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be obeyed at the almost peril of their souls, aud which commission, no human power could set aside. 'Whether it be right, in the sight of God, to hearken unto you, more than unto God, judge ye,' said tliese intrepid and Tenerable men. The same Ministry still exists, by a lineal and regular succession : and it is perpetuated now, as it Wjs in the first ages, by the imposition of Episcopal hands, or, in other words, by the ordination of a Bishop j and, as long as the society, or Church of Christ shall endure, which will be to the end of the world, his duly commissioned ministers will remain to 'make disciples in all nations,' and to act as « Stewards of the mysteries of God.'" P. 8.

The next point considered is the duty attaching to the Ministry* We would most earnestly call the attention of our readers to this part of the vei erable Preacher's Address:

"What forcibly strikes the most superficial animadv'erter upon the subject, is, that an exemplary personal holiness is the leading characteristic obligation of Christ's ministers. 'Thou which teachest another, teachest thou not thyself? Thou, that preachest a man should not steal, dost thou steal? Thou, that sayest a man should Dot commit adultery, dost thou commit adultery? Thou, that abborrest idols, dost thou commit sacrilege •?' Argumentation of this sort is level to all capacities; and God forbid that we should not acknowledge the justness thereof, in its strongest point of view.

'* Unholiness of life in the minister, does not, indeed, of itself, vacate his ministry, nor hinder the effect of the Sucrom.nis, as our Church teaches, in her XXVlth Article of Religion; but, it is a stumbling-block to unbelievers, and to such as arc not wellgrounded in the faith. It causeth * the name of God to be blasphemed t;' it brings the foulest discredit upon the Church of Christ; and will always tend to lessen the effect of the most pertinent, arid the best framed exhortations. It is, therefore, freely acknowledged to he the duty of Christ's ministers to exhibit, in their own temper and conduct, a portrait of the Christian life.

"To this should always be annexeJ, an especial affection for the people of their charge.—Every time a.clergyman looks upon his congregation, it should be with tender emotions of love, and an anxiety for their everlasting interests. He should view them as the ransomed of Christ's blood, whom the great Shepherd, that laid down his life Cor the sheep, has committed to his

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care. In proportion as lie is impressed with these sentiments, bis official duties will become bis pleasure, and he will discharge them, ' not only for wrath, but also for conscience sake.' A constant and a reverent performance of the several liturgical offices, will be his delightful task; and, in such performance, he will appear to be, because he verily is, in earnest. He will duly and regularly administer the sacraments ' Christ hath ordained in his church;' and be will endeavour, as far as may be, that afl those circumstances of administration be attended to, which are enjoined in the ecclesiastical rubrics, and which nave so manifest a tendency to maintain a reverence for holy ordinances.

"In his capacity, as a preacher, his object will be to declare unto his charge, from time to time, ' all the counsel of CiodV He will aim at that perspicuity of language and method, which may best tend to instruct i and at such argument, earnestness, and animation, as may be likely to persuade. Above all, recollecting himself to be 'the Minister of Christ,' and that a * steward is to be found faithful,' he will by no means ba satisfied with the delivery of moral essays, or mere ethical maxims, but he will preach ' the truth as it is in Christ Jesus f.' He will embrace all suitable opportunities of asserting the divinity of bis blessed Master; and of leaching the necessity of faith in the adorable Trinity. He will 'set forth the original corruption of the human nature; our redemption, according to God's eternal purpose iu Christ, by the sacrifice of the cross; our sanciiftcation, by the influence of the Divine Spirit: the insufficiency of our own "good works; and the efficacy of faith to salvation j' and, he will be careful to maintain that doctrine, respecting the design and effect of the Sacraments, which the Scriptures, together with our Liturgy and Articles, teach.

"On the foundation of such doctrines, he will raise his superstructure of duties, and enforce 'holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord {.' This holiness, as it respects God, our neighbour, and ourselves, he will particularize, and inculcate, as opportunities and occasions serve ; not failing, when need so requires, to branch out the minute circumstances of duty, aud to exhibit the measure of Christian obedience. These particulars be will eutorce, by motives peculiarly Christian; which some of our best divines have supposed to be the only motives, with which the Christian Minister is concerned, and which certainly arc the only motives by which religion- and moral duty can be effectually enforced. And, while the necessity of universal holiness is thus urgtd, he will equally urge that of our being

•Acts xx. 17. -f- Kpli. iv. SI.

J Heb. xii. 14.

