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price of twelve pages a penny, or These remarks will, it is hoped, thereabouts, and exhorting the show how truly Mr. Wesley said people to provide themselves with in October, 1779, that his people them, as Mr. Wesley had enjoined were in danger of being bewildered their use. Many persons were by many Hymn-Books, and how of opinion that some of these needful it was that one should be hymns were much too good to be compiled for general use. As consung only once a year, and so the taining more than five hundred books lingered in the chapel for hymns, this Collection was well more frequent use. The three entitled to be called “The Large volumes of “Hymns and Sacred Hymn-Book;” and not a few of the Poems," issued by the two brothers old preachers continued to call it jointly, were too costly to be every- so long after it had superseded where used, though they were those before spoken of highly prized, and contained much Valuable, however, as it then that was suitable for congrega. was, and must always be, to "the tions. The “ Hymns and Spiritual people called Methodists,” its inSongs" contained no original troduction has been attended with hymns, and were entirely selected one disadvantage. Not only have from previous publications; but, previous" collections” been proon the other hand, the selected perly enough superseded by it, but hymns were of so high a character,* the original sources from which it and the spirit of the volume was was compiledto a great extent super so catholic, that it soon became a seded also. And this is every way to general favourite, and for many be regretted; for, though the Large years, most likely, was used more Hymn-Book was accurately and than any other single publication. judiciously compiled, Mr. Wesley More than twenty editions of this was careful to inform the public volume were published before that his brother had published 1780, beside six or seven editions much more of equal quality, and of another volume, entitled, “Se that he had “no room for many lect Hymns, with Tunes annexed;" hymns which were in no way infeof which, possibly, the use might rior to those contained therein." be restricted by the price, as it cost Since 1756 there has been no re38. 9d., while the former was sold print either of Mr. Charles's at 1s., bound. In process of time, “Hymns and Sacred Poems," or some of the preachers began to of the two volumes published by display a taste for composing in the two brothers under that title. verse, and introduced their com. Since 1796 there has been no repositions to their congregations, publication of the “Short Hymns notwithstanding Mr. Wesley's on Select Passages of the Holy express prohibition; while others Scripture.” The “Hymns on the made selections of their own, Lord's Supper," and the “Hymns which they carried about with for Families,” were reprinted in them in manuscript, and used 1825, pursuant to a resolution of in our chapels, until the people the Conference of that year; but could scarcely tell what they both these volumes have been for would be invited to join in some time out of print; the singing
“Hymns for Children" have been
* Seventy out of the eighty-four hymns it contains have found a place in the present “Collection,”
reprinted once since Mr. Wesley's tion, it may well be doubted if one, death, but others have fallen into can be found better adapted " to desnetade, and almost into obli. serve the present age,” in regard vion. Of one or two the very ex- to its religious interests, than the istence has been unknown, except "reprint” to which attention is to vigilant antiquaries; and if now invited. Here is sound these happened to be booksellers doctrinal theology, not only asalso, their knowledge has (as no sumed as the basis of all Wesley's doubt it onght) proved profitable; compositions, but often stated, tracts of a few pages having re- proved from Scripture, and vinpeatedly been sold for more shil. dicated against opponents with lings than Mr. Wesley charged much clearness, force, and beauty. pence.
Here is Christian experience of Some of these publications, in- which, as Montgomery justly says, deed, are characterized by pecu. Charles Wesley must be regarded liarities of opinion, of feeling, as THE POET) delineated in its and of expression, on the part of successive stages, and in its almost their author, with which his bro. countless varieties; and here are ther was not entirely satisfied; but cautions against error, and witherthese are as spots on the sun. The ing rebuke and satire of its man in his personal peculiarities, abettors, sometimes worth a whole the poet in his “fine frenzy," are volume of argument. Exclusive discernible, but the Christian im- ecclesiasticism, repulsive fatalism, measurably outshines everything under the guise of Christianity, else; and for the sake of their bear. ignorant fanaticism, and Antinoing on spiritual edification in our mian perversions of “the Gospel Societies, we rejoice to hear that of the grace of God," are all by there is now at length a proba. turns here exposed, refuted, or bility that all the poetical works ridiculed. Wit and wisdom, of these gifted brothers will be penitence and prayer, hope and again accessible to their spiritual happiness, are embodied with equal children. We earnestly beg the facility and power by this wonderbest attention of our readers to ful man; who seems to have been the " Prospectus "contained in the raised up in special mercy to antifirst two pages of the advertise- cipate our needs, provide against ment-sheet of this Magazine. our dangers, and minister to our After years of solicitation on the souls' health as truly as for the part of friends at home and in benefit of his own contemporaries. foreign lands, the Book Committee Let the Methodist Connexion have resolved to undertake the give this project its hearty support, work here announced; and it is and let the volumes thus produced bardly to be supposed that their be widely and prayerfully read; enterprise will be allowed to fail and the result cannot fail to be a for want of support.
