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by Mr Brougham, who seems to have not to reside in any part of the united been laudably willing to co-operate kingdom, or even to visit England. in preventing the Queen's arrival in The consequence of such a visit will England, at the same time that, as be an immediate message to Parliaher confidential adviser, he was anxi. ment, and an entire end to all comous to negociate for her the best pos- promise and negociation. I believe sible terms. The conjunct deputa- that there is no other condition-I tion did not arrive at St Omer's till am sure none of any importance. I Saturday the 3d, when Lord Hutchin- think it right to send to you an exson was immediately admitted to an tract of a letter from Lord Liverpool audience of her Majesty. He was to me; his words are—' It is mategraciously received, and at the close rial that her Majesty should know of the interview, was requested to confidentially, that, if she shall be so state in writing the nature of the pro- ill advised as to come over to this posals with which he was charged. country, there must then be an end Some difficulty was made, on the to all negociation and compromise. ground that he had only notes of The decision, I may say, is taken to conversations, and loose memoranda, proceed against her as soon as she containing the general ideas that had sets her foot on the British shores,'been thrown out upon the subject, I cannot conclude this letter without but scarcely affording materials for a my humble, though serious and sin. regular proposition. The demand, cere supplication, that her Majesty however, being again urged, with sur- will take these propositions into her prise at any hesitation in acceding to most calm consideration, and not act it, Lord Hutchinson, after a few hours, with any hurry or precipitation on so produced the following letter to Mr important a subject. I hope that my Brougham :
advice will not be misinterpreted. I
can have no possible interest which “ SIR.-In obedience to the com- would induce me to give fallacious mands of the Queen, I have to inform counsel to the Queen. But, let the you, that I am not in possession of event be what it may, I shall console any proposition or propositions, de- myself with the reflection that I have tailed in a specific form of words, performed a painful duty imposed which I could lay before her Majes- upon me to the best of my judgment ty; but I can detail to you, for her and conscience, and in a case in the information, the substance of many decision of which the King, the conversations held with Lord Liver Queen, the Government, and the pool. His Majesty's ministers prom people of England, are materially inpose, that 50,000l. per annum should terested. Having done so, I fear be settled on the Queen for life, sub- neither obloquy nor misrepresentaject to such conditions as the King tion. I certainly should not have may impose. I have also reason to wished to have brought matters to so know, that the conditions likely to precipitate a conclusion : but it is her be imposed by his Majesty are, that Majesty's decision, and not mine. I the Queen is not to assume the style am conscious that I have performed and title of Queen of England, or my duty towards her with every posany title attached to the royal family sible degree of feeling and delicacy. of England. A condition is also to I have been obliged to make use of be attached to this grant, that she is your brother's hand, as I write with
pain and difficulty, and the Queen has of this step by descrying her from the refused to give any, even the shortest windows, and he and Lord Hutchindelay.
son found themselves suddenly left “I have the honour to be, sir, with together to confer on their abortive great regard, your most obedient attempt. humble servant,
Leaving St Omer's at five in the “HUTCHINSON." evening of the 4th, the Queen arrived
at Calais before nine, and apprehenIt is impossible to read these pro sive of any attempt to detain her, positions without feeling how little went immediately on board the Englikely they were to meet the accept- lish packet which lay in the harbour. ance of one, who was pushing on in Lord Hutchinson, meantime, struck such a determined and intrepid ca. with dismay at this precipitate dereer. It is certain that they could parture, drew up the following letnever be accepted without a full ac- ter, which seemed to intimate, that quiescence in the criminal charges the conditions first named were by no which the accompanying threat im- means irrevocable. plied. The makers of the offer have been bitterly reproached with lavish “St Omer's, 5 o'clock, June 4, 1820. ing so much, or any of the public mo “ My Dear Sir, I should wish Dey, on one whom they believed, and that you would enter into a more deexpected to confess herself, thus en tailed explanation ; but, to shew you tirely guilty and degraded. Admit- my anxious and sincere wish for an ting all, however, we should not re- accommodation, I am willing to send gard 50,0001. a-year too much, as a courier to England to ask for furhush-money of a subject, which it was ther instructions, provided her Majesso important to withhold from the ty will communicate to you whether public eye. There is certainly some, any part of the proposition which I thing odd in the giving of so much have made would be acceptable to money with such an entire denial of her; and if there is anything which every thing else. If the Queen was she may wish to offer to the English sunk so low as to make such conces- government, on her part, I am willing sions, might not a better bargain have to make myself the medium through been made, even as to money? In fact, which it may pass. I