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ing his bodily infirmities began to prevail against the strength and willingness of his mind, not permitting him to preach in public, save only on the fifth of November, which was his last; though he did preach in private almost to all that came to him, and were capable of his converse, even till he was much spent and weary, as I have heard him complain.
God was pleased to exercise him With bodily pains, indispositions and > distempers, sometimes with sharp fits of the stone, and hydropic inclinations, which made the chariot of his body (which was somewhat plethoric and corpulent) drive heavily, though these fiery horses, his fervent spirits were still agile and able. But^under all these God supported him with his grace; and a spirit as always humble, devout and pious, so for the most part sociable, serene and cheerful, till he had lived to his sixty-seventh year.
Then, with age, sickness increased with great failings of spirit; which gave him the alarms of approaching death; but before this, while he was yet in competent health of body and serenity of mind, he made his will, which bears date, as Mr. Thomas Buck his executor told me, two years before his departure; a will much like that of St. Austin, or other primitive Bishops, not laden with great and pompous legacies of money, but rather with testimonies of a pious, grateful and charitable soul. That little he had of estate, was distributed either as tokens of respect, love, and gratitude to his ancient friends, or as agnitions of his nearest deserving kindred and relations, or as requitals to a well-deserving servant, or as charitable reliefs to the poor; he was pauperior opibtts, but opukntior moribus, as Chrysologus speaks of St. Laurence.
If any man quarrel that he gave away no more by will; the reason is, he had no more: he wanted not a large heart or liberal hand; no man was further from covetousness,
Remembrancer, No. 67.
which is never so unseasonable as when a man is trying: nor was he wanting to be his own 'executor; choosing rather in secret to give much while he lived, than to leave more when he died. If this be his defect that he gave not great sums as the reuowned Bishop Andrews, or other Bishops and Clergymen sometimes did to pious and charitable uses, to colleges, libraries, hospitals, (when Bishops and other churchmen enjoyed those rewards and revertues, which the piety and laws of the nation had proportioned to their places and merit) truly it must be imputed to the injuries and privations of the times; for no tree would have borne more or fairer fruit, as in other so in this kind, than this fair and fruitful fig-tree, if he had not been blasted; not by Christ's word as a Bishop, or. as barren; but by the fatal curse of the times. No Christian would have done more good works of this nature, or more advisedly, than this wise and venerable Bishop, SI res ampla domisimilisqueaffectibus tsset, if his estate had been answerable to his mind.
In all his vacancies from pains and bodily infirmities, he was frequent in preaching; in celebrating and receiving the holy sacrament of the Lord's Supper; in his private retirements much in reading, (chiefly the Scriptures of later years) in meditating and in prayer, besides his social joining with others in family duties; in which as he willingly and devoutly used the Liturgy of the Church, so far as it was fitted to public and private necessities, so he cither added of his own or admitted from others those pious and prudent prayers, which more nearly suited, with the private devotions and condition of those that were present.
He had more frequent infirmities, as gentle monitors a little before his death, of which he would speak to myself and others in a kind of familiar sort, as one that by dying daily was well acquainted with death.
He would say, that it was a very cheap time now to die; there being so little temptation to desire life, and so many to welcome death; since he had lived to see no King in the State, no Bishop in the Church, no Peer in Parliament, no Judge in the land, yea and no Parliament in any freedom, honour, power or being worthy that name; Omnia miles; all power was contracted to the pummel of their sword, or the barrel of their guns; the soldier was all in all, in that black interregnum or horrid orpaToxfa-riix, which had neither form nor power of any legal government in England; in that dark day departed this great light: all Church and State being reduced to military arbitration and presumption; he saw nothing remained of order, or honour, love or law, reason and religion, in any public and social correspondency: yea new feuds and quarrels, like boils from unsound bodies, were daily breaking out, and continuing the tires of civil wars, like those of hell and Tophet, to be everlasting and unquenchable: there being no thought of the way of peace, but to avoid it.
