An act (H. R. No. 184) to authorize the sale Many of the heads of bureaus have deputies,
of marine hospitals and of revenue-cutters; and but we give him none. He is obliged to attend

An act (H. R. No. 25) for the relief of to all his duties himself. When the salaries of
Thomas Hurly.

these heads of bureaus were first established,



they were just one half the salaries of Cabinet he is decidedly one of the most meritorious provide in the House bill that there shall be officers, $3,000, the salaries of Cabinet officers officers that we now have.

fifty-five regiments of infantry. being then $6,000. We have increased the pay I object to this whole thing upon the ground That number is to be made up as follows: of Cabinet officers to $8,000, and this bill pro that we have already gone too far in the way of first, of the ten regiments now in existence in poses to increase the pay of the Commissioner | increasing the salaries of these officers. If we the old Army. Then there are nine regiments, of Pensions to the same extent, giving him just are to increase the salary of the Conimissioner consisting each of three battalions of eight one half the salary of a Cabinet officer, as we of Pensions, we ought for the same reason to companies, wliich regiments were created durwere in the habit of doing formerly.

go on and increase the salary of the Commis. ing the war. It is proposed to continue those Now, we found, when we came to examine sioner of the General Land Office, and the nine regiments, and by adding two companies the salaries of these heads of bureaus, that the Commissioner of Indian Affairs.

to each battalion, to make a regiment of ten Superintendent of the Coast Survey, for in [Here the hammer fell.]

companies of each of these battalions, ortwenty. stance, receives a salary of $6,000 a year. I T'he SPEAKER. The morning hour has seven regiments in all from these nine regiam not familiar with the duties of that officer, expired, and this bill will go over till to

These twenty-seven regiments, with but I presume they are very light as compared

the old ten regiments will give thirty-seven with those of the Commissioner of Pensions. COMMITTEE ON MINES AND MINING.

regiments of the fifty-five to be provided. We give the Comptroller of the Currency, who

Mr. HIGBY. I find myself under the ne

That leaves eighteen of the fifty-five regihas a deputy to aid him, $5,000. We give the

ments still to be accounted for. Of these ten cessity of leaving the city for some days, and Commissioner of Internal Revenue, who also therefore I ask that the Committee on Mines

are to be regiments which shall constitute the has a deputy, $4,000. When we come to the War Department, the and Mining, of which I have the honor to be

Veteran Reserve corps, and eight regiments beads of bureaus there, I believe, are generthe chairman, may be called after the rest of

are to be made up of colored troops. the select committees have been called, instead

Now, the proposition is to reduce the whole ally brigadier generals, receiving the pay and of being called in its regular order.

number of infantry regiments by striking out commutation of brigadier generals, which, I think, amounts to $6,000 per annum.

the ten regiments to be organized as a Veteran If I am

No objection being made, it was ordered

accordingly. wrong, some military gentleman will correct me.

Reserve corps, and the reasons have been as

signed, by gentlemen who have discussed this

MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE. When we come to the Navy Department, the

subject, why this should be done. I think, head of the Bureau of Yards and Docks receives A message from the Senate, by Mr. Forney, | however, the general reason for the opposition $4,000. And then the Commissioner of Patents its Secretary, informed the House that the to this corps has not been assigned. receives $4,500.

Senate insisted upon its disagreement to the Originally fifty-five regiments of infantry Under all the circumstances the committee || amendment of the House to the concurrent were proposed, with the assent of all persons have come to the conclusion that it is very resolution of the Senate concerning the sale of representing the interests of the regular Army. proper that the pay of this officer, who is obliged | liquor in the Capitol building, and agreed to But when it was found that the House insisted to stay here during the whole year, during the the request of the House for a committee of that ten of these should be regiments officered hot as well as the cold seasons of the year, and conference upon the disagreeing votes of the by those who have been wounded in the serattending to his duties so assiduously, as it is two Houses, and had appointed Messrs. Wil vice of their country, it was suddenly discov. necessary he should do to discharge them, shall sox, SHERMAN, and GUTHRIE, the committee ered that there were too many regiments of be increased. on the part of the Senate.

infantry provided for. And it was then proSo far as the chief clerk of the Pension Office Also, that the Senate had passed without posed to drop five regiments, bringing the numis concerned, we give the chief clerk of the amendment House joint resolution No. 102, for ber down to fifty regiments, the other five to Patent Office $2,500. I suppose the duties of the relief of Alexander Thompson, late United be added to the regular Ariny in the ordinary the chief clerk in the Pension Office may be as States consul at Maranhani.

way. arduous as those performed there.

