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28. At Culchena, Mrs Ann Campbell, wife of Lately, At his house in Cecil Street, Limerick, Duncan Campbell, Esq.

David Stevenson, Esq. Mr Stevenson was a native 27. At Greenwich, Lieutenant-Colonel William of Mauchline, and, during a number of years, in Frederick Machean, formerly of the 6th regiment which he had been extensively and successfully of foot, youngest son of the late General Forbes engaged in business in that city, he uniformly Macbean of the Royal Artillery.

upheld the reputation of a most upright and re Lately, While passing from India to Arabia, spectable merchant. Captain James Irving of the 2d Native infantry, At Cullumpton, Devonshire, of voluntary and late of Annan.

starvation, - Mortimer. He had a small pro- Killed in the engagement with the Arabs, at perty by which he had been supported for some the capture of Beni Bocali, in the Persian Gulf, years; but finding he was likely to outlive it, as Mr John Gordon, assistant-surgeon in the service it was reduced to about £150, and feeling the apof the Honourable East India Company, son of prehension of want more than the natural love of the Rev. W. Gordon, minister of Elgin.

life, he came to the resolution of ending his days - At Conanore, East Indies, Captain Gilbert by starvation. To effect this dreadful purpose he James Blair, of the 25th Native infantry.

took nothing but water for a month before he - In the parish of Kenmore, Mrs M‘Laren, died; at the end of three weeks his body was aged 106. This vencrable matron retained her wasted to a skeleton, and a medical gentleman was faculties to the last. The oldest people in Perth- called in, who advised him to take some nourishshire, who have of late closed their eyes on life's ment; but this he refused, and even discontinued sleeping scene, have dici nearly of the saine age. the use of water. In this way he subsisted anoThus James Stewart of Graysmount, and Stewart ther week, when nature yielded the contest. the tinker in Aberfeldy, were both gathered to - In three contiguous parishes in the countheir fathers at the mature age of one hundred ty of Aberdeen, viz. Logan, Buchan, Ellon and five years.

and Cruden, widow Hutcheson, aged 92, Jean - At Warsop, Nottinghamshire, George Wragg, Brown, 100, and John Tawse, 106, all, particuand Grace, his wife, aged about 80. They both larly the two last, retaining their faculties unimexpired within the short space of half an hour of paired till very nearly the time of their decease. each other.

JOHN RENNIE, ESQ. Oct. 4. At his house in Stamford Street, Lon- in the fulfilment of his labours was equal to his don, in the 61th year of his age, John Rennie, Esq. genius in the contrivance of his plans and machithe celebrated engineer. Mr Rennie had been nery. He would suffer none of the modern subcomplaining for some time, but appeared to be re- terfuges for real strength to be resorted to by the covering, when, on the morning of the 4th inst. contractors employed to execute what he had unhe suffered a severe relapse, which carried him off dertaken. Every thing he did was for futurity, the same evening at seven o'clock.

as well as present advantage. An engineer is not The death of Mr Rennie is a national calamity. like an architect. He has no commission on the His loss cannot be adequately supplied by any amount of his expenditure; if he had, Mr Rennie living artist, for, though we have many able engi- would have been one of the most opulent men in neers, we know of none who so eminently possess England, for many millions have been expended solidity of judgment with profound knowledge, under his eye. But his glory was in the justice of and the happy tact of applying to every situation, his proceeding, and his enjoyment in the success where he was called upon to exert his faculties, the of his labours. It was only as a mill-wright that precise form of remedy that was wanting to the he engaged himself to execute the work he planexisting evil. Whether it was to stem the torrent ned, and in this department society is indebted to and violence of the most boisterous sea--to make him for economising the power of water, so as to new harbours, or to render those safe which were give an increase of energy, by its specific gravity, before dangerous or inaccessible to redeem dis- to the natural fall of streams, and to make his tricts of fruitful land from encroachment by the mills equal to four-fold the produce of those ocean, or to deliver them from the pestilence of which, before his time, depended solely on the stagnant marsh-to level hills, or to tie them toge- impetus of the current. His mills of the greatest ther by aqueducts or by arches, or by embankment size work as smoothly as clock-work, and by the to raise the valley between them-to make bridges alternate contact of wood and iron, are less liable that for beauty surpass all others, and for strength to the hazard of fire by friction. His mills, indeed, seemed destined to endure to the latest posterity, are models of perfection. Mr Rennie had no rival. Every part of the united If the death of such a man is a national loss, kingdom possesses monuments to his glory, and what must it be to his private friends and to his they are as stupendous as they are useful. They amiable family? Endeared to all who knew him will present to our children's children objects of by the gentleness of his temper, the cheerfulness • admiration for their grandeur, and of gratitude to with which he communicated the riches of his

