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advice is neglected, they must reprove ; if between the master and the slave has their reproof is set at nonght, they must use something patriarchal in its characother means. Some servants there are, ter; and that those "tears over the who will feel more at being turned from
grave of a faithful servant,” which the room in which they wait, or displaced
Mr. Pinder describes as “ beautiful from their duty for a day, or even passed without being wished good-night or morn and becoming as the morning dew," ing, than others will at more harsh means. are oftener shed, than many are Happy and tender is such a conscience! it willing to believe. And as the mancarries its blessing. It is the duty also of nerin which Mr. Pinder has described a master to reward. And this can be done the feelings of good servants, who in many ways without money given, or pay
incur some slight from their masters, ment made for doing what their business of life is. This would in some cases shock ads such as being displaced for a day, vanced Christian servants, and make them or not wished good night or mornfeel hurt at being suspected, of not valuing ing, shows that he is speaking not God's favour above all as their chief re- merely of himself, but of other masward. With the young, it is a different ters: so also it proves the friendly case. Just setting out, surrounded by nature of the connection between temptation, and weak through the corrupt
the master and the slave, amongst nature which they brought with them into the world, they need these little helps,
the better portion of society. Such which may be removed after a time, like reproofs only exist where servants scaffolding from a building. Thus it ap- are united to their masters, by affecpears the duty of masters and mistresses to tion and regard. . jend their servants forward in religious , The Second Lecture treats of knowledge, to be kind and gentle to all
stealing the text
stealing, the text Ephes. iv. 28. Mr. tempers which can be won by such treatment; to advise, and to reprove. To af.
Pinder treats with much clearness ford comfortable clothing, sufficient and the various kinds of stealing of which easy maintenance-I may add, attention, servants are guilty; and his remarks when any are sick and tears over the are as well suited to the servants in grave of a faithful servant, will be as beau. England, as they are to the domestic tiful and becoming as the drops of morning slaves of the West Indies. He pro. dew. May the Almighty dispose my heart
poses to the consideration of his ever to be the friend as well as master of my servants-May they serve me in return,
hearers, the examples of Abraham's Spot with eye-service, as men-pleasers, but
servant, and of the servant of the in singleness of heart, fearing God; and Centurion, in the following terms. whatever they do, do it as to the Lord!' May I, like Cornelius, not serve God by “How delightful it is to read of Abraham myself, but with all my house,' and keep being able to trust his servant on so importthe way of the Lord." P. 4.
ant a business, as to bring bome Rebecca
to his son Isaac, and to niark witb what When it is considered that these
confidence the old man put into his hands,
that mese jewels of silver, and jewels of gold ! sure Lectures are addressed to persons of his servant's faithfulness and honesty, in a state of slavery, we are certain, and worthy of the trust he put in him. How that many persons who are taught pleasing to our Saviour, to hear the Roman to view the state of our West India captain, speak so highly of his servant, and colonies, as a state of universal
actually come begging him to cure him of
vas atticted. barbarism, will be not less surprised
These were honest servants." P. 10. than gratified, when they find a Christian Clergyman, himself a'pa- His description of the feelings tive of Barbadoes, addressing his with which an aged servant would slaves in these affectionate terms. call to mind his acts of dishonesty, From the information we possess when roused to a sense of guilt, is respecting the West Indies, we are in itself interesting, as pointing out led to believe, that as far at least as the protection which faithful slaves relates to the domestic slaves, the tie receive from their masters, when in
capacitated by age from active ser-, it will be in vain for me to remind you that vice.
every man, woman, and child that speaks The Third Lecture is upon Lving. truth will despise you, and think little of We cannot avoid extracting the fol
' you, and watch you, and never trust you.
