Page images

pot consonant to Scripture, cannot be sup- , rious to the public welfare, as in almost ported by tradition. The rule, “ Quod every case they will, they might become semper, quod ubique, quod ab omnibus," the sonrces of incalculable mischief; and must be content to take its proof from the therefore they are fit subjects for provi. same Word, if it claim the same authority. sional restraints, and for legitimate control.

“ If there were two rules of faith and Will it be said, you must wait, then, for practice in things necessary to salyation, the overt acts of mischief: for what power it would be plain to demonstration, that can control the mind? There is much reaone of these must be defective, or the other son in this plea: but we must remember must be needless and superfluous.

likewise, that to wait until the tempest “ But is it now the rightful influence of rises to its height, and the flood descends, that authority for which our Charch makes and the torrent spreads on all sides, would her plea, an authority duly limited, and be to lose the time for every wise precauoperating for the common good—is this the tion, and to forego the use of moderate claim which is disputed ? I shall request and well placed limits. But reverse the your patience to consider with me for view now for a moment. Let such fences awhile the ground of this authority as it is be prudently and duly placed; and what indeed put forward and alleged in our then will be the dreaded consequence? It behalf. The first notion then which pre. will amount to this, that men will be resents itself of a Church, unless we will take strained from things which create offence, it for a fortuitous assembly, with no fixed or which lead to public injury, and for and perpetual bond of union, must bear the these surely there can be no plea of lawful image and possess the properties of a so- liberty. If conscience is still urged, let it cial body. But no society can subsist be remembered, that if the consciences without order, rules, and government; of men should be so far misled as to induce and these cannot be withoat a form of dis- them to despise all salutary laws, and to cipline, and a power to decide emergent cast off all restraints, again the bond of causes in the last result. Nothing can be social order may be violated or dissolved : so bad as interminable strife; or so hope, and experience has sufficiently demonstra. less and incurable as divisions arising from ted, that in some cases men may devour opinions which admit of no control, and each other for conscience sake, as eagerly which acknowledge po regard to any come as they ever did for the wildest purposes of mon standard of agreement. The act of plunder or ambition, believing must be a man's own act, upon “The wisdom therefore of our country. the best conviction he can form; but who men has framed accordingly those protectwill say that this judgment should not in ing laws, which, without attempting to enany manner be directed by the public voice, slave men's minds, are calculated to preand submitted in due measure to the gui- vent the danger which is feared, or to furdance of authority. It is a contradiction nish the prompt and timely remedies for to suppose a Church professing to preserve mischiefs which may spring up and acquire the bond of faith, and yet permitting her a baneful influence by neglect and over. members to believe and teach as they sight, think fit.

“ How gladly then, may we regard it as “ But there is another ground of cavil one main source of the peace and security and objection. It is this that the Civil of our own condition as a people, that Power concurs to this authority in Chris- under the blessing and design of Provi. tian countries. Will it be said, then, that dence, the profession of the faith, which the State might more properly permit the bas the Divine Word for its standard, is laws of voluntary combinations or socie- owned and protected by the laws and conties, (if we apply that language to the stitution of our country." P. 9. Church) to pass unnoticed ; and that it “It is plain, then, within what limits, was no fit sanctions to extend for their sup- and upon what just and reasonable grounds, port? Oar answer is, that the testimo- the voice and declarations of our Church nies of the Scripture in this respect, and have been put forward. They who would the common right of government in all abolish this authority, or deprive it of all lands, directly contradict this ground of claim to be considered and revered, should objection. But we may reply too, that if inform us what they are disposed to give such associations and their laws should us in its stead. Let us weigh this point spread throughout the land without notice with care. Sball it be the light within or restraint, and should exceed their right- which is preferred? This pretence will ful limits, they might soon control the serve indeed to lift men at once above the government itself. If speculative errors reach of contradiction, but then a man's should arise among them, and prove inju- own word and persuasion must be taken

for this challenge, and no man is entitled to that deference. The good gifts and promised influences of the Holy Spirit, without which there can be no step rightly made, much less any hopeful progress in the ways of grace, will not warrant any nian to dictate in this manner, or to impose a duty upon others to respect such pretensions beyond the weight and value of the proofs and arguments by which they are supported. Such a privilege would render men indeed ipfallible, and set their word on a level with the word of Scripture, and above it, as has been often shewn against the delusions of one modern sect.

