Page images

whose praise is in the Gospel, in all the for a constant interest in Chríst, who is commandments and ordinances of the Lord called the bread of life-the bread that blameless *.

came down from heaven t; and also for “ The second petition in the Lord's continual supplies of that grace which is Prayer is, THY KINGDOM COME.

necessary for the strengthening and re“In one sense God's kingdom is already freshing of our souls. Accordingly, the come, inasmuch as he is the great King explanation in the Catechism considers us, over all the earth, whose kingdom ruleth as in this petition, PRAYING UNTO GOD, over all, who doeth whatsoever pleaseth THAT HE WILL SEND US ALL THINGS him in the armies of heuven and among that BE NEEDFUL BOTH FOR OUR the inhabitants of the earth. In this sense, SOULS AND BODIES.” P.79. therefore, we do not pray that his kingdom « After the petitions in the Lord's may come, since it is established already. Prayer, follows an act of praise. FOR What we pray for is, the establishment of THINE IS THE KINGDOM,, AND THB God's kingdom of grace; and after that POWER, AND THE GLORY, POR EVER AND for the coming of his kingdom of glory. EVER. This is called the doxology, from

“By the establishment of God's kingdom a Greek word signifying the giving of of grace, I mean, the general prevalence glory and praise, and is a devout acknowof the religion of Christ; that we and all ledgment of the greatness and majesty of who have been baptized and pretend to God. THINE IS THE KINGDOM. Thou be Christians, may shew ourselves to be art the great King over all the universe, such not in name only, but in deed and in to whom, not only those who dwell in this truth, by the holiness and religiousness of lower world, but the blessed inhabitauts our lives; that all who profess and call of heaven and the spirits of hell are all themselves Christians, may hold the faith subject. THINE IS THE Power. Thou in unity of spirit, in the bond of peace, art possessed of power which nothing can and in righteousness of life. And farther, control, power to do whatever pleaseth that those who still are in ignorance and thee after the counsel of thine owo will. darkness, may be brought to the know. Thine is THE GLORY. Glory infinitely ledge of God and of the Gospel of his Son; beyond our weak mortal conceptions, that his ways may generally be known glory uncreated and inaccessible; and upon earth, his saving health among all these are thine FOR EVER AND EVER. nations. We also pray, when all who are They were thine before the foundation of not utterly past hope, have from their the world, and will continue thine to all bearts embraced the religion of Christ, for eternity. the coming of his kingdom of glory, and “ The consideration of God's greatness for admission into it, through the blood of may satisfy us, that he is able to grant our Christ, for all his faithful servants. P. 76. petitions ; and we trust that he will grant

“ We next offer our supplication to him, them FROM HIS MERCY AND GOODNESS, in whom we live, and move, and have our and therefore we say, AMEN. AMen is a being, for the supply of our necessities. Hebrew word, implying in general truth Give us thIS DAY OUR DAILY BREAD. and certainty. When used after a conBy the expressiou DAILY BREAD, is ge- fession of faith, or expression of praise, nerally understood all that is really neces- it signifies our assent. When used after a sary for the support of the animal life, prayer, as it is used here, it siguifies so be such as food, and raiment, and a dwelling it, or so LET IT BE, and is a repetition of to shelter us from the inclemency of the all the preceding petitions; and therefore weather. It may be considered as syno. ought to be uttered with seriousness and nymous with that in the prayer of Agar, devotion, feed me with food convenient for me t. " Thus have I endeavoured, however In this petition we pray, not for much imperfectly, to fix upon your minds the goods iaid up for many years, but only full meaning of this divine prayer, which for the supply of our present wants. As our Lord himself bath taught us. It is we continually depend for every thing the direction of our Lord that we should upon the bounty of God, so each day we worship God in spirit und in truth; and ask from him only what is sufficient for that of St. Paul, that we should pray with the day that is passing over us, and must the spirit, and pray with the understandevery day renew our supplications,

ing alsot; and it must be evident to you “I would observe, that the petition for DAILY BREAD, may be understood as * We should have preferred a simple bearing also a spiritual meaning, as praying and less abused expression.

+ John vi. 48 and 50. * Luke i. 6.

