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thing for noise and ostentation; but his I know (Mr. Mist) the compass of your appearance was so venerable, his conver- paper, or else I could add a thousand sation so endearing, and bis demeanour so things about the intellectual capacities of uncommon, as to render him the most this great prelate, who, like Moses, bad popular and noted prelate of bis order. no dimness in his understanding, no abate
But in the midst of these civilities and ment of his natural force, and youthful accomplishments, it is still remarkable, wit, at the uncommon period of almost that the gravity of the bishop kept the ninety years. ascendant of the gentleman; and that his I t is probable that some other person, principles were too stiff to bend to any who is under greater obligations to his company. His zeal and integrity were in- lordship than myself, and better acquaintviolable, and truth was never lost in a' ed with his private and public designs, crowd of words: his sincerity was no snfmay, in due time, give a larger account ferer by his complaisance ; nor was the both of his natural and acquired endowcourtier too hard for the Christian.
ments. I have confined my remarks to Such a learned and accomplished person my own knowledge, and made my obsermust be acceptable to any diocese ; and we vations upon his moral and relative perfecbare the less reason to wonder at his grow- tions, and looked back with comfort and ing character, if we consider the wise, pleasure upon the fixed and stated rules of rules and uncommon maxims by which be his government in his diocese : for bere conducted his life.
we all partook of his goodness, bis cleHe looked upon himself as married to mency, his candour, and paternal indul. his diocese; and, notwithstanding his nu. gence. Every one had the favour of a merous acquaintance, and extended friend. son, the access of an equal, and the recepships in other parts of the kingdom, he tion of a friend. No angry looks did inti. confined his preferments to his own chil., midate the petitioner, no tedious formalidren, the residing Presbyters of his properties protract business, nor any imperious district. Nepotism had no share in his fa- officers insult the clergy. vours, and relations were kept at a distance. The laborious clergyman would:
Heu pietas! Heu prisca fides ! find himself surprized into preferment, As long as religion shall lift up her head, whilst he was sweating at bis duty, and and learning retain a sense of gratitude, combating with schism. The modest and the memory of this great and good man lumble man would be dignified in his ob- shall be blessed, and nothing shall be able scurity, without the fatigue of attendance, to hate him, but vice ; nothing to traduce or the formality of a petition. The care his character, but envy; and nothing to of his parish was the best recommendation insult bis ashes, but faction. of a pastor to this vigilant prelate, and This is what I thought fit to communithe continuance in his duty the most oblige cate to you upon this subject, and if you iog requital that could be made him. shall esteem it worthy of the public, and Where the service was great, and the cop. bonour it with a place in your paper, you gregation numerous, some marks of dise. will oblige many of this diocese, and none tinction were certainly placed, and the more than minister was seasonably advanced, to secure a bigher reverence to his person, and
Your old Friend, a kinder acceptance of his labours.
and Correspondent, His frequent complaint was, the want
ORTHODOXUS. of more preferments for a numerous, an Somersetshire, indigent, and a deserving clergy: and, in- Oct. 11, 1727. stead of stocking his cathedral with rela. tions, and filling the pulpit with party and faction, he broke the neck of the strongest combinations, and left nothing bat: sound, doctrine in his diocese, and the blessing of peace and unanimity amongst the clergy. A short Account of the Life of the
Pray God we may always continue id Right Rev. Father in God, Tho. the same posture that be left us, and may m as Ken. D.D. sometime Lord have no reason to make that complaint
· Bishop of Bath and Wells..
Bichon of Rati upon the decease of our spiritual father, which Pliny did upon the loss of his friend'; Thomas, youngest son of Thomas Ken, of A misi vitæ meæ reotorem, amisi ducem, Furnival's Inn, by Martha his wife, was born et vereor ne posthac negligentius vivam, at Barkhamstead, in Hertfordshire, in July
1637. His father's family was of great antiquity, and had possessed a very plentiful furtune for many generations, having been known by the name of the Ken's, of Ken Place, an estate now in possession of the Right Hon. Earl Poulett, who descends from an heiress of the Ken's *.
