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In accordance with the usual custom of Authors and Editors to indulge in a little foretalk with expected readers concerning the literary and artistic production which may follow such preface, this Space is occupied by a formal introduction to the public of THE AMERICAN HISTORICAL RECORD and NOTES AND QUERIES, in a manner declaratory of its aims. The following will be the leading features of the RECORD.

1.-Short documents, or long ones condensed which have an intrinsic and permanent historic value, and which have never been printed, or are almost as rare as manuscript:

II.-Notes and Queries, or conversations in print concerning American History.

III.-Discussions of important historical ques. tions, in brief shape, and in the spirit and form of inquiry only.

iv.-Brief records of the most important proceedings of the historical and kindred societies of our country.

V.--Synopses of important Essays or Addresses read before historical and kindred societies.

VI.-A general view of the progress of historical inquiry, and notices of men and things connected with American history, at home and abroad:

VII.-Notices of current historical literature, and of rare and valuable works on American history:

VIII.--Engravings illustrative of subjects treated in the Record, after the manner of the Editor's "Pictorial Field-Book of the Revolution" and other illustrated historical works:

IX.-A monthly record of important historical events; and

X.-Illustrative foot-notes by Correspondents or the Editor, giving Biographical, Ethnological, Geographical, Numismatical or Topographical sketches of subjects mentioned in the text-a feature which historical students will readily perceive to be very useful and therefore valuable.

As the sciences of Ethnology and Numismatology comprehend important portions of the facts and philosophy of History, they will receive a due share of attention: also Climatology which bears impor. tant relations to the history of Nations.

It is proposed to make The Historical l'ecord a reliable repertory of historical facts of every kind concerning the Civil, Military, Political, Religious, Literary, Artistic, Scientific and Antiquarian affairs of our country. The Editor will have untramelled control of the contents of the RECORD, and so be enabled to exercise a vigilant care and judgment in keeping it free from all that might be useless and hurtful; and he will claim the right to prune or condense all contributions; and also to so modify all expressions that might be considered offensively personal, as to make the work absolutely free from provocatives of irritating controversy.

The columns of The Historical Record will be freely opened for the candid setting forth of any opinions or views concerning the historical aspects of subjects that may properly find expression in its pages in a manner compatible with the general plan of the work. The Editor's business is to edit, and not to assume the office of censor or umpire in discussions, uninvited, but to give his own views of questions as the peer of his correspondents when. ever, in his judgment, occasion may seem to require it to be done. It should be his duty, however, to point out and correct errors of statement, but not what he thinks may be errors of opinion.

Map The Secretaries of historical and kindred societies are respectfully invited to send to the Editor a brief record of the proceedings of their respective associations and synopses of essays and addresses read before them, as soon after the meetings of the societies as may be convenient.

por Contributions of rare historical documents and pictures, or copies of them, are respectfully solicited. Any papers sent to the Editor will be carefully preserved in his fire-proof library building, and returned to the contributor, if required. In order to give proper variety and value to the contents of the Magazine, it is essential that all contributions should be short in bulk and condensed in matter.

** All contributions must be addressed to the Editor, as follows;

BENSON 7. LOSSING, The Ridge, Dover Plains, New York.

CONTENTS.

PAGE

PAGE The Old Catamount Tavern, at Bennington,

Vermont, . Persecution of an Early Friend or Quaker, - 4 The first Tristram Coffyn, of Nantucket, . 8 Moravians among the Indians, . . . I The Wedding Slipper of the May Flower, - 12 Caricature as a weapon, . .

· 14 Doctor Hawks,

. 16 Books published by Subscription,

• 19 The Clergy of Maryland to the Bishop of Lon. don, 1783,

. . . . 23

Broadside relative to the Slave Trade, • . 24
Dr. Franklin's Rules-University of Pennsyl.

vania, - .
Inscription on Dr. Franklin's Stove, .
Notes and Queries, · · ·
Autograph Letters, · · ·
Societies and their Proceedings, . .
Current Notes, • •
Obituary,
Literary Notices,

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Entered according to act of Congress in the vear 1871 by Chase of Town in the office of the librarian

of Congress at Washington.

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Fund.

45 39.com ll.s 1.13

No. 14.)
THE AMERICAN
HISTORICAL RECORD.

VOL. 1.

JANUARY, 1872.

No. 1.

THE OLD CATAMOUNT TAVERN AT BENNINGTON, VERMONT.'