# 1 Cor. xiv. 15.

[ocr errors]

all, of how much importance it is, that have altered, and we are satisfied every one should understand the meaning that Mr. Berens will thank us for of the petitions which he addresses to

mentioning them. God. It is greatly desirable that you should comprehend the purport of all the prayers

We think that in p. 15, where he in which you join - but not to wish and is describing the condition of those endeavour to understand the Lord's Prayer, who live and die in wilful sin, he which in itself is so excellent and impor- has suffered himself (which is very tant, and wbich is so constantly used, is unusual with him) to be carried surely inexcusable.

away by the antithesis, and has “ May our Father, which is in Heaven, in this and all other instances pour into

expressed himself much too strongyour hearts the spirit of wisdom and un

ly. In p. 80, we confess we should derstanding, as well as the spirit of grace

have liked a simpler and more in. and supplication ; may he lead you to telligible and less abused expresworship him constantly; and when you sion, than “a constant interest in do worship him, may be enable you to Christ." With the exception of worship him acceptably, to worship him these two passages we have obsery. in spirit and in truth."- Lecture on the Lord's Prayer. Page 82.

ed nothing that does not deserve our " To conclude, I will bring together,

hearty thanks, and most unqualified in one view, the several arguments for par- praise, taking of the Lord's Supper, which are suggested to us in the part of the Catecbism, which we bave been considering,

A brief Memoir of the late Thomas « First then, you acknowledge the Sacrament of Baptism to be generally ne

Bateman, M.D. Physician to the cessary to salvation. And doubtless it is Public Dispensary, Carey-street, so, for our Saviour directed all men to be and to the Fever Institution, baptized. Why then should you think the Gray's-inn-lane, London; who Sacrament of the Lord's Supper less neces died 9th April, 1821. Thirteenth sary, since this also rests upon the same

Edition, with an Appendix. pp. fonndation, this also was ordained by Christ himself. Christ himself commanded the

40. Butterworth. 1823. bread and wine to be received.

This is a small pamphlet, which “ In the second place, consider that

has already run through thirteen this holy rite was instituted for the per. petual remembrance of the sacrifice of

editions. It is styled in the Introthe death of Christ, and of the benefits

duction, an interesting and useful which we receive thereby. Do not by re- memoir. Of the propriety of this fusing to partake of it, risk the loss of the last epithet, we have our doubts. benefits purchased for you by that sacri Dr. Bateman's history, as we ga. fice, even the remission of your sins, and ther from the Memoir, is simply your admission to eternal life.

this. He was a physician of consi* This holy feast was appointed, for the strengthening and refreshing of your souls. derable eminence, and a man of Do not, by withdrawing from it, act as if scientific and literary pursuits, pow. you set at pougbt the assistance of heaven, erful, and highly esteemed as a me. and were ready to do despite to the Spirit dical writer, but sceptical to the last of his grace.

degree on the subject of religion; “ Finally, this Sacrament was instituted

in one word, a materialist and an by our Lord in the same night in which he was betrayell-in which he was betrayed to

infidel. death, to save you from the destruction of In the summer of 1815, his health body and soul in bell :-do not then neglect began to decline, and in the followto obey the last command of your divine ing year a complaint in his eyes Master, do not unthankfully refuse to com- came on, which threatened loss of ply with the last, the dying request, of your sight, and precluded him from all kindest Friend and greatest Benefactor."

bis accustomed sources of occuLecture on the Lord's Supper, P.97.

pation and amusement. Under these There are only two passages circumstances, the writer of this throughout that we could wish to Memoir became his constant com

panion and attendant: and for four in a state of extraordinary suffering, from years had the misery of witnessing languor, and a variety of nervous feelings, his total estrangement from God

which he always said it was impossible to

describe, farther than that they were inand religion ; and strange and la.

conceivably painful and distressing; and mentable to think, 'without any at

he went to bed at night with a firm pertempt on the part of this constant suasion that he should never agaip quit it; companion and attendant, either by and, in fact, he did copfine himself to it himself, or what had been no unpre- for the following three weeks, from the cedented step to have taken, by the mere apprehension of the consequences of intervention of the clergyman of the

exertion,” parish, to open his eyes to the truth.

« On the evening of the day I have

mentioned, Dr. Bateman bad been ex.“ Religion, (he says) was a sub

pressing to me his conviction that he could ject which, for many reasons, had not live much longer, and complaining of never been discussed between us !! the dreadful nervous sensations wbich Though the tenor of his life had continually liarassed him; and then he made me but too well acquaint- added, " But all these sufferings are a ed with the state of his mind.' " he just punishment for my long scepticism,

and neglect of God and religion. This had always avoided any declaration

led to a conversation, in the course of of his opinions, knowing the puin it

which he observed, that medical men were would give me to hear them. He very generally sceptical; and that the miswas habitually fond of argument, chief arose from what he considered a na: and skilled in it; and I knew that I tural tendency of some of their studies to was ouite incompetent to argue with lead to materialism. I replied, that the him" (then wherefore not have called

