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personal instruction, he cominanded that they really felt no such infalthe Apostles to baptize all nations lible assurances within themselves, in the name of the Father, the Sun, and they would be readily induced, and the Holy Ghost. Of the nature from such a disappointment of their of the Deity, mankind could pre. deluded fancy, to discredit not only viously have no true, no certain this particular doctrine, but also idea. Reasoning upon the subject any other truths with which it was could never bring them to any de connected. cision; for by no conclusion of But the particulars, under this argument, could the sacred truth be head, may be multiplied to a very obtained. Nothing but the imme- great extent. Those which have diate revelation could impart it to been already adduced, may serve as the understanding. And the truth a specimen to shew, that from the consequently thus imparted was doctrines of Cliristianity, no less incapable of any explanation upon thau from the characters of the any grounds of human demonstra- Apostles, and of those to whom tion and argument. Though the their preaching was directed, great truth itself, that there were three obstacles must have arisen to the person's, and yet but one God, was propagation of the faiib, and con. clearly revealed; yet no account sequently the spreading of the was given of the nature of the union, Gospel must have been very greatly Awild when the doctrine itself is so retarded, if not completely checked. high above the sphere of man's short. Mere human means, we conclude, sighted calculations and conjectures, therefore, were altogether inadewith what distrust must it not have quate to the effect produced. Yet been received, when it was found that notwithstanding this, the word grew with how great confidence soever the mightily and prevailed. It was soon, mystery was proclaimed, yet all very soon, spread over all parts of explanation was withheld, and they the known world, and carried healwere left to dwell with awful wondering on its wings to all the children on the bare truth, without the pos- of God, wheresoever dispersed over sibility of satisfying their doubts. the face of the earth. When it had
Again, the doctrine of the influe once risen ou the world, it rejoiced ence of the Holy Spirit on the heart, as a giant to run its course ; it went (as distinguished from his extraor- forth from the uppermost part of dinary and miraculons operations the heaven, and ran about unto the vouclisated to the carliest converts,) end of it again, and there was by which we are quickened to all nothing hid from the heat thereof. righteousness, and enabled to per Who then will not recognize in severe in the path of obedience, such a wonderful event, the mighty being purified from the couversa. hand of God? Who is there so tion of this world, and made the hardened against conviction, as not temples of the living God, is a to believe, that it was the wisdom portion of the same divine scheme of God, which set at nought the of revelation, which must have ap- counsels of men, and furthered the peared strange and objectionable to gracious means of salvation, which the hearers of the word. They he had first sent his well-beloved would expect most probably that Son to accomplish in person. For the sanctifying influence of the Holy by no other method can we account Comforter would be sensibly felt by for the extraordinary success of the them, and that they should be irre- first preaching of the Gospel; but sistibly convinced of his divine pre- by allowing, that the hand of the senice in their hearts. Experience Lord was there. again would inform them, in opposition to such a fond persuasion,
* Psal. xix, 3.
If then the rapid progress of the he feels them to be the injunctions Gospel, at its first outset in the of that Spirit, which has taught world, indicates a success derived him by the word, and on whose. from the holy influence of the Spirit promised assistance he ever relies of God, shall we not derive a lesson with heartfelt confidence and joy. from the circumstance, for the trial His actions accordingly are stamped of our own spirit, that we may know with the impress of the divine grace, whether it co-operates with the they are lively and energetic, they Spirit of God; or, on the contrary, are done with a sublime view to the perversely grieves the blessed Come glory of God, which refines and forter, and queuches his sacred purifies thein from their earthly. light within us? Experience has dross, and in humble trust on the informed us, by the early history of all sufficient merits of his Redeemer, our religion, that where the grace which gives them their value. Thus of God freely operales,' however the word of God grows mightily in rude and adverse the materials may him and prevails ; he proceeds from be on which it is exercised, there strength to strength, and from virextraordinary effects ensue, and the tue to virtue, and in this continued work of man, through the quick, progress, aided by divine assist. ening power thus imparted, be- ance, he becomes more and more comes, in a more exalled sense, the the man of God, thoroughly furwork of God, and cannot come to nished unto all good works.. Such pought. Now, presumptuous and then should be the religion which idle as the expectation would be, actuates us; if it is a religion gifted that the same divine grace should by the Holy Spirit, it will thus grow exert an influence on our conduct and prevail in us. We shall never. equally powerful and irresistible : rest in what we are at the present (for such extraordinary and over- moment; we shall be ever advancpowering aid is no longer required ing-forgetting those things which in the present state of the Christian are behind, and reaching forth unto church, and if granted to any indi- those which are before, pressing vidual, would at once supersede toward the mark of the prize of that free-agency, which is in itself the high calling of God in Christ among the choicest gifts of God to Jesus *. man) still, unless our conduct It is of little use, indeed, to bears some marks of the gracious inquire into the grounds of our influences of the Holy Spirit, in-, faith, and to establish its evidence, parting to us a holy energy, and unless the heart, at the same time, carrying us onward towards a per- accompany the understanding, and fection beyond ourselves, we may unless we feel immediately prompted. certainly decide, that we are not by the spirit of our inquiry, to exaprocecding in the way which shall mine ourselves, with earnest prayer render our calling and election sure. to God for our establishment and The religion, which is from abore, confirmation in the truth, how far is a religiou sharper than a two. we have adbered to the true pro. edged sword, piercing to tlie in most fession, and acted up to those recesses of the lieart, and searching things wherein we have been inthe inward man. The man, who structed. It is our duty, accordis deeply penetrated with it, can no ingly, to make this appropriate use longer be the mere man of the of the subject, which we have here world; he proceeds not about his considered, to employ it, as a means duties, as if they constituted a dull of leading our thoughts from the routine of necessary actions, which evidence, to the practice of our must be performed at any rate; but he is animated in their execution;
* Philipp. iii, 13.
religion-of inviting us, from the our religion has every appearance inquiry into the revelation as a mere of truth but that to which the eye matter of fact, to dwell, with the of the inquirer naturally reverts, fervuur of true piety, on the sacred the conduct of those who profess it. doctrines contained in it, and those But let it rather be said, Behold holy precepts of duty which it so these Christians how they live; how abundantly delivers for our guid- purely--with what holy energyance in the path of righteonsness. it cannot be that the religion which Powerfully as our religion is sub. produces such fruits of righteous. stantiated by its historical evidences, ness, can be otherwise than a revenumberless as are the confirma. lation from that Holy Being, whose tions, which crowd to its support word grows mightily and prevails. from every source of inquiry; it will Let not the Holy Scriptures then still appear practically but a shadow be in our hands alone; but let their or a dream, a vaip pretension with truths sink deeply into our hearts out any force or vitality, unless we and lives, and be recorded there in are, in ourselves, in our own imme- living tablets. So will the word of diate persons, an additional evi. God grow mightily in us. So will dence to its truth. Be it our firm it more and more prevail over our assurance, that, so long as we con- earthly thoughts; and at length be tinue unsanctified by it, we give the the blessed means, through Christ, most effectual denial to its truth, of raising us up to that everlasting the deepest wound to its credit. source of all blessing and gooduess,
Let us not then throw the foulest from whence it came forth. scandal on the holy cause which we advocate. Let it not be said, that
BISHOP BROUNRIG*. neglected) they were carefully im.
proved for his breeding in all good RALPH BROUNRIG was born at learning, of which he was to a wonIpswich, a town of good note, in der in all ages of his life, not only Suffolk, Anno 1592; his parents of capable, but so comprehensive, that merchantly condition, of worthy re- he drank in learning not as narrowputation, and of very Christian con-, mouthed bottles (to which young versation. When he was not many learners are compared) by drops, but weeks old, God took away his earthly as a sponge by great draughts, even
father, that himself might have the in his puerice or minority. · wore tender and fatherly care of Indeed, when I would search this (now) orphan, but most hopeful for his minority, or the first source infant.
and fountain of that large fluency of By the prudence of his pious eloquent and pious literature, with mother, his youth and first years of which he alway abounded, they are reason were not lost or cast away like the (fontes Nili) springs of Ni. (as the first broachings of a vessel) lus, hardly to be found; he scarce but (being hardly repaired if once had any minority (comparatively to
others) except in growth and sta. These Memoirs of the Bishop are compiled from his Funeral Sermon,
ture; for he was awey áprotivar xai preached by Dr. Gauden. London, 1660. Tripoxos árrwr, as St. Paul says of
himself, above his equals or coeta- pleased to honour the University of neans; superior in abilities, when Cambridge by his presence, and to inferior in years: thus as he grew make the learned exercises of schoin age and stature, so he grew also lars the greatest and best part of in wisdom and favour both with God his royal entertainment, this person, and man.
(then a young man) was one of those When the nurse of the gram- who were chosen by the University mar school had fitted him for his to adorn that reception of the king : mother the University, he was sent the part he was to perform was Jo. in his fourteenth year to Pembroke- coserious, a mixture of philosophy hall in Cambridge; there his mo- with wit and oratory, which is there desty, pregnancy and piety soon in- called the Prævaricator, as in Ox, vited prefermeut; he was made tirst ford the Terræ filius. This he disscholar of the house, and after fele charged so amply every way that it low, a little sooner than either his was to the admiration more than the years or standing in rigour of sta- mirth of the King, and the other tute permitted; but the College was learned auditors; who rejoiced to impatient not to make sure of bim, see such a luxuriaucy of wit was by grafting him firmly into that so- consistent with innocency, that jestciety, wbich had been famous for ing was confined to conveniency, many. excellent men, but for none and mirth married with that modesty more than for Ralph Brounrig, which became the Muses : for he when Bachelor of Arts, when Mas- set before them such apples of gold ter of Arts, when Bachelor of Divin in pictures of silver, so judicious an nity, when Doctor of Divinity, and invention, so eloquent a judgment, when Bishop of Exeter; for as he and so solid an acuteness, that if he fairly ascended every step or de would rhetoricate facetiously to regree, so he was ever thought no less fresh their minds, no man did it to adorn, than to deserve his ad- more to their wonder and laughter; vancements.
if he listed to dispute solidly, no When first he appeared in pub- man did it more to their astonishlic to give testimony of his abilities ment and improvement; so that he and proficiency, it is not to be ex was like the cedar and oak, no less pressed how sweet and welcome the admirable for the depth and spread. very first productions of his most ing of his worth the latitude and florid and fertile soul were, which profoundness of his judicious knowhad the fragrant blossoms of a most ledge) than for the procerity and facetious and inoffensive wit; the height of his copious wit, and most fair leaves or ample oruaments of harmless eloquence, which were still his most eloquent tongue; the most (as in nullius contumeliam) to no pleasant fruits of philosophy, his. man's reproach or shame, so kept tory, poetry, and all sorts of inge. at a most severe and sacred distance pious arts and sciences, well digest. from the mountain of holiness, the ed, accurately fitted to all occasions : name of God, and true religion, these at length raised to divinity, which if petulant wit like a beast well grounded on Scripture, and presume to touch, it is to be stoned adorned by the study of antiquity, to death. the fathers, councils, and histories I cannot but observe among bis of the Church, made him appear as other learned and accurate perforone of the goodliest trees in the pa- mances in public, that the subject radise or garden of God, the Univer. and text, Phil. i. 29, was prophesity and Church of England. tic and preparatory to his after
When King James (the most sufferings, upon which he chose to learned prince, and one of the most preach his Latin sermon, when he learned persons of his times) was took the degree of Bachelor in Die REMEMBRANCER, No. 67.
vinity, Vobis autem datum, &c. To basis or pedestal for so great a stayou it is given in the behalf of Christ tue and coloss of learning, piety and not only to believe on him, but also prudence to stand upon; yet then to suffer for his sake; which incom- and there this great lamp began to parably learned, eloquent and pious be set, and to shine in a sphere more sermon he afterwards was to fulfil proper for his parts, and proportionindeed, by suffering with Christian ate to his lustre, who had a soul magnanimity, patience and charity, not fitted for a cottage, but a colas well as he had accomplished it lege ; por only for a college, but for by preaching most excellently on it; a palace; nor for a palace, so much thus quod docuit verbo, firmavit ex- as for a kingdom. emplo; he was to make his doctrine Nor was this change of his progood by his practice, taking up the vince an effect of his own ambitious cross of Christ (as his crown) and stickling or seeking (as I have heard following him.
him tell it) but an influence of God's “ He was afterward preferred to providence upon the minds of some be Prebend of the Collegiate Church worthy men, who were ashamed in of Eli*. This dignity he obtained behalf of the University and the age, by the favour and love of the then not to see Dr. Brounrig preferred excellent Bishop of that seat, Dr. and employed in some way most Felton, a very holy and good man. proper and proportionate to his He had also a good living at Barlow, well-known abilities : and however not far from Cambridge, where in a this offer met at first with some country village, this good scribe clouds and oppositions from above, well-instructed for the kingdom of yet at last the good hand of God heaven, brought forth out of the upon so good and deserving a pergood treasury of his heart things son, cleared the heavens, and disboth old and new, the ancient mys- persed all the prejudices that some teries and fundamental truths of the (then in great place) had misconChristian Religion, in the modern ceived against him. and more accurate method of re- When he had quiet possession of vived and reformed learning, conde- that mastership, it was wonderful scending in his preaching and cate- to see, how the buildings, the revechizing to ordinary capacities, and nues, the students and the studiousfitting his net to the fish he was to ness of that place increased, by the catch. He oft deplored the disuse care, counsel, prudence, diligence and want of catechizing, as if there and fame of Dr. Brounrig, who had were no babes in the Church for such an eye to all, that he over-saw milk, but all must be fed with strong none; frequenting the studies, and meat which they cannot digest. examining even younger scholars,
After this he was chosen mas- that they might be encouraged both ter of Catharine Hallt; a small in learning and piety.
Fixed now, and rarely fitted for Other accounts state that lie was
that academic way of life, bis mo. Chaplain to Bishop Morton, who. col ther the University seemed even Jated him to the Archdeaconry of Coven- proud of such a son: his very pretry, and afterwards to a Prebend at Dur- sence and speech had a venerable ham.-(Life of Bishop Morton, Christ, and lovely majesty with them; his Rem. Oct. 1823. Neal's Hist. Pur.)
t“ He was esteemed one of the greatest exceeded by any published at that period, ornaments of his time to this seminary. and they derived great advantage in the He was one of those excellent men with delivery, from the dignity of his person, whom Archbishop Tillotson cultivated an and the justness of his elocution. Granacquaintance at his first coming to London, ger's History of England, vol. ii. p. 161. and by whose preaching and example he 8vo," Note to Neal's History of the P4. förmed himself. His sermons were not rilans, vol.iv. p. 242.