large increase of both “knowledge Ours may be called an age of and vital piety," alike conducive cheap reprints; but among the to the glory of God and the wel. numerous publications of this fare of mankind. class, now soliciting public atten
The Abyssinian Expedition at they were connected, by provoking last finds its commander-in-chief the Churches of Britain to inat its head, and consequently may creased zeal in seeking their evan. now be said to be fairly con- gelization. May it be so in the stituted. The number of months present instance. it has taken to organize this comparatively small force, and the The apprehension of further blunders that have already been Fenian outrages, which was widely made,-inthematter, for example,of felt a month ago, has con. halters for the mules,-have again siderably subsided. No doubt the brought into disrepute the admin. enrolling of special constables on istrative ability of the several so large a scale in London and departments of the British army other large cities and towns has service. Certainly, the slow and had a reassuring effect upon the cumbrous movements of the force, public mind. Just as the fear of which England has sent out to an invasion some years since was rescue her captive representatives, allayed by the establishment of contrasts strangely with the the volunteer force; so has the rerapidity and efficiency of the army cent alarm been partially dispelled which France lately despatched to by the mustering of loyal men, succour the tottering Papacy. armed though they be with no more At the same time, no one who de formidable weapon than a short sires peace and good-will amongst staff, to support the cause of law men can be sorry that no hostile and order. Meanwhile the Irish shot has as yet been fired by our question, which the Fenian conspi. soldiers in Abyssinia, and that no racy has revived, is discussed by unfortunate subject of the capri. some few who understand it, but cious Theodore has, thus far, been by many more who are evidently punished for the fault of his ignorant of the facts and princi. Sovereign. It may be too much ples involved in it. The cool way to hope that the object of the ex. in which it is assumed that Ire. pedition shall be accomplished land is wronged and misgoverned, without bloodshed; but, if such shows how successful the cry of should be the issue, it would be “injustice," raised by the priests, more honourable to the British and persevered in so long, has flag than sanguinary battles with been in producing a false impres. heaps of slain. It would be a sion. Notwithstanding that the deplorable result of the present laws and institutions of Ireland expedition, if prejudice were excited are identical with those of Great against Protestant Christianity Britain; that in the matter of by the presence of a British army taxation she is actually favoured; upon Abyssinian soil. Let it be yet she is not seldom spoken of, rather hoped that, as in other and written of, as if she were cases, the trumpet of war may be another Poland, writhing under but the prelude to the more the iron heel of a powerful and peaceful proclamations of the Gos- remorseless oppressur. It is pel. The Crimean war, the Indian undeniable that Ireland is much mutiny, the Italian revolutions, poorer than England, and that a have all been more or less overruled large proportion of the people are for good to the lands with which discontented. But why the differ. ence? It is not the political insti. confiscation, for the purpose of tutions of England merely that pro. redistribution, have been proposed duce her immense wealth. It is the by others. Projects are also on Anglo-Saxon race itself, its charac. foot for the “dis-establishment” of teristic industry, enterprise, and the Irish Protestant Church ; but perseverance, aided however by the how to dispose of the revenues ennobling and civilizing tendencies seems to be the great difficulty. of Protestantism, -to which, under Some would divide them amongst the Divine blessing, are due both all religious denominations; others the national opulence and the would secularize them completely : national liberties. Roman Catholic whilst, doubtless, the Popish Irishmen in America, although clergy, notwithstanding some earning higher wages than they disclaimers to the contrary, could obtain at home, give no covet them for themselves. Sup. indications that, separated from porters of the Irish Establishment, England, and under a native anticipating an attack, have issued Republican Government, they a manifesto, in which they affirm would rise to a condition of ma. that up to the twelfth century the terial prosperity. In the cities Church of Ireland was independent of the United States as in the of the See of Rome; that in the cities of the United Kingdom: in reign of Elizabeth it accepted the republican America as in mon. Reformation; that much of the archical England, these poor Celts, property now held by the Irish unenterprising, dependent, and Church was acquired since it bequartelsome, are the hewers of came Protestant; and that the wood and drawers of water. How fifth article of union between Eng. different is it with their fellow land and Ireland incorporated the countrymen who are not under Irish with the English Establishi. the enervating and demoralizing ment. The Protestants of Ire. influence of Popery! In the green land can evidently establish a izle, in England, in the colonies, good strong case. That the dis. and in the United States, the Pro endowment of the Irish Church testant Irishman, be he Episco- would satisfy the priests, the palian, Presbyterian, or Method. great propagators of discontent ist, is contented and prosperous, and disaffection, and transform the with an enlightened patriotism Emerald Isle into a paradise of ibat leads him to prize for his happiness and prosperity, is what country a connexion with Britain. no one who thoroughly kno's
It is curioas to note the various Ireland believes. It is, consecures that are proposed for the quently, far from certain that wrongs and evils of Ireland, real the present coalition of English a supposed. The Fenian remedy voluntaries, Irish Romanists, and is that of a Republic. The priests political latitudinarians, to whom of the diocese of Limerick have Protestantism, Popery, Moham. surprised the nation by an auda. medanism, and Hinduism, are all cious attempt to revive the scheme alike, will prove successful in its which exploded with O'Connell's attack upon the Irish Establishdeath, the repeal of the Union. ment. Plans for acquiring the land by January 17th, 1868. State purchase or Parliamentary
DESCENDANTS OF THE FLEMISH AND Hoek, the Flemish brewer in Southwark, HUGUENOT REFUGEES,--Although three assumed the name of Leeke; while Haeshundred years have passed since the first re. tricht, the Flemish manufacturer at Bow, ligious persecutions in Flanders and France took that of James. Mr. Pryme, formerly compelled so large a number of Protestants Professor of Political Economy in the to fly from those countries and take refuge University of Cambridge, and representative in England, and although one hundred and of that town in Parliament, whose anceseighty years have passed since the second tors were refugees from Ypres, in Flanders, great emigration from France took place has informed us that his grandfather in the reign of Louis XIV., the descendants dropped the “ de la" originally prefised to of the “gentle and profitable strangers” the family name, in consequence of the are still recognisable amongst us. In the strong anti.Gallican feeling which prevail. course of the generations which have comced in this country during the Seven Years' and gone since the dates of their original War of 1756-63, though his son has since settlement, they have laboured diligently assumed it; and the same circumstance and skilfully, greatly to the advantage of doubtless led many others to change their British trade, commerce, and manufac. foreign names to suit English ears. tures; while there is scarcely a branch of Nevertheless, a large number of purely literature, science, and art, in which they Flemish names, though it may be with have not distinguished themselves. Three English modifications, are still to be found hundred years form a long period in the in various parts of England and Ireland life of a nation. During that time where the foreigners originally settled. many of the distinctive characteristics of These have been, on the whole, better the original refugees must necessarily have preserved in rural districts than in Lonbecome effaced in the persons of their don, where the social friction was greater, descendants. Indeed, by far the greater and more speedily rubbed off the foreiga number of them before long became com peculiarities. In the lace towns of the pletely Anglicized, and ceased to be trace. west of England, such names as Raymond, able except by their names ; and even these Spiller, Brock, Stocker, Groot, Rochett, have for the most part become converted and Keitel, are still common; and the into names of English sound.
same trade has been carried on in their So long as the foreigners continued to families for many generations. The Walcherish the hope of returning to their na. loon Goupes, who settled in Wiltshire as cloth. tive country, on the possible cessation of the makers more than three hundred years persecutions there, they waited and worked since, are still kuown there as the Guppys. on with that end in view. But as the The great French immigration which persecutions only waxed hotter, they at ensued on the last-named event, being the length gradually gave up all hope of return. most recent, has left much more noticeable They claimed and obtained" letters of traces in English family history and naturalisation ; and though many of them no nenclature, notwithstanding the large continued for several generations to wor- proportion of the refugees and their deship in their native language, they were scendants who threw aside their French content to live and die English subjects. names and adopted them in an English Their children grew up amidst English translation. Thus L'Oiseau became Bird ; associations, and they desired to forget Le Jeune, Young; Le Blanc, White; Le that their fathers had been fugitives and Noir, Black ; Le Maur, Brown; Le Roy, foreigners in the lanil. They cared not to King; Lacroix, Cross; Le Monnier, Milremember the language, or to retain the ler; Dulau, Waters ; and so on. Some of names, which marked them as distinct the Lefevres changed their name to the from the people amongst whom they lived; English equivalent Smith, as was the case and hence many of the descendants of the with the ancestor of Sir Culling Eardley refugees, in the second or third generation, Smith, Bart., a French resugee, whose abandoned their foreign names, while they original name was Le Fevre. Many names gradually ceased to frequent the distinctive were strangely altered in their conversion places of worship which their fathers had from French" into English. Jolifemme founded. Indeed, many of the first was freely translated into Pretyman, Flemings had no sooner settled in England a name well known in the church ; Momerie and become naturalized, than they threw became Mummery, a common name at off their foreign names, and assumed Dover; and Planché became Plank, of English ones instead. Thus, as we learn, which there are instances at Canterbury