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Heaven-ward; for travellers never hasten lady, Frances, Countess Dowager of War. so much as when they expect good lodg. wick, and daughter to Sir Christopher ings at their journey's end.
Wray, sometime Lord Chief Justice of His infancy being past, about nine years England, as she inherited her father's libeof age lie was sent to Fillingham, a village rality, who had been a great benefactor to in the so often-mentioned county of Lin. the last mentioned College of Magdalen, coln, where his grandmother Allen, and in giving laods and monies to it for the his aunt Peachel, his mother's sister, lived: founding a fellowship and two scholarships, at which place he began to lay the foun so did she also inherit the kindness of her dation of secular learning, which his pa- family to that of Edward Rainbow, and rents, observing him to be very capable therefore in her lifetime did him that hoof improving to a considerable beight, sent pour to nominate him one of her scholars him, in the year 1619, to the public school there. Upon which account (as liath been of Gainsborough, and from thence, in already binted) he removed from Oxford April, 1620, to Peterborough, in Nor, thither, and was admitted into that College thamptonshire, to be one of the scholars and scholarship at the time above-inen. of Dr. John Williams, who was then Pre- tioned. He took his degree of Bachelor bend of that Church. And it was upon of Arts there in 1627, and commenced his account that Edward Rainbow was Master of Arts in 1630, a year which is sent to Westminster School, in June, 1621, sufficiently remarkable in history for the Dr. Williams, old Mr. Rainbow's great birth of our late gracious sovereign Charles friend, being advanced to the Deanery of the Second, and for the descent of GustaWestminster and the Bisliopric of Lin. vus Adolphus, King of Sweden, into Ger: coln, and consequently bad thereby better many, where, till death put a period to his opportunities to gratify his friend's son in martial achievements, victory seemed to Westminster, where he then chose to re- be his constant attendant. side.
In Jnly, after be had proceeded Master In all these short stages of his youth, of Arts, be was sent for to teach the Free he was so far from frustrating the hopes School at Kirton, in Lindsey Coast (three which his parents had conceived of him, or fons miles froin Bliton,) which was that the great proficiency under bis several proffered to himr by that great patron of masters, adorned with bis meek and oblig- his family, Sir John Wray, whither be ing humour, easily gained him the favour went, choosing rather to he employed, of his instructors, and the esteem of his though in a low station, where he might more diligent school-fellows: in which be serviceable to his country, than to instate he continued till fitted for the Uni. dulge himself in ease and idleness, which versity, and then he was sent to Corpus are pot seldom the incentives to vice, and Christi College, Oxford, in July, 1623, at too often do prove the ruin of the most the age of fifteen, where his elder brother hopeful young men. John was admitted, and died Fellow of But before we conduct him from Barnthat house. He had before this, viz. in well, in Northamptonshire, from Mr. BoteMarch, 1621, lost his dear mother, which ler's, who had inarried his mother's sister, loss gave bim all the disturbance that a whither he had some time before retired dutiful son was capable of, for the death by reason of the hot sickness, give me of so prudent and tender a mother, and leave to add, that as few Graduates, at whom he never mentioned without ho least such as are Masters of Arts, and nour. Nor did she die lamented by him have behaved themselves according to the alone, but by all those who were ac- statutes of the University, do depart quainted with her extraordiuary parts and thence withont a testimony under the religious conversation, and who were not public seal of that University; so lie bad, generally enemies of, or strangers to true together with that, an unusual approbavirtue.
tion from that learned body: for during Having paid the debt due to the me his stay there, he had early given such unmory of his good mother, I am obliged to deniable proofs of his being the master resume the thread of his history, and con of a prompt and facetious wit, apd that sequently to mention, that during his stay upon several accidental and less remarkiu Oxford, be applied himself to his studies able occasions, that he was thereby suffiwith that attention, which became the son ciently distinguished from the crowd; and of so learned a father ; which course he the fame hereof, put him and it to so unheld on in Magdalen College, Cambridge, isual a trial, that perhaps the history of whither he was transplanted June 1, 1625, that famous University cannot furnishi us and that upon the following occasion. with many parallels thereto.