He was sent to school at Winchester col. lege, where he contracted that friendship, so closely at length cemented, between him. self and that afterward most truly pious prelate, Dr. Francis Turner, late Bishop of Ely; and where his parts, application, and behaviour, weie so well employed and ob. served, that he was elected to New Col. lege, Oxon; where he took his Bachelor of Arts degree, May 3, 1661; and his degree of Master of Arts, Jau, 21, 1664; Bachelor of Divinity, 1678; and Doctor of Divinity, June 30, 1679. But by reason he outlived all or most of his contemporaries, and that therefore little account of his behaviour in that place can be had, I shall not render this whole account suspicious, by inserting surmise, where I in tend to advance nothing but what may evidently be made appear. I shall only add this, that, as soon as his circumstances would permil, he gave them upwards of one hundred pounds, as a small acknowledg. ment for his education, and towards the erecting of their new building.
He was from hence, on December 8, in the year 1666, chosen into the Society of Winchester, where his most exemplary goodness and piety did eminently exert it. self; for that college being chiefly designed by its founder for a retired and studious life, what could a great and generous spirit propose, but the good of souls, and the glory of that God, to whom he constantly ascribed it, even in his most familiar letters. And, for this purpose, be kept a constant course of preaching at St. John's church, in the Soak, near Winton, (where there was no preaching minister, and which he therefore called his cure,) and brought many Ana. baptists to the Church of England, and bap. tized them himself. And that neither his study might be the aggressor on his hours of instruction, or what he judged his duty pre vent his improvement, or both, his closet addresses to his God, he strictly accustom ed himself to but one sleep, which often obliged him to rise at one or two o'clock in the morning, and sometimes sooner. And grew so habitual, that it continued with him almost to his last illness. And so lively and cheerful was his temper, that he would be very facetious and entertaining to his friends in the evening, even when it was perceived
that with difficulty he kept his eyes open; and then seemed to go to rest with no other purpose than the refreshing and enabling him with more vigour and cheerfulness to sing bis Morning Hymn, as he then used to do to his luie, before he put on his clothes,
Some time after he was fellow of Winchester college, Dr. George Morley, then Bishop of that diocese, made him his domestic chaplain, and presented him to the parsonage of Woodhay, in Hampshire, va. cant by the removal of his tutor, Dr. Share rock. And it was about this tiine he composed and published his Munuol of Prayers for the Use of the Winchester Scholars. That prelate soon after, without any application made in his behalf, preferred him to the dignity of a prebendary in the cathedral Church of Winton; and he was installed accordingly, April 12, 1669. In which post he was taken notice of by King Charles the Second. In the year 1675, the year of jubilee, he travelled through Italy and to Rome; and upon his return witbin the same year he was often heard to say, that he had great reason to give God thanks for his travels, since, if it were possible, be return. ed rather more confirmed of the purity of the Protestant religion than he was before, And now that prince made choice of him to go with the Lord Dartmouth to the demolishing of Tangier; and at his return from thence, himself gave order he should be his chaplain.
He was some time after this made chaplain to the Princess of Orange, who was at that time residing in Holland; in which post his most prudent behaviour and strict piety, gained him entire credit and high es., teem with that princess : but a consequential act of his singular zeal for the honour of his country, in behalf of a young lady, so far exasperated the prince, that he very warmly threatened to turn him from the service; which the doctor resenting, and begging leave of the princess, (whom to his death he distinguished by the title of his mistress) warned himself from the service, and would not return to that court till, by the entreaty of the prince himself, he vas courted to his former post and respect ; consenting to continue there for one year longer, (during which time he was taken at least into a shew of great familiarity); and when that year expired, he returned for England. This was not unknown to the king, nor did he shew the least dislike to his behaviour; for when the see of Bath and Wells became vacant, by the removal of Dr. Peter Mews to Winton, the king bimself stopped all attempts of Dr. Ken's friends, (who would of their own inclinations have applied in bis behalf,) with this remarkable saying, that Dr. Ken should succeed, but that he de. signed it should be from his own peculiar appointment. And accordingly the king him.