This made him willingly gird (as St. Peter did) his coat to him, that he might be ready to launch into that dead sea when Christ should bid him come to him. He only hoped and prayed that God would favour him so far with an iv&atauia, as to let him die* without much pain, as indeed he did; for after his spirits were in ten days decayed and wasted, he slumbered much, yet had vigilant intervals; at which times he was intent to his long home, and his better reception by the holy angels, by a gracious Saviour, and a good God; giving himself to such prayers, meditations and discourses, as his own strength could bear, or others kindness would seasonably afford him; thus (as Chrysologus speaks of Elias) Anima defacata mortis victrix evolavit ad caelum, being full of the grace and peace of God, and confirmed in it by the ab.
solution of the Church (which belongs to all that die in the true faith, and blesed hope of penitent sinners) he placidly rendered his holy, devout, and precious soul to God that gave it,* on the seventh of December, in the year of our Lord, 1659, in that vertiginous year, which after three overturns, so reformed the Church and State of England, that there was no form of legal, civil and settled government in England: but from righting at first for King and Parliament, both King and Parliament were quite driven out by those that having power over the purse by the sword of the nation, thought they deserved to have the sovereign power also, and could manage it better than those masters to whom they formerly had devoted their service as soldiers.
Of all his inward accomplishments his very bodily presence, and visible aspect was a kind of pledge and earnest; he was yaXitot xa.) iffovpiTijc To I'jos, as Greg. Nazian. speaks of the ecclesiastic and majestic looks of St. Basil and Caesarius. The whole frame of his person had something of grandeur, goodliness and loveliness in it; his looks were venerable, (in vultu omnium tirtutum signa) he had all the good omens and lineaments of great virtues in hiscountc
• Such were his Lordship's serious preparations for death, that three years before, (among other secret passages concerning the state of his own soul, which he readily communicated to me,) he was pleased in private to tell inc, that lie had made great progress in that greatest and most important work, and that in a short time (through the grace of God) he should finish it, and so would spend the remainder of his days in a humble and hourly expectancy of his dissolution. Whereupon we may with some confidence speak it, his Lordship had nothing to do, when he received the last summons to remove from hence, but only to compose himself to sleep in Jesus, which his Lordship did most sweetly and contentedly.— Marlyn's Address to the Readers, prefixed to hit edition of Bishop 1} rowing's Sermons.
nance; and truly his life made good bis looks: his body for stature and figure, was somewhat athletic, puissant (paulo procerius) somewhat taller and bigger than ordinary; yet very comely, (decora animee vestit, as Tertul. calls it:) no man ever became the preacher's pulpit, or the doctor's chair, or the episcopal seat, (it was called of old Thronus Episcopate) better than he did: carrying before him such an unaffected stale and grandeur, such a benign . gravity, and a kind of smiling severity, that one might see much in him to be reverenced, and more to be loved; yet what was venerable in him was very amiable, and what was amiable was very venerable.
The majesty of his presence was so allayed with meekness, candour and humility, that uo roan was further from any thing morose or supercilious, or savouring of self-fulness and conceit, he was (as ttltpnpot»! iwpoV
WOf SO tiQvns xai ivvfojiyoqos) of SO
affable a compliance, and supple a condescension, that although he never forgat himself as to any indecorum, yet he seemed never to remember himself much in point of reserve aud distance, as to those excellences which he had above most men; he was like Gideon's fleece, into which the liberal dew of heaven had distilled insensibly; which filled ■ it, but not swelled it: it was more ponderous, not more proud, with its celestial pregnancy and fluency.
But how goodly a person soever he was, and worthy to be beheld and enjoyed by us longer in the land of the living; yet now he is (as the flower and goodliness of all flesh) cut down withered and vanished, hidden from all mortal eyes, you are now to look upon him only by reflection backward; for forward he is invisible; another potent Elijah taken out of your sight; another reverend father that hath left this orphan and divided Church ; another wise man and faithful counsellor withdrawn from a foolish nation and distracted people, from whom God
hath taken away his peace; another righteous man taken from the evil to come, another great prophet who could not but foresee and foretcl the evils that would (as.St, Paul speaks) follow a sinful generation after his departure*.
This is another of the prime chariots and horsemen of our Israel, of our excellent scholars, divines, preachers and bishops, which God hath taken out of an evil world, after Bishop Usher, Bishop Hall, Bishop Morton, and others of later years, who are sufficient to make an everlasting divorce between Prelacy and Popery ; that odious and unjust conjunction of modern calumny put upoii the reformed Bishops of England; all these died, as in the true faith, so in the foresight and fear of much future miseries impending over us; for though we have drank deep of the cup of the wrath of God, yet they justly feared we were not yet at the dregs.