Also, that the Senate had passed a bill (S. Now, I am not at all surprised at the course There is another fact connected with this mat No. 190) to incorporate the District of Colum which has been pursued here, and I shall not ter. While you give many of the other heads. bia Canal and Sewerage Company, in which be surprised at any course which may here. of bureaus deputies, you give the Commissioner he was directed to request the concurrence of after be pursued toward this feature of the bill of Pensions no deputy, and therefore the chief the House.

of the House. There is a general hostility cul. clerk must be a man competent to perform the


tivated, pressed, urged, spread around Condaties of the Commissioner in case of his ab

Mr. SCHENCK called for the regular order

gress, coming from those who are opposed to sence or sickness.

any Veteran Reserve corps at all. And it is The committee came to the conclusion that of business.

not to be supposed but what it will have its

The SPEAKER. The first business in order we need a man whose services are worth this

influence and be felt here. is the consideration of the bill for the reorgansalary. The chief clerk now is obliged to ization of the Army.

Before I speak of that, however, I want it assist the Commissioner very much in his duties, and in case of the sickiess or absence

The House accordingly resumed the consid

distinctly understood what is proposed by the

Committee on Military Affairs of this House. of the Commissioner would be expected to eration of the bill (H. R. No. 361) entitled

Gentlemen have spoken as if the committee take his place and perform his duties.

"An act to reorganize and establish the Army
of the United States."

were proposing to transfer the present Veteran The committee have recommended the pas

Reserve corps bodily to the Army. There is sage of this bill, believing that on the whole it

The following section was under consideration:

no such provision in the bill. The present is about right, and I am willing to submit the

Veteran Reserve corps consists of twenty-four question to the House.

SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That the infantry regiments, of whom there remains yet in ser

regiments herein provided for shall consist of the Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Let me first ten regiments of infantry, often companies each,

vice about six hundred officers, some four hun. say one word. now in service; of twenty-seven regiments to be

dred of whom are employed at present in the Mr. PERHAM. I will hear the gentleman

formed by adding two new companies to each of the Freedmen's Bureau. "What is proposed by the

twenty-seven battalions comprising the remaining from Illinois. nine regiments; of ten regiments to be raised and

committee is not that there shall be a Veteran Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Mr. Speaker, | officered as hereinafter provided for, to be called the Reserve corps of twenty-four regiments, but I have no fault to find with the manner in

Veteran Reserve corps; and of eight regiments of that of the fifty-five regiments of infantry, ten

colored men, to be raised and officered as hereinafter which the present Commissioner of Pensions provided, to be known as the United States colored

shall constitute a Veteran Reserve corps, and performs his duties. I believe that he is a troops.

that they shall be officered, not by taking very faithful, conscientious, and officer, The pending question was upon the motion exclusively the officers of the Veteran Reserve and a very accommodating gentleman to do of Mr. Davis, to amend the section by striking corps, but by selections from among them, business with. But my point is against in out the following words:

upon proper and thorough examination, and creasing these salaries. We are going on

Of ten regiments to be raised and officered as here

from among all other officers who have been increasing, one after another, the salaries of inafter provided for, to be called the Veteran Reserve wounded in the Union cause during the rebelall these men about Washington. Why, sir, corps.

lion. In this way, officers are to be provided we have, within a few years, increased the Mr. SCHENCK. The amendment now pro for this limited number of ten regiments. Besalaries of the Assistant Secretaries of War || posed to this fourth section would strike out all fore gentlemen conclude to vote for or against and of the Superintendent of the Coast Survey. || that portion of the section which relates to the the proposition to strike out these lines from And now here is a proposition to increase organization of the Veteran Reserve corps. I the fourth section, I invite their attention to the salary of the Commissioner of Pensions || desire, before any vote is taken upon the amend the provision contained in the fifth section: to $4,000, being an increase of $1,000 a year. ment, that the House shall fully understand the The Veteran Reserve corps sball be ofiiccred by The next thing that will come up, and with | length and breadth of that proposition.

selection from the officers of the present Veteran Re

serve corps, and by appointment from any of rs and just as much merit as this, will be a propo I stated at the beginning of the consideration soldiers of volunteers who have been wounded in the sition to increase the salary of the Commis. || of this bill, that in fixing the number of infantry line of their duty while serving in the Army of the sioner of the General Land Office, and the sal- || regiments we have adopted the idea of the War

United States in the late war, or have been disabled

by disease contracted in such service, and may yet bo ary of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Department and of the Lieutenant General,

competent for garrison or other duty, to which that And my friend from California [Mr. BIDWELL] || though some of us believed that the number corps bas heretofore been assigned. is also very much to blame for not having of regiments should be greater. We have set It is, therefore, a misrepresentation, or at the brought in a bill to increase the salary of the tled upon the number here named as perhaps | least a misapprehension, to speak as if there Commissioner of Agriculture, the most labo the number most proper to be selected under were to be a transfer of the Veteran Reserve rious officer in the whole Government. And || all the lights we now have, and under all the corps. The bill contemplates no such thing. if we can judge from the votes of the House, necessities of the country. And therefore we The provision is for the creation of ten regi.

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