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^hose who have been paid by the councils of safety, or legislatures of each state, *or the restoration of such continental property and ammunition.
A memorial from Jonathan Glover was read, and referred to the marine committee.
A letter of the 9th, from general Lee to the board of war, was laid before Congress and read.
A petition from captains Joseph Gardner, James M'Dowell, John M'Dowell, Samuel Evans, Ephraim Blackburn, and Stephen Cochran, was read.
Resolved, That 25,000 dollars be advanced to the state of Maryland, which is to be accountable for the same.
The committees of Westmoreland and Bedford, having, in pursuance of the resolution of Congress of the 15th July, recommended Van Swearingan, Moses Carson, Samuel Miller, James Piggot, Wendal Oury, David Killgore, Eliezer Miers, and Andrew Mann, for captains in the regiment commanded by colonel M'Coy; and Robert Mosely, John Finley, Matthew Jack, Ezekiel Hickman, Richard Carson, William M. Greary, James M'Dowell, and Thomas Cook, for first lieutenants; William Thompson, Alexander Sumrall, JamesGuthery,Philip lludgers, Samuel Smith, Wdliam Mount/.. James Buler, jun. and John Crawford, for second lieutenants; Benjamin Neelv, Joseph Kerr, John Sims, David Wherry, Devalt Mecklin, Feolty Weaver, John Read, and Aquila White, for ensigns in the said battalion:
Resolved, That they be accepted, and that commissions be granted to them accordingly.
Whereas the delegates of South-Carolina have represented, that, by an arrangement made by Congress, on the 18th day of June last, the regiment of artillery and two regiments of riflemen, raised in that province, will obtain precedency over a regiment of rangers, though the latter was raised before either of the former, which may be attended with consequences extremely prejudicial to the service: therefore,
Resolved, That the said regiment of rangers, commanded by colonel William Thompson, do still keen the same station it had in the provincial arrangement, and be entitled to rank in the same way as other regiments in the continental service.
The several matters to this day referred, being postponed,
Adjourned to ten o'clock on Monday.
MONDAY, September 16, 1776.
A. letter, of the 14th, from general Washington, one of the 9th, from general Schuylel, enclosing a copy of one from general Gates, dated the •■th, and one, of the 2(1, from general Gates, with sundry papers enclosed, were read, and referred to the board of war.
A letter, of the 2d, from general Schuyler, was also read:
Ordered, That this be referred to the committee on Indian affairs.
There being sundry vacancies in colonel Warner's battalion, Congress proceeded to the election of officers to fill up the same; and, the ballots being taken,
John Fasset and M'Une were elected captains in the room of John
Graut and Jacob Vorsborough, who have declined to accept their commissions, on account of their ill-state of health;
Joseph Safford, Thomas Ranson, John Chipman, and Robert Terrence, first
lieutenants.in the room of Dean, deceased, Woolbridge and Allen
who decline serving, and J. Fassett promoted; Benjamin Hopkins, adjutant.
Resolved, That there bean addition of three brigadiers-general in the continental army, and that Congress proceed immediately to the choice:
The ballots being taken, Christopher Gadsden, Williaiu Moultrie, and Lachlan M'lntosh, were elected.
A letter, of the 31st of August, from brigadier-general Lewis, and one of the 30th of the same month from William Hickman, director of the hospital in the southern department, were read:
Ordered, That the letter from W. Rickman, be referred to the medical committee.
Resolved, That 50,000 dollars be advanced to the delegates of Georgia, for the use of the continental troops in that state, the said delegates to be accountable.
Resolved, That to-morrow be assigned for appointing commissioners to audit the public accounts in Virginia.
It being represented by the delegates of North-Carolina, that, from late accounts, it appears, that the situation of affairs in that state is such, as to render it dangerous, if not impracticable, to execute the resolution of Congress of the 3d instant, ordering two of the North-Carolina battalions, under the command of brigadier-general Moore, to march to reinforce the army at New-Yori; Whereupon,
Resolved, That it be left to the discretion of the council of safety of NorthCarolina, to execute or suspend that resolution, according as they shall think it most conducive to the public service, and the safety of their particular state.