• John, Lord Poulett, of Hinton St. George, married Christian, daughter and beir of Christopher Ken, of Ken in Com' Som' Esq. Dugd. Bar.
self gave order for a congedeslire to pass so much deplorable ignorance among the the seals for that purpose; and he was con- grown poor people, that he feared little secrated Bishop of Bath and Wells on St. good was to be done upon them: but said, Paul's day, in the year 1684. And this even he would try, whether he could not lay a just after his opinion, that a woman of ill foundation, to make the next generation repute ought not to be endured in the house better. And this put him upon setting up of a clergyman, especially the king's chap- many schools in all the great towns of his lain, was publicly known. For at that time diocese, for poor children to be taught to the king coming to Winton, and his harbin read, and say their Catechism ; and about ger having marked the doctor's house, which this time, and for this purpose it was, that he held in right of his prebend, for the use he wrote, and published, bis Exposition on of Mrs. Gwin, he absolutely refused her ad- the Church-Catechism. And although it mittance, and she was forced to seek other contained nothing, but what was strictly lodgings.
conformable to the doctrine of the Church And now at this juncture it was, when of England, yet there being an expression in that king's period of life drew near, his dis. the first edition, which the Papists at that temper seizing his head, and our bishop time laid hold of, as if it favoured their doce well knowing how much had been put off io trine of Transubstantiation; he took parthat last point, and fearing the strength of ticular care in the next edition, even in that his distemper would give him but little time, reign, by altering the expression, to ascer. (as indeed it proved,) his duty urging him, tain the sense. By this method and ma. he gave a close attendance by the royal nagement he engaged the ministers to be bed, without any intermission, at least for more careful in catechizing the children of three whole days and nights; watching at their parishes; and they were by him furproper intervals to suggest pious and proper nished with a stock of necessary books for thoughts, and ejaculations, on so serious an the use of children. And we may now occasion; in which time the Duchess of judge, by the great and good success of Portsmouth coming into the room, the the charity-schools, which are now so nubishop prevailed with his Majesry to have merous, what great and good ends he at her removed, and took that occasion of re- that time proposed. About this time also, presenting the injury and injustice done to he published his Prayers for the Use of the his queen so effectually, that his Majesty Bath. was induced to send for the queen, and ask He went often in the summer time to ing pardon, had the satisfaction of her for some great parish, where he would preach giveness before he died. The bishop having twice, confirm and catechize; and when he homely urged the necessity of a full, and was at home on Sundays, he would have prevailed, as is hoped, for a sincere repent- twelve poor men, or women, to dine with ance, several times proposed the adminis. him in his hall : always endeavouring, whilst tration of the holy sacrament: but although he fed their bodies, to comfort their spirits, it was pot absolutely rejected, it was yet by some cheerful discourse, generally mixed delayed from time to time, till (I know not with some useful instruction. And when by what authority) the bishop, and all they had dined, the remainder was divided others present, were put out from the pre- among them, to carry home to their fasence for about the space of half an hour, milies. during which time, it has been suggested, that By his instruction and example, he awed Father Huddleston was admitted to give ex- men into a sense of religion and duty. He treme unction : and the interval between often deplored the condition of the poor at this and death was so short, that nothing Wells (who were very numerous). And as concerning the bishop's behaviour happen- he was charitably disposed, so he was very ed, worthy of notice in this account. This earnest in contriving proper expedients of close attendance the bishop thought so ab- relief; and thought no design could better solutely necessary, as thereupon to delay answer all the ends of charity, than the his admission to the temporalities of the see setting up a work-house in that place. But of Wells; so that, when King James came judging it not practicable without the ad. to the crown, new instruments were passed vice, or at least the assistance, of the gentlefor that purpose, and he was accordingly in men, he therefore often met, and consulted fall possession.
with them; but not finding any suitable At this time, it was frequently said by encouragement, he was forced to desist. In many of eminence, who knew him well, this he had a double view ; to rescue the that they never knew any person so able, idle from vicious practice, and conversa. and earnest to do good in such a station, as tion; and the industrious, from the oppreshe was. He had a very happy way of mix. sion of the tradesmen; who, to use his own ing his spiritual with his corporal alms. expression, did grind the face of the poor, When any poor person begged of him, he growing rich by their labour, and making them would examine whether he could say the a very scanty allowance for their work. Lord's Prayer, or the Creed ; and he found His conduct at the time of the rebellion REMEMBRANCER, No, 65.