In vain to remind you, that your own heart lowing passage, as containing in
will be touched with shame, at times ;
that you cannot be happy here, nor expect masters even in our own country. to be so bereafter." P. 17. The passage abounds with good “Do not give way to telling strange acsense and judgment.
counts of things, and talking about other
people. If you make a promise, keep it. “People are taught to lie by having false Keep company, as much as possible, only promises made to thein. If they will do with true and faithful Christians. Do not sach a thing, a bad person promises to give speak hastily; think before you speak, them this; not to tell upon them, and so and do not talk too much: yon cannot unon. Persons are taught to lie, from the say what you have once said. When you way they are spoken to,-Get into a pasó repeat a thing, do not make it more or sjon with them- storm and rage ;-wly less ; better or worse; either to produce they are frightened, and scarcely know fun, or promote displeasure ; and do not what they are saying. Ask them mildly ever say what you yourself do not believe. and quietly; search into the truth till you if you get out of temper, avoid speaking come at it, and clear them of the charge; till you are cool again ; yon may tell, either or, if they have told a lie, panish them. by threatening or promising, what you Yet the punishment even of young persons may afterwards repent." P. 20. should be something more than whipping or confinement: try and make them sen- · The Fourth Lecture is upon Idlesible of their wickedness; make them pess, and contains much familiar, ashamed; make them sorry in the sight of
and useful instruction. The extract, God; and try and fix in their hearts a de
though colloquial in its style, is termination never again to tell a lie. "" Another way of making a person lie,
worth reading; and the reference is to accuse him without a cause. Consi
to our blessed Lord's example is der every person as innocent, and treat him well adapted to cheer those, whose 80, till yon are satisfied in your own mind, life is one of toil and labour. or have very strong reasons indeed, from . his beliaviour, for believing that he is goil. “I kn w no better rule for being earty. This will be far from encouraging him nest in business, tban praying for a blessto tell a lie.
ing on your daily labour. Few can go on " How are we to prevent or cure this long playing the bypocrite to such a debad habit ?-Know that God is present ; gree as to beg God's blessing on this piece hears what you say, and is offended with or that piece of business : and then neglect you for a lie. Do you think you may re- it in the day! You cannot speak too pent, before you meet God? Do not be too plainly to your Heavenly Father in prayer, sure. Ananias and Sapphira told a lie; If you charge yourself with so late St. Peter warned them; they persisted; taking rest, pray against it. If you and God struck them both dead upon the think yourself slow, if fond of gadding, spot! Gehazi, the servant of Elisha, ran if of being busy only while watched, if of after a person that had been calling at his doing business carelessly, if of idle fils, master's house, and by means of a lie, got though not regularly idle, or any other some inoney and clothes; then, with a calm way in which I have mentioned, pray for face, walks back, and stands before the strength to get the mastery of it. Whoprophet. Where have you been Ge- ever you may serve, never be a servant to hazi?'-Thy servant has not been any the bad disposition of a corrupted heart, where. What! did not my heart go Pray more and more earnestly, till yon with thee and watch thee when Naaman find it getting less and less manifest in gave you what you begged for, with a lie your conduct. in your month; and now you deny it to « Remember the Lord Jesus Christ, me!' And how was he punished ? - with He whom archangels were made to serve, leprosy, for ever.'-- If this will not pre- came down, not to be ministered upto vent lying, to be told that Gov hears every but to minister.' He went about doing word you say, true or false, whisper or good.' Hc laboured till he was hungry, loud, to master, mistress, or one another, and the people came to liim again, so that
he could take no food : he walked till he doubt not that the future Ecclesiaswas thirsty, and then was refused a tical governors of the Leeward Isdraught of water. Like the sun that lands will be able to appeal to the rules by day, he went his daily round, giving light and life; preaching peace, but
happy condition of the slaves of
the Codrington Plantation, in tes. enjoying none; offering rest to weary souls, but not having where to lay his timony of the benefits which will head. At length, bearing his own cross, result to the planter, as well as to he patiently suffered himself to be nailed the slave, from the judicious extento it, for onr redemption, Eveu now he sion of Christian instruction amongst is actively engaged, praying in our behalf, the Negro population. guiding his servants, directing their duties, helping the performance, and preparing places in heaven against their coming thither; wherein we may rest neither day nor night from the blessed lot of praising and serving God for ever and ever !"
