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Timet, Place, and Number/ Confirmed Ml 824.
May 3, St. John, Hackney 1460
4, St. Mary le-bone ...... 1174
A, Kensington 1074
10, St. Paul's_...„ 6J1
12, St. Magnus the Martyr.. 195
13, St. Botolph, Bishopsgate 777
17, St. Mary, Whitechapel.. 815
18, St. Andrew, Holborn .. . 1150
19, St. Martin-ip-the-Fields.. 613 94, St. James, Westminster.. 608 85, St. George, Hanover-sqr. 907
The following General Order has been issued from his Royal Highness . the Commander-in-Chief to the Army. We understand that a similar Order will shortly be issued by the Lords of the Admiralty to the Navy.
GENERAL ORDER. Horse Guards, May 18, 1824. It has been reported to the Commander-in-Chief, that, in some instances, Regimental Officers have been employed by certain Societies
for the distribution of Bibles and Religious Tracts among the Troops; and, considering that such a'duty belongs solely to the Chaplains of the Army, who are attached to Garrisons, or Brigades, and who are the proper and only channel, with the approbation of the Commanding Officers, for all Communications of this nature, His Royal Highness strictly forbids Military Officers from accepting or executing any such Commission, under the penalty of His Majesty's severe displeasure. In giving this Order to the Army, His Royal Highness feels it essential to declare, that Military Chaplains are always/ ready to perform the Duties for which they are held responsible; and that they will never fail to issue to the Troops, under . regular Authority, whatever it may be proper to distribute among them.
By His Royal Highness,
MEDITATIONS.—(from Bishop Hall.)
Upon a fair coloured Fly.
What a pleasant, mixture of colours there is in this fly; and yet they say, no fly is so venomous as this; which by the outward touch of the hand corrodes the inmost passages of the body.
It is no trusting to colours and shapes; we may wonder at their excellency, without dotage upon their beauty. Homeliness makes less shew, and hath less danger; —give me inward virtue and usefulness; —let others care for outward glory.
Upon the sight of Grapes.
Mark the difference of these grapes: there yon see a cluster, whose grapes touch one another, well ripened: here you see some stragglers,which grow almost solitary, green and hard. It is thus with us, Christian society helpeth onr progress. And woe to him that is alone. He is well that is the better for others; but be is happy by whom others are better.
Upon the sight of a piece of Money under the Water.
I should not wish ill to a covetous man, if I should wish all his coin in the bottom of the river; no pavement could so well become that stream; no sight could better fit his greedy desires; for there every piece would seem double, every teston would appear a shilling, every crown an angel. It is the nature of that element to greaten appearing quantities; while we look through the air upon that solid body, it can make no other representations: neither is it otherwise in spiritual «yes and objects; if we look with carnal eyes through the interposed mean of sensuality, every base and worthless pleasure will seem a large contentment; if with weak eyes we shall look at small and immaterial truths aloof off, in another element of apprehension, every parcel thereof shall seem main and essential; hence every knack of heraldry in the sacred genealogies,
and every scholastic quirk in disquisitions of divinity, are made matters of no less than life and death to the soul. It is a great improvement of true wisdom to be able to see things as they are, and to value them as they are seen. Let me labour for that power and staidnets of judgment, that neither my senses may deceive my mind, nor the object may delude my sense.
Upon Wasps falling into a Glass. See you that uarrow-inonthed .glass, which is set near to the hive, mark how busily the wasps resort to it, being drawn thither by the smell of that sweet liquor wherewith it is bated; see how eagerly they creep into the month of it; and fall down suddenly from that slippery steepnew into that watery trap, from which they can never rise: there after some vain labour and weariness tbey drown and die: you do not see any of the bees look that way; they pass directly to their hive, without any notice taken of such a pleasing bait; idle and 111 disposed persons are drawn away with every temptation, they have both leisure and will to entertain every sweet allurement to sin, and wantonly prosecute their own wicked lusts till they fall into irrecoverable damnation j whereas the diligent and laborious Christian, that follows hard and conscionably the works of an honest calling, is free from the danger of these deadly enticements, and lays up honey of comfort against the winter of evil. Happy is that man who can see and enjoy the success of his labour; but, however, this we are sure of; if our labour cannot purchase the good we would have, it shall prevent the evil we woufd avoid.