under the Duke of Monmonth, had suf- At the time of his being made Bishop, ficiently confirmed king James in opinion Mr. Francis Morley, nephew to the foreof his duty and allegiance ; insomuch, that mentioned Bishop, knowing how little he although he daily relieved some hundreds of had provided for such an expence, as attends the rebel prisoners, then in Wells, daily the entry and continuance in such a chair, praying with them in person; the king judge most generously offered, and lent him a ing that it was only out of a principle of considerable sum to defray his expences, duty to distressed brethren, to save them and furnish him with an equipage, as his from perishing both in body and soul, never station required : which he would often menso much as harboured any jealous thought of tion with a grateful acknowledgment, exhim: nay, so far did that king entertain pressing a particular satisfaction, when he hopes of his absolute obedience to his will found himself in a condition to discharge the and pleasure, that although many of his debt. Aud he was often by Dr. Thomas Sermons were framed against the church of Cheyney (one of his chaplains, to whom I Rome, yet it was thouglit worth while to at. am obliged for many of the particulars tempt to gain him over to the interest of which frame his account) observed to comthat party at court; but so ioeffectually, plain, that for this very reason no great mat. that upon the preaching of one of the two ter was to be expected from him ; as serinons now published, and in the king's thinking himself obliged to be just, before he own chapel at White-Hall, (which seems could be charitable. But here, if any should wholly intended against both the popish expect extravagance, in that having enjoyed and fanatic factions, then united at court;) such preferments he was still poor, it must and it being misrepresented to the king, be observed, that, if there can be an extra(who had not been present at divine service) vagant in good works, he was such, in that but sending for the Bishop, and closetting most excellent gift of charity. His whole him on the occasion, received nothing in fortune lying in his preferments, those of his answer, but this fatherly reprimand; that if relations who were necessitous, (but whom his majesly had not neglected his own duty of he could never regard the less for their being being present, his enemies had missed this op SO) were a continual drain upon his reveportunity of accusing him : whereupon he nue : and be seemed to joy with those who was dismissed.
lived in more plenty, not more for their own But although that prince did not mistake well-being, than that thereby he was at lihis integrity, yet certainly he was mistaken berty to disperse the remainder of his inin him on a much more fatal occasion; for come, to necessitous strangers. Which he now came the dispensing power in play, and always did with so open a bounty, that he his majesty's declaration of indulgence. became a common father to all the sons and was strictly commanded to be read; when daughters of affliction. His charity was so this Bishop was one of the seven, who extensive, that having once, while iu the See openly opposed the reading it, suppressed of Bath and Wells, received a fine of four those which were sent to him to be read in thousand pounds, great part of it was giren his diocese, and petitioned the king not to to the French Protestants; and so little re. pursue, what was likely to prove so preju gard had to future contingencies, that wben dicial both to Church and State : which pe. he was deprived by the State, (which was tition being called treasonable, was made not long after) all his effects, after the sale the occasion of committing him to the Tower, of all his goods, excepting his books, (which in order to a trial: all which being already he never sold)would amount to no more than well known, I shall no longer dwell on so seven hundred pounds. Which with the grating a subject. But though he dared to ever to be acknowledged generosity of his disobey his sovereign, in order to preserve noble friend, and eminent benefactor, prothe purity of his religion; and the care of cured him the enjoyment of a clear quarhis flock was always nearest his heart; yet terly payment of twenty pounds, which that rather than violate his conscience by trans noble peer charged on part of his own ferring his allegiance, he chose to leave estate; and which among many other, and both himself and them, to the protection of greater favours, is thus thankfully acknowthe Almighty.
ledged in the last will and testament of our So when the Prince of Orange came over, grateful Bishop : (viz.) I leave and bequeath and the Revolution was grounded on the to the Right Honourable Thomas Lord Vise abdication of king James, the Bishop re count Weymouth, in case he outlives me, all tired; and as soon as king William was my books, of which his Lordship has not the duseated on the throne, and the oaths of alle- plicates, as a memorial of my gratitude for his giance were to be taken to bim, he, for his signal and continued favours. Besides which refusal being deprived by the State, did re- gift of books, he had in his life-time, both linquish his revenue, (though not his care) before and after deprivation, given several with as clear a conscience, and as generous large catalogues tu places that were popu. å mind, as that by which it was once be- lous, and had parochial libraries within his stowed on him.
own diocese, He had an excellent genias for,
and skill in music; and whenever he had convenient opportunities for it, he performed some of his devotional part of praise with his own compositions, which were grave and solemn.