The Christian Ministry: a Sermón, P. 28.
Preached in the Cathedral Church
of Chester, at a public OrdinaThe last Lecture is upon So- iion of Priests and Deacons, by briety, and well pourtrays the evil the Right Reverend George effects of drunkenness; but we shall Henry, Lord Bishop of that forbear making any further extracts. Diocese, on Sunday, October 5, We cannot, however, close the
1823 ; and published at the ReReview, without contrasting the ad quest of the Bishop, the Dean, dress of Mr. Pinder to his domestic the Archdeacon, and the rest of slaves, with the manner in which our The Reverend Clergy then present. more enthusiastic brethren strive to By George Gaskin, D.D. (of impress their hearers with the usea. Trinity College, Oxford,) Preful truths of the Christian religion, bendary of Ely. 8vo. pp. 24. In Mr. Pinder's discourses, every 1s. 6d. Rivingtons. 1824. thing is adapted to the understanding of the slaves. yet without A SERMON from so old a servant condescending to that fan iliarity of the Church, on the duties of the which is disgusting when employed Ministry, will be read with very in the service of religion. The main deep interest by all, and with no and fundamental doctrines of Chris, small profit and edification by the tianity, are plainly and practically younger Clergy, enforced; and thougb we here and “We live (says the venerable Preacher) at there detect phrases not quite in a period of time, when the Church is asaccordance with the elegancies of sailed, by a vast variety of opponents-by the English language, as spoken on
those, who set themselves to controvert the
idea, that God has made any revelation of the eastern side of the Atlantic,
his will to mankind, and consequently that still the production, on the whole, he has not founded a Church, and by is creditable to Mr. Pinder's talents, others, who, professing to believe, corrupt and bespeaks a heart devoted to
the faith, split into numberless petty sects
and parties, and create Ministries amongst religion, and a mind studiously fixed
themselves. Thus, errors and oonfusion are upon the discharge of his important engendered, and we have a torrent of evil to and interesting duties. In taking oppose, which nothing can effectually stem, leave of Mr. Pinder, we request him
on our part, but suitable learning, especi
ally on the origin and nature of our office, to be assured, that he will carry
correct life, pious disposition, abstraction with him, on his return to his from secular pursuits, and secular manners, duties at the College, our ear and diligence in the various duties of our nest prayers, that his health may
calling. If such dispositions be entertained, be spared to enable him to conti
and such pursuits be followed, under the
guidance of God's word and Church, and nue his valuable services, and we by the aid of the Holy Spirit, we may anti
cipate usefulness in our labours; we shall the legal security they have for the payment be instrumental to the salvation of the souls of their revenues, originate in the kindness, committed to our attention, and thus minis and proceed from the indulgence, of the tering, and preaching to others, we shall not State. These honours and these rights, howourselves become cast-aways*. P. 5. ever, are quite distinct from the spiritual
commission, which they bear for the admiAfter an introduction, so calcu nistration of the concerns of our Lord's Kinglated to excite the attention of
dom on earth. They have no necessary con
nexions with it ; ibey stand merely on the his audience, Dr. Gaskin thus ex
ground of human law; whilst the spiritual presses himself on the subject of commission, or office, of the Minister, is alThe Christian Ministry.
together derived from a different source.
There is, in the sacred character, somewhat « When we consider the great objects of
more divine, than can belong to the mere the Christian Ministry, and the nature of its
hired servants of the State; there is someduties; how closely interwoven are religion
what, which the potentates of the earth, and happiness ; and how vexatious and
and the powers of the world, can neither short lived, are concerns that are merely
give, por take away. worldly; it will be perceived, that the rela
" Nor is it to be supposed, that the body of tionship subsisting between the Clergy, and
the people are vested legitimately, with the those among whom they minister, is of the
power of conferring a right to administer most endearing, interesting nature: and
spiritual things, in the Church of Christ. I that they are, or ought to be, united toge
am aware that the sectaries of most, perther, by the strongest and most indissoluble
haps all, denominations, plead for this powties. By this spiritual alliance, the Pastor's
er; and the persons, who minister before interest is really bound up with that of his
them, are unquestionably their delegates. Parishioners; and in seeking their welfare,
Their office, however, is the invention of he consults his own. A mutual obligation
the human brain; and their power is that, is bound opon both parties : the duty of one
which the people please to give them. Such is fidelity and diligence, and that of the other
a spurious spiritual administration as this, is respect and attention. There does not
the Church bad not heard of, in her primithen occur to me a more suitable train of
tive and purest times. It was the leaven of discourse, on this occasion, than that which
a comparatively modern æra : it bad its results fairly from the text ; whence, we are
grand prevalence, if not its rise, in this led to consider, the dignity of their office,
kingdom when anarchy rode triumphant, who are " the Ministers of Christ, and
on the ruins of our civil and ecclesiastical Stewards of the mysteries of God;" the
constitution; and the doctrine, at this day, duties, to which that sacred office obliges
prevails, chiefly, if not altogether, with them; and the obligations of the people,
those who long to see that anarchy revived amongst whom they minister. What I shall among us. The dignity of the sacred mi. advance upon these heads, will be strictly
nistry has then another origin. They, who, conformable to the views of the Church of
legitimately, minister, in spiritual things, England, and what I verily believe myself,
are neither the creatures of the state, nor after much thought, consideration, and ex
the delegates of the people : they are the iniperience.” P. 7..
nisters of Christ, and therefore, “Stewards of
the mysteries of God.' T'he prophet MalaThe first of these heads regards
chi informs us, of old, that the Priest was
the messenger of the Lord of Hosts *;' and, the dignity of the Priestly office;
in reference to the same idea, St. Paul tells which is justly stated to be of God's us, that he was received as the Angel, or own appointment, not derived from,
Messenger, of God, even as Christ Jesus +' however it may be enriched by, man,
hiipself had been received. "As my Father
sent me,' said our Lord to those whom he but instituted by Christ himself for had ordained, so send I you ,' and, lo, man's benefit.
I am with you always, even unto the end of
the world. Accordingly, when the Jew« With respect to the dignity of their ish Sanhedrim, who acted under the authooffice, wbo are the Ministers of Christ, rity of the Romans, imprisoned the Apos. and Stewards of the mysteries of God, it tles, and commanded them not to speak at it will be suitable to premise, that they are
all, nor teach, in the name of Jesus $;' not the creatures, or mere servants of the State.
they replied that they had a commission The secular honours, with which the Clergy from God to preach the gospel, which must of an Established Church are invested, and
* Mal. ii. 7.
+ Gal. iv. 14.
| John xx. 21. || Matt. xxviii. 20. * 1 Cor. ix. 27.
§ Acts iv. 18, 19 "
be obeyed at the utmost peril of their souls, care. In proportion as he is impressed with aud which commission, no human power these sentiments, bis official duties will becould set aside. Whether it be right, in come his pleasure, and he will discharge the sight of God, to bearken unto you, more them, “not only for wrath, but also for than unto God, judge ye,' said these intre conscience sake. A constant and a revepid and venerable men. The same Minis rent performance of the several lilurgical try still exists, by a lineal and regular suc. offices, will be bis delightful task; and, in cession : and it is perpetuated now, as it was such performance, he will appear to be, in the first ages, by the imposition of Episco because he verily is, in earnest. He will pal hands, or, in other words, by the ordina- duly and regularly administer the sacration of a Bishop; and, as long as the so- mentsChrist hath ordained in his church;' ciety, or Church of Christ shall endure, and he will eudeavour, as far as may be, which will be to the end of the world, bis that all those circumstances of administraduly commissioned ministers will remain tion be attended to, which are enjoined in to make disciples in all nations, and to the ecclesiastical rubrics, and which have act as • Stewards of the mysteries of God.'" so manifest a tendency to maintain a reve. P. 8.
· rence for holy ordinances.
"In his capacity, as a preacher, his object The next point considered is the will be to declare unto his charge, from duty attaching to the Ministry, time to time, . all the counsel of God? We would most carnestly call the He will aim at that perspicuity of language attention of our readers to this part
and method, which may best tend to in
struct; and at such argument, earnestness, of the ver.erable Preacher's Ad
and animation, as may be likely 10 per. dress :
suade. Above all, recollecting himself to “What forcibly strikes the most super.
be the Minister of Christ, and that a ficial animadverter upon the subject, is,
steward is to be found faithful,' he will that an exemplary personal holiness is thé by no means be satisfied with the delivery leading characteristic obligation of Christ's of moral essays, or mere ethical naxims. ministers. . Thou which teachest another, but he will preach' the truth as it is in teachest thou not thyself? Thou, that Christ Jesus t.' He will embrace all suit. preachest a man should not steal, dost thou
thou able opportunities of asserting the divinity steal ? Thou, that sayest a man should of his blessed Master; and of teaching the pot commit adultery, dost thou commit necessity of faith in the adorable Trinity. adultery? Thou, that abhorrest idols, dost
He will set forth the original corruption thou commit sacrilege *}' Argumentation of the human nature ; our redemption, acof this sort is level to all capacities; and
cording to God's eternal purpose iu Christ, God forbid that we should not acknowledge
by the sacrifice of the cross; our sanctifithe justness thereof, in its strongest point of cation, by the influence of the Divine Spi. view.
rit: the insufficiency of our own good “ Unholiness of life in the minister, does
works; and the efficacy of faith to salva. not, indeed, of itself, vacate his eninistry,
tion ;' and, he will be careful to maintain nor hinder the effect of the Sacraments, as our
that doctrine, respecting the design and Church teaches, in her XXVIth Article of
effect of the Sacraments, which the ScripReligion ; but, it is a stumbling-block to tures, together with our Liturgy and Antiunbelievers, and to such as are not well
+ well cles, teach. grounded in the faith. It causeth the
« On the foundation of such doctrines, he name of God to be blaspbemed t ;' it brings
will raise his superstructure of duties, and the foulest discredit upon the Church of
enforce holiness, without which no man Christ; and will always tend to lessen the
shall see the Lord I.' This holiness, as it effect of the most pertinent, and the best
respects God, our neighbour, and ourselves, framed exhortations. It is, therefore, freely
he will particularize, and inculcate, as opacknowledged to be ihe duty of Christ's
portunities and occasions serve; not failing, ministers to exhibit, in their own temper
when need so requires, to branch out the and conduct, a portrait of the Christian
minute circumstances of duty, and to exbibit
the measure of Christian obedience. These “To this should always be anuexed, an
particulars be will entorce, by motivés peespecial affection for the people of their
culiarly Christian ; which some of our best charge.--Every time a. clergyman looks
divines have supposed to be the only moupon his congregation, it should be with
tives, with which the Christian Minister is tender emotions of love, and an anxiety for
concerned, and which certainly are the only their everlasting interests. He should view
motives by which religious and moral duty them as the ransomed of Christ's blood,
can be effectually enforced. And, while the wliom the great Shepherd, that laid down
necessity of universal holiness is thus urged, his life for the sheep, has committed to his he will equally urge that of our being
* Acts xx. 24. + Epli. iv, 21. * Rom. ii, 21. + Rom. ji. 24.
Heb. xii. 14.