The right honourable and truly poble The Tripos, who was at the scholar's act chosen to divert the University with the benefit of the good library in that his wit, did it with so much sarcasm and place. And he enjoyed himself and his abuse, and with such severe reflections friends freely and without noise ; and as upon the principal persons in that eminent he thirsted after more knowledge, and body, that the Vice-Chancellor not suffer- daily improved it in that retirement, so ing him any longer to continue in his scur- he had in the year following some hopes rility, had ordered him to be pulled down. of shewing it to the benefit of others, Our Mr. Rainbow, though unprovided, (though he was sufficiently averse to all and without the least forethought, was ostentation) in becoming chaplain to that called up to succeed him in that slippery worthy and learned society of Lincoln's. place of honour; which difficult province Inn; and there he met with no small en(and made then niore difficult by the pub. couragement in his pretensions, having lie reprimand of his predecessor,) he ma gained the approbation of the most judi naged so dexterously, and made his ex- cions persons concerned in that election; tempore speech with so facetious an air, but he succeeded not in bis design, another and delivered it so smoothly and agree- man, who had a louder voice, being preably, that far from dashing against the ferred before him. rock of censure, which the other had split Aud now, lest his disappointment should opon, lie procured the general satisfaction tempt him to despond, the all-wise God, of his auditors, and a just applause to him who knew best what was fit for him, and self. Nor had be before this departure who never fails those that diligently seek gaiged himself less esteemn in that College and serve him, as we may charitably conof Magdalen, wliere he liad been educat- clude our Mr. Rainbow then did, since he ed, than in that more public stage of the bath left so many testimonies of his private University: for, among others, Dr. Henry devotion in his diaries; he, I say, did not Smith, who was then Master of that Col. forsake him in his exigency. For, after lege, being chaplain to the right honour this generous dismission, rather than reable Thomas Earl of Suffolk, sometime fusal of him at Lincoln's-Inn, where he Lord Treasurer of England, and presented staid two or three months, he was in June, hy him to that place, and one who was an the same year, made curate at the Savoy, able judge of a scholar's worth, baving and from thence invited to return to his taken notice of Mr. Rainbow's excellent beloved college of Magdalen, by Dr. parts and good deportment, was very des Smith, the master, and some of the felsirous to have retained him in the Col- lows, with the proffer of the first fellowlege; but there being then no prospect of ship that fell. Any preferment in that any preferment that might invite him to place was likely to be acceptable to Mr. stay, the worthy Doctor consented, though Rainbow; but the thought thereof bad an not without some reluctance, to Mr. irresistible charm to bring him thither, Rainbow's removal to Kirton School afore. when seconded by the kindness of that sosaid, which laborious employment, so mn- ciety, which, in contradiction to the old easy to most ingenuous persons, le dis- proverb, forgot him pot in his absence. charged a little while with more satisfac- The proffer was noble and tempting, tion to those men, whose children were in and met with an agreeable success; for trusted to his care, than to hiinself; for Mr. Rainbow upon this returned to the this new charge being not so agreeable to college, and accordingly, on Nov. 13, his inclinations, he quitted it ere long, 1639, he was pre-elected fellow pro doand went to London, with two of three mino fundatore, of the foundation, and more of the same standing and College, thereupon, in Jan. 28th following, he was after he bad by the way paid a visit to his admitted to the vacancy of the pext felfriends in Cambridge, and settled himself lowship. But that, it seems, as expectaat Foller's-rents.