'found in Christ; not having our own righteousness, which is of the Law, but the righteousness which is of God by faith *,'" "Lastly, the faithful minister of Christ, equally removed, in his deportment and conversation, from the moroseness of the cynic, and the levity of the thoughtless, will endeavour to render himself, and his ministrations, acceptable to the people of his charge, by his affability and condescension, by being 'gentle to all men, apt to teach, patient, in meekness instructing those that oppose themselves f;' by shunning no intercourse that is innocent, and tends to cultivate harmony; by endeavouring, as far as may be, to make such intercourse turn to edification; and by doing all the good in his power: to which, we should subjoin, that he will be particularly happy to prescribe, at the bed of languishing, the healing medicines of the Gospel, fur the awakening of the sinner, and the consolation of the saint." P. 14.

The third head applies to the people, and points out their duty to the Minister.

•' It must be obvious to every unbiassed mind, that the sacred character of 'a Minister of Christ,' challenges respect from those who profess themselves to be Christ's disciples. Upon this subject I have already touched; and it is not necessary, at present, to add much to what has before been advanced. • We beseech you, brethren,' says St. Paul to the Thessalonians, ' to know them which labour among you, and arc over you in the Lord, and admonish you; and to esteem tbem very highly in love, for their works' sakc|.' Unless men have some antecedent respect to the character of him that speaks, they will hardly pay a proper attention, or entertain a suitable regard, to what he says. It is, therefore, of the utmost consequence, that the office and character of a Christian Pastor be looked up to with veneration, and that no prejudice against him be easily taken up.

"The next circumstance of duty, on the part of the people, is attendance upon their ministrations,. It is from the stewards of Christ's mysteries alone, that his Sacraments are to be had; and it is only in communion with them, that Christians can publicly, and socially, observe the other ordinances of the Gospel. 'The priests' lips should keep knowledge, and the people should seek the law «t his mouth §.' The minister of Christ 'is the messenger of the Lord of Hosts;' and he is ordained purposely to "preach the word;' which can imply no

less than that the people should attend, and give car to his preaching. He is not only to tell them what they knew nothing of before, but he is also to 'stir up their minds,' and put them 'in remembrance.' They, who boast of their knowledge, to excuse their attendance upon the word preached, have as much need as any to be taught; and do not sufficiently consider preaching as the ordinance of God, instituted to « minister grace unto the hearers;' and they who wander about after preachers, who have no legitimate commission in the Church of Christ, are unmindful of the true chsracter of the Christian Ministry, and are fomenting divisions in that body, which ought to be one and compact.

"Another duty incumbent on Christian Believers, is, to afford a competent maintenance to the Ministers of Christ. 'do ye not know, that' among the Jews, 'they who ministered about holy things, lived of the things of the Temple? And they woo waited at the altar r Even so hath the Lord ordained, that they who preach the Gospel, should live of the Gospel *.'—In places where the wisdom and piety of the Legislature have secured a legal maintenance to the Clergy, individual Christians have only to ' set apart their tythes with gladness,' and cheerfully to pay the allotments legally dcmandable of them.

The last duty I shall mention, is that of prayer for 'the Ministers of Christ.' St. Paul said to his Thessaloniau converts, 'Finally, Brethren, pray for us+.' The ministry we have received is a treasure, which we ' have in earthen vessels.' Our church is a weighty one—our steps are narrowly watched, and our haltiugs noticed— temptations that are common to man, assault us; and we have, therefore, especial need of the good wishes and prayers of the faithful, not only that we may save our own souls, but also that we may be mure effic. tually instrumental in forwarding the salvo, tion of those committed to our care." P. 18

We have thus- presented our readers with the greater portion of this Discourse, which is at once characterized by that freedom of admonition which is the privilege, that experience which is the fruit, and that piety which is the glory of old age.

It must be indeed a comfort to this venerable" Minister of Christ, to look back on bis long and useful life—a life spent in the service of

• Phil. iii. 9. f 2 Tim. ii. 24.

X 1 Thess. T. 12. § Mai. ii. 7.

Remembrancer, No. 63.

I Cor. ix. 13,14. f 3 Thess. iii. 1.

God, and for the good of man. He wants no praise that we can give, or we would offer it gladly: but, we know, he will not refuse our prayers, lliat God may yet grant him many years to enjoy that honourable independence which has been so honourably conferred upon him, until in his own good time he shall be pleased to call him to himself, and to the reward that awaits the Christian through his Redeemer.

Discounts on the Evidences of Christianity. By Thomas Robinson, M.A. of Trinity College, Cambridge, and Chaplain on the Bombay Establishment. 8vo. Pp. 100.

At a time when the propagation of Christianity is regarded with unusual interest by the whole community, we are glad to perceive that some attention is also paid to those professors of the Gospel who reside in heathen countries. This, indeed, is quite as essential to the real diffusion of religious truth, as the conversion of Mohammedans and Hindoos. The natives of our Indian empire possess a considerable share of acuteness and intelligence. They are by no meaus incapable of making observation, or of reasoning for themselves. If they see that professed Christians are loose in sentiment, and profligate in morals; —that they are ignorant of the evidences of their faith, and regardless of its honour; they will not only be confirmed in their ancient prejudices, but will actually learn to despise the Gospel, and to cling with fonder attachment to their own degrading superstitions. Every effort, therefore, which is made to correct this enormous evil, deserves encouragement and applause, and may be considered as tending directly to the extension as well as

maintenance of our Saviour's kingdom upon earth.

The Discourses now before us were prepared for the instruction of the British residents at Senior, in the presidency of Bombay. They have much to recommend them to our attention ; and they derive no mean sanction from having been dedicated to that illustrious mau, whose name must ever excite the veneration of a Christian mind—the late lamented Bishop of Calcutta. The object of the preacher is to present a succinct view of the evidences of Christianity; and his materials (its he candidly avows,) are chiefly selected from the writings of Lardner, Paley, and Michaelis. We will lay before our readers the commencement of the first Discourse, which will enable them to judge fairly both of the style and intention of the Author.

"The general design of my public addresses lias always been to bring before your view the prominent features of Christianity, and to press upon your hearts and consciences, rather than your understandings, the great topics of Christian exhor

. tation. It lias ever been my first and most ardent wish to lead your minds to the contemplation of the spirit and temper of our religion itself; to urge you, by the constraining motive of the love of Chris t„ to seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness. It may, however, he highly useful to examine with care and attention the foundation ou which our hopes are laid, and to state, with plainness and precision, the evidence* of the authenticity and divine authority of the religion we profess. At all times and in all countries this examination would be followed by great advantages; because it is always satisfactory to feel the ground upon which we stand, and to be well assured of the truth of those things in which we have been instructed. We believe indeed, that very few have ever thought seriously about

- religion, who h;ivc not been often interrupted in their progress by doubts and uncertainties and fears, lest after all, they should have followed a fable, only more cunningly devised than the other superstitions of the world. How painful and perplexing such surmises arc, can best be told by those who have felt the fabric of their eternal hopes tremble at the slighest breath. Besides, these outworks of Christianity "are exposed to perpetual assaults; and we are therefore pledged, as soldiers of Christ, to ascertain and vindicate their safety. We may often be called upon, especially in the present state of society in Europe, to meet the objections of subtle and crafty men, and we ought to be ready to give to them also, as well as to ourselves, a reason of the hope that is in u«.

"'Die Chnrch of Christ, however, in this country is placed in somewhat peculiar circumstances, which, if I mistake not, rentier the disenssion of this argument still more seasonable and necessary. They whose whole lives arc passed in the bosom of a Christian land, where the first impressions of their public life are blended with the more solemn ordinances of their religion; where the prejudices of their education are strengthened and matured by all they see and feel around them; where the external profession of faith at least is necessary to their political existence; where all that is dear to them in domestic life or civil glory, stands on the presumed authority of the Christian revelation, and where to loosen the foundation of the one would be to shake the very frame and fabricof the other; there indeed —the moral atmosphere thus purified and preserved—the doubts of scepticism are almost necessarily confined to the retirements of speculative and studious men; and they who are engaged in active life are happily exempt from the danger of such a conflict. Far different is our situation in these distant provinces of sur empire. Removed from those associations of Christian feeling, at a period when the impressions of youth have not been matured by the judgment of a riper age; often banished by the necessities of the service for years together from the stated ordinances of Christian worship ;— I appeal to your own experience, my brethren, whether the most natural tendency of these circumstances be not to lessen that habitual regard for our religion, which in the generality of us is cherished and kept alive by a constant familiarity with its external forms. When we consider also, that we are not only removed from the temples of our own faith, but are surrounded every where by the absurd and monstrous ceremonies of as ignorant superstition ; we must confess surely that it requires more than ordinary vigilance to preserve in our minds

that exclusive reverence we once felt for the religion of the Cross, and to guard against that spurious charity, so prevalent iu the last age, that would look upon the worshipper of Veeshnoo, or the follower of Mohutnmnd, as but little inferior to the disciple of Jesus, in the comparative value and authority of their respective creeds.