Upon the tight of a great Library. What a world of wit is here packed up together! I know not whether this sight doth more dismay or comfort me; it dismays me to think that here is so much that I cannot know; it comforts me to think that this variety yields so good helps to know what I sbonld; there is no tvnet word than that of Solomon—there is no end of making many books; this sight verifier it; there is no end; Indeed, it were pity there should; God hath given to man a busy soul; the agitation whereof cannot but through time and experience work out many hidden truths; to suppress these would be no other than injurious to mankind; whose minds like unto so many candles, should be kindled by each other. The thoughts of our deliberation are most accurate, these we vent into our papers. What
an happiness U it, that, without all offence of necromancy, I may here call up any of the ancient worthies of learning, whether human or divine, and confer with them of all my doubts? That I can at pleasure summon whole synods of reverend fathers, and acute doctors from all the coasts of the earth, to give their well-studied judgments in all the points of question which I propose? Neither can 1 cast my eye casually upon any of these silent masters, but I must learn somewhat. It is a wantonness to complain of choice.
No law binds us to read all; bnt the more we can take in and digest, the better liking must the mind's needs be. Blessed be God that has set up so many clear lamps in his church.
Now none but the wilfully blind, can plead darkness; and blessed be the memory of those his faithful servants,that have left tlieir blood, their spirits, their lives, in these precious papers; and have willingly wasted themselves into these during monuments, to give light unto others.
Upon the tolling of a patting Self.
How doleful and heavy is this summons of death? This sound is not for our ears, but for our hearts; it calls us not only to our prayers, but to our preparation: to our prayers for the departing soul; to our preparation for our own departing. We have never so much need of prayers, as in our last combat, then is our great adversary most eager: then arc we the weakest, then nature is so over-laboured, Uiat it gives us not leisure to make use of gracious motions. There is no preparation so necessary as for this conflict; all our life is little enough to make ready for our last hour. What am I better than my neighbours i How oft hath this bell reported to me the farewell of many more strong and vigorous bodies than my own ; of many more cheerful and lively spirits? And now what doth it but call me to the thought of my parting i Here is no abiding for me: I must away too.
Oh I teach mc so to number ay days, that I may apply my heart to true wisdom.
Upon the tight of a Bladder. Every thing must he taken in his meet time; let this bladder alone till it be dry-, and all the wind in the world cannot raise it up, whereas, now it is new and moist, the least breath fills, and enlarges it; it is no otherwise in ages and dispositions; inform the child in precepts of learning and virtue, while years make him capable, bow pliably he yieldetu, how happily is he replenislicd with knowledge and goodness; let him alone till time and in example have hardened him, till be be settled in an habit of evil, and contracted and clung together with sensual delights, now he becomes utterly indocible ; sooner may that bladder be broken than distended.
Upon a Burr leaf.
Neither the vine, nor the oak, nor the cedar, nor any tree, that I know within our climate, yields so great a leaf as this weed, which yet, after all expectation, brings forth nothing but a burr, unprofitable, troublesome. So have I seen none make greater profession of religion than an ignorant man, whose indiscreet forwardness yields no fruit but a factious disturbance to the church wherein he lives. Too much shew is not so much better than none at all, as an ill fruit is worse than none at all.
Upon the singing of a Bird.
It is probable that none of those creatures that want reason,, delight so much in pleasant sounds, as a bird; whence it is, that both it spends so much time in singing, and is more apt to imitate those modulations which it hears from men. Frequent practice (if it be voluntary) argues a
delight in that which wc do; and delight makes us more apt to practise; and more capable of perfection in that we practise. O God! if I take pleasure in thy law, I shall meditate of it with comfort, speak of it with boldness, and practise it with cheerfulness.
Upon an Ivy Tree. Behold a true emblem of false love: here are kind emhracements, but deadly: bow close doth this weed cling unto that oak, and seems to hug and shade it i bnt in the mean time draws away the sap, and at last kills it. Such is an harlot's love, such is a parasite's. Qive me that love and friendship which is between the vine and the elm, whereby the elm is no wliit worse, and the vine much the better. That wluilesome and noble plant doth not so close wind itself about the tree that upholds it, as to gall the bark, or to suck away the . moisture; and again the elm yields a beneficial snpportation to that weak, though generous plant. As God, so wise men know to measure love, not by profession and compliment, (which is commonly most high and vehement in the falsest) but by reality of performance. lie is no enemy that hurts me not. I am not bis friend whom I desire not to benefit.