tions osten are but airy, did not soon fall, When he went into sacred orders I can. and therefore, that lie might not have a not learn, for he hath in his diaries very title withont profit, he was elected and rarely taken any notice of any preferment admitted into a fellowship pro Doctore bestowed on him, as incompatible with Goch, in June 24, 1634, which notwithflat low and mean opinion be entertained standing he would not accept of without a of limself; only this I find, that the first Salvo jure et interesse io his former electime tre preached was in April, 1632, at tion, lest it should prejudice his right to a Glentworth, by wbich may be collected, fellowship of the foundation : to which that he was not admitted into orders till condition the master and the fellows wiltre had commenced Master of Arts. He lingly consented. For they who so much staid a quarter of a year in Fuller's-rents, desired his company, would not, to enjoy whence he removed to Sion College, for it, scruple at any thing which was not inconsistent with their oaths and statutes. In with the vain praises, as he styled them, pursuance of which design, on December of a frothy wit, he, upon serious copsider19th following, they unanimously decreed, ation with himself, finding such encomiums that bis first election and admission should to be but glittering nothings, and no fit be sufficient for him to obtain and enjoy objects for his contemplation, which should what fellowship soever first and next va- not fix upon any thing but more lasting cant, unless appropriated to some school and solid joys, and begging the Divine asor scholarship by its original foundation. sistance to the completing of that pious Which decree extended to four fellowships design, did set himself to bend his studies more than his first admission; a thing so another way, though with much more difuncommon, that I am assured, from a very ficulty and toil to himself; since those, by good band, the like instance cannot easily bim, unaffected flowers of rhetoric which be met with in that college books.
appeared, and those sparkling rays of wit We have seen Mr. Rainbow resettled in which shone forth in his first performances that college, let us, in the next place, see at the university, as well as in the late whether he answered the expectations mentioned sermon, Labour forbidden and and hopes which had been conceived of commanded, though they came to him nahim.
turally in a manner, and with much ease, To understand this the better, we will did not, in his judgment at least, tend to consider him under a double capacity, as a the advancement of God's glory, which is preacher and as a tutor. As to the former the principal end of our nativity, and of these, though I cannot, as I have already which, he wisely and truly judged, ought mentioned, find the time when he entered to be the chief end and design of every inte holy orders, yet I am informed, that sermon. after his fixing again in the university he He did not think that a sermon, or rapreached two sermons at St. Paul's Cross, ther an harangue, garaished with tropical the one in Sept. 28, 1634, upon John vi. and fignrative flowers, and beautified with 27. which he printed at the entreaty of his gay similes, taken from the historians and friends, and intitled it, Labour forbid. poets, could contribute much to the sarden and commanded, and dedicated the ing of a soul. It was not a laboured orasame to Sir John Wray, Bart, and historical sentence, a round period, or a brother Mr. Edward Wray: and another quaint expression, that could, in his opiin 1639. And in the university he be- nion, much assist to the completing of that came a very celebrated preacher, as he grand affair, among the unlearned. He had formerly been highly respected for judged a plainness of matter, a clearpess some other exercises performed by him and perspicuity of style in the expoundiog there in his younger years : for his ser- of the sacred oracles of the Old and New mons before the university were heard with Testament, and adapting and applying great applause. His audience was always them home to the consciences and spiricrowded and thronged; and, to give you tual necessities of the meanest persons, and one instance of the great esteem'he had that iu an easy and familiar language, was publicly gained as an eminent preacher, I the grand design of a true Christian orator, need only to mention, that when he who in persuading liis audience to the love and was appointed to preach in the University imitation of the great Captain of our salChurch, failed to perform that duty, the vation, Jesus Christ; to adore him sinvice-chancellor that then was, earnestly cerely here, and to enjoy him eternally desired Mr. Rainbow to supply that pub- hereafter, by our being adopted into that lic defect; which, though unwilling to un- happy number of his brethren. For the dertake, as having neither any notes about persuading of one poor soul, whom our hini, nor time for premeditation, at last, blessed Saviour hath redeemed with his through the solicitation of that public per dear blood, to live as a Christian ought to son, he condescended to it; and liis ready do, first by working opon the judgmeut, parts and great abilities enabled him, by and then by engaging the affections, is of God's blessing thereon, to perform that an infinite more value than to acquire the difficult task with satisfaction, and even empty glory of being accounted a Chrisadmiration, which his modesty would have tian, a Demosthenes, or a Cicero; to rival dissuaded him from attempting.
