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20. From one million, take nine hundred and ninety-nine thousand. Ans. One thousand. 21. From nine hundred and eighty-seven millions, take nine hundred and eighty-seven thousand. Ans. 98.6013000. 22. Subtract one from a million, and show the remainder. Ans, 999999.
-UESTIONs. 1. How much is six hundred and sixty-seven greater man three hundred and ninety-five? Ans. 272. 2. What is the difference between twice twenty-seven, and three times forty-five 1 Ans, 81. 3. How much is 1200 greater than 365 and 721 added together? - Ans. 114.
4. From New-London to Philadelphia is 240 miles. Now of a man should travel five days from New-London towards Philadelphia, at the rate of 39 miles each day, how far
would he then be from Philadelphia. Ans. 45 miles. 5. What other number with these four, viz. 21, 32, 16, and 12, will make 1001 Ans. 19.
6. A wine merchant bought 721 pipes of wine for 90846
dollars, and sold 543 pipes thereof for 80049 dollars; how many pipes has he remaining or unsold, and what do they stand him in 1
Ans. 178 pipes ansold, and they stand him in $1797.
subtraction of Federal, Money.
Ruus-Place the numbers according to their value; that is, dollars under dollars, dimes under dimes, cents under cents, &c. and subtract is in whole numbers.
Rem. §t, 99.0 one dollar, nine dimes, and nine cents or one dollar and ninety-nine cents
st-PLE MULTIPLICATIo- -7
received just twice as much, lacking 45 cents. How Much money did Thomas receive? Ans. 3437, 55 cts. 25. Joe Careless received prize money to the amount of 1000 dollars; after which he lays out 411 dolls. 41 cents for a span of fine horses; and 123 dollars 40 cents for a gold watch and a suit of new clothes; besides 359 dols. and 50 cents he lost in gambling. How much will he have left after paying his landlord's bill, which amounts to 85 dols, and 11 cents? Ans. $20, 58 cts.
TEACHETH to increase or repeat the greater of two numbers given, as often as there are units in the less, or multiplying number; hence it performs the work of many additions in the most compendious manner.
The number to be multiplied is called the multiplicand.
The number you multiply by, is called the multiplier.
The number found from the operation, is called the product. Note. Both multiplier and multiplicand are in general called factors, or terms.
CASE 1. -
Rule.-Multiply each figure in the multiplicand by the multiplier. carry one for every ten, (as in addition of whole numbers,) and you will have the productor answer.
Proop—Multiply the multiplier by the multiplicand.”
What number is equal to 3 times;865? Thus, 365 multiplicand. 3 multiplier.
Ans. 1095 product.
* Multiplication may also be proved by casting out the as in the two actors, and setting on the remainders; then multiplying the two re-inders together; if the excess of 9's in their product is equal to the exre-afoe in the total product, the work is out-to-ed to be right