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
The Superintendence of Christ over his Church, a Sermon preached in Lambeth Chapel, on Sunday, April 11,1824, at the Consecration of the Right Rev, Christopher Betheil, D.D. Lord Bishop of Gloucester. By J. B. Sumner, M.J. Prebendary of Durham, c\c. t\c. Published at the Command of his Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury. 4to. pp. 21. Hatthard and Sou. 1824.
This Sermon is quite worthy of the author of •* Apostolical Preaching Considered."* Flowing with a tide of clear and simple eloquence, it powerfully impresses us with a heartfelt and lively conviction of the serious truths which it lays before us, and disposes the reader almost
* We particularly mention this work, because we confess it is Out favourite amongst the author's excellent productions.
unconsciously to examine his own heart, and see whether there be any evidence of their practical effect on himself. To the ministers of the Gospel in particular, it addresses itself in accents which cannot die away on the ear and be forgotten. It points out to them the high character which they hold in the Christian dispensation, as the living instruments by which Christ exercises his active superintendence, and on whom he pours out his Spirit for the edifying of the body of tire church. It opens with the following energetic passage:—
"However slightly treated or passed over by the world, and classed with things of man's contrivance, the Christian Church is a sublime object of contemplation. When we consider from what origin it rose; against what interests it has prevailed ; from what clouds it has emerged; what comforts it has diffused ; what moral
changes it is continually effecting:—we are constrained to say, This has God wrought, this is God's building." .
Shewing, then, the absurdity of supposing that Christ should cease to watch over the Church which he had once instituted, Mr. Sumner goes on to state three several ways in whicli his superintendence is manifested,—in providing persons qualified: 1st, To declare the truths of the Gospel at home, and to pub-" lish it abroad; 2Jly, To defend its authority, and to maintain its doctriues in their purity ; 3dly, To apply these doctrines to the hearts and lives of men.
Under the first head, he asserts the heavenly influence of the Spirit in communicating to persons the disposition to employ their faculties and powers in preaching the Gospel.—In the early ages of Christi. anity, this inward calling was evidenced in the weariness and painfulness, watchings and fastings, persecutions and privation, which were willingly undergone for the sake of the Gospel.—In later ages, it is manifested in the counteracting energy of the faithful preacher amidst difficulties and discouragements, arising either from the contented indifference of mankind or their natural aversion to true spiritual religion ; and in the lively faith which prompts the minister of the Gospel to forego the blessings of bis native land, and go forth to publish salvation to the nations yet lying in darkness. We cannot forbear giving, in Mr. Sumner's own words, that animated description of the Christian missionary with which he concludes this division of his subject:—
"Out of the vast tract of uncultivated ground which a religious survey of the world unhappily represents, some spots are open to the spiritual husbandman, and invite the Apostle, the Evangelist, to bring good tidings, to publish salvation. But who, except the Lord of the harvest, can send forth labourers into fields like them? Shall we ascribe it to any thing but the power of His grace, if we find
those who are ready to forego the blessings and connexions of their native land, and banish themselves into the deserts of heathenism, where, in hope of future produce from labours now unseen and unacknowledged, they till the nnbroken ground, and scatter the precious seed; without encouragement to animate their toil, or companion to cheer them on their way? I must not, indeed, say that they are alone; for he makes his abode with them, who has promised to be always with bis faithful ministers to the end of the world: nor must I speak of them as unseen; for their Fattier which seeth in secret, shall reward them openly: hut I will boldly say, that he who worketh all in all, can alone produce the lively faith which overcomes the present world, and goet out, not knowing whither,' for the sake of a crown of glory iu the life to come."
The next division of his subject is employed in pointing out the influence of the Spirit in securing a right interpretation of scriptural truth; to which even heresies, he shews, have contributed, by drawing forth able expositions of the truth as it is in Jesus.