in eloquence a Lactantius, a Chrysostom, This was indeed a public trial and at or a Bernard. And in this method of testation of his worth, and that before so preaching did he continue till death put a eminent and learned a society; and there- period to his labours and toils. fore, when in the sequel of this perform You have seen him in a public capacity ance he found himself but too apt in cases as a preacher', 110w consider him in his of this nature to be pleased and elated private one as a tytor. In the year 1635
he began to take pupils, whom he instruct them, which continued for several years ed with so much care, and by his frequent before it was completed by the conjugal lectares, both in the mysteries of philo- tie, by reason of the iniquity, and the sophy, and in that, to which the other threatening of those (to give them a soft ought always to be subservient, the funda- epithet) cloudy times. mentals and necessary superstructure of In the year 1639, our Mr. Rainbow religion, as well as by his constant inspec- was ebosen dean of the college, which tion into their manners and behaviour, office he discharged with great care and fearing that otherwise, while they perused prudence; discouraging and punishing the the large volumes of the sage and quick vicious, and encouraging the diligent and sighted heathen philosophers, they should sober young students. Upon the 20th forget that they were Claristians; and day of April he fell into a dangerous should not remember God, the first cause swoon, so that that day wherein he first aad aathor of all, while they wandered in drew breath, had like to have proved the the maze and labyrinth of second causes; day of his death; and hence, after his reand, lastly, lest while they dwelt upon the covery, he had meditations suitable therestudy of ethics, they should contradict the to, to be seen in his diary. divine precepts of their own religion, by I have already mentioned what favour a deplorable immorality. So that Dr. he had gained of the Earl of Suffolk, one Henry Smith, whom I have had occasion of whose ancestors had founded that colto mention twice, as his great friend, lege: consequent of the high opinion that pleased with bris real industry, as well as earl had of Mr. Rainbow's integrity, in satisfied with his acute parts, which he had making a settlement of his estate in the the opportunity of knowing better by the year 1640, he did him the honour, among ussiduity of his company, committed to his other trustees, to make him one; as recare the two sons of Theophilus, Earl of membering not only how careful a tutor Soffolk, who had been recommended to be was over his sons, but how happy an his own, when at the same time another instrument he had that year been in renobleman, my Lord Daincourt, had en conciling a difference between hiinself and trusted Mr. Rainbow with the like pum- his eldest son, ber. Which trust he did so far answer, This great trust Mr. Rainbow, because that, joined to the often visits he made yoong, undertook with some unwilling. the Eart of Suffolk, in the company of the ness; but he discharged it afterwards with earl's sons, from Cambridge, during the all imaginable fidelity; therein not protime of that noble person's long affliction posing to himself the least improvement upon the racks of the gout, acquired him of his own private fortunes, but the advannot only an high esteem at that time, but tage of that noble family; and, while he made way for his bigher advancement in continued therein, after the death of Earl die Church afterwards, through the favour Theophilus, which happened in Jane, in the and kindness (I might have added the true year last mentioned, though his care for gratitude,) of that noble family. For the the estate of his honourable charge was earl by this means came to have a true great, yet was it no less for the great conknowledge of Mr. Rainbow's real worth, .cern of their souls, without which the and from thence contracted an high value other had been less valuable; and over for him, and a kindness proportionable whom, agreeable to his function, he was thereto.
very watchful and diligent, and God was To return again to Cambridge, from not wanting to bless his pious endeavours whence we have been absept a while at therein with a suitable return. Which Audley Ion, it was after his settlement in happiness was not confined to those noble the college that the frequency of his visits youths he had under his peculiar tuition, to Dr. Smith occasionied an acquaintance but extended to other young persons of and kindness between Mr. Rainbow and the nobility who frequented that family. Mrs. Elizabeth Smith, dangliter to the said For he observing some extravagancies in wortby doctor, whose virtues I would themi, too incident to men of their figure, have mentioned in this place, if her mo- and who meet with many temptations, and desty (she being yet alive) did not restrain especially with one, that of Aattery, the me from doing it, and withal make that bane of youth, wrought so upon their spicharacter I might now give her, look like rits by his cogent reasons, and insinuating tattery in me to her now while living, rhetoric, that they gratefully accepted of which would he but justice and a debt to some prayers composed by Mr. Rainbow, her virtaes when dead. Therefore, to wave which was suited to their particular conthis just panegyric, I must only add, that "dition, as was apparent by some papers then began that virtuous affection between seen after his death; and those noble per
REMEMBRANCER, No. 64.