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the author for their utility. Compare the works mind, and forwarded the views of those who made of Mr Rennie with the most boasted exploits of useful discoveries or improvements in machinery the French engineers, and remark how they tower or implements, procured him universal respect. above them. Look at the Breakwater at Ply- He gave to inventors all the benefits of his expemouth, in comparison with the Cassoons at Cher- rience, removed difficulties which had not occurburg—any one of his canals with that of Ourke, red to the author, or suggested alterations which and his Waterloo-bridge with that of Neuilly. adapted the instrument to its use. No jealousy Their superiority is acknowledged by every liberal or self-interest ever prevented the exercise of this Frenchman. He cultivated his art with the most free and unbounded communication, for the love enthusiastic ardour, and, instead of being merely of science was superior in his mind to all mercea theorist, he prepared himself for practical effi- nary feeling. Mr Rennie was born in Scotland, cieney by visiting, and minutely inspecting every and from his earliest years devoted hiniself to the work of magnitude in every country that bear si- art of a civil engineer. He was the intimate friend militude with those which he might be called on and companion of his excellent countryman, the to construct, and his library abounds in the richest late Mr Watt; their habits and pursuits were sicollection of scientific writings of that of any indi- milar. They worked together, and to their joint vidual. The loss of such a man is irreparable. efforts are we chiefly indebted for the gigantic Cut off in the full vigour of his mind, his death power of the steam-engine in all our manufactoseems to suspend for a time the march of national ries. He married early in life Miss Mackintosh, improvement, until the just faine of his merit a beautiful young woman, whom he had the misshal animate our rising artists to imitate his great fortune to lose some years ago, but who left him example, and to prepare themselves by study and an interesting and accomplished family. They observation to overcome, as he did, the most for- have now to lament the loss of the best of parents, midable impediments to the progress of human who, though possessed of a constitution and frame enterprize, of industry, and of increased facility so robust as to give the promise of a very long in all the arts of life. The integrity of Mr Reunie life, sunk under an attaok at the early age of 61.

Printed by James Ballantyne & Co. Edinburgh.

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.

No. LVII.

NOVEMBER, 1821.

Vol. X.

ww 363

w 440

Contents. On the Probable Influence of Moral Letter from Fogarty O'Fogarty, Esq. and religious Instruction on the

Inclosing his Journal and Poem 429 Character and Situation of Seamen.

Daniel O'Rourke. Canto Vl. The No. III.wmv

Pail of Water

429 Prince Charles Edward Stuart num 371 Brief Abstract of Mr O’Fogarty's Ode on the Birth-day of Prince

Journal

438 Charles Edward Stuart, the

The Yellow Leaf um 20th of December, 1746. Writ. Letter from Mr Shufflebotham num. 441

ten by Dr Isaacs of Exeter wu 372 Letter from Christopher North, Esq. The Man in the Bell w um 373 to Miss Sarah M‘Dermid umm 446 On Coplestone's Inquiry into the Doc. A True and Perfect Account of trines of Necessity and Predestina

the Landing of King George the tion: Letter II. To Christopher

Fourth in Ireland wwwmun 447 North, Esq.

376 | The Good Town wunuwun.. 449 Song, by Morgan O'Dohertyuwun 382 On the Scholastic Doctors wuuum 453 Latin Prosody from Englanduwuu 383 The Emigrants' Voyage to Canada - 455 The Voyages and Travels of Colum- Translations from Ossian wwwmm 469

bus Secundus. Chapter XV. Leith Address to the Moon umum. ib. Races un

389 To the Setting Sun umum. ib. Chapter XVI.Leith Races continued 393 To the Evening Starmuuuuuu ib. Chapter XVII. Christopher Colum. Alpine's Lamentation for Morar ~ 472

bus is disturbed by a Ghost ! - 398 Rouge et Noir, a Poem muuuuu 473 Private Note, to all whom it may

Epistle General

mw. 476 Concern www

nun 403 Treason www

WORKS PREPARING for PUBLICA400

wuuu 479 Learning and Liberality of the Blue and Yellowuum

411 | Monthly List of New Publ). The True Pedant_A Sketchu 412 CATIONSuwuuuuuuuuuu 481 Mr Barker's Retort Courteous, to the

MONTHY REGISTER.
Expostulation Unnecessary www 415
Letter from Bill Truck, to Christo- Commercial Report
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417 Appointments, Promotions, &c. wow 487 The Man-of-War's-Man. Chap. II. 419 Births, Marriages, and Deaths

TION

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EDINBURGH:

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BLACKWOOD'S

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.

No. LVII.

NOVEMBER, 1821.

VOL. X.

ON THE PROBABLE INFLUENCE OF MORAL AND RELIGIOUS INSTRUCTION ON

THE CHARACTER AND SITUATION OF SEAMEN.

No. III.