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On the 30th of March 1871 the old cook room as occasion required. The two Catamount Tavern" House, which had chimneys are now standing (Autumn of long been the most notable relic of early 1871) exhibiting their spacious fire places, times in the Center Village of Bennington, with heavy iron cranes in those of the Vermont, was burnt to the ground. It lower story and basement. On the marhad been unoccupied for a short time and ble mantle of one of the fire places the the origin of the fire is unknown. The words “ Council room” appear, cut there house, which was in a tolerable state of in early times. On the top of the high preservation, had been built over a hun- sign post was placed the stuffed skin of a dred years, having been erected by Captain Catamount, from which came the name of Stephen Fay, a year or two prior to 1770. the house, though in its early days it was, It was a wooden building about 44 feet by in accordance with the custom of the time, 34, two stories high, having two high chim- more generally spoken of as “Landlord neys with high fire places in each story, Fay's." besides which there was a very large fire- During the period of the early settlement place in the cellar or basement, part of of the state, the house was a great resort which was used as a wash room, and a for travellers and emigrants, and it was al

so widely known as the Head Quarters of

1 The Illustrations for this paper, are from photographs furnished by the author, ex-Governor Hiland Hall, of North Bennington, Vermont, and a pen-and-ink sketch by his granddaughter.-EDITOR. )

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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1871, by Chase & Town, in the Office of the Librarian of Congress at Washington.

Ethan Allen for several years from 1770, ried (15 miles] to the Green Mountain when he first came to the “ New Hampshire (Landlord Fay's] tavern, at Bennington, Grants," as Vermont was then called. where the committee heard his defence, The settlers held their lands under grants and then ordered him to be tied in an from New Hampshire, to which the terri- armed chair and hoisted up to the sign tory was supposed to belong, but in 1764 (a catamount's skin stuffed, sitting upon the the king, by an order in council, placed sign post, 25 feet from the ground, with large them under the jurisdiction of New York. teeth, looking and grinning towards New Whereupon the governor of that province York) and there to hang two hours, in declared their titles to be .void, and re- sight of the people, as a punishment merigranted their lands to speculators, who re- ted by his enmity to the rights and liberty covered judgments in the New York courts of the inhabitants of the New Hampshire against the settlers, and sent their sheriffs Grants. The judgment was executed, to and posses to execute them, who were re- the no small merriment of a large consisted by the occupants and forcibly pre- course of people. The Doctor was let vented from obtaining possession. This down and dismissed by the committee, controversy raged for years, and the settlers with an admonition to go and sin no more. appointed committees of safety before This mild and exemplary disgrace had a whom offenders against the integrity of salutary effect on the Doctor and many their titles, styled “Yorkers,'' were brought others.". Dr. Adams, on Burgoyne's invafor trial. On conviction they were vari- sion, became a violent tory, and fled to Caously punished, sometimes by banishment nada, from which he never returned. from the territory, and sometimes by whip- When Sir Wm. Tryon, governor of New ping on the naked back, a mode of pun- York in 1771, issued a proclamation offerishment for crime then in common use ing a reward of 20 pounds each for the throughout the country. The latter pun- apprehension of Ethan Allen, Remember ishment, in allusion to the Great Seal of Baker and Robert Cochran for their riotous the Governor of New Hampshire affixed to opposition to the New York government, their charter titles, and to the instrument they retaliated by publishing over their with which it was commonly inflicted, the names a counter proclamation offering a settlers humorously called “the application reward of 15 pounds for James Duane and of the beech seal.""

10 pounds for John Kemp, their two Another mode of punishment was devis- leading land-claiming antagonists, styling ed for one offender residing within their them those common disturbers of the own limits. One Doctor Samuel Adams of public peace," the rewards so payable on Arlington, who had held his lands under a their being brought to “Landlord Fay's at New Hampshire charter, suddenly became Bennington."'? Colonel Ethan Allen was an open advocate of the New York title, advising his neighbors to purchase it. Ira Allen's National and Political History of Vermont

p. 47. The same in Vermont Historical Collections, Volume This tended to weaken the opposition to New York by producing division among

e lee Hiland Hall's History of Vermont, page 134. the settlers, and he was repeatedly warned

The following is a copy of the Proclamation: to desist from such discourse. But he per

£ 25 REWARD sisted in his offensive language, and arm

Whereas James Duane and John Kemp of New York,

have by their menaces and threats greatly disturbed the pubing himself with pistols and other weapons, lic peace and repose of the honest peasants of Bennington,

and the settlements to the northward, which peasants are now threatened death to any one who should

and ever have been in the peace of God and the King, and molest him. What followed is related in are patriotic and liege subjects of George III. Any person

that will apprehend those common disturbers, viz. James the language of a contemporary: “ The Duane and John Kemp, and bring them to Landlord Fay's at Doctor was soon taken by surprise, and car

Bennington shall have £ 15 reward for James Duane and £ 10
for John Kemp, paid by

ETHAN ALLEN,
REMEMBER BAKER.
ROBERT COCHRAN.

1 Slade's Vermont State Papers, page 36.

Dated Poultney,

Feb 5. 1772.

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