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REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
An Address, delivered before the and civil polity contribute most
Trustees, Faculty, and Students powerfully to support and adoru of the General Theological Semi. each other-by the warnings of a nary of the Protestant Episcopal grievous experience cautioning us to Church in the United States, in beware of those political evils which Christ Church, New York, on the we may expect from ecclesiastical Occasion of the Delivery of the insubordination, and by the expeTestimonials to the Students who rience of good, on the contrary, edhad completed the Course of Stu- joining us to uphold the Church, if dies, July 30, 1824. By William it were only for the peace and prosWhite, D.D. Bishop of the Pro- perity of our Jerusalem. But howtestant Episcopal Church in the ever married to each other the State of Pennsylvania. 8vo. pp. Church and State may be in this 14. T. and J. Swords, New York. country, we are not to suppose that 1824.
the Church is dependent for its ex
istence on the State. For her out. It affords a very just and delightful ward prosperity and glory she must conviction of the real Catholicism of look to the countenauce of her Royal the Church of England to behold Head and the Government: but in her her flourishing under the most dissi- own intrinsic nature, she subsists by milar forms of government. It shews a divine prerogative of immortality a congruity in her principles with the upon which no human laws can innature of man, which recommends it trench. For her charter is the preto the acceptance of persons how- dictive promise of Christ; “Lo, I am ever dissociated from us in political with you alway, even unto the end of opinions and institutions. It argues the world !"-As a testimony then of the Church to be no scheme cun- this fact, we cannot but contemplate ningly devised for upholding the with delight the picture of the Ameconstitution of the State, but that, rican Church, growing up amidst inhowever vitally united the Church stitutions yet rough from the forge of and State may be in this country, democratic innovation-and not disand admirably subservient, to each daining, notwithstanding that tenother-yet the Church bas its own dency to national dislike which is the essential existence, independently natural offspring of colonial hostility, of that constitution of government to take a pleasure in owning herself with which, among ourselves, it is sprung from our stock : exhibited so immediately interwoven. Insidious enemies of our Commu
Ipse hostis Teucros insigni laude ferebat, nion bave taken advantage of the ac
Seque ortum antiqua Teucrorum a stirpe
volebat, cidental close connection subsisting between our Church and State, to The proceedings of a Church so represent the case as if they were circumstanced with regard to ouressential to each other-an inference, selves, must naturally be watched evidently most derogatory to the with a very intense interest. The high character of the Church-and situation indeed of the little flock of proceeding on the clear fallacy, that Episcopalians in the midst of a host two things, which appear in one of rival institutions equally enjoying case inseparably united from their the favour of the American Goverbeneficial effects on each other, ment, is in itself sufficient to awaken must be inseparably united in their our tender concern for their welfare. essence.- History indeed has amply We need not apologize, therefore, instructed us that our ecclesiastical for inviting continued attention to a
subject which has already so much strative of a divine source in the present occupied the ear of the religious case, must be the same in other instances, world.
of persons moved--as they think to The venerable author of the Ad
teach in direct contrariety to our consti.
tuted ministry, to our doctrines, and to our dress which we now introduce to the
Sacraments. How then are the motions of notice of our readers, is the only sur the Holy Spirit to be distinguished from vivor of the two Bishops originally the ordinary operations of our mind? The consecrated in this country by the answer may be gathered from various Archbishop of Canterbury, in the
places of our institutions. One place only vear 1787, and whom we may be shall be mentioned. It is in the first part
of the homily for Whit-Sunday. The quesallowed to call the English Fathers
tion is distinctly put, not with a special of the American Church. He
view to the ministry, but doubtless admust now be quite an old man ;
mitting application to that subject. The but age does not seem to have im. answer is in the words of St. Paul in the paired his exertions in the holy 5th chapter of the Epistle to the Gala. cause to which he has devoted tians, enumerating the religious graces of himself. Having been a principal
the Christian character. Accordingly, what.
ever emotions come under any of these mover in the measures adopted for
heads, designate the Spirit of grace to be the planting and settling of the
their source. To this belongs what follows Church in the United States, and in the question before us, to serve God establishing the General Theologi. for the promoting of his glory and the edify. cal Seminary in union with it, he is ing of his people. The desire is holy in itself, not content to rest with satisfaction however cherished, as it ought to be, in on his former useful exertions, but
submission to the authority that is to judge
of the sufficiency of the party : there being is still to be found actively discharg
an evident difference between the question ing the duties of his station, and wil
of the worthiness of the object, and that of ling to spend and be spent for the the necessary requisites of the person in good of the Church.
pursuit of it; who, with the best intentious The Address was delivered by him may misjudge. in his capacity as President of the “ That the trust expected in the candi.
date, and to be declared by him, is not of Board of Trustees of the Theologi.
such a cast, as to justify his committing of cal Institution. The point exclu
himself to the impulse of his own persuasively considered in it is, the heavy
sion, let loose from ecclesiastical restraint, responsibility which the Church in- is evident from other parts of the service; poses on her ministers in the Ordi. particularly in the limitation annexed to his nation Service, when the candidate is being authorized to preach, which he may asked whether he trusts that he is
pot do, except by permission of the Bishop; inwardly moved by the Holy Ghost to
and by his promise of obedience to the same
authority ; doubtless meaning canonical take upon him his office and minis.
obedience finder a government of law, not tration? The Bishop opens his ob of will : but improperly promised, if the servations on the subject with the , agent were under another authority with following passage :
which the former may interfere." P. 4. « The subject is made a matter of trust, Bishop White afterwards mentions very justly; because if it were a state of
some cases of evident absence of that mind of a higlier grade, the candidate
trust in the moving of the Spirit will have done wrong in committing the issue of his admission to the result of an
which is required of candidates for examination by frail and fallible men. the ministry-such as that of persons His, baviog done so, must have been in con who are influenced by pecuniary in. sequence of views, not in harmony with ducements or by the vanity of disthe institutions of our Church, and there
play of talents or who even subsefore not consistent with godly siucerity.
quently to their admission to the saThe trust is of an inward moving of the
cred office pursue their just claims Holy Ghost; to be distinguished from the belief of the suggestion of immediate re in a worldly spirit..-or by a course velation; which belief, if it be demon- of conduct producing “euvy, strife,
railings, and evil murmurings,"—or and truth,'-—and that ye put off, conin any way contrary to that saying of cerning the former conversation the old
man, which is corrupt according to the the apostle: “ I seek not yours, but
deceitful lusts, and be renewed in the you." —He then states the positive
Spirit of your mind ; and that ye put on the qualifications which are required, in new man, which is created in righteonsness order to justify the declaration ex and true holiness. If the candidate bare acted by the Church.
no evidence of a state of acceptance with
God resting on the grounds set forth, it • It cannot be a mistake to affirm, that
may be said to him, in reference to the to warrant the trust spoken of, the party ministry :- thou hast neither part por must be conscious of his being, as to in lot in this niatter. Thou art not likely to ward character and outward conduct, an sustain its dnties, or to have a relish for its approved subject of that dispensation of occupations; and thou canst not betake grace, of which it will be his duty to invite thyself to any occupation, which may either others to be partakers. He may have been be begun or continued in by thee, with so brought within the Christian covenant by much hazard to thy soul.' the pious care of those who had the guar “ Next in importance to the settling of dianship of his infancy, under the same, he the mind of the candidate on the only sure may bave received a religious education; foundation, as the subject regards himself, and by the grace of God he may have im is a deeply rooted desire of being instruproved it. Having been thus ' called to mental to the bringing of others to be a state of salvation,' as is recognized by partakers with him of the benefits of the the Catechism of our Church, he may Gospel dispensation. It is not more certain have continued in the same,' as is ex- that the Christian Church was established pressed in the same instrument; doubtless, by the arm of Omnipotence, than that not without errors arising from frailty, there was grafted on it a divinely instituted yet not in subjection to known and habi.
ministry, for the purpose of making known tual sin, cutting off from the mercy of God its glad tidings, in every way in which there in Christ. Or, having incurred such apos. may be ability and opportunity for the tasy, he may have been restored through work. Accordingly, if the candidate have the merits of the Mediator, at the cost of not at heart the conversion of sinners, the humiliation and sincere repentance. In edification of the godly, and the extending either case, he must be in the state which of the prospects of all from the transitory warrants the approaching of God as a re- things of time to the life and immortality conciled Father in Christ. To use the which has been brought to light' to them words of our Church in the Article of the by the Gospel; if this weighty work be not xxxix, which has been more misrepresented felt in a pressure on his conscience and his than any other (xviith). le must feel in affections; if it be not habitually with him himself the Spirit of Christ' — not in a subject of prayer; and if he be not preany sensations which can be brought under pared to prefer it to his personal ease and the head of enthusiasm ; but, as the Article gratification, he cannot be under the holy proceeds to define, by the mortifying of influence in question. There must be some the works of the flesh, and the earthly measure of the unction of the same Spirit, members, and the drawing up of the mind in Christian men of every grade; wbo, to high and heavenly things :' this being however, have their respective callings, mapifested by what is said in another of which cause the salvation of their fellowthe Articles, (xiith) which requires good men to be matter only of occasional conworks as “springing necessarily out of a true cern; but it is the occupation of the mi. and lively faith ; insomuch, that by them a nister of the Gospel; and if he be not prelively faith may be as evidently known, as pared to enter on his profession with this a tree discerned by the fruit.' Our Church. understanding of its end and aim, he preknows no other ground of assurance than varicates in saying that be trusts-for he that defined. In this she faithfully follows has no warrant to trust that he does it to the Scriptures ; since, in them, certainly promote the glory of God, and the edificathe important concern is never rested on tion of his people. a persuasion in the mind, or on a reve “To the two grounds of trust stated, we lation to it; but always on some such test, may reasonably add a third--that of being as when we read ' ye are my friends, if possessed of the requisite qualifications. ye do whatsoever 1 command you;--and This must be confessed a matter of peculiar
this is the love of God, that we keep his delicacy; especially if the party feel the commandments, and the fruit of the weight of that saying of an Apostle, under Spirit is in all goodness, and rigliteousness, a sense of the maguitude of the work
who is sufficient for these things ?'—The part especially of members of the game Apostle, however, bas spoken of Church in the Diocese which is the « the treasure of the Gospel' as committed sent of it. he thus feelingly touched to earthen vessels, for the express pur
on the absence of their revered Diopose, that the excellency of the power may be of God, and not of us. Accord
cesan, (Bishop Hobart :) a Prelate, ingly it having pleased him to appoint, as to whom the American Church is his agents, men with their infirmities and greatly indebted, not only on the their imperfections; we ought not to enter- high ground of his ministerial latain such ideas of Christian humility, as bours, but for the favour and affecwould repel from the ministry all besides tion which he has conciliated to her the arrogant and the vain. Where per.
cause on this side of the Atlantic, by sonal piety is unequivocal; and where it exists in unity with zeal for the inculcating
the engaging view which he has pre
the engaging of the truths and the holy morality of the sented of her in his own person. Gospel ; qualification as to other points " In this remark, he who makes it may may, consistently with modesty, be a sub- reasonably consider himself as the organ of ject of trust, provided there be submission a Right Reverend Brother, whose concurto the determination of those, who, as one rence in what has been delivered would of our Articles (xxiiid) speaks, ' have not have been wanting, it is thought, had public authority given them, in the congre- he been present; and whose absence on gation, to call and send mivisters into the this occasion has been felt, in anxiety for Lord's vineyard. Under disregard of this, his preservation and safe action, the party is so far from being authorized " To one who has been a witness of his to entertain the trust in question, that he merits in his boybood, in his youth, and in mapifests unfitness for the sphere, into his maturity, there could not but be caused wbich, contrary to Gospel order, he would sympathy, by the sickness which has carintrude. If, after admission to the minis. ried him from his family, from this seminary, try, there should be disregard of the con- and from his Church. To all these relations stituted authority, and of the appointed we hope in a gracious Providence for his order of the Church; it is the matter con- restoration : and in no one is this desire cerning which there has been an admo- more sincere, than in him, who, in consenition from the beginning, in that intima- quence of the request of the learned Protion of St. Paul,- God is not the author fessors of the Institution, has been deliver. of confusion, but of peace. The contrary ing an Address on this occasion.” P. 14. to this may wear the garb of religious zeal; but it is one of the ways, and there We have thus extracted the chief are many of them, in which we find veri- part of this excellent Address of fied the saying of the same Apostle, that Bishop White, and it has been highly « Satan is transformed into an angel of oratifuing to us to find in it so much
gratifying to us to find in it so much light." P. 9.
that we could not bring ourselves In the remainder of the discourse to omit. Nothing indeed can be the Bishop addresses himself to the more just than the views which it Trustees and Professors of the In- presents of the ministerial chastitution, recommending, that in the racter. course of their government and in We sincerely congratulate the struction, attention should be paid American members of our Commualso to the excitement of devout af- nion on possessing such faithful ex. fections in the students—" to the positors of the truth as it is in Jesus; cultivation of the graces of the Chris. who not only preserve the form of tian character in the hidden man of the Church of England, but incul. the beart:" guarding at the same time cate her doctrines in all their purity. the religious sensibility, which he sug- An infant Church reared under such gests as a requisite in the candidate auspices promises indeed a vigo. for holy orders, from being construed rous maturity. into “any species of devout exer- Among the measures calculated, cise alien from the services of the at once for her preservation in the Church.”- In conclusion, adverting integrity of the faith and her more briefly to the necessity of active extensive diffusion, the Theological support to the Institution on the Seminary is particularly deserving of notice. The fundamental regu- lyting endeavours *. There is evi. lations of this institution, and the dently a vigour in the doings of the order and propriety with which its party, which bespeaks the hope of proceedings are conducted, will en- better days and the prospect of a sure to it a learned and orthodox future triumph. Among those whom and pious ministry, by whose active the warmth of popular sunshine bas exertion, under the blessing of God, thus kindled into animation, is the the plant which has now so effectu. Author of the pamphlet to which we ally taken root downward, sliall now invite attention-an Author “ bear fruit upward”- shall here. of no ordinary dimensions, but no after “fill the land, sending out its less than a Bishop in partibus -and boughs to the sea and its branches who, in his present separation from to the river," and "covering the hills his Mauritanian flock, devotes his with its shadow."
episcopal cares to the edification of some more civilized members of his
Communion at Bath. We must A Remonstrance, in a third Letler,
confess we feel some diffidence in addressed to Charles Abel Moy. sey, D.D. Archdeacon of Bath,
approaching in any attitude of hos
tility, one to whose official characon his renewal of his former At
ter all our strongest prepossessions tacks upon the Catholics in his
of respect prompt us to defer ; but late Charge to the Clergy of the
when we find the dignity of the BiDeanery of Bedminster, July
shop sunk in the partizan, and the 29th, 1824. By the Right Rev.
Christian Officer of the Church obPeter Augustine Baines, D.D.
scured in the Schoolman and the &c. &c. 8vo. pp. 48. Wood,
Sophist, we are not a little divested Cunningham, and Smith, Bath.
of our scruples, and more readily Gospel Truth opposed to Error and
join issue with this mitred champion Superstition, in an Address to
of " the old religion." He comes his Protestant Brethren. By
indeed against our Church, like the Layman. 8vo. pp. 60. London.
n. 8vo. Pp. 60. London. giant of Gath, with a sword and with 1824.
a spear and with a shield; but The growing confidence of the happily we need not such arms;Papal Dissenters from our National our cause requires not that talent Church Communion, can have es- and that ingenuity, which he is caped no one's observation. The called on to exert to make good his. kind and conciliatory spirit which The Faith of the Protestant, i simhas been manifested towards them. plex munditiis,” rests on Scripture (and we do not mention this to ob.
* We have been credibly inforined, that ject to it so far as it does not tend
the late lamentable conversion of a clergyto curtail the prerogative of the
man in London, was brought about by the Church) has had the effect of stir agency of a Roman Catholic Jesuit Priest, ring them to action and provoking sojourning at an inu in the city for the aggression on their part. Witness space of tiree months: who, as soon as he the scandalous publication * from found some impression made upon the Stoneyhurst, so grossly calumniating
weak mind of his dupe, called in two other
Priests as his coadjutors in the work of that Church, under whose tolerant
proselytism; and the three accordingly ascendancy they have enjoyed the
then made their daily visits to their waver. utmost liberty of opinion and of ing convert, now entrapped in the snare of worship; their shameless pretences the fowler, until at length they made him to miraculous agency- their prose- entirely their own. This same Jespit also,
we have heard, converted the waiter at The John Bull of October 10th and the inn. Can it possibly be true, that 17th, may be consulted with advantage on after these good deeds, he left bis landlord this document.
minus, by a debt of 12 or 151. ?