* Or will they give us for the sovereign rule, the collective power of the community? We have that, so far as it is competent, in its representative authorities, and within that limit we respect it and obey it. But we must remember too, that the first believers, as a public body, did not model or prescribe their own faith for themselves; or give their pastors their commission; and therefore there is that to be regarded to which the power of the community is not competent, and for which we must follow the injunctions of his Word, to whom all power belongs. It was indeed for the sake of all, that the Word was published ; and it was for the sake of those who were objects of its hallowed dictates, that the pastoral charge was first appointed. A common interest in the faith creates a joint right in that which is the treasure and the property of all: but they who understand this, will find no warrapt in it to despise authority; they will be the first at all times to keep within their rightful province; they will of all men be most true to their mutual duty, and upon that ground of mutual duty the whole bond of concord, civil, social, and religious is indeed established.

" Or will they who spurn at the anthority for which we contend, send us to the blind rules of implicit deference to any constituted power on earth, whose domi nion slrall be purely absolute. This claim is not confined to Rome : the philosopher of Malmesbury made the same plea, and applied it, with as much extravagance, to the Civil Ruler, and the same answer serves for both-take it in the words of Chilling. worth, Why, said he to a Romish adversary, an implicit faith in Christ and his Word, should not suffice, as well as an implicit faith in your Church, I have desired to be resolved by many on your side, but never could,

« Or lastly, shall we be sent by those who reject authority to collect all things with precise and punctual exactness front

the Word of Scripture? Our answer is, that the Scripture is our rule and standard, and for this very reason we are not to cast out its general directions, and the privilege it gives within those bounds." P. 22.

In confirmation of these sentiments the 'Archdeacon quotes Bishops Sparrow and Sanderson, and Archbishop Bramhall; and thus concludes his admirable Charge:

« In a word, they who resolve all faith into an implicit reliance upon Ecclesiastical authority; and they who deny all such authority, destroy either way the grounds of Faith itself; for if there were no deliberate choice, there would be no rational submission of the heart; and if there were no authority to teach, to guide, to govern and direct, there would indeed be none to lead, and none to follow. All would be guides, or rather none; and in what a state would this leave the bulk of mankind in their chief concerns! Thus men would confide in this sole plea for their errors, that they are their own. They would have no claim to be heard but their talent for collecting proselytes and forming sects, with the pride and fate of Icarus, and with the sad result of giving their own name to some troubled waters, restless, and uncertain as themselves.

« What sober man can lose sight of the need there is for a deference to authority, which is neither blind nor servile, but extremely rational and proper, since without it there can be no bound to the wild career of self-will or of fancy, or to the tumult and confusion of capricious insubordination. In a word, to believe only what we please, is not within the compass of our power, unless we are proof against all fit motives to belief, except the single impulse of our own will; but a faith established upon facts and reasons, which are proper to beget belief, and resting on the word of God, and formed under the gracious guidance of lois Holy Spirit-such à faith, with the duties which attend it, is neither abject nor unfit for generous bosoms. They who know well low to prize their privilege as reasonable creatures, will remember too that Faith and Charity have their service to fulfil, and that this service must involve submissions of the heart, together with the tender and devotion of an lumble spirit; it brings with it the tribute and compliance of a devout mind, and displays the cheerful trust of an obedient, tractáble, and candid temper.

« The principles of our Churchi, then, allow a liberty of conscience and a liberty of practice, subject only to such restraints

as are deemed requisite for the common and good, as I verily believe, and moderate interest on the grounds of truth itself, and and equal if any ever were that the Chrisconducive to the common safety. They tian world hath known. I have made this who would urge their liberty beyond this, plea for the principles of our Church. A as many strive to do at this day, will pre moderate and equal temper does not lead pare the way for public mischief, and will to any compromise of principles ; to take supply the leading steps to public ruin that course would be a plain departure in We have lived to see such threatening some opposite direction, and every step marks of insolence and outrage, even where which then should follow, would not fail to the Jewish people could once read the shew the bias untappily contracted. choicest maxiins of their law: they salute “ In the path we have to tread, we are us in our public ways; they speak from assailed in various ways, by the wind, and the walls and lintels of men's houses. by the sun; and we have need to keep the

“ If, my Reverend Brethren, I have garment carefully about us. And now, been led too far in this wide field, I shall my Reverend Brethren, I may appeal to but crave your permission to return for a you for the truth of the first remark in this moment to the point from which I took up address, that what is moderate and equal is these reflections.

calculated for duration. This thought arose “ To be moderate in all things, in which very naturally in my mind, when it might happy course our Church has so well fol- have been extremely proper for me to bave lowed the Apostle's rule, is neither to be hailed those hopeful prospects which subflexible nor obstinate, but uniform and sist at all times in our Church, because they equal in our principles and practice. Such result from the spirit of moderation, which a course must ever be opposed to a proud furnishes the best assurance of that peace and ignorant licentiousness, clothed per. which is so opposite in character to the haps in the garb of liberal opinions, but busy, meddling, and censorious temper divested of the real character of a liberal which accompanies the growth of selfor ingenuous spirit.