Congress then resolved itself into a committee of the whole, to take into consideration the report of the board of war; and, after some time, the president resumed the chair, and Mr. Nelson reported, that the committee have had under consideration the report from the board of war, and have made sundry amendments, which they ordered him to lay before Congress:
Congress then took into consideration the report of the w»ard of war, and the amendments offered by the committee of the whole; and, thereupon, came to the following resolutions:
That eighty-eight battalions be inlisted as soon as possible, to serve during the present war, and that each state furnish their respective quotas in the following proportions, viz.
That twenty dollars be given as a bounty to each non-commissioned officer and private soldier, who siiall inlist to serve during the present war, unlesi sooner discharged by Congress:
That Congress make provision for granting lands, in the following proportions: to the officers and soldiers who shall so engage in the service, and continue therein to the close of the war, or until discharged by Congress, and to the representatives of such officers and soldiers as shall be slain by the enemy:
Sucn lands to be provided by the United Spates, and whatever expense shall be necessary to procure such land, the said expense shall be paid and borne by the states in the same proportion as the other expenses of the war, viz.
To a colonel, 500 acres; to a lieutenant-colonel, 450; to a major, 400; to a captain, 300; to a lieutenant, 200; to an ensign, 150; each non-commissioned officer and soldier, 100:
That the appointment of all officers, and tilling up vacancies, (excepting general officers) be left to the governments of the several states, and that every state provide arms, clothing, and every necessary for its quota of troops, according to the foregoing estimate: The expense of the clothing to be deducted from the pay of the soldiers, as usual:
That all officers be commissioned by Congress:
That it be recommended to the several states, that they take the most speedy and effectual measures for inlisting their several quotas:
i That the money to be given for bounties be paid by the pay-master in the
department where the soldier shall inlist: ! That each soldier receive pay and subsistence from the time of inlistment.
The committee of treasury reported, that there is due, ; To Adam Zantzinger, for the expense of five light-horse escorting money to New-York, and one from thence to Albany, 94 64-90 dollars:'
To John Bates, for 300 camp-kettles delivered to Gustavus Risberg, 400 dollars:
To Philip Baker, for 289 meals of victuals, supplied captains Grier and , Nelson's companies of continental troops, 18 31-90 dollars: i- To David Tryon, William Green, Peter Peterson, George Landers, and. Samuel Brush, for the hire of their shallops, with continental troops and baggage, from Wilmington to Trenton, 104 dollars: Ordered, That the said accounts be paid.
Resolved, That to-morrow be assigned for taking into consideration the ari tides of war.
The several matters to this day referred, being postponed,
TUESDAY, September 17, 1776.
A letter of the 23d of August, from V. De Coetry Prejent, was read, and referred to the marine committee.
The state of Maryland having recommended Thomas Beale, esq. to be cap, tain ; Peter Contee Hanson first-lieutenant; James Lingan second-lieutenant, and Richard Dorsey third-lieutenant, in colonel Stevenson's battalion ; and Elijah Evans to be a third-lieutenant in the said battalion, in the room of Henry llardinan, who has resigned,
Resolved, That they be accepted, and commissions granted to them accord
TTie committee appointed to confer with lord Howe, agreeable to the order 'of Congress, brought in a report in writing, which was read as follows:
"In obedience to the orders of Congress, we have had a meeting with lord Howe. It was on Wednesday last, upon Staten-island, opposite to Amboy, where his lordship received and entertained us with the utmost politeness.
