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tions were great for the solemniza- Notwithstanding which distema tion of the Queen's funeral. As he perature, for performance of his aca. was the principal in the custody of customed duty unto the King's Ma: the kingdom, and chief in all coun- jesty, (as formerly unto the Queen,) cils of state, under his Majesty in he went upon the next Sabbath folhis absence, so in this last solemnity lowing, being the first Sunday in of obsequy unto his ever-honoured Lent, over upto the Court at White. Sovereign and Mistress, he was the hall; where, meeting the then most eminent person of the whole Bishop of London, they both bad laud, and principal mourner; who long speech with his Highness about received the offering, and had the the affairs of the Church, both be, banners presented unto him.
fore and after his Majesty's coming After this, when at his Majesty's from the chapel. For which cause first entrance into England, the King staying long at the Court, and have had spoken with him at Theobald's, ing fasted until it was near one of whereby he more fully conceived his the clock, as he was going from religious pleasure touching the af- his Majesty unto the council.chamfairs of this commonwealth, he was ber to dinner, he was taken with a therewith put into heart; especially dead palsy, whereby all his right when after his coming to London, side was benumbed, and he bereaved be did again perceive his resolution of his speech. From the councilfor the continuance of the well- chamber he was, by means of his settled state of the Church; which dearest friends, the Lord Chancel. made him more cheerfully prepare lor, the Lord Treasurer, and the himself for performance of his duty, Bishop of London, with the aid of as a thing belonging unto his place, the King's servants, carried to the against the day of Coronation Lord Treasurer's chamber, and af. which ceremony accordingly was terwards in his barge conveyed home performed by his hands, July 25, to Lambeth. 1603.
- His Majesty, being much troubled The parliament now growing on, with the report of his sickness, came he appointed a meeting at Fulham, upon the Tuesday following to visit at the Bishop of London's house, and comfort him with very kind and 10 confer with some of the bishops gracious speeches ; saying, “that and judges of his court concerning be would beg him of God in his the affairs of the church, which prayer, which if he could obtain, were then to be treated upon. As he should think it one of the greatest he was thus going in his barge upon temporal blessings that could be an extraordinary cold day, and hav- given him in this kingdom.” The ing his barge-cloth tied up, as his Archbishop made offer to speak to custom was, to the top of the bales, his Majesty in Latin, but neither his the wind blew very sharply; so that Highness, nor any there present, well the young gentlemen, shaking with understood what he said, save only cold, desired to have the cloth down, that by the last words,“ pro ecclewhich he would by no means per. sia Dei, pro ecclesia Dei,” (which mit, because the water was rough, in earnest manner, with his eyes and and he would therefore see his way. hands lift up, he often iterated,) bis By reason whereof, the flashing of Majesty conceived, that hecontinued the water, and sharpness of the air, the suit which afore, so on the last did so pierce the Archbishop, (being occasion, he had earnestly recomabove three-score and thirteen years mended unto his royal and special of age) that he complained the same care in behalf of the church, night of a great cold, which he had After bis Majesty's departure, the then taken in the mould of his Archbishop had neither perfect use. head. . . . . . • of his speech, nor ability to write REMEMBRANCER, No. 68.
.. his mind, as he did desire by the spirit, and died in a good age, an signs that he used for ink and paper, old man, and of great years, and which being brought unto him, and was gathered unto his people." He he making offer to write, had no was Bishop of Worcester, six years feeling of his pen, for it fell out of and five months, and Archbishop of his hands. When he perceived his Canterbury, twenty years and fivė impotency to write, after two or months. three assays, he fetched a great His funeral was very honourably sigh, and lay down again, and on solemnized at Croydon, the 27th of Wednesday following, at eight of March following, 1604, where the the clock at night, the last of Fe- Earl of Worcester and the Lord bruary, 1603, he quietly, and like Zouch did him the honour in at. à lamb, died the servant of Christ. tending the hearse, and carrying his Of the manner of whose death, banners : Dr. Babington, Bishop though some undiscreet men have of Worcester, who likewise was his censured uncharitably, yet we may pupil at Cambridge, made his futruly say, as Solon did for the bap- neral sermon, and performed that py ends of Cleobis and Biton, who, duty with very great commendation, in the absence of their mother's choosing for his text a portion of oxen, did yoke themselves, and drew Scripture most fitting the worthiher in her car to the temple, and ness of his person. “ But Jehoiada after their sacrifices performed went waxed old, and was full of days and to bed, and were found the next died. An hundred and thirty years morning dead, without hurt or sor- old was he when he died. And they row : so fared it with this good buried him in the city of David witk Archbishop, who wanting the as the kings, because he had done good sistance of some who by their place in Israel, and toward God and his should have undergone with him the house." charge of guiding and supporting of In person he was of a middle staecclesiastical affairs, took the yoke ture, of a grave countenance, and and burthen thereof himself, for his brown complexion, black hair and mother the Church's sake :-—and eyes; he wore his beard neither when he had performed his obla- long nor thick. For his small timtions of prayer and thanksgiving to ber, he was of a good quick strength, God, was carried to bed, and there straight and well shaped in all his died without suffering hurt or sorrow. limbs, to the habit of his body; Thus he, as Abraham, of whom he , which began somewhat to buinish was a true son, “yielded up the towards his latter years.
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. Lives and Memoirs of the Bishops graphy. It is adapted to the most
of Sherborne and Salisbury, from extreme differences of taste. The the Year 705 to 1824. "By the philosophic moralist, who ponders Rev. Stephen Hyde Cassan, A.M. over every page with anxious seveChaplain to the Earl of Caledon, rity of thought-or the casual reader, K.P. Curate of Mere and West who seeks to add a wing to the passKnoyle, Wilts. pp. 840. 8vo. ing moment by mere occupation of Brodie and Dowding, Salisbury. the mind-finds a delight, which 1824.
closely engages bis attention, in the
picture of human life, displayed in THERE is no species of literature the character and circumstances of more generally interesting than bio. some distinguished individual.
Biography, in fact, addresses it. history, we are enabled to connect self more immediately to the heart ourselves with ibat portion of eterthan historical writing in general, nity which is already past. We are It presents to us occasions and sen, gratified to find that we do not stand timents with which we can fully on an insulated speck of. time-that sympathize. The events which have though, in appearance, we are but befallen an individual, are such as ephemeral beings, we have, in reamay happen to any of us, and such, lity, an interest beyond the pretherefore, as excite the deepest sent moment, and a relation to interest, when presented to our por another state of things.-The contice in any particular instance. The nection, moreover, which the rise events, on the other hand, which and fall of the nations of the world belong to the collective operations has with our individual prosperityof whole communities—though they a connection well enforced by Pepossess a powerful interest to the ricles, when, to comfort his dejected contemplative mind, which is able countrymen, he told them, it was to view them in their connection “ better for them to suffer personwith the personal character and cir- ally while their country collectively cumstances of the individual agents was prosperous, than to be prosconcerned in them, and the princi- perous personally while their counples of human nature in general try was depressed”-gives us a yet do not so immediately appeal to closer interest in the events recorded our syunpathy; we look on the scene by the bistorian than we might, on of public affairs rather as spectators a superficial consideration, be in. who seek to be amused, than as clined to suspect. agents who would kuow what they But while we fully concede to hisshould do.
tory its powerful attractions, we only Far' be it from us, at the same claim for biography a more immeditime, to depreciate the interest which ate charm, from the strong sympathy belongs to the noble inditings of the which it exciles in us for the hero of historic muse. There is a feeling its narrative. We look in its pages for of enlargement and elevation im- express precedents for the direction parted to the mind, which, under of our conduct. We are anxious, the guidance of the faithful histo as we read, to see what impression rian, follows with retrospective eye those events of life, which are comthe movements of nations and en mon to us all, have made on the pires,
character of the individual, or what Per varios casus, per tot discrimina
degree of control bis character has
exercised over them, or how far it rerum,
has rendered them the materials of and explores the operation of those good or evil; that we may learn mighty wheels, by which the moral from thence how to improve our machinery of the world has been im- own character, and to obtain a moral pelled, and brought into that state influence over the affairs of life. which comes under our own obser- We may not, perhaps, expressly vation. The grandeur of the subject propose to ourselves this instruction invests the scenes and the agents when we open the volume of biowhich belong to it with a corres- graphy--or we may be little aware of ponding importance, and we enter, that process of personal application, accordingly, with a degree of enthu- which is carried on in the recess of siasm, into all the detail concerning our minds, while we pursue the subthem.-- That aspiration after immor- ject of the memoir through the tality, which is so strong an instinct various events of his history; but of our nature, is also indulged in when we examine our own hearts in part, while, through the pages of those passages which most forcibly
awaken our sympathy, we shall find the world bear to each other-and them to relate to such occasions as thus enables us, through numerous are most incidental to human life, and experiments, to ascertain those prinsuch, therefore, as afford the most ciples which shall conduct us sucpractical lessons for the direction of cessfully through the intricate paths our conduct. The death-scene of the of life. Its office is, by no means biographical memoir is a striking therefore, one of trifling and ineffecillustration of this fact. There is no tual labour. It is not without its "moving accident" in the whole nar- importance, to know the parentage, rative, it will be allowed, which the place and period of birth, the commands so deep and breathless scene of education, the abode, the an attention. Who, for instance, various accidents of life, which can have read the admirable sketchies belong to the individual subject of of such scenes which Izaak Walton the memoir. Not only are these has drawn, and especially that in circumstances necessary, to give his life of Hooker, and not felt a a peculiarity to the biographical solemn delight in contemplating sketch, and as deriving an interest those awful spectacles of Christian from association with the individual, triumph ? Or, if we recur to still but as often involving much that higher authority, to the sacred me has determined the character and morials which the Bible gives us of fortunes of the man. What we the patriarch Jacob-how is our may consider trifles in themselves, attention riveted, when, having fol. are really great matters, when viewed lowed him through the days of his in all their relations. Possibly, in. eventful pilgrimage, we at length deed, the individual in question stand with his sons around the may have attained to the same cecouch on which he“ gathered up his lebrity,--may have been equally feet, and yielded up the ghost, and distinguished, in the career of civil was gathered unto his people?" From or military renown,-in the walks of that imperative decree, which dooms science and literature,—or in the us all to the dust from whence wé devoted tenor of a life eminent in 'came, we are ever anxious to derive piety and zealous charity, in cir. some instruction from those who are cumstances different from those in gone before us, how to perform our which he appears to have been ac. part wel, when brought to that ex- tually situated. But this is an in. pected crisis, through which they quiry which it belongs not to us to have already passed ; and hence it make. Either the peculiar circum. is that we listen with such sacred stances of the individual have, or silence to the recital of every action have not, had a visible effect upon and word which speak the senti. the complexion of his life. It is ments of the departing soul.'' important, therefore, for us to ex.
The interest of biography thus plore these circumstances, that we arises from its inimediate personal may at least be in possession of the importance.--It concerns us to know, whole state of the case and form how others, of like passions and in- our estimate of the character, either clinations with ourselves, have tra- as tinged by the peculiarity of situ. velled the weary road of life, and ation, or as rising superior to the borne the weight of human infirmity, accidental circumstances under Biography accordingly holds a very which it is exhibited. . high station in the ranks of litera - As biography aims at practical ture. It is in fact a practical philo- instruction in the conduct of life sophy of human life. It presents its sphere of operation is proporus with varied exemplification of tionably extended beyond the pro. the mutual relations which human vince of the historian. The histo, gharacter and the circumstances of rian can only dilate on such charac,
ters, as are essentially connected with scenes of unparalleled iniquity and the progress of public affairs. The by horrors of description which epithet great under its common ac. would provoke indignation instead ceptation, must in some degree be- of awakening the kindlier emotion long to the individuals, on whose of pity. The faithful historian is portraits he is employed. Those compelled, from the course of his who by their counsels, or their arms, narration, occasionally to intermingle have advanced, or depressed, their accounts, with which the heart cancountry among the nations of the not sympathize, from that more world who have been influential by than human infirmity which they their actions, or opinions, over the display. But the biographer, who religion, the literature, or the man- brings forward some particular chaners of their country, or of the racter to our view, bas no such exworld, are such as demand to be cuse in his narrative. The vicious. sketched with the bold touches of ness of a character conspicuous in the historic pencil, and to be held depravity, is known before he enters forth as beacons to posterity. But on the particular detail of the cir. the biographer may descend to the cumstances belonging to it, and unambitious specimens of private every thing in the course of the narand hun ble virtue, no less than he rative only tends to illustrate this may aspire to the delineation of the viciousness. His only alternative, most splendid patterns of public therefore, is to abstain altogether zeal and usefulness. There must in- from assuming such a subject of de. deed be in every character which he scription. depicts, some ground of distinction - While, however, so extensive a above the general stamp of men. field is open to the biographer, it There must be at least some reason will be allowed, that the best subfor the selection of the individual jects of biographical illustration are whom he describes, to justify that such persons as have in some mea. call which he makes on our atten. sure also an historical importancetion to the particular subject of his by which we would imply, not such memoir. · But this distinction is alone as have been actively employed compatible with the most lowly ex- in political transactions, but such as ternal circumstances-It may be have been in any way connected with such as arises from the peculiar the institutions of a country, or proconstitution of mind, or habits of moted its advance in arts and civili. any person, and such as may be zation. We readily appreciate the found, no less in the cottage, than iu excellence of such works as Johnthe courts of princes; in the re- son's Lives of the Poets, because tired paths of domestic life, no less we are introduced by them to domes. than in the career of public service tic converse with persons who hold -in unlettered usefulness as well a conspicuous place in the literary as in the creative exertions of ge history of our country. We feel nius. There appears to be only this that there is an appropriateness in ·limit to the province of the biogra- the selection, thus presented to our pher, that he should not select such notice, and are predisposed favourcharacters as are distinguished by ably to receive the instruction conpre-eminence in vice. These are mon- veyed.--Hence it is, independently -strous and unnatural, and cannot of their peculiar excellence in point therefore afford that practical in- of execution, that the lives of Plu. struction, which is his aim. They tarch form the most perfect model of are too shocking again, to bedwelled biography. . upon with any complacency, or to. In a country so constituted as excite the requisite interest. He ours, in which the religious and must not disgust his readers by civil institutions are vitally inter