This holy Bishop went not as the envious and evil world designed, with sorrow to his grave upon his own account, but rather with joy and blessed hope; he knew the world was bad enough at best, but now he thought it stark nought and mad, without sense or shame for sin, even at its worst (Novissima et
* " I know all accidents are minuted and momeuted by Divine Providence, and yet I hope I may say without sin, his was an untimely death, not to himself (prepared thereunto) but as to his longer life; which the prayers of pious people requested, the need of the Church required, the date of nature could have permitted, bnt the pleasure of God (to which all must submit) denied. Otherwise, he would have been most instrumental to the composure of Church differences, the deserved opinion of whose goodness had peaceable possession in the hearts of the Presbyterian party. I observed at his funeral, that the prime persons of all persuasions were present, whose judgments going several ways, met all in a general grief for his decease. He was buried on the cost of both temples, to his great, but to their greater honour.'' Fuller's Worthies, 2nd vol. p. 334.
pcssima tempora). His only fear and grief was lest the ark of the reformed religion once well settled in England, should at length be takencaptive again by the stratagems of tbc enemies, and carried either to Babylon, or the house of Dagon, to popular and fanatic confusion, or to Romish idolatry and superstition: this hope yet he had in the bottom of his fears, next pod's mercy, tint since the most crying and scarlet
sins were not the Tote, fact or afterassent of either the most or the best people of the nation, that perhaps the Lord would yet return to Eugland in his favour, and require the vengeance due to his justice, and to the scandal of the Christian and re. formed religion, from those who were the chief in evil counsels and actions, violently obtruded upon the nation to its great trouble anil misery.
CONSECRATION OF A CHURCH IN THE REIGN OF JAMES I.
7'o the Editor of the Remembrancer.
As the Consecration of the new Churches, produced by the Parlia. mentary grant, which the Commissioners have so well husbanded, and turned to such excellent account, is now continually engaging public attention, I send you an interesting narrative of the performance of that solemnity in the reign of James the First, extracted from Stowe's Annals, which I trust will not be unacceptable to your readers.
And remain yours, &c.
"Fnlmcr, a towne so called in Buckinghamshire, hailing their parish Church about a mile distant from thence, in the open fielde, being nowe growne very olde and ruinate, in regard whereof, and for the generall ease and good of posterities, it pleaseth Sir Marmadnke Dorrell, knight, master of the King's houscholde, to take downe the ruines of that decayed Church, and at his owne charge to build a newe large faire parish Church with a font, a pulpit, and all church ornaments, with, seates, and all other necessaries, and environed it with a fayre chnrch-yard, and was builded within the towne of Fulmer, this knight being lord thereof; and from this time the parishioners were freed from the offence of sommers heate, fowle wayes, and winters weather, which untill nowe were hetde great impediments in their duteous fepayrc unto j« house of God. This
Church thus fully finished and adorned, was consecrated the first day of November this yeare 1610, by the Right Reverend Father in God Doctor Barlow, tbeu L, Byshop of Lincolne: the manner whereof hriefley followetb, and first the churchyard was hallowed, which the Bishop and all the assemblee compassed, and as they marched, they sung the 100. Psalnie: this circuite finished, the Byshop made a compendious speech, expressing the reasons of this, and the like enclosures about Churches, two whereof were cbiefe, the one was to giue due distinction, state Jt reuerence to the Temple of Almigbtie God, from all prophane wayes and base places, and that no other building should bee nccre nnto it: and to this purpose he cited the 43d chapter of Ezecb. The other reason is, because the chnrch-yard is a dormitary, or place of rest, for Christians to sleepe in, untill the resurrection, for so much the word in Greeke and Latino signified!: in this speech he distinguished all differences of places & persons, &c. with the diuine reasons, canse, and holy institution of these things in the primitive Church, and duly obserued by all the holy Fathers, &e.
"This done, the Byshop saved to the Founder, this parcel! of ground which we hauc compassed for the buriall of the dead within your parish is yet your owne, is it now therefore your free minde to give it for eucr to this use, wherenuto he answered, I giue it freely, and with an earnest desire to that purpose; the Bishoppe likewise asked the parish priest, and the church wardens of the same parish church, if they all hadde the same desire, and they all answered affirmitively, humbly beseeching the Byshoppe to persist in what he had so well begunne; then the Bishop read the instrument of consecration, wherein wag comayned an interdiction, that tlie olde church-yard should not bee layd open to anie common or propbane use: tlien the priest with due reuerence, read the 90th Psalme, and the S>3d chapter of Genesis. Then the Byshop prayed, saying, Blessed Jesus, our onely Sauisur and Redeemer, who being the resurrection, and the lite, hast of tby mercy promised, and by tby power art able to rayse again unto life, the bodies of the dead, that lie in their granes, whether rotted with corruption, , or consumed to dust, wee humbly beseech thee of thine especial] fauor to vouchsafe that all these thy sernants, which shall within this circuite be buryed, may lead their liues in thy feare, and leauing them in thy faith, may rest in peace within their grants, untill the great daie of thy second comming, and may then bee raysed anew in assured hope to raygne with thee in that euerlasting glory, which with thy most pretkius bloud thou hast purchased for them, and for all that loue thee and looke for thy appearance, heare us O blessed Jesus, for thy passion sake, beare us O louing Father, for tby Souncs sake, to whom with thee and the Holy Ghost, three equall-persons, and one eternall God, be rendred all thankes, prayse, and glory, Amen.
"Then the Byshop entred into the church porch, and turned his face to the Founder that was lead in thither betweene two knights, and sayd unto him, nowe verily this church-yard is exempt and free from any challenge of you or yours; but this house as yet remaines wholly your oivue, say now therefore, if you renounce all your right, clayme, and iuterrest to the same, he answered amrinitiuely; then the Byshop asked him, if his hearts desire were to have it dedicated to the Almightie God, and consecrated to his diuiue seruice onely; whercunto the Founder answered, saying, most joyfully and willingly: then the Byshop required the Founder to read this Psalme, viz. One thing haue I desired of the Lord, which I will require, that 1 may dwell in the house of the Lord, all the dayes of my life, to bebolde the fayre beautie of the Lord, and to visite his Temple, and so read on to the 7th verse; which done, the Byshop tooke him by the hand and went forward, saying, I was glad when they sayd vnto me, we will goe into the bouse of the Lord. And at the second verse of this Psalme, they both kneeled towards the East, & deuontly sayd the rest, with glory be to the Father, and to the Sonne, and to the Holy Ghost, &c.
"After this the Byshop made a deuout prayer acknowledging Gods omnipotence
and diuine power, and that heauen is bis seate, &. the earth his footstoole, so that his Majestic and glorious presence could not be confined within material! temples, &c. and prayed that it would please his Fatherly goodnesse, that his sernants might assemble together in that place, to heare diuine seruice, and to make their humble and deuout prayers, and supplications, and to heare bis will and word reuealed unto them, and that this place consecrated to his seruice and seuered from all propionic employments; that it would please bis diuine Majesty to blesse it, and accept it at their hands, as a fit place for the usuall assembly, a house wherein his sacred wnrd should be reuerently read and truly preached, his holy Sacraments duly administered with feare and reuerence, &c. which most excelent prayer and benediction ended, he turned to the new font, and prayed likewise saying Almightie and euerlasting God, whose most dearely beloued Son Jesus Christ, for the forgiuenesse of our shines, did shed out of bis most precious side both water and blood, and commaunded his disciples that they should goe teach all nations, and baptise them in the name of the Father, and of the Sonne, and of the Holy Ghost, and to that purpose did sanctifie, not onely the floud Jordan, but all otber waters also, to the mistical! washing away of shine, we beseech thee heare the supplications of thy congregation, and graunt that all thy sernants which shall be baptised in the water of this font, may receiue the fulnesse of thy grace, and may euermore remayne in the number of thy elect Church, thro' Jesus Christ our Lord, Amen.
"Then the Byshop and the Founder went by the middle Isle, and betweene the chancell and the bodie of the Church, the Bysboppe turning his face to the people, read the instrument of consecration, & dedicated this Church to God, in the niemorie of St. James the Apostle, for so was the name of the olde Church. After this the parish priest sayd the diuine seruice, and instead of the psalmes appoynted for that day, he read the 26th, the 84th, <5t the 134th psalmes; and for the appoynted chapters, the 2d of Samuell, the 6. chap, and the 10 chap, of S. John, verse 22, and so read to the end; and in place of the collect was sayd this prayer. We beseech thee O Almightie God, that thou wilt be pleased continually to dwell in this house, which this day we haue dedicated to thee, and vouchsafe to receiue the sacrifices of thy servants, whether of almes, or prayers or thanksgiving which shall be offred herein; grauut also a blessing to tby