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The fureft Virtues thus from passions shoot,
Wild Nature's vigor working at the root.
What crops of wit and honesty appear

185 From spleen, from obstinacy, hate or fear! See anger,

zeal and fortitude supply;
Ev'n av’rice, prudence; Noth, philosophy;
Lust, thro' some certain strainers well refin'd,
Is gentle love, and charms all womankind;

Envy, to which th' ignoble mind's a flave,
Is emulation in the learn’d or brave;
Nor Virtue, male or female, can we name,
But what will grow on Pride, or grow on Shame.

Thus Nature gives us (let it check our pride) 195 The virtue nearest to our vice ally'd:




After ver. 194 in the MS.

How oft, with Passion, Virtue points her Charms!
Then shines the Hero, then the Patriot warms,
Peleus' great Son, or Brutus, who had known,
Had Lucrece been a Whore, or Helen none?
But Virtues opposite to make agree,
That, Reason! is thy tak ; and worthy Thee.
Hard tak, cries Bibulus, and reason weak.
- Make it a point, dear Marquis ! or a pique.
Once, for a whim, persuade yourself to pay
A debt to reason, like a debt at play.
For right or wrong have mortals suffer'd more?
B for his Prince, or for his Whore?





Reason the byas turns to good from ill,
And Nero reigns a Titus, if he will.
The fiery soul abhorr’d in Catiline,
In Decius charms, in Curtius is divine:
The same ambition can destroy or save,
And makes a patriot as it makes a knave.
This light and darkness in our chaos join'd,
What shall divide? The God within the mind.



Whose self-denials nature moit controul?
His, who would save a Six-pence or his soul?
Web for his health, a Chartreux for his Sin,
Contend they not which fooneft shall grow

What we resolve, we can : but here's the fault,
We ne'er resolve to do the thing we ought.


Ver. 197. Reafon the hyas, &c.] Let it should be objected, that this account favours the doctrine of Necessity, and would insinuate that Men are only acted upon, in the production of Good out of Evil; the poet here teacheth, that Man is a free-agent, and hath it in his own power to turn the natural passions into Virtue or into Vices, properly so called :

Reason the byas turns to good from ill,

And Nero reigns a Titus, if he will. Ver. 204. The God within the mind.) A Platonic phrase for Conscience; and here employed with great judgment and propriety. For Conscience either fignifies, speculatively, the judgment we pass of things upon whatever principles we chance to have; and then it is only Opinion,

Extremes in Nature equal ends produce, 205
In Man they join to some mysterious use ;
Tho' each by turns the other's bounds invade,
As, in some well-wrought picture, light and shade,
And oft so mix, the diff'rence is too nice
Where ends the Virtue, or begins the Vice. 210

Fools! who from hence into the notion fall,
That Vice or Virtue there is none at all.
If white and black blend, soften, and unite
A thousand ways, is there no black or white?


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a very unable judge and divider. Or else it fignifies, practically, the application of the eternal rule of right (received by us as the law of God) to the regulation of our actions; and then it is properly Conscience, the God (or the law of God) within the mind, of power to divide the light from the darkness in this chaos of the passions.

VER. 285. Extremes in Nature equal ends produce.] The poet here reasons to this effect, That though indeed Vice and Virtue fo invade each other's bounds, that sometimes we can search tell where one ends, and the other begins, yet great purposes are served thereby, no less than the perfecting the constitution of the whole, as lights and shades, which run into one another in a well-wrought picture, make the harmony and spirit of the composition. But, on this account, to say there is neither Vice nor Virtue, the poet Thews would be just as wise as to say, there is neither black nor white; because the shade of that, and the light of this, often run into one another :

Ask your own heart, and nothing is so plain;
'Tis to mistake them, costs the time and pain.

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Ask your own heart, and nothing is fo plain? 215 'Tis to mistake them, costs the time and pain.

Vice is a monster of fo frightful mien, As, to be hated, needs but to be seen: Yet seen too oft, familiar with her face, We first endure, then pity, then embrace. 220 But where th’ Extreme of Vice, was ne'er agreed : Ask where's the North ? at York, 'tis on the Tweed; In Scotland, at the Orcades; and there, At Greenland, Zembla, or the Lord knows where. No creature owns it in the first degree, 225 But thinks his neighbour further gone than he ; Ev’n those who dwell beneath its very zone, Or never feel the rage, or never own; What happier natures shrink at with affright, The hard inhabitant contends is right. 230


After ver. 220. in the 1st Edition, followed these,

A Cheat! a whore! who starts not at the name,

In all the Inns of court or Drury-lane?
After ver. 226. in the MS.

The Col'nel swears the Agent is a dog,
The Scriv’ner vows th? Attorney is a rogue.
Against the Thiefth' Attorney loud inveighs,
For whose ten pound the County twenty pays.
The Thief damns judges, and the Knaves of State :
And dying, mourns small Villains hang'd by great.

Virtuous and vicious ev'ry Man must be, Few in th' extreme, but all in the degree: The rogue and fool, by fits is fair and wise;

, And ev'n the best, by fits, what they despise. 'Tis but by parts we follow good or ill; 235 For, Vice or Virtue, Self directs it still ; Each individual seeks a sev'ral goal; But Heav’n’s great view is One, and that the Whole, That counter-works each folly and caprice; That disappoints th' effect of ev'ry vice; 240 That, happy frailties to all ranks apply'd ; Shame to the virgin, to the matron pride, Fear to the Statesman, rashness to the chief, To kings presumption, and to crowds belief :




YER. 231. Virtuous and vicious ev'ry Man must be, - Few, in th' extreme, but all in the degree ;] Of this the Poet, with admirable fagacity, affigns the cause, in the following line :

For, Vice or Virtue, Selp directs it still. An adherence or regard to what is, in the sense of the world, a man's own intereft, making an extreme in either Vice or Virtue almost impoffible. Its effect in keeping a good Man from the extreme of Virtue, needs no explanation, and in an ill Man, Self-interest shewing him the necessity of fome kind of reputation, the procuring, and preserving that, will keep him from the extreme of Vice,

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