"The impression of which I speak is very far from any deliberate purpose or persuasion of the mind; it is the insensible progress of human feeling tow/arils apathy and indifference in the absence of all visible objects to revive and quicken it. If the children of Israel, ulio-c march from Egypt had been one coutiuuAl demonstration of the divine power, could forget Ood on the very borders of that sea, which was the theatre of his last and most splendid miracle; what wonder that Christians in the midst of an heathen country, should be apt to lose sight of those miracles which were wrought tor the establishment of their religion at the distance of eighteen centuries.' If St. John, in addressing those who had been eye witnesses of the wonderful works of Christ and bis Apostles, thought it necessary to warm them with such tender importunity—' Little children keep yourselves from Idols;'—it is strange that we, in these latter ages, and cut off from the intercourse of Christian Churches, should need to be reminded of that high preeminence which a revelation from God must ever hold above the palpable inventions of human artifice!" P. 1.

In the second discourse the authenticity of the historical books of the New Testament is considered. This, indeed, is an important question, but not well adapted for the pulpit. Mr. Robinson, however, has upon the whole managed it with discretion. He is not, perhaps, quite master of this part of his subject. The various readings in the manuscripts of the Greek Testament, do not always mark, so distinctly as he seems to imagine, "the edition of the origiual to which they respectively belong.1' This is a point of some difficulty, involving much critical discussion, but it does not effect the general validity of Mr. Robinson's argument iu the slightest degree.

The third Discourse is devoted to the credibility of the Gospel History: the fourth, to the argument from Miracles; and the fifth, to that from Prophecy. In the sixth there is a passage which reflects great credit on the preacher; and may be read with as much advantage by our countrymen at home, as by those in India.

"I have endeavoured to set before you with all plainness and fidelity, the most striking and direct evidences of the divine origin of our holy religion. It is my duty now*to remind you, that if it be divine, it is to all who hear it of supreme authority and universal obligation. We have seen thai this Gospel at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard him; God also himself bearing- them witness both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will.* Unto you is the word of this salvation sent. Let it not seem strange to yon that we, the ambassadors of Christ, should be anxious for the success of our embassy; and that, not content with delivering our message and establishing its authenticity, we should 'charge and exhort every man, that we may present every man perfect before God.'

"It is possible that the evidences of Christianity may be acknowledged, where Christianity itself is not received. It is possible that its divine excellence may be confessed by many who still resist its claims to their acceptance. It is very possible that the splendour and beauty of its revelations may play upon the fancy, bat never reach the heart; that many may mistake the assent of the understanding for the full assurance of faith, and the transient glow of the affections for the cheerful and unreserved obedience of the heart. The Gospel of Christ is indeed the most perfect display of the divine attributes, the most stupendous exhibition of the power and mercy of God: but we are not unconcerned spectators of the scene: our own individual interests are deeply involved; we must be cither the objects of his love, or the monuments of his wrath. We are called upon to contemplate and admire the wonderful plan of human redemption, but it is that we may believe and obey. The wisdom of

• Heb. ii. 4.

God is proclaimed to us; but it is that we may be made wise unto solvation. We arc told of the humiliation and the sufferings of Christ, not to excite our wonder and sympathy, but that whosoever belieoelh on him might hare eternal life." P. 79.

To these sentiments we cordially subscribe. If the Gospel is thus faithfully preached to the British residents in India, the work of conversion among the Hindoos will be more easily and effectually performed. The practical influence of Christianity, we may hope, will be more apparent; and a visible improvement in the habits and sentiments of Europeans, will operate upon the native mind as the strongest recommendation to our religion.

The Universal Diffusion of the Christian Faith considered, in a Sermon, preached in the Parish Church of St. Martin, Leicester, on Friday, November, 24, 1823; being the Third Anniversary of the District Committees of the Societies for Promoting Christian Knowledge, and for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, established in the County of Leicester. Published at the Request of the Members present. By the Rev. Gilbert Beresfori, M.A. Rector of St. Andrew's, Holborn. 8vo. Pp. 28. 1*. firf. Rivingtons. 1824.

We know not which to admire most in this Sermon—the elegance of its style, or the soundness and piety of its. matter. The introductory remarks on the character of the Royal Psalmist's inspired compositions; the transition from the works of nature to the works of grace, graciously intended by their great Author to be co-extensive with the former; the powerful aid, under God, afforded by the religious Societies, connected

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