mischief appeared to me to originate ra,

ther in their neglect to examine into the in, we would ask, a person more com

evidences of the truth of the Bible, as an petent ?)—" I considered too that

actual revelation from God; because, if the habit of disputing in favour of a firm conviction of that were once esta. any opinion, only serves, in general, blished, the authority of the Scriptures to rivet it more firmly in the mind;" must be paramount; and the tendency of (but wherefore dispute at all ? and all inferior studies, in opposition to their is nothing to be expected on such declarations, could have no weight. He

said, he believed I was right, and that he occasions from God's good blessing,

a pressing, had in fact been intending to examine where the truth is mildly, and seri. fully into the subject, when the complaint ously, and fully, and judiciously un, in his eyes came on, and shut hiin out folded ?) " and, above all, I knew from reading. Our conversation ended that this was a case in which mere in his permitting me to read to him the argument must be always insuffici. first of Scott's Essays on the most iment”—but not therefore wholly to

portant Subjects in Religion,' which treats

of " The Divine Inspiration of the Scripbe neglected. Does not God act

not gou aci tares. He listened with intense earnestby secondary causes ? 'faith,' says ness; and when it was concluded, ex. an Apostle, cometh by hearing.' claimed,' This is demonstration! com

In this wretched state matters plete demonstration!' He then asked me continued, without any endeavour on to read to him the acconut given in the the part of his friend to call in the New Testament of the resurrection of our aid of God's ininister, till a severe

Saviour : which I did from all the four

Evangelists. I read also many other pasattack of languor, in the spring of sages of Scripture, with some of which he 1820, reduced Dr. Bateman so low, was extremely struck; especially with that he even believed that the ex. that declaration, that ' the natural man haustion which could be produced receiveth not the things of the Spirit of by the effort of walking across a God, for they are foolishness unto him : room, might prove fatal.

neither can he know them, because they

are spiritually discerned. I Cor. ii. 14. " It was on Sunday, the 9th of April, “For two or three days he shewed in(continues the writer of this Memoir) that creasing interest in the subject of religion ; be first spoke to me on the subject of reli- and I read to him continually the Scripgion. He had passed the whole of the day tures, and other books which seemed to

De best calculated to give him the infor home, and was not expected to return for ination he thirsted for. When I went in- two or three weeks, to his rooun a few mornings after, he said, “These paroxysms of distress and con'It is quite impossible to describe to you flict, which sometimes lasted many hours, the change which has taken place in my he continued subject to for about a fortmind : I feel as if a new world was opened night; but they gradually became less to me, and all the interests and pursuits of long and violent, and he experienced inthis have faded into nothing in comparison creasingly great relief from prayer during with it. They seem so niean, and paltry, their continuance ; till at length they suband insignificant, that my blindness, in sided entirely, and left his mind satisfied living so long immersed in them, and de, on all those points which had before pre. voted to them, is qnite inconceivable and sented so many obstacles to his belief. astonishing to myself. He often express “ About this time he was prevailed upon ed in the strongest terms, and with many to leave his bed, and in a very few days tears, his deep repentance, and his abhor. was able to be some honrs daily in the rence of himself for his former sinful life open air, and to take considerable exer. and rebellion against God; but he seemed cise ; and it is remarkable, that from this to lave from the first so clear a view of time he had no return of languor after fathe all-sufficiency of the Saviour's atone tigue, except in one instance. Thus was ment, and of the Christian scheme of sale he delivered, by the gracious providence fation, as freed him at once froon that of God, from those overwhelming appre distrust of forgiveness which is so apt to hensions of immediate death which had afflict persons at the first sight of their been so instrumental in bringing him to sins, and of the parity and holiness of Christ, as soon as they had effected that Him. with whom they have to do. The blessed purpose.” P. 14. self-abasing views which he entertained " He now rarely spoke of the state of of himself pecessarily enhanced his sense his mind and feelings ; for such was the of the pardoniug love and mercy of God extreme reserve of his character, that it in Christ Jesus, thus graciously extended could only be overcome by deep and pow. to him: and which he felt so strongly, erful emotions; and when no longer agithat he was filled with the liveliest emo- tated by these, he returned to his natural tions of gratitude and joy, and in this habits, and was silent on the subject that happy state continued for several days. most deeply interested him. Still it was