"His lordship opened the conversation, by acquainting us, that, though he could not treat with us as a committee of Congress, yet, as his powers enabled I him to confer and consult with any private gentlemen of influence in the cot Ionics, on the means of restoring peace between the two countries, he was glad of this opportunity of conferring with us on that subject, if we thought * ourselves at liberty to enter into a conference with him in that character. We observed to his lordship, that, as our business was to hear, he might consider us in what light he pleased, and communicate to us any propositions he might be authorized to make for the purpose mentioned; but that wc could consider ourselves in no other character than that in which we were placed, bv order of Congress. His lordship then entered into a discourse of a considerable length, which contained no explicit proposition of pence, except one, namely, that the colonies should return to their allegiance and obedience to the government of Great-Britain. The rest consisted principally of assurances, that there was an exceeding good disposition in the king and his ministers to make that government easy to us, with intimations, that, in case of our submission, they would cause the offensive acts of parliament to be revised, and the instructions to governors to be reconsidered; that so, if any just causes of complaint were found in the acts, or any errors in government were perceived to have crept into the instructions, they might be amended or withdrawn.
"We gave it as our opinion to his lordship, that a return to the domination of Great-Britain was not now to Le expected. We mentioned the reseated humble petitions of the colonies to the king and nariii»ttt,va been treated with contempt, and answered only by additional Ejea unexampled patience wc had shown under their tvranuical eottmu that it was not till the late act of parliament which denounced w»ju and put us out of the kind's protection, that we declared ooriadfjffli that this declaration had been called for by the people of thecals* neral; that every colony had approved of it, when made, and jlltn dered themselves as independent states, and were settling, or him* governments accordingly; so, that it was not in the power of ('J? agree for them, that they should return to their former dependent as there was no doubt of tlieir inclination to peace, and their willinjwst into a treaty with Great-Britain, that might be advantageous tobwss that though his lordship had, at present, no power to treat withutipendent states, he might, if there was the same good dispositionsn much sooner obtain fresh powers from thence, for that purpose, ta] could be obtained by Congress, from the several colonies, to consea^ mission.
"His lordship then saying, that he was sorry to find, that noicctw was like to take place, put an end to the conference.
"Upon the whole, it did not appear to your committee, that foW commission contained any other authority than that expressed in '-'• parliament, namely, that of granting pardons, with such exceptiotu s* missioned shall think proper to make, and of declaring America, efiJ of it, to be in the king's peace, upon submission; For, as to the pn»r quiring into the state of America, which his lordship mentioned is -( conferring and consulting with any persons the commissioners a3; proper, and representing the result of such conversation to the minis''' provided the colonics would subject themselves, might, after all, «»-1 at their pleasure, make any alterations in the former instructionste?53 or propose in parliament, any amendment of the acts complained of,*1 henden any expectation from the effect of such a power would hasi* uncertain and precarious to be relied ou by America, had she still1* in her state of dependence."
Ordered, That the foregoing report, and also the message fna^-1
as delivered by general Sullivan, and the. resolution of Congress inc***3
thereof, he published by the committee who brought in the forejokt*
Ordered, That the said committee publish lord Brummond's letted
•Washington, and the general's answers.
Sundry resolutions being moved and seconded, in addition toil**!yesterday, relative to the new army : after debate, Resolved, That they be referred to the board of war. A letter of the 10th, from brigadier-general Lewis was read; «!*• from James Forrest was read, and referred to the board of war.
Congress took into consideration the plan of treaties to be propss^* nations, with the amendments agreed to by the committee of tin*** the same was agreed to.
A letter,of the 16th, from general Washington, was received\m«* Resolved, That the consideration of the instructions to begirt*1* missioners to foreign states, be postponed till to-morrow. ,
Ordered, That 1066 2-3 dollars be advanced to Robert Erwia, »«* ter general. ^
Resolved, That the secret committee be directed, after annini<* , battalion, to arm the Maryland company on its march to New-'?" * remainder, or with as many arms as shall then be in their possess"8' ing to the continent. The several matters to this day referred, being postponed, Adjourned to ten o'clock to-morrow.
WEDNESDAY, Septeviