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To the Editor of the Christian
Sir, Having, during the last few years, had an opportunity of examining the condition of a very considerable number of the ecclesiastical edifices of England, it has been to me a great satisfaction to find so many of these buildings, even in villages, of great value as architectural specimens. It has also been pleasant to observe the increasing attention with regard to repairs and cleanliness; there is, however, one point of much importance, which is so generally left without consideration, (perhaps from its frequent occurrence,) that it appears to me to require some notice :—this is, the great and increasing accumulation of earth above the floor of the church, in many instances, to the height of several feet, and very seldom, (but from the peculiar situation on the side of a hill, or some such, cause,) does it occur, that there is a step up into the church; whilst for one of this description, at least ten may be found, descending one, two, or three steps.
Of the certain effect of this accumulation of earth, it is needless to speak, as it must be obvious; but as its operation, though slow, is sure, it deserves considerable attention; particularly from there being a very considerable number of churches, on which this cause continuing to act a few years longer, will render it necessary to rebuild them; whereas, could the earth be removed to a level below that of the floor of the church, they might, even for centuries, remain in good condition.
In modern churches, and in such as have been rebuilt within one hundred, or one hundred and twenty years, care has generally been taken to raise the floor, and in some places, burials near the walls are prevented. In many populous parishes, with confined cemeteries, (and of this
kind are some of our finest mono, ments of antiquity,) burials still continue, not only close to the walls, but in vaults and graves within the church; a practice by which many buildings have been very seriously injured.
I believe the Archdeacon, at a visitation, has power to inquire into this subject; but from the extent and frequency of the circumstance, it may be said rather to be overlooked, than neglected.
It is proper to state, that individual churches occur, in which great care is taken, by sinking an open drain below the level of the church floor, to preserve the wallt from this source of premature decay. I recollect several churches where it has been done to the depth of three or four feet, and in some cases more.
I remain, very respectfully, &c.
To the Editor of the Christian
I Beg leave to suggest the following inquiry:—In the case of an insolvent incumbent deceased—is his successor in the living entitled to precedence in his claims on the estate of the deceased for dilapidations—or is he only on a par jvithaov other claimants? It is of great importance to the clergy to ascertain this point, and I shall therefore be obliged by your proposing the question in your next Number. It may perhaps meet the eye of some clergyman who has had to encounter a difficulty such as that to which I have called your attention, and who may be able therefore to instruct others by his experience.
I am Sir,
A New Incumbent.
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INCORPORATED CLERGY ORPHAN SOCIETY.
Poor Orphan Children of Clergymen, Elected August 19, 1S24.
Hewlett, Thetphilus Peter Norris.... C. St. Aldate's, Oxford.
Lowes, William V. Skipsea, York.
Williams, John Powell C. of Llandilograbao, Radnor.
Le Touael, Henry Augustus R. of St. Martin's, Jersey.
Church, Isabella Incumbent of Ince, Chester.
Bawdwen, Judith V. of Hooton-Pagnal.
Donations, SfC to Clergy Orphan dating; and that numerous applications School, since the last General f°r Admission are, iu conseqneoce, unaMectine in May. voidably, and with feelings of deep regret.
rejected, Henry Moore, Esq. 21/.; Richard Be- It was unanimously resolved,
rens, Esq. 21/.; Bedfordshire Clergy So- That this Meeting considers the above ciety, 5/.; Bedford Ditto, 5/.; Oxford- Institution to have a powerful claim to shire, Ditto, 31/. 10*.; Anonymous, 100/.; support both from the Clergy aud every Mrs. Partiss, of Bath, 30/; Storrington friend of the Established Church iu partiDistrict Committee, 33/.; Ditto, Second, cular, and from the benevolent in general • 15/.; Sir W. W. Pepys, Bart. 100/. That a District Committee, to be called
Storrington District Committee in aid of
the Incorporated Clergy Orphan Society We are happy to be able to report be now formed, that, in consequence of the circula- That the object of the Committee be to tion of the subjoined account, the make more generally known the character sum of 48/. has been already re- and beneficial effects of the Institution, to mined to the Treasurers of the recl°1n,lnendl il t0 »'"> patronage of the
Clerffv Orohan Society We fruit gnblc! and t0 rece,ve and remit to the
yergy urpnan oocieiy we trust Society, the contributions of subscribers
thin bright example Will be follow- particularly of those residing in countTM
ed extensively. parishes; thereby obviating much trouble
a. ' ,. . n. .. . -, ... . to individuals, and frequent loss to the
Storrington D,str,ct Committee, ,n Society, and consequently, to enable the
Aid of the Incorporated Clergy Society to carry its benevolent design
Orphan Society. more completely into effect. 'r
T>. ,,»•.*> ..... „ Tllat all subscribers of half-a-cuinea
Patron-the Right Rev. the Bishop of annually, and benefactors often guinfas be
Chichester. members of the Committee. *
President—The Venerable the Arch- That the Parochial Clergy be earnestly
deacon of Chichester. requested to make known to their respec
At a Meeting of the Clergy of the tiv" P3"8'1'"""8 the object of the Society,
Deanery of Storrington and its Neigh- and t0 recommend " *° their support
bourhood, held this day, July 12, 1824, 1 hat the Clergy, who act as stewards,
T. „ „ -., ...... and collect contributions for the " Fund
The Rev. George Wells in the Chair, for the Rclief of Di5tressed Families of
A Resolution, relative to the Incorpo- Clergymen within the Archdeaconry of rated Clergy Orphan Society, passed at a Chichester," be requested to receive conMeeting of Storrington District Committee tributions from the Clergy of (he several of the Society for Promoting Christian parishes within their district, for the InKnowledge, held at Worthing on the 29th corporated Clergy Orphan Society, and to of June, having been read; and it appear- pay them over to the Treasurer of this ing that the funds of the said Clergy Or- District Committee. plian Society are inadequate to the main- That the Committee hold an Annual tenance of the number of Children, which Meeting on the day and at the place of the its *School-house is capable of accommo- .'
'* The Charity is not of a local nature ■
* There are, at present, in the School- but Orphans of Clergy of the Established'
home, (which is situated at St. John's Church are eligible to admission from any
Wood, Mary-le-bone,) 107 orphans; but part of the British dominions; and there
the house is capable of accommodating are now in the School, two orphans of a
iw> clergyman late of this Deanery.
Bishop's or Archdeacon's Visitation of the Deanery; and that a statement of the receipts of the Committee, and a list of subscribers, together with a summary account of the affairs of the Incorporated Society be yearly printed and circulated throughout the Deanery.
That the Rev. W. Woodward be Treasurer.
That the Rev. W. Davison be Secretary.
O. Wells, Chairman.
SOCIETY TOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN
Sleaford District Committee Report, for the year 18*23.
President.—The Right Honourable Frederick-William Earl of Bristol.
Vice■ Presidents— Lord Hirvcy, Sir Jenison W. Gordon, Bart, the Rev. Rd. Yerburgh, D.D. Benjamin Handley, Esq.
Treasurer.—The Rev. Richard Yerburgh, D.D.
Secrstary.—The Rev. Cit. Day, LL.B.
The first Animal Meeting of the Sleaford District Committee was holden at the Justices' Room in' Sleaford, on Tuesday, February 10,1824.
Sir Jenison W. Gordon, Bart, in the
When the following statement of Books distributed gratuitously, or sold at reduced prices by the Committee to or for the use of the Poor, during the year 1823, was read by the Secretary.
Bibles „..-... *80
Testaments and Psalters 135
Common-Prayer Books 281
Other Books and Tracts. ...... 3459
£. s. d. The whole cost of these Books
to the Society amounted to 199 10 3J The cost to the District Committee •• 123 9 9J
The sum returned to the District Committee by the sale of Books at reduced prices. 90 15 7i
It appears therefore that, by means of the District Committee, Books of which the original cost was £199, have been distributed in and abont Sleaford to or for the use of tlie Poor at a charge, to the purchasers of only £90.
The Committee have much satisfaction in laying the foregoing statement before
Subscribers and the public, because it shews that the liberal contributions ia the District have not been bestowed in vain; and it is such as can hardly fail to secure a continuance of that support which has already enabled the Committee to supply the spiritual wants of so many of their poor Brethren. Although much has been done, much still remains to do: The distribution of Books has been hitherto confined chiefly to Sleaford and its immediate neighbourhood; but it is to be expected, that the demands on the resources of the Committee will increase as the advantages offered to the Poor become more generally known. The Committee are persuaded that the design and effect of their Institution require only to be understood, in order to insure the encouragement and assistance of all who are convinced of the importance and blessing of religious knowledge; and they confidently anticipate an extension of its beneficial influence through the general co-operation of the gentlemen and clergy resident in the District.
At the above-mentioned meeting the Rev. John Smith was requested to accept the office of Treasurer, and the ReT. Ch. Day that of Secretary, for the year 1«84.
Anniversary of the Bath and Welis Diocesan Association of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge.
Ou Thursday the 15th inst. the Anniversary of the above very valuable Institution took place in the large AssemblyRoom, at the Market-place, in the town of Taunton. The attendance of Clergy and Laity was unusually numerous, comprising a large body of the Diocese. The Bishop of Bath and Wells presided on the occasion, and was accompanied to St. Mary's Church, at 11 o'clock, by the whole of the assembled members and friends of the Society. The Sermon was preached by the Rev. J. H. Cardew, B.D. Rector of Curry Malet, near Taunton, from the text St. Mark, xvi. 15. The collection at the Church door amounted to 32/. K).v. 6d. After the Right Reverend Chairman had briefly and appropriately opened the Meeting, the Rev. W. B. Whitehead, the Diocesan Secretary, as usual, presented and read the Report of the proceedings during the past year. The accounts given of the Society's present state and progress in this Diocese were, upon the whole, of a very gratifying character. From most of the eight districts, of which this