have the honour however, her views and feelings were to be, &c. “ Hutchinson.” wrought up to a very different pitch. HENRY BROUGHAM, Esq. The letter being read to her by Mr Brougham, was received with the The Queen received this letter in strongest expressions of indignation, the packet, but declared that there and authority given to reject, in an was nothing in it to change her purunqualified manner, the proposition. pose. Inspired, probably, with some Mr Brougham, according to report, presentiment of the reception which suggested the making a counter pro- awaited her on the British shore, she position, and thus opening a negocia- shewed the utmost impatience of any tion ; but the Queen, instead of com- thing which could delay her landing. plying, left the room unobserved, and The packet was detained for several asking Alderman Wood to order her hours in the harbour ; and, after leacarriage instantly, was seen, in a few ving it, the wind was for some time minutes, driving on the road to Ca- contrary ; but a favourable breeze lais. Mr Brougham was only apprised springing up, brought the vessel,
about one in the forenoon of the fol- though represented before as quite lowing day, off the harbour of Dover. intolerable, seemed now unfelt. The The tide prevented it from entering courtiers of popular favour laid down immediately; but her Majesty, brook- their standing topics of radical re. ing no delay, went into an open boat, form, universal suffrage, and the amid a considerable swell, and quickdownfall of the borough-mongers ; ly set foot on the British shore. and directed all their efforts to pro
Of all the agitations by which this claim and redress the wrongs of an great nation has been shaken, none, injured Queen. Amid the boundless perhaps, so sudden, so deep, and so tide of popular enthusiasm, the higher universal, was ever caused by any ranks remained fixed in a sort of timid single event. Those public events, and hesitating gaze. In the course which involve ties and connexions of of travelling and communication, they a domestic nature, excite interest in had been strongly acted upon by the numerous classes, who turn with dis. unfavourable reports current on the gust from the ordinary topics of po continent; and all ladies, in particulitical discussion. This cause con- lar, could not avoid seeing in the tained elements, which brought it overt acts of their newly-arrived Sopowerfully home almost to every vereign, much from which their inbosom.— With the great numerical stinctive feelings of decorum revoltmass of the nation, one sentiment ed. This class, however, if they did only prevailed. The whole, to the not share in the general spirit, mereclass of second-rate shopkeepers up- ly stood aloof, and gave no interrupwards inclusive, embraced the cause tion to it; so that the Queen, on land. of the Queen with the most enthusi- ing, appeared to be hailed with one astic zeal. All the generous, and all unanimous and enthusiastic greeting the turbulent feelings of the British from the whole kingdom united. people, conspired to turn their feel. The Queen received at Dover the ings in this direction. On one side, first earnest of the flattering reception sympathy with an illustrious female, which awaited her. As rumour had supposed injured, unprotected, re- already announced her coming, the turning to her rightful kingdom amid shores and surrounding heights were the most formidable dangers which lined with spectators, whose feelings stood there arrayed against her; and were announced by loud and applaudwhom public enthusiasm not only ac- ing acclamations. The crowd was quitted of all guilt, but invested with such as to make it impossible for her every quality which romance bestows Majesty to proceed on foot; and on on its heroines. On the other hand, getting into a carriage, the horses was the opportunity afforded of at- were taken out, and it was drawn to tacking, with impunity, in the most the inp by the populace. The comsensible point and effect, the highest mandant, after some hesitation, fired constituted authorities, and even of a royal salute, and stationed a guard personally insulting the most illus- of honour at the door of the hotel. trious individual in the nation. On Alihough her Majesty departed for both sides scope was afforded for the Canterbury before six o'clock, she propensities which have always been had already been waited upon, and strongest among this great people; an address presented, by a deputation and we cannot, therefore, wonder at of the principal inhabitants. The road the universal ferment excited. All to Canterbury was filled with numethe sufferings of the nation itself, rous spectators; and on reaching that
ancient city, the light of a hundred where Alderman Wood had quitted torches shewed nearly the whole in his house to be occupied by her Mahabitants assembled to hail her en- jesty. Even after her entrance, the trance; while, at the hotel, the mayor crowd continuing to fill the street in and corporation were ready to pre- a vast unbroken body, she was gracisent an address of congratulation. ously pleased to come forth and re