"Men have not thought it modi to employ in the interpretation of the Bible, talents of gigantic eminence, and labour which would have procured to them the highest worldly advantages:—they have devoted days and nights to studies which had no other interest, than that they were connected with the elucidation of some scriptural truth, or the refutation of some uuscriptural error;—they have applied themselves to critical pursuits of a very uninviting nature, and to languages which afforded no return of literary gratification, that they might better understand the Scriptures, or unfold their contents to others against whom they had before been closed. Certainly they have had their re-, ward: they have found their recompense in this, that they have been labouring in a sacred cause; that the counsels of God, and his dealings towards men, have been constantly present to their mind. Bnt the preparation of the heart which made these counsels dear to them; which made them consider this, and this alone, a sufficient recompense, if they could discern the way of salvation more clearly, or render it more plain to others -,—this must be referred to Him,who worketh all in all."
Our attention is, lastly, called to tbe operation of the Spirit in the perfecting of the saints. Obstacles to the discharge of the ministerial duty, arising from the cares or pleasures of the world—from a piety untempered by charity towards man —or from spiritual pride—and " a thousand dangers which beset the narrow path"—can only be encountered and overcome through the Divine assistance.
"Perhaps the scene of labour is cast in some sequestered corner of the land, in what the men of business, or the men of intellect and literature, would call a wild"" cfness v but in that wilderness a flock is to be red, and that flock is designed for immortality; and the faithful shepherd watches, and prays, and labours for the safety of those souls entrusted to him, as a father for the welfare of his children. I speak to those who can .appreciate such cares; to some who have themselves experienced them; and who know at once the necessity and the painfulness of these ministrations. The interpreter of Scripture may And some reward in perpetuating his name amongst his brethren; the preacher may be cheered by the applause and admiration of his hearers: but what can stimulate the humble and retired minister, the laborious watchman of the house of Israel, except the desire implanted in him by the Spirit, that he may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus, as his hope and crown of rejoicing in the great day."
Mr. Sumner here anticipates the objection which may be made, by ^ narrow-minded men, to the alleged ■ purity of motive which actuates the minister of the Gospel, from the temporal support which his duties procure for him; and while he acknowledges the benefits of the liberal endowment which the Church enjoys, maintains that these benefits are not, and cannot be, the leading stimulus to the duties of the ministry. The appeal which he here makes to his hearers, at once bespeaks the sincerity of the preacher, and the justice of his vindication :—
"But I may safely appeal to the hearts of the reverend persons who hear me, whether some more noble, more disinterested, more lasting motive, is not to be found engraven there:—and well I am assured, that those on whose hearts it is engraven, will be the first to say, not unto us, Lord, not unto us, but 'untd thy name be the
praise; for it is thy Spirit which worketh all in all."
The concluding part of the Sermon is employed in deducing comfort and encouragement to the faithful minister, from the subject under consideration. The highest as well as the lowest members of the body of Christ are thus emboldened to trust, that "he who first actuates the heart to devote itself to his service, will perform unto the end the good work which he has begun."
The solemnity of the occasion, however, more particularly leading the thoughts to those who are placed in authority in the Church, Mr. Sumner directs the sequel of his remarks to the Episcopal Order; and we do not remember to have seen any passage in which the duties of the rulers of the Church have been set forth more consistently with the admirable admonitions contained in the service appointed for the Consecration of Bishops ; or in which that filial reverence due from the presbyter towards " the fathers of his ordination," has been more scrupulously and delicately observed. It is not, indeed, a direct exhortation with which he concludes, but by pointing out the expected aid and co-operation of the Holy Spirit in discharging their high functions, he is led to expatiate on those functions, and thus tacitly enforces their obligations. (
"Our thoughts to-day are naturally directed towards those who rule: rule as heads of an establishment, which it does not become roc to eulogize in this place, but with which it is impossible not to connect, in a great measure, the interests of the universal Church. He, whom they serve, will enable them to watch over its welfare with wisdom and perseverance; and whilst they endeavonr daily to enlarge its usefulness, and secure to an increasing popnlation the benefits of a Scriptural Liturgy, and an enlightened ministry, will teach them to disregard the calumny, the prejudice, the indifference towards all religion against which they are frequently obliged to contend. He will enable them, as overseers of the flock, to feed the Church of Cod which ht has purchased