THERE are few anticipations more brightness. The moral excesses of common among naval meu in these which its members have been hitherto times, than that the best days of their currently guilty, they represent as enprofession are at an end. Their own ormous, inexcusable, scarcely illustranumber, they observe, in consequence ted, and in no degree redeemed, by a of the unusual length and feverish reckless bravery and profusion disactivity of the late war, is become so guised under the specious names of great, so disproportioned to any de- skill, courage, and generosity. Now, mand which their country can ever however, these things are to disappear, again have for their services, their and a new era is to commence. They commissions are mere honourable re- themselves, the good people to whom we tirements, and scarcely one in twenty allude, are about to go forth among can hope to survive until the course of this people with the modification of seniority shall bring each in succession Christianity which they profess, conto the top of the list. Opportunities, quering and to conquer in its might. meanwhile, of acquiring personal dis- The wilderness is to become a fruitful tinction are become so rare, it is a mate field under their ministrations; and ter of necessity that merit should re- sailors, hitherto the outcasts of relimain in obscurity, and interest alone gious society, and still, for aught which distribute the few prizes yet remaining appears in these anticipations, doomed in the wheel. There is no more chance to remain surrounded by precisely the of prize-money, at least for the present; same circumstances of temptation as and worse than all this, while the navy before, are yet henceforth to become is thus a toy during a long peace, à its ornaments, a peculiar people, the spirit of insubordination is creeping in converse, as it were, of the Jews, zealamong its lower ranks, and of injudi- ous of good works and principles uncious lenity among its upper, subver- der every disadvantage with which sive of all those principles of discipline frail human nature can contend. And on which its efficiency has hitherto although the chief difference between been maintained. On the other hand, these two sets of anticipations seems a certain class of religionists on shore, at first sight to consist in the different when they talk of the navy, at the interests and spheres of action contemsame time that they seem to delight plated in each; when extended to all in picturing its past history in the the particulars which they severally blackest imaginable colours, array the embrace, they will be found on some future with regard to it in unmingled points very directly to conflict, and Vos. X.

2 Z

on all to stand in an opposition, which religion; and daily acquiring new chait would be very difficult completely racters, which must materially influ. to reconcile.

ence their views and conduct whenFor our own parts, we think them ever they return to the duties of their both wrong, though with a cast of profession. And it is probable that right in each ; and as, in the order in the surface of the mirror, thus under which we have now stated them, they course of polishing, will never again coincide with the distribution of our refuse to reflect the hue of surroundsubject, which destined our conclu- ing objects; in other words, that the ding communications under the pre- navy will never again be the peculiar sent head, to the consideration of the profession which it has hitherto been, existing prospects of seamen on board distinguished from others not less by and on shore, it is our intention to sift its manners than pursuits. them pretty closely. The first will It is equally certain, that opportufurnish us with more matter for this nities of acquiring personal distinction article than we shall be able to over- are infinitely more rare now,

than they take; we' admit its premises, but con- were during the course of an active test its conclusions ; considering, on war; but this, at the same time, is the contrary, the best prospects of the generally understood somewhat more navy as identified with what it repre- literally than the facts will bear ont. sents as its present hardships. We It is a different kind of merit which is fear that we are still more at issue now in demand in the navy, from what with the second, for we neither admit was then required ; and we think that the past depravity of seamen, nor en- naval officers are scarcely yet suffitertain hopes of any so great improve. ciently aware of this. Several names ment in them in time to come, as it' have shot up to distinction among them anticipates. Of this, however, in its since the peace; need we instance those own tiine and place; we now consi- of Tuckey, Basil Hall, and Parry; der, first, the circumstances which, as none of them, we believe, very matewe think, are at present working a rially supported by interest; all, cero great change in the

constitution of the tainly, upon grounds which no interest navy as hitherto developed, and which could supply. Where these have led, are generally indicated in the above others may follow; a first opportunity tissue of complaints ; and, next, the may be wanting, but not more. Beconsequences of that change, with their sides this, however, we noticed the consequences again, either as already other day the name of a first lieutemanifested, or likely progressively to nant,(Lieutenant Peake, of the Euryappear.

alus,) who had received a present of a It is certainly very true, that, at no sword and silver cup from the ship's period of our history, diá the naval company with which he had served, force kept in employment bear so in acknowledgment of his judgment small a proportion to that restored to and attention. There can be no discivil life as at present. In former tinction more honourable than this at tiines, a fraction has been dismissed, any time; but, as we shall presently not more than the increased demand shew, it never was more difficult to for seamen in the merchant service, deserve it than now;—at the same consequent on the return of peace, time that we cannot help thinking rendered necessary; or than was ex- that the means of doing so would be pedient besides this, to enable all to materially facilitated, were naval offirelax the bow a little, that it might cers to form a matured opinion on the recover its elasticity. But now the subjects which we are now about to fraction only has been retained, the bring before them: our own thoughts great mass dismissed, and, from a va- on which, we confess, we submit here riety of circumstances, not even any rather for their use who can underconsiderable demand for men created stand and appreciate them at just their in the merchant service. The conse value and no more, than for the amusequence is, that all ranks are daily ment of general readers, to whom, turning their thoughts more and more with all our care, we can scarcely hope into extré-professional channels; the to make them uniformly interesting or officers, particularly, are all becoming intelligible. civilians in some department or other, The next topic of lamentation above farming, stadying, talking politics or adverted to, is the present lack of

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