On the morning of the 6th, the ceive their homage, which was exQueen set out for London, with the pressed by loud and multiplied plauannounced intention of entering the dits. capital on that day. All on the road Amid this boundless tide of popular thither was in motion. The popula- enthusiasm, ministers, in the interior tion of the country, for many miles of the cabinet, were earnestly deliround, was drawn up on each side; berating on the painful course which while Chatham, Rochester, Dartford, they had now to take. They had and the other towns through which determined, and probably pledged she passed, were crowded with ap- themselves, if ever the Queen should plauding multitudes. It was in pass- set foot on English ground, to open ing over Blackheath that the popula. immediately that hoard of collected tion of the metropolis began to be proof, which, when exhibited, was felt, and to mingle itself with that of expected to place her completely at the neighbourhood, which retained their mercy. The enthusiastic part strongly the recollection of her Ma- taken by the nation on the opposite jesty's former residence there. The side, though it shewed distinctly the spectators now joined the procession, abyss of odium in which they were to and receiving constantly new acces, plunge, made no change in their fix. sions from London, swelled by de- ed purpose. The two days, in which grees to a countless multitude. As the Queen was making her triumphal the crowd increased, and the weather journey from Dover to London, were became fine, the Queen caused the spent by the cabinet in long and frecarriage to be thrown open, and ex- quent conclave. The result appeared hibited herself to the admiring gaze in a message transmitted to both of her subjects. As the cavalcade din Houses on the Tuesday, even before rected itself upon Westminster Bridge, the Queen had reached London. It the vast crowds, which were before was contained in the following terms: wandering in uncertainty of its destidation, soon collected in the broad « GEORGE R. avenues of Whitehall and Charing “ The King thinks it necessary, in cross. The Queen, seated between consequence of the arrival of the Lady Hamilton and Alderman Wood, Queen, to communicate to the House was here exhibited in full view to the of Lords (or Commons] certain paassembled metropolis. A different pers respecting the conduct of her route was said to be intended, but Majesty since her departure from this the vanguard taking that of Pall-mall, kingdom, which he recommends to the rest followed, “ nothing loth" the immediate and serious attention perhaps; and thus passing by Carlton- of this House. house, exhibited to the King his un- « The King has felt the most welcome spouse proceeding in this anxious desire to avert the necessity parade of popular triumph. The of disclosures and discussions, which march closed at South Audley Street, must be as painful to his people as
they can be to himself; but the step ment which she had received in her now taken by the Queen leaves him journey to this country, and to the no alternative.
obstacles which had been raised up " The King has the fullest confi to retard it. It was a disgraceful fact, dence that, in consequence of this that the Queen of England, in crosscommunication, the House will adopting from the continent, should have the course of proceeding which the had no other vessel on which to erect justice of the case and the honour and the royal standard than a common dignity of his Majesty's crown may passage boat. It was a disgraceful require.
fact, that she should have no place to “ GEORGE R.” which she could fly to as an asylum ;
that she should have no other roof to A green bag, containing the papers shelter her head, than that of an in. referred to, was laid on the tables dividual who was an honest man.of both Houses. In the House of Mr Creevey observed: The arrival of Lords, no observation was made ; her present Majesty appeared to have and it was merely ordered, on the created indescribable alarm amongst motion of Lord Liverpool, that the gentlemen on the other side of the message should be taken into consi. House ; for, strange as it might apderation on the following day. In pear, fifteen ministers failed last night the Commons, the affair did not pass to attend in their places, being too 80 silently. The popular, leaders busily employed in arming againstone inveighed in the strongest manner poor, weak, defenceless woman. And against the conduct of ministers. who was that woman? The daughter Mr Bennet could not credit that it of the Duke of Brunswick, the niece was possible for an English minister, of the late King, the wife of the prewithout the consent or approbation sent King, the mother of the Princess of Parliament, to make a proposal of Charlotte.—Lord Archibald Hamilthe following nature to an English ton dwelt particularly on the erasure Queen :-" Divest yourself of your of the Queen's name from the liturgy, title,” to which, by the bye, she had by which a prejudice had been created, as good a right as the King had to and she had been treated as guilty, his," and I will give you a bribe of while nothing had been yet proved 50,0001. a-year," -not taken from the against her. Particular expectation pocket of the crown, but taken from was entertained from Mr Brougham the pocket of a distressed and impo- and Mr Denman, the Queen's legal verished people, to be given to a advisers, who were both in the House; person, who, according to his account, but they spoke as yet with extreme was not only unworthy to sit upon the reserve. Mr Denman only thought throne, but even to set foot upon the that, in common justice, he was ensoil of England. -Sir R. Wilson did titled to ask that the illustrious pernot now allude to the indignities sonage, whose arrival in her adopted which the Queen had received from country had been greeted with an our ministers at foreign courts, or accusation, founded not upon witfrom those foreign courts themselves, nesses, but upon papers, and which at the instigation of those ministers, was to be referred, not to the common nor to the paltry indignity of striking tribunals of the country, but to a seher name out of the liturgy of the cret committee of the House, should church; but he did allude to thetrcate have the earliest possible notice, and