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of exposing Simpson again after his death, but Dr. Duns's biography has left us no choice. It is strange that a learned divine of that Free Kirk of Scotland, of which both Simpson and Henderson were members—Henderson indeed occupying a conspicuous position as elder—should have failed to perceive without any telling that Henderson would not have sacrificed name, and fame, and money, and repose for the sake of advocating the claims of homoeopathy to be considered a great truth in medicine, had it been the grotesque chimera represented in Duns's pages on Simpson's authority. Surely any man of sense might have perceived that the sole real point at issue between the supporters and opponents of homoeopathy is simply the experimental point, is the principle true or not when tried? Henderson thought it right to make the trial before bearing public witness for or against it. A religious man as he was, he had the fear of the ninth commandment before his eyes, and was accordingly solicitous not to bear false witness. How does a divine excuse Simpson, who, without one single trial, testified publicly that his colleague had spoken falsely?

The Simplicity of Life .• an introductory Chapter to 'Pathology.'1 By Ralph Richardson, M.A., M.D. London: H. K. Lewis. Pp. 118.

We are truly rejoiced to see the appearance of this work, which is the first instalment of a new edition of Fletcher's Pathology. The author is an old pupil of Fletcher's, and possesses, besides the published works of that distinguished physiologist, notes of his lectures, and will therefore, we hope, be able to add much valuable matter from that source. About two years ago he wrote to Dr. Drysdale, as the surviving Editor of Fletcher s Pathology, asking if there was any intention of publishing a second edition, adding that he contemplated doing so. Dr. Drysdale replied that he was unable to undertake the task, and expressed his gratification at hearing of Dr. Rchardson's intention. The present volume contains chiefly a transcription of Fletcher's chapter on life in the Rudiments of Physiology, preceded by some introductory matter comparing it with the ideas prevalent now, especially those of Gull, Huxley, and Beale, which he judges on Fletcher's principles. On some points we are not quite at one with him respecting the nature of force and its relation to the animal; e. g., he objects to the expression of force being "stored up'' in plant products to be consumed in animals, while we think that, properly understood, this is quite correct. But we are all the same unspeakably gratified that the doctrines of Fletcher, which we have so long endeavoured to bring into the prominence they deserve, should now be brought forward by other independent disciples. We look forward with eagerness to the future parts, and if the author brings the public to apply Fletcher's doctrines to the physiological, pathological, and therapeutic knowledge of the day, he will be doing incalculable service. We have to notice one omission. In the appendix he gives extracts from Dr. Drysdale's first part of Life and Equivalence of Force, selected on some principle we fail to discover, but he omits to put marks showing that the quotations are not consecutive. The meaning is therefore not what Dr. Drysdale intended. The second part, in which reference to Fletcher is made, is not alluded to in this volume.

The Baths and Wells of Europe, their actions and uses, with notices of Climatic Resorts and Diet Cures. By John Macpherson, M.D. Second Edition. London: Macmillan, 1873.

This is a nice little book, not by any means an exhaustive treatise on the baths and wells of Europe, but useful to the practitioner by giving, in a few words, the leading characteristics of the waters of the different mineral sources, and the maladies for which they are indicated. It is a pity the author's plan did not admit of his saying all he had to say about each source at one place, for it is rather tiresome to have to refer to two and often to three different parts of the work for the information we seek respecting some particular mineral water. A more convenient plan for the construction of such a work would, we think, be to give the watering places in their alphabetical order, say all that was to be said about each under its own heading, and supply complete indices of the leading chemical character of the springs and of the diseases for which they are recommended. However, we must be content with what we have, and there is no doubt Dr. Macpherson's little book, which has already got to a second edition, supplies a want often felt by the busy practitioner in this country, and we can heartily recommend it as a sort of remembrancer for the physician, but not as a work that can supersede special treatises on the various sources, though these again usually err on the side of excessive laudation of the healing virtues of the sources they treat of.

The second edition omits the very full table of contents that adorned the first edition. We cannot conceive the author's object in making this alteration, and would advise him in subsequent editions not only to restore the table of contents, but to insert the page after each particular subject mentioned. A book like this, which is essentially a work of reference, cannot be too liberally supplied with indices for enabling us to refer in a moment to the subject we wish to read about.

We notice that Dr. Macpherson is guilty of the common English error of spelling Interlaken, Interlachen. The word is a compound of two Latin words, inter and lacus, betwixt the lakes, and is pronounced and written Interlaken; it has nothing to do with the German word lachen, to laugh, though a German would undoubtedly laugh to hear it pronounced Interlachen.

Ophidians: Zoological Arrangement of the different genera, including varieties known in North and South America, the East Indies, South Africa, and Australia. Their Poisons and all that is known of their nature. Their Galls as antidotes to the snake venom. Pathological, toxicological, and microscopical facts; together with much interesting matter not hitherto published. By S. B. Higgins, S.A.j Honorary Member of the Homoeopathic Institute of the United States of Colombia. New York: Boericke. London: Turner, 1873.

This is a little book with a big title. Small though it be there is a great deal in it that might have been as well left out. A great portion of the book is taken up with descriptions derived chiefly from the standard works of Gunther, Baird, and Girard, of all the snakes venomous and innocuous of all the four or five quarters of the globe, and with bare enumerations of cases of snake bites from the works of Fayrer, Russell, and others.

There are also descriptions of all the plants and secret remedies used in various countries as specifics against snake bites.

A great deal of this might have been well omitted in a little book professing to give an account of a new antidote for snake bites, and much more might have been said about the antidote itself and proofs given of its efficacy. There is, too, a great want of method in the arrangement of the book, so that it is a matter of considerable difficulty to find the various parts that possess an interest for us by virtue of their novelty or of their bearing on the subject of snake bites and their treatment.

Mr. Higgins has long resided in the United States of Colombia, a country very prolific in poisonous snakes. He became acquainted with the methods adopted by the curers of snake bites, and learned that the bile of poisonous snakes entered into the composition of most of their vaunted antidotes.

The idea occurred to him to try the effects of the administration of the bile of the snake that imparted the poisonous bite, and this treatment he assures us he has found perfectly successful, and he says it has been largely adopted by the "curers" and medical men of Colombia.

His mode of preparing the antidote is to take the bile from the gall-bladder of the snake shortly after it has cast its skin, when the virtues of the bile are most developed. One drop of this bile to ten drops of alcohol, strong wine, or spirits, is the proportion for his tincture. For the treatment of bites five to ten drops of this tincture are to be mixed with a tumblerful of water, and a tablespoonful given every five, ten, fifteen, or twenty minutes. He also makes a crucial incision in the wound, and bathes the limb in hot water in which are a few drops of the tincture of bile. He warns against giving too much of the bile, for though it will remove the symptoms of venom-poisoning it may kill the patient from its own poisonous properties.

It may be worth the while of those resident in countries where venomous serpents abound to try Mr. Higgins' simple mode of treatment, for which purpose all that would be necessary would be to have tinctures of the bile of the various poisonous reptiles of the country prepared, and have recourse to the bottle corresponding to the snake that has inflicted the bite.

Mr. Higgins identifies the Lachesis of Dr. Hering's celebrated proving with the Lachesis trigonocephalus or Curucuca of Dutch Guiana, the Conanaconchi or Bushmaster of British Guiana, and denies that it is the Craspodocephalus lanceolatus or Fer-de-lance, which he says is a native of Martinique.

Practical Notes on the New American Remedies. By R. Tuthill Massy, M.D. Second Edition, enlarged. London: E. Gould and Son.

We must apologise to Dr. Massy for having, through inadvertence, neglected to notice this book on its first

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