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healthy animals, or, at least, will associate himself as an observer and registrar of all morbid symptoms exhibited by animals under proving, an opportunity is offered especially at the Pesth University, in the homoeopathic institute, for the production of artificial disease.
Directions for the provers of medicines respecting the diseases which they produce are to be found in vol. i of the Journal of the Society of Austrian Homoeopathic Physicians, edited by Dr. J. O. Miiller (Vienna, 1857). They have been elaborated into a whole out of the previous admirable results of the Vienna Proving Society by a select committee. We recommend this article to the attentive consideration of all those who are in a position to undertake for the first time, without any preliminary practice, the physiological proving of any given medicine on themselves, on others, or on animals.
We propose Cuprum metallicum as the first medicine to, be proved, in consideration of all that has occured in Europe this year in cases of cholera; and, this proving being completed, the next in order will be Cuprum aceticum, then C. sulphuricum, and, lastly, C. arsenicosum, in proportionably longer or shorter periods, and with constant comparative retrospect of the results of the Cuprum metallicum proving.
The centesimal triturations of the metallic copper are, immediately after their preparation, and again before they are administered to the provers, examined microscopically both as to the number and the fineness of the metallic particles reduced by each trituration with milk-sugar, and the results formed into a table to be afterwards added to the printed account of the proving. The dilutions of the same are next examined in like manner with the microscope, or, in case this no longer indicates any copper, by spectrum analysis; and the result of this examination is faithfully and accurately published in tables afterwards.
The preparations of the medicines to be proved are sent, with the most exact account of the process, from Dr. Willmar Schwabe's homoeopathic central depot, Leipsic, to
VOL. XXXII, NO. CXXVIII. APRIL, 1874. R
every prover, at the cost of the Society, without charge, or, in case he wishes it, to be paid for afterwards.
The medicines selected for proving by the Central Society from time to time will be kept there, in all triturations and dilutions on the centesimal scale, ready for the optional selection of the prover.
The results of proving are to be sent to the chief editor of the International Homoeopathic Press, Dr. Clotar Miiller, Leipsic (No. 5, Rudolfstrasse).
On hehalf of the Central Society of Homoeopathic Physicians of Germany, Vienna, August 10th, 1873.
Dr. Ernst Hilarius Frolich, Vienna.
The following observations by Dr. Koeszler at the fortyfirst meeting of the Central Homoeopathic Society of Germany, held at Vienna in August last, form a fitting addendum to the above appeal. We take the report of the speech from vol. 87 of the Allg. Hom. Zeitung.
Gentlemen,—I will call your attention to a subject with which not only our interests but the interests of homoeopathy are most intimately connected, and which is deserving of our most careful consideration; I mean the question, Why are we now getting so few young physicians to join our ranks?
The discussion of this question, the elucidation of the causes of this unhappy circumstance, is by ho means new; we have often talked it over, but without properly comprehending and demonstrating the real facts of the case, and without being able to indicate remedial measures. It cannot be denied that noted homoeopaths have given weighty reasons in explanation of the unfavourable position, and likewise alleged the possibility of altering it; yet they have not chosen the starting-point proper to a consideration of this earnest question. Those numerous and enthusiastic fighters in the van of homoeopathy that were brought over in consequence of the defects of the dominant school, and by the practical success of the Hahnemanniau doctrine, and who studied homoeopathy and bore their part in founding the school, worked with holy zeal at the development of our method, but they divided themselves from the very beginning into two different parties—into the absolutely dogmatic with a dynamic basis; and into the speculativerational with a material basis.
The former became and remained dogmatic, and regarded all that had been done in homoeopathy, including the Materia Medica Pura, as complete and not to be touched by unholy hands; the latter entered on the path of sifting and examining the collected materials.
Now, we must all admit that the so-called Materia Medica Pura is indeed the corner stone, but not the crowning one of the edifice. The sifting and sorting and the after-provings were not carried on in an exact scientific way either; hence they were unable to attract the attention of scientific thinkers; and since these efforts could not even satisfy the workers themselves, they flagged and finally ceased. The want of fresh men coincides with this period of the historical development of homoeopathy!
But time advances; we enter upon a new phase of the historical development of the immortal idea of Hahnemann: this is the era of exact scientific experiment.
The Organon, the Materia Medica, constitutes now, as then, the hasis of our school; but it is necessary that it be understood and explained in accordance with the present state of science, and that by the exact method of the present time—by scientific experiment.
But what is this exact method? It is the practical application and utilisation of all those aids which modern natural science offers in proving our drugs on the healthy, i. e., a most extensive strictly scientifically carried-out method in the provings of remedies as morbific agencies with a correlative comparison of the natural diseases at the bedside. For this purpose we must make use of experimental pathology, pathological physiology and histology, chemistry, &c, in the study of our Materia Medica, just as is done in the study of the natural diseases. Taking this as a starting-point, homoeopathy in Hungary has acquired her two professorships, and that one for Materia Medica with a proper experimental institution attached, and the other for homoeopathic clinical instruction. For the successful development of homoeopathy which is now showing itself in creating a young generation, these two professorships are absolutely necessary—one conditions the other, one completes the other. These are the workshops in which the young physicians of the modern school must be taught the ideas that represent our school by the facts obtained from nature's scientific experiments.
Now-a-days the young physician can no longer be converted into a believing therapeuticist by the cut-and-dried post hoc ergo propter hoc; only in the way just indicated is it possible to procure for homoeopathy numerous firmly-convinced adherents, and to develop homoeopathy in a strictly scientific sense, and to conquer a place of honour for it amongst the natural sciences. (Cheers.)
With us in Hungary, where, under the direction of Professor Ilausmann, the Institute for Materia Medica is for the experimentation in artificial drug-diseases; where, under the direction of Professor Bakody, the homoeopathic hospital exists as adjunct to the artificial diseases; where, therefore, the demands of modern science are satisfied in the lectures of these two professors, there has arisen such a lively interest for homoeopathy that we can already speak of a considerable increase in the number of new homoeopathic physicians.
Wherever homoeopathy has established itself our endeavour must be to advance in like manner; we may not put up with a little dispensary, or with some clinical wards, or with a professorship for everything; no, we must have homoeopathy in its entirety, for then victory is certain and the future ours. (Great cheering.)
PHYSIOLOGICAL ACTION OF ACETATE OF COPPER.*
Through the kindness of Professor Joseph Buchner, of Munich, we have received a valuable inaugural dissertation by Adolf Carl Kock, delivered at Munich in 1872, containing very precious information, which we wish to com*
* Neue Zeitachriftfiir Bom. Klinik, 13d. 17, Nos. 20 & 21.
municate to our readers in an extract; though compressed in form yet substantially complete.
I. Poisoning Cases.
a. Scheuchzer gives an account of a Swiss monastery where the monks suffered from constant colic, retching, bilious vomiting, loss of appetite, constipation, flatulence, heartburn, pain in the limbs, tightness of the chest, and even paralysis. He found that the kitchen utensils were of copper, badly or not at all tinned, and some of brass, were very dirty; and in these all sorts of food, acids included, were boiled.
b. Schodius saw in the case of a gardener, who had eaten fish cooked with salt and oil in a copper vessel, vomiting, bloody stools, and death. Lanzoni observed, after eating rice out of a copper vessel, vomiting, colic, and delirium.
c. Strack saw in four children, who ate beans cooked in a copper vessel, retching followed by vomiting, continued diarrhoea, pale face, swooning, and colic.
d. Fabas relates that a family of six were ill after eggs cooked with sorrel and butter in a copper vessel. All six had constant vomiting and diarrhoea, convulsive movements, cramp and violent pain in the abdomen, and were benefited by taking oil and mucilaginous remedies.
e. A boy fell into violent convulsions after eating, on board ship, some peas which had stuck to the bottom and sides of a large copper. Soon after a serious disease broke out in the whole crew, with colic, vomiting, purging, and swooning. The ship surgeon took it for cholera, but it passed off when the dirt in the copper was discovered and removed. Thus says Ramsay.
/. Two men died after eating food prepared in a copper vessel imperfectly tinned; for an hour they suffered the most violent pains in the stomach, with vomiting and tenesmus. The intestines, says Portal, were swollen, with erosions in several places, especially in the small-guts;