* He soon, however, experienced an abundantly evident that it did interest affilicting reverse of feeling. One evening him. The avidity with wluch be listened I left himn to visit a near relative, at that to the word of God-his eagerness to attime confined to her room in a precarious tend public worship (which for many years state of health; and his mother, who had be had entirely neglected,) and the heartbeen in attendance upou her, took my felt and devout interest which he obvi place at the bed-side of her son. Dr. ously took in the service-his enlarged Bateman told her, that I had been reading and active benevolence -- the change to him various detached portions of Scrip which had taken place in his tastes, incliture, and that he now wished to hear the nations, and pursuits-all testified that he New Testament read regularly through was indeed 'brought out of darkness into from the beginning. She consequently marvellous light :' old things bad passed began to read, and had proceeded as far as away, and all things had become new.'” the tenth chapter of St. Matthew, when “ His health continued in much the le suddenly exclaimed, that he could not same state till a short time before Christ, believe in the miracles of the Saviour, and mas, when a walk, rather longer than that therefore he mast perish for ever, usnal, again produced increased fever and This saggestion of his spiritual enemy debility; and from that period his strength threw him into a state of the most dread and appetite visibly declined, while his ful anguish, and I was immediately sent spirit was as visibly ripening for heaven. for to his bed-side. Feeling ourselves to His faith and patience were strengthened; be very inadequate guides and comforters his hope was increased ; his charity enin these afilieting circumstances, we gladly Jarged: yet he was naturally so extremely adopted a suggesting of a friend, that we reserved in the expression of his feelings, should request a neighbouring clergyman that he rarely spoke of them till within of piety and judgment to visit him. Dr. the last month of his life, when he rejoiced Bateman himself grasped eagerly at the "with a joy unspeakable and full of glory, proposal, and I wrote immediately to the which bore down all opposition." clergyman in question ; but he was from “I ovce remarked to him, that he ap,


expressly suited to the purpose. bourer sitting over his frugal meal, The Society, if we rightly under- in the bosom of his family, listening stand their objects, do not pretend to some pious discourse, or instructhat what they have hitherto se- tive and entertaining history, hearing lected are the very best that could nothing that is bad, and occasionbe procured, but only the best that ally gathering much that is good have as yet come in iheir way. It and useful. We could hazard morcanhas been obviously their endeavour ticipations of the same pleasing kind, to avoid as much as possible on the anticipations that, we trust, will one hand every thing objectionable, prove to have been not more the and on the other to collect from wishes of an ardent mind, eager for works already before the public, " the welfare of the poor, than the remuch that is pleasing and useful. sult of cool calculation, and reason• By a reference to our Monthly able expectancy. Enough however Register, it will be seen that they has been said, to shew how deeply we are still adding to their list; and feel the importance of establishing we are happy iu being able to parochial libraries in every parish. assure our readers that there is if means are wanting, the Society every disposition on the part of the are never slack in rendering assista Society to keep pace with the in- ance; and when there is no want of creasing applications of their Mem. means, we are satisfied that the bers. Their Supplemental Cata. Clergy will not be slack on their logue, in which these works of a part in availing themselves of them. more general kipd are placed, may With these impressions, then, it be considered to have been as will be no wonder that we should yet but a trial—it has succeeded look on a writer such as Mr. Berens

the demand for the books so se- with no common interest. We are lected is daily increasing, and in- happy to learn that already his sercreasing from a cause which our mons have been placed on the Supreaders will be no less happy to plemental Catalogue of the Society : hear—the increase of parochial li. and we trust that the present Lecbraries.

tures, with others of his works, will The establishment of these li- be deemed worthy of the same disbraries is another of the recent mea- tinction. Mr. Berens, however, sures of the Society for Promoting must not stay bis pen-there is yet Christian Knowledge, that promises much to be done; and we really most essential benefit. A parochial know no person that can do it so library well selected, with a due re. well as himself. We should like gard to the local wants of the parish, much, for instance, to see the Limay be considered as a storehouse turgy of our Church set forth in of good and wholesome food, whence all its native beauty and fitness, the poor maybe seasonably supplied, after his own easy and simple maninstead of taking up with the poi. ner, and in his own language. sonous trash which is so industri. Waldo's essay may be excellent, and ously circulated through the remot. we have no doubt that it has receive est corners of the kingdom. There ed considerable improvement by will thus be no excuse, and less in- having been broken by Mr. Berens clination for reading what is bad, into the form of lectures ; but it is when what is at once good, instruc- no compliment to him to say that tive and amusing, is to be obtained he would have produced a much for the asking. Instead of wasting better work himself. Where a writer his time and his hard earnings, as is is so rich in his own original stores, now but too often the case, in the we cannot suffer him to waste his noise and dissipation of the ale- time in furbishing up the more antihouse, we may look to find the la. quated and less popular materials of

« PreviousContinue »