conceit in all its forms. “ Upon these grounds of faith and prac. " Let us be careful, above all things, to tice, bas our Church been established, and remember that the means are but for the on these grounds bave her claims been vin- end. All the sanctions of an authorized dicated with the best success, from the commission, or a National Establishment, charge of all intemperate rigour, and much do but put the means into our hands; and more from the reproach and blemish of a deep and momentous to the last degree is persecuting spirit. The consequence has the responsibility which this trust begets. been that great heats or provoking con. But if the means be such as our blessed tests, where they have been raised among Lord provided, such as were settled in his those of our own communio:1, have never Church with the seals of his authority, and had a long continuance.' The silent opera with the known expressions of his will, tion of the moderate spirit which pervades they will endure until a sound and duteous our Ecclesiastical economy, if it cannot faith shall be perfected in knowledge. prevent such contests altogether, yet sup « In our age, when the widest range of plies no fit materials for them. And with sentiments which may justly be termed respect to assailants from without, the liberal, and are truly so, obtains in every same shield of moderation has been our walk in life, and when the public measures best defence. Able combatants have not of the Government partake so largely of been wanting, and the most successful have the same good spirit, amidst the cordial been those who have shunned with a cir- gratulations which so beneficent a temper cumspect and prudent temper, those op- must excite in every generous breast, there posite extremes, between which Truth is room however for so much caution as and Moderation will be found to keep their should incline us to look well to principles. place.

If they should come to be disregarded for “ To be moderate in all things, which the sake of plausible experiments, we is the counsel of St. Paul, is to think the should soon find that a boundless latitude, best and to speak the best of what may like anarchy itself, will lend no support to claim our notice: it is to seek only what is any scheme of things that can be profitable right and good. If a prudent man will not to mankind. quit bis footing or renounce his property in “ If we are compelled at any time to what is right and good, it is because he notice what obtrudes itself upon the public knows that by departing from them, he will eye, and becomes a source of danger and be sure to injure others, whilst he forfeits seduction in the ways of others, let it be and forgoes his own best privilege. My done with charity and candour, and in such plea has been made for principles : sound manner only that what becomes a public challenge, or a call to others to forsake the under the protecting land of Providence, path of faith and fellowship, may be met hath helped to 'rescue it from utter ruin in with firmness, that the truth may be de- some desolating hours, or bas restored it fended, and that the course of misconcep- after tempests, by that buoyant and well tions or divisions may be checked by vigi- balanced structure of component parts, by lant and prompt exertions. Without these which the whole economy is so well distinwell-timed endeavours, the mischief which guished. .. will follow, will be sure to leave a portion " Our Ark has thus preserved its poise of its burden at our door.

by its own well measured symmetry; it has « Let me now add, yet again, that the the lines and proportions of the sacred principles professed in our Church, and in- word of God for its acknowledged and serted in its whole frame, bear this cha. illustrious model, it has, we trust, the grace racter of truth, and of their derivation and blessing of Almighty God, the God of from the source of truth, that they are truth and mercy, for its never failing sucmarked with moderation. It is this which, cour and support,” P. 27.


Society for Promoting Christian Three Thousand Guineas. Large as this Knowledge.

sum may appear, the Committee are per

suaded that you will agree in thinking, THE COMMITTEE appointed to carry into that the respect due to the Memory of effect the unanimons Resolution of a SPE- BISHOP MIDDLETON, as well as a regard CJAL GENERAL MEETING of the Society to the Societies by whom, and the place FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOW- in which, the Monument is to be erected, LEDGE, to erect a Monument to the me- would neither allow them to engage the mory of the late LORD BISHOP OF CAL- talent of a less distinguished Artist, nor to CUTTA, by the united Coutributions of the circumscribe the genius of Mr. Chantrey several Members of that Society, and of by narrow pecuniary limits. the Society FOR THE PROPAGATION OF Following therefore the example of their THE GOSPEL IN FOREIGN PARTS, beg Most Reverend PRESIDENT, they have leare respectfully to call your attention to enlarged their own original Subscriptions, the annexed statement.

and venture earnestly to express their hope, You will perceive from it, that though that the measure, which they have thus the Restriction originally imposed upon felt themselves called upon to adopt, will each Individual's Contribution has so far be sanctioned, and rendered effectual by auswered the intentions of the Meeting, as your co-operation. to have been the means of putting upon

We have the honour to be, record the testimonies of a great number

Your most obedient humble Servants, of the Societies' Members to the merits of the lamented PRELATE, yet the Sum

WILLIAM PARKER, M.A.rumo thus collected has fallen very much below A. M. CAMPBELL, M.A. S Mr. Chantrey's estimate for the execution Bartlett's Buildings, of the work that estimate amounting to May, 1824.

Subscriptions for a Monument, by Francis Chantrey, Esq. R.A. &c. to be erected in the Cathedral Church of St. Paul, to the Memory of the late Bishop of Calcutta.


Most Rev. Lord Archbishop of CANTERBURY, PRESIDENT of the Society.
Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of LONDON, 1 The Archdeacon of COLCHESTER,
Right Rev, the Lord Bishop of LLANDAFF, Rev. Dr. D'OYLY,

Rev. H. H. NORRIS,
The Archdeacon of LONDON,

Rev. J. LONSDALE, The Archdeacon of MIDDLESEX,




urst ......

[ocr errors]

net oor Ho Ar

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Original Subscriptions. Second Contributions, in addition to


former Subscriptions. Subscriptions already adver

£. s. d. tised .................. 905

905 16

6 Lord Archbishop of Canter-
Rev. Dr. Butler .......... 10 10 0 b ury.................. 100 0 0
Rev. Henry Bassett ........ 1 1 0 Lord Bishop of Durham .... 50 0 0
John Fardell, Esq. ....

1 1 0 Lord Bishop of London .... Miss Goodwin ,....

1 1 0 Lord Bishop of Llandaff .... Captain Bilson .....

0 10 6 Archdeacon of London ..... 10 10 Rev. W, H, Bathurst

Archdeacon of Colchester

10 10 Rev. Dr. Millingchamp

0 Archdeacon of St. Alban's ..

16 16 Rev. Henry Fox ..........

O Lord Kenyon ...........

100 0 0 Madras Committee ........ 59 17 6 Rev. H. H. Norris ........ 50 0 0 Grantham Committee ...... 5 0 Joshua Watson, Esq. ......

50 0 0 Peterborough Committee ...

O Rev. T. L. Strong .... Winchester Committee......

C. S. Strong, Esq. ..

5 5 0 Castor Committee .........

O Rev. W.R. Lyall.....

5 0 0 Maidstone Committee ......

Rev. Dr. D'Oyly....... 10 10 0 Dover & Sandwich Committee

0 Rev. A. M. Campbell ......

5 5 0 Merston Committee ........

O Rev. Dr. Richards ........ 10 10 0 Penzance Committee ..

O Rev. T. Fuller ..........

5 5 0 Ashford Committee .....

10 Archdeacon of Middlesex .. Rev. John Miller..........


0 Rev. John Lonsdale........ Rev, A. Horsfall ,..

1 O Rev. Dr. Gaskin ........... John Horsfall, jun. Esq. ....

1 0 Thomas Croft, Esq....... Rev. W. Ayling ...........

0 Rev. Dr. Hughes.......... Rev. R. Cranmer...........

Dean of Norwich ......... 20 Lord Bishop of Limerick....

0 Rev. Dr. C. P. Burney .... Chester Committee ........

Dean of Peterborough ...... Derby Committee .........

0 Lord Bishop of Exeter .... Hon, and Rev. Dr. Stewart

0 Archdeacon of Essex ...... Rev. Dr. H. B. Wilson

O Lord Bishop of Bristol .... Rev. J. B. Hayley .........

O Lord Bishop of Carlisle ..... Seven Oaks Committee

0 Archbishop of York . ...... Alexander Mitchell, Esq..... 1 1 0 Lord Bishop of Salisbury ..

10 10 0 Rev. James Bean........... O William Cotton, Esq. ...... Rev. Dr. H. B. Harrison.....

0 William Davis, Esq. ....... Bombay Comunittee.

Archdeacon Bonvey . ...... Archdeacon Barnes ........ 1 1 0 Rev. W. H. Coleridge..... Francis Warden, Esq.......

0 M. Langdale, Esq. J. Williams, Esq.......

1 1 0 Thos, Lett, Esq. ...........
John Bridges, Esq. ......

1 S
Capt. W. Ogilvie ......
Rev. Jolin Butt .......
M. Langdale, Esq. .......
Thos. Collinson, Esq. .. 1 1 0
Rev. David Evans ...
David Evans, Esq. ........ 1 1 0
Rev. A. Gibson ......

2 2 0 Rev. R. H. Knight ........ 0 10 6

Subscriptions received at the Office of the Society, 5, Bartlett's Buildings, Holborn: by the Secretaries and Treasurers of the Diocesan and District Committees of the Society; and at the Office of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Fo. reign Parts, Carlton-Chambers, 12, Regent-street,

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »