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44 COMPOUND SU BTRACTION.

12. Borrowed 271. 1 1s. and paid 191. 17s.6d. how much

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14. From eleven pounds take eleven pence. Ams. £10 19s. 1d. 15. From seven thousand two hundred pounds, take 18l. 17s. 64d. Ans. £7181 2s. 5}d. 16. How much does seven hundred and eight pounds, exceed thirty-nine pounds, fifteen shillings and ten pence

halfpenny ? Ans. £668 4s. i d. 17. From one hundred pounds, take four pence half penny. Ans. £99. 19s. 74d.

18. Received of four men the following sums of money, viz. The first paid me 371. 11s. 4d. the second 25l. 16s. 7d. the third 19l. 14s. 6d. and the fourth as much as all the other three, lacking 19s. 6d. I demand the whole sum : received 3 Ams. £165 5s. 4d.

2. TROY WEIGHT.

lb. oz. put. Oz. put. gr. lb. oz. put. g." From 6 11 14 4 19 21 44 9 6 lo Take 2 3 16 2 14 23 17 3. 16 18 Rem. lb. oz. plot. gr. lb. oz. put.gr. 654 3 "iO i* 942 2 () 683 * 1 9 13 892 9 2 3

3. AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT.

lb. oz. dr. cwt. qr. lb. T. cwt. gr. lb. oz dr. 7. 9 12 7 3 13 7 10 17 5 12 3 12 9 5 1 15 3 12 I 19 10 9 T. opt. gr. lb. oz. dr. T. cwt. gr. lb. or d; 810 II 20 10 II 3.17 12 H 12 9 12

193 17 1 20 12 14 180 12 || || 4 || 0 || 4

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Shewing the use of Compound Addition and Subtraction
NEw-York, MARCH 22, 1814.

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questions, &c. - 47

2. what sum added to 171. 11s. 8d. will make 100l.” Ans, 821. 8s. 3d, 34". 3. Borrowed 50l. 10s. paid again at one time 171. Ils. od, and at another time, 91.4s. Sd. at arother time 17t. 9s. jd, and at another time 19s. 6d. how much remains unpaid : Ans. C4 4s. 9d. 4. Borrowed 100l. and paid in part as follows, viz. at one time 21, 11s. 6d. at another time 1.9l 17s. 4d. at another time 10 dollars at 6s, each, and at another time two English guineas at 28s. each, and two pistareens, at 14:1. each; how much remains due, or unpaid Ans. E52 12s. 8d. 5. A, B, and C, drew their prize money as follows, viz. A had 75l. 15s. 4d. B had three times as much as A. lacking 15s. 6d. and C, had just as much as A and B both; tray how much had Co. Ans, oto 5s. 10d. 6. I lent Peter Trusty 1000 dols, and a serwards lent him 26 dols. 45 cts, more. He has paid me at one time 151 dols. 40 cts. and at another time 416 dols. 09 cents, *esides a note which he gave me upon James Paywell, for | 13 dols, 90 cts. ; how stands the balance between us? Ans. The balance is $105-06 cts, due to me. 7. Paid A B, in full for E Fos bill on me, for 1051. 10s. riz. I gave him Richard Drawer's note for 151. 14s 9d. Peter Johnson's do. for 30l. 0s. 6d. an order on Robert Dealer for 391. 11s. the rest I make up in cash. I want to know what sum will make up the deficiency? - Ans. C20 8s. 9d. 8. A merchant had six debtors, who together owed out. 29.171. 10s. 6d. A, B, C, D, and E, owed him 1675l. 1:2. 9d. of it; what was I's debt 7 Ans. C1241 16s. 9d. 9. A merchant bought 17 C. o qos. 14 lb. of sugar, of which he sells 9 C. 3 urs. 25 lb., how much of it remains untold 7 Ans. 7 C, 2 grs. 17 lb. 10. From a fashionable piece of cloth which containe, 52 yds. 2 na: a tailor was ordered to take three suits, each 5 yds. 2 qos, how much remains of the piece? Ams. 32 yds. 2 ors. 2 na, 11. The war between England and America commenced

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48 COMPOUND MULTIPLICATION.

April 19, 1775, and a general peace took place January 20th, 1783; how long did the war continue? Ans. 7 yrs. 9mo. 1 d.

compound Multiplication. COMPOUND Multiplication is when the Multiplicand

consists of several denominations, &c.

1. To Multiply Federal Money.

Rule.—Multiply as in whole numbers, and place the separatrix amany figures from the right hand in the product, as it is in the mul tiplicand, or given sum.

Exa-PL-8. $ cts. 3 d. c. m. 1. Multiply 35 09 by 25. 2. Multiply 4900 5 by 97. 25 97. 17545 34.3035 701S 44.1045 - Prod: $877, 25 $4753, 4 S 5 $. cts.

3. Multiply 1 dol. 4 cts. by 305 Ans. 317, 20 4. Multiply 41 cts. 5 mills by 150 Ans. 62, 25

5. Multiply 9 dollars by 50 Ans. 450, 00 6. Multiply 9 cents by 50 Ans. 4, 50 7. Multiply 9 mills by 50 Ans, 0, 45 8. There were forty-one men concerned in the payment

of a sum of money, and each paid 3 dollars and 9 mills; how much was paid in all? Ans. $123 octs. 9 mills. 9. The number of inhabitants in the United States is five millions; now suppose each should pay the trifling sum of 5 cents a year, for the term of 12 years, towards a continental tax; how many dollars would be raised thereby Ans. Three millions Dollars.

2. To Multiply the denominations of Sterling Money Weights, Measures, &c.

Rule.-write down the Multiplicand, and place the quantity underneath the least denomination, for the Multiplier, and in multiply

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