He had always a great relish for divine poesy, and in his retirement under this noble Lord's roof, he composed many excellent, useful, and pious pieces, which (together with one Epic Poem, which was written by him about the time of his Voyage to Tangier, and seems to have bad his last hand) may soon be ready for the Press, if this specimen be well accepted. But now his public affairs giving room, and his cholic pains rendering him uncapable of more serious study, he applied himself so happily to this favourite entertainment, as thereby in some measure to palliate the acuteness of his pain, and, as is hoped and conceived, may give full satisfaction to his readers, by pro. moting their chief happiness, to the glory of God the giver. So close was his application to these studies, and so was his mind bent upon quietness, that during all the time of his retirement, and among all the attempts of, and clamours against those called Jacobites, in the reign of King William, he was never once disturbed in that quiet enjoyment of bimself, and 'tis presumed, never suspected of any ill design; since never publicly molested, or privately rebuked. 'Tis true, he was once sent for by warrant, to appear before the Privy Council in the year 1696; but having the particular of that matter by me, left under his own hand, I think it best to refer the reader to it, as sabjoined to the latter end of this account. That his opinion was not agreeable with such of the nonjurors, who were for continuing a separation, by private consecrations among themselves, may (should there be any good occasion) best be known by his answers to letters, written from men of learning, who con Fersed with him on that subject; and which he left behind him: and from what I must affirm, that it was on his request the present Bishop of Bath and Wells accepted of that See. And because some have attempted to detract from this good man, as if tainted with errors of popery, and not so stedfast to the doctrine of the Church of England, and perhaps for want of a steady conduct about the time of the revolution; I think myself obliged, not only from his Will, made not long before his last sickness (and which being taken as a death-bed profession of faith, may gain the greater credit) to transcribe the words following: as for my religion, I die in the Holy Catholic and Apos. tolic Faith, professed by the whole Church before the disunion of East and West ; more particularly I die in the communion of the Church of England, as it stands distinguished from all Papal and Puritan Innovations, and as it adheres to the doctrine of the Cross;
but likewise to adjoin a letter from the present Bishop of Sarum, written to him just before his deprivation, which together with our Bishop's answer, may not only shew that Bishop's opinion of the honour he had been to, and the service he had done the Church, but likewise the caution our Bishop used towards others, in regard to their taking the oaths, and his good wishes for the prosperity of our Church.
My Lord, This gentleman who is presented to a living in your Lordship's Diocese came to me to receive institution but I have declined the doing of it and so have sent bim over to your Lordship that you being satisfied with relation to him may order your Chancellor to do it I was willing to lay bold on this occasion to let your Lordsbip know that I intend to make no other use of the commission that was sent me than to obey any orders that you may send me in such things as my hand aud seal may be necessary I am extremely concerned to see your Lordship so unhappily possessed with that which is likely to prove so fatal to the Church if we are deprived of one that has served in it with so much honour as you have done especially at such a time when there are fair hopes of the reforming of several abuses I am the more amazed to find your Lordship so positive because sume have told myself that you had advised them to take that which you refuse yourself and others have told me that they read a pastoral Letter which you had prepared for your Diocese and were resolved to print it when you went to London, your Lordship it seems changed your mind there which gave great advantages to those who were so severe as to say that there was somewhat else than conscience at the bottoin I take the liberty to write this freely to your Lordship for I do not deny that I am in some pain till I know whether it is true or not I pray God prevent a new breach in a church which has suffered so severely under the old one,
Gi. SARUM. Sarum, Oct. 1.
All Glory be to God. My Lord, I am obliged to your Lordship, for the continued concern you express for me, and for the kind freedom you are pleased to take with me; and though I have already in public, fully declared my mind to my Diocese concerning the oath, to prevent my being misunderstood; yet since you seem to expect it of me, I will give such an account, which if it does not satisfy your Lordship, will at least satisfy myself. I dare assure