sons had ever afterwards a just veneration of Northumberland, to the Lady Elizabeth and a trne kindness for him. Hence be Howard, became so much the favourite of the fa. His great friend, Dr. Henry Smith, milies of Suffolk, Northumberland, War- dying, and the mastership of Magdalen wick, and Orrery; and, since I have men College becoming thereby vacant, in Octioned the last, I cannot forbear to add, tober, 1642, Mr. Rainbow having forthat he who first bore that title hath, in merly had a promise and grant of that his Divine Poems, which he wrote in his place upon the first vacancy, from the declining years, bating the difference of Right Hon. Theophilus Earl of Suffolk, the languages, ontstripped those of Pru- was now admitted iuto it, with the condentius, (who also composed in his old currence of his son, Earl James. And age,) in the richness of fancy, and in de- now seeing himself set upon an higher licacy of expression. And as he had in ground, and consequently his actions other topics, composed for his diversion, thereby exposed more to the public view shewn that he wanted not a chaste and and censure, his next and chief care was elegant style, even when he treated on to discharge his new trust conscientiously; less severe and serious subjects, so liath and therefore having, while he was a felhe in those his poems on the Festivals, ac- low of that same college, taken notice quired a reputation which will never be that some very hopeful young men had, denied his merit, till wit and judgment be upon their being too early advanced, exiled the world, no more than posterity fallen from their former studious and vircan, without the highest injustice, refuse tuous course of living into debauchery, he, the title of a most accurate experimental upon his accession to the mastership, rephilosopher to his yet surviving brother, solved not to admit any man to a fellowand our Bishop's friend, the Hon. Mr. Ro- ship, who had not first commenced master bert Boyle; a gentleman who is no less of arts; that their longer stay before their bappy in, and respected for a sweetness of preferment might give the college a clearer temper, than for his ingenuity; and the demonstration of their worth, and they present age seems so much in love with thereby might become, as it were, proba. his philosophical experiments, and dis. tiovers for tbree years. courses upon them, by which he hath sig He took the degree of Doctor in Divinity palized himself to the greatest part of En- in the year 1646, when his chief question, rope, that even a critic of another nation, on which he made his thesis, was, that 11ot very ready to bestow compliments Ecclesia Anglicana tenet omnia ad saluupon others, but when even compelled tem necessaria. A point wbich he durst thereto by truth, cannot deny, but that defend in the worst of times, when that his experiments and reflections have al Church was so much oppressed for assert. ways an air of solidity; to which may be ing her loyalty to God and the King; for justly added, that as he hath enriched na. her agreement with the primitive Church tural philosophy with his choice observa. in not rebelling against a lawful magistious, so hath he, in contradictiou to the trate, and in owning the Jus Divinum of trite objection of such students, being near the cpiscopal bierarchy and liturgy. neighbours to Atheists, made that dear mis., But that black storm, which, occasioned tress an handmaid to religion. But I now by the sins of this nation, then surfeiting of forget that I trespass against the reader's ease and plenty, was permitted a while to patience by this long digression, as well as hover over our heads in black clouds, broke hereby offend this religions gentleman's out at last in dreadful thunders upon our modesty, for whichi, after I have craved trembling Israel, and tore down all that pardon of both, I shall return to Mr. Rain opposed its way. In this common calamity bow; whom we shall, according to the Dr. Rainbow had his share, both by symseries of his history, find ready to attend pathizing with the losses of others, and by the young Earl of Suffolk, Jaines, to the his particular sufferings. Long Parliament, in October 1640. A The royal martyr's death was that parliament, a small part of which after which, in a terrible manner, opened the wards, under the specious pretence of a eyes of all those who before would not, or thorough reformation, brought one of the could not see, that, under the mask of best of our kings, Charles the Martyr, to piety, rebellion lorded it over loyalty; the block, and laid waste that Church of when one of the most horrid villanies that England, which hath been long the glory the sun ever saw in this nation, was perand bulwark, under God, of the reformed petrated in open day! A pious king, and religion, and the envy of the Romish. one who held his crown of none but his
In 1642 Mr. Rainbow had the honour great Creator, first bauled to a tribunal, to marry the Right Hon, Algernon, Earl (an act not to be paralleled in all preced.