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This curious Copy appears to defray the expenses of Counsel's have been formerly in the possession opinion.
P. M. of the Scarborough family, from the name “ Lumley” on the title-page. The poor-rate on tithes, being It was afterwards for many years in separate from that on the land, the library of the late Mr. Bindley, from whom must the overseer reat whose sale it was purchased for cover the rate ? Mr. Watson Taylor. The book is If it be agreed, that the Farmer now in the possession of Messrs. shall pay the rates on the tithes, Rivingtons and Cochran.
and he afterwards refuse to do so, Your obedient Servant, can the Parson recover the rates of
1. H. the Farmer; and if so, by what
process ? To the Editor of the Remembrancer. Feb. 20, 1824.
SIR, I wish to submit a few queries. To the Editor of the Remembrancer. through your excellent Miscellany, SIR, . to some learned Civilian, whose an- AN original letter of the pious John swers will be a great benefit to Wesley has accidentally fallen into many Incumbents.
my hands : it is written in a very 1. Does an estate of land, annexed tremulous hand; so much so, in. to a benefice by Queen Anne's deed, that in the two spaces left bounty, become legally the glebe of blank, the words in the original are that parish ?
quite illegible. It was addressed 2. If it be a glebe (properly so to one of his favourite preachers, called) can the Incumbent, being a who has now attained a very ad. Vicar, claim of the Impropriator an vanced period of life in constant exemption from tithes?
adherence to the dying exhortation 3. If he be entitled to exemption of his earthly “ Master and Brofrom tithes for such lands, situated ther,” (as he calls Mr. Wesley) withiu his own parish-can he by a regular monthly participation extend the same claims to lands in the Sacrament of the Lord's annexed to his benefice by Queen Supper, and indeed by his attenAnne's bounty, situate in another tion to all the services and ordiparish!
nances of the Church of Eogland. 4. If the above queries are an- The letter is as followsswered in the affirmative, may the act of paying tithes for the same
“ London, Feb. 2, 1791. hitherto, be set up as a custom to
* Dear James,
“God, who is the disposer of all bar his claim of exemption ? Your's,
events, and particular of Life and Deatli
- We may safely say it T. T.
is the Lord, let him do what seemeth him good. Take this opportunity of earn
estly exhorting all our brethrenTo the Editor of the Remembrancer.
in love and ever constantly to attend the Church and Sacraments, and
in that scriptural way to go on to perfecTHE following questions often cause to confusion and ill will. By giving
“I am with Love, them place in your excellent Pub "Your affectionate Friend and Brother, lication, some of your pumerous
“ J. Wesley." readers will, perhaps, answer them,
T. T. and thereby relieve the doubts of If this letter be genuine, of wbich we many of the Clergy, who are ill have no reason to doubt, from our knowable, out of their scanty means, to ledge of our Correspondent, it appears to
On Reading Profane History. carefully L. Florus, who briefly continues By the "ever-memorable" John Hales.
the story from Romulus till Augustus shut
the temple of Janus; and if you would " In perusal of history, first, provide you get go lower, add then unto Florus, Eusome writers in chronology, and cosmo- tropius his Breviarium; who from the graphy. For if you be ignorant of the same point brings the story unto Jovianus times and places, when and where the the Emperor. This will give you a genethings you read were done, it cannot ral taste of your business, and add light chnse bat breed confusion in your reading, unto particular authors, and make you many times grossly to slip
“ This done, then take Livy in hand. and mistake in your discourse. When Now because Livy, is very much broken therefore you set to your book, have by and imperfect, and parts of him lost; it you Helvicus his Claronology; and à may be questioned, whether were better map of the country in which you are con to read Livy throughout, baulking his imversant; and repair upto them to acquaint perfections, before you meddle with any you with time and place, when, and where other? or when you come to any imperyou are. If you be versing the aptient fection, to leave him, and supply his wants histories, the provide you Ptolomy's by intercalation of some other author, and Maps, or Ortelius his conatus Geogra. so resame him into your hands again, phici: if the latter, then some of the mo- toties quoties? For answer, were it your dern charts.
purpose exactly to observe the course of “ As for method of reading history, the story, it were not amiss where Livy note, that there are in story two things fails you, before you go to his next books, especially considerable. First, the order to supply the defect out of some other of the story itself: and Secondly, moral, anthors: but since this is not that you or statical observations, for common life principally intend, but some other thing; and practice.
and again, because variety of authors may , “For the latter of these, there needs no trouble you, it will be better for you to method in reading; all the method is in read Livy throughout, without interrupdigesting your reading, by bringing it into tion. When you have gone bim throngh, heads, or common places, or indices, or then, if you please, you may look back, the like. For in this kind, read what and take a view 'of his imperfectious, and books, and in what order ye list, it mat. supply them out of some other authors, ters not; so your notes may be in some partly Latin, as Justin, Sallust, Cæsar's such order as may be useful for you. For Commentaries, Hirtius, Velleius Paterthe former, that is the course and order of culus : partly Greek, as Polybius, Pluthe story; the order of reading ought to tarel, Dionysius, Halicarnasseus, Appiabe the same with the order of the things mus, Alexandrinus, Dion Cassius : out of themselves; what was first done, that is which authors you may reasonably supply to be read in the first place; what was whatsoever is wanting iu Livy. next, in the next place, and so forward ; “ Having thus brought the story to the the snccession and order of time and read change of the empire, you must now begin ing being the same. This if you mean to another course; and first you must take observe exactly (which I think it is not so in haud Suetonius Tranquillus, who being necessary for you to do) you must range 'carefully perused, your way lies open to your authors according to the times, the reading of our politicians great aposwherein the things they writ were acted, tle Tacitus. Now the same infelicity hath and in the same order read them.
befallen him, which before I noted in “ But before you come to read the
Livy: for as this, so that is very imper. acts of any people: as those that intend fect, and broken, a great part both of to go to bowls, will first see and view the his Annals and Histories being lost. And ground upon which they are to play ; 80 as I counselled you for Livy, so do I for it shall not be amiss for you, first to take Tacitus, that you read him throughout, a general view of that ground, which you without intermingling any other author; mean more particularly to traverse, by
and having gone him through, in what you reading some short epitome. So, ere yon
shall see him imperfect, Dion Cassius, or read the Roman story, (for that way you
his epitomizer Xiphiline, will help you mean your studies shall bend) first, read out: though by reason of your fore-read
ing of Suetonius, you shall find yourself, have escaped the research of Mr. Southey, for a good part of the 'story, furnished as he gives the 1st of Feb, as the date of before-hand, the last letter written by Wesley. See « And thus are you come to the reign Southey's Life of Wesley, vol. ii. p. 561. of Nerva, where Suetonius and Tacitus ended; hitherto to come is a reasonable “ To omit all that which belongs to task for you yet.
the style and language wherein your au“ If you shall desire to know the state thor writes, in which I suppose you mean and story afterward till Constantine's not much to trouble yourself; matters obdeath, and the division of the Empire, or servable in history may be all ranked under farther, to the fall of the Western Em. three heads; First, there is the story itpire, let me understand your mind, and I self, which usually we gather by epitowill satisfy yon.
mizing it. Secondly, there are miscel“ For the editions of those authors lanea, such as are the names and genealohitherto mentioned ; your choice is best gies of men ; descriptions of cities, hills, of those, whom either Lipsius, or Gru- rivers, woods, &c. customs, offices, materus, or Causabon have set forth : though gistrates, prodigies ; certain quaint obserif yon be careful to buy fair books, you rations, as who was the first Dictator ? can scarcely chuse amiss; your Greek au when the Romans first began to use thors, if you list not to trouble yourself shipping? or to coin gold? what manner with the language, you shall easily find in of money the antients used? their manner Latin sufficient for your use. Only Plu- of war and military instruments ? and an tarch, whatever the matter is, bath no infinite multitude of the like nature. luck to the Latin, and therefore I would Thirdly, there are moralia. advise yon either to read him in French " For the first, you need not trouble or in English. But as for Tacitus, the yourself about it, it is already done to chief cock in the court-basket, it is but your hand. For there is almost no story meet you take special good advice in of note, whereof there is not some epireading of him: Lipsius, Savile, Pichena, tome, as good as any you can frame of your and others, have taken great pains with own. Indeed, if you did intend any exhim in emaculating the text, in settling act knowledge of history, it were good you the reading, opening the customs, ex- did this yourself, though it were actura pounding the story, &c. and therefore agere : because what we do ourselves, you must needs have recourse unto them; sticks best in our memories, and is most yet this is only critical, and not courtly for our use. But since your aim is at learning : Tacitus for your use requires something else, you may spare your own, other kind of comments. For since he is and make use of others labours. The se. a concise, dense, and by repute a very cond head is pleasant, but is merely crie oraculous writer, almost in every line tical and scholastical, and so the less perpointing at some state-maxim: it bad tinent to you, and therefore I shall not been a good employinent for some good need to speak any more of it. The third, wit, to have expounded, proved, exem- which I called morals, is that Penelope plified at large, what he doth for the which you must woo; under this I commost part only but intimate. Something prehend all moral sentences and common our age hath attempted in this kind, places, all notable examples of justice, of thongh to little purpose. Gruterus hath religion, &c. apothegms, Vafre el simcollected certain places liere and there, lanter dicta et facla ; civil stratagems collected out of him: and Scipio Ammi. and plots to bring ends about: censures rati hath glossed him in some places ac. upon men's persons and actions : concording to the shallowness of the new siderations upon men's natures and dis. Italian wits. But Anibal Scotus, groom positions : all things that may serve for of the chamber to Sixtus Quintas, hath proof or disproof, illustration or ampli desperately gone through him all, whom fication of any moral place: consideraI would wish you to look upon, not for tions of the circumstances of actions, the any great good you shall reap by him reasons why they prove successful; or (for he is the worst that ever I read) only their errors, if they prove unfortunate : as you shall see by that which he liath with in the second Punic war, why Hannibal great infelicity attempted, what kind of still prevailed by hastening liis actions ; comment it is, which if it were well per- Fabius, on the contrary, by delay. And formed, would be very acceptable to us. this indeed is one of the special profits
« From the order of reading, we come that comes by history. And therefore I to the excerpta, and to such things as we have always thought Polybins (might we observe and gather in our reading. Here have him perfect) one of the best that are two things to be marked : First, the ever wrote story. For whereas other his. matters and things which we collect; torians content themselves to touch und Secondly, the manner of observing, ga- point at the true reasons of events in civil thering, registering them in our paper business ; Polybius, when he hath historibooks for our speedy use,
cally set down an action worthy consideration, laves it not so, but reviews it, in- in history. For one of the greatest reasists, and, as it were, comments upon it, sons that so many of them thrive so little, -considers all the circumstances that were and grow no wiser men, is, because they of any force in the manage of it; and con- slight things of ordinary course, and obtents pot himself, as it were, to cast its serve only great matters of more note, but water, but looks into its bowels, and less use. How doth it benefit a man shews where it is strong, and where diswho lives in peace, to observe the art eased. Wherefore I would have you well how Cæsar managed wars? or by what acquaint yourself with him, and especially cunning he aspired to the monarchy? or with those passages I now speak of, that what advantages they were that gave they may be patterns to you to do the Scipio the day against Hannibal ? These like, which that you may with greater as things may be known, not because the surance and profit do, make special ac- knowledge of these things is useful, but count of those who wrote the things of because it is an imputation to be ignorant their own times, or in which themselves of them; their greatest use for you being were agents, especially if you find them to only to furnish out your discourse. Let be such as dorst tell the truth. For as it me therefore advise yon in reading, to is with painters, who many times draw have a care of those discourses which expictures of fair women, and call them press domestic and private actions, espeHelen, or Venus; or of great emperors, cially if they be such, wherein yourself and call them Alexander, or Cæsar; yet purposes to venture your fortunes. For we know they carry no resemblance of the if yon rectify a little your conceit, you persons whose names they bear : so, when shall see that it is the same wisdom, men write and decypher actions, long be which manages private business, and state fore their time, they may do it with great affairs, and that the ove is acted with as wit and elegancy, express much politic much folly and ease, as the other. If you wisdom, frame very beautiful pieces; but will not believe me, then look into our how far they express the true countenance colleges, where you shall see, that I say and life of the actions themselves, of this not the plotting for an headship, for that it were no impiety to doubt: unless we is now become a court business, but the were assured they drew it from those who contriving of a bursersbip of twenty noknew and saw what they did.
bles a year, is many times done with as “ One thing more, ere I leave this head, great a portion of suing, siding, supplantI will admonish you of. It is a common ing, and of other court-like arts, as the scholical error to fill our papers and note- gaining of the secretary's place; only the books with observations of great and fa difference of the persons it is, which makes mous events, either of great baltles, or the one comical, the other tragical. To civil broils and contentions. The expe think that there is more wisdom placed dition of Hercules his offspring for the re- in these specious matters, than in private covery of Peloponnese, the building of carriages, is the same error, as if you Rome, the atteinpt of Regulus against the should think there were more art required great serpent of Bagradas, the Punic wars, to paint a king, than a country-gentleman : the ruin of Carthage, the death of Cæsar, whereas our Dutch pieces may serve to and the like, Mean while things of ordi- confute you, wherein yon shall see a cop nary course and common life gain no of Rhenish wine, a dish of radishes, a brass room in our paper-books. Petronius pan, an Holland cheese, the fisher-men wituly and sharply complained against selling fish at Scbeveling, or the kitchen. school-masters in his times, Adolescen- maid spitting a loin of matton, done with tulos in scholis stullissimos fieri, quia as great delicacy and choiceness of art, as nihil ex iis quae in usu habemus aui au can be expressed in the delineation of the diunt aut vident, sed piratas cum catenis greatest monarch in the world, in littore stantes et tyrannos edicta scri. " From the order of reading, and the bentes, quibus imperent filiis, ut patrum matters in reading to be observed, we suorum capita praecidant, sed responsa in come to the method of observation; what pestilentia dată ut virgines tres aut plures order we are for our best use to keep in immolentur; in which he wisely reproves entering our notes into our paper-books. the error of those, who training up youth “ The custom which hath most pre- : in the practice of rhetoric, never suffered vailed liitherto, was common-placing; a them to practise their wits in things of thing at the first original very plain and use, bat in certain strange supralonary ar simple; but by after-times much increased, guments, which never fell within the some augmenting the number of the beads, sphere of common action. This complaint others inventing quainter forms of disis good against divers of those, who travel posipg them; till at length commod-place
books became like unto the Roman Bre. shall be better fixed in your memory, and viary or Missal, it was a great part of your memory will easily supply you of clerkship to know how to use them. The things of the like nature, if by chance you vastuess of the volumes, the multitude of have dispersedly noted them; that so you heads, the intricacy of disposition, the may bring them together by marginal refepains of committing the heads to memory, rences. But because your notes in time and last, of the labour of so often turning must needs arise to some bulk, that it may the books to enter the observations in be too great a task, and too great a loss their due places, are things so expensive of time, to review them, do thus, Cause a of time and industry, that although at large index to be framed according to allength the work comes to perfection, yet phabetical order, and register in it your it is but like the silver mines in Wales, the heads, as they shall offer themselves in profit will hardly quit the pains. I have the course of your reading, every head often doubted with myself, whether or no under his proper letter. For thus though there were any necessity of being so ex- your notes lie confused in your papers, actly methodical. First, Becanse there yet are they digested in your index, and hath not yet been found a method of that to draw them together when you are to latitude, but little reading would furnish make use of them, will be nothing so you with some things, which would fall great pains as it would be, to have ranged without the compass of it. Secondly, them under their several heads at their Because men of confused, dark and cloudy first gathering. A little experience of understandings, no beam or light of order this course will shiew you the profit of it, and method can ever rectify ; wbereas men especially if you did compare it with some of clear understanding, though but in a others that are in use." mediocrity, if they read good books carefully, and pote diligently, it is impossible but they should find incredible profit, EARLY PROJECT OF A SAVINGS' though their notes lie never so confusedly. The strength of our natural memory, espe
BANK. cially if we belp it, by revising our own The following circular contains, notes ; the nature of things themselves perhaps, the first idea of a Saving many times ordering themselves, and al
Bank-it bears date as early as most telling us how to range them; a me. diocrity of care to see that matters lie not Way
May 22, 1815. Those who had the too chaos-like, will, with very small da- pleasure of knowing Archdeacon mage, save us this great labour of being Wollaston, will not be surprized at over-superstitiously methodical. And finding that it proceeded from his what though peradrenture something be active and provident mind. It
will be read on many accounts with “ Exilis domus est, ubi non et plura suo much interest; by his friends, who
persunt. Hor. . . were acquainted with his worth, « It is a sign of great poverty of scho- and by the public, who have learnt larship, where every thing that is lost, is so justly to appreciate the value of missed; whereas rich and well accon- those institutions, now happily so plished learning is able to lose many things general and flourishing, and which with little or no inconvenience. Howwere thus early contemplated by him. soever it be, you that are now about the poon of your day, and therefore have po “ To the Labourers and others in South leisure to try and examine methods ; and
Weald. are to bring up a young gentleman, who " It is believed that many labourers, in all likelihood will not be over-willing servants, and others, particularly young to take too much pains; inay, as I think, men, and those who have no children, with most ease and profit, follow this might be able to save weekly some part of order.
their wages, and thereby in time to lay op “ In your reading excerpt, and note in for themselves or their families a sum of your books, such things as you like : going money, not inconsiderable, against siekon continually without any respect unto ness or increased expense ; if any method order; and for the avoiding of confusion, was offered to them, by whicb small savit shall be very profitable to allot some ings might be safely kept, till they should time to the reading again of your own have occasion to call for the money. *notes; which do as much and as oft as. A vonng man of eighteen. at the full you can. For by this means your notes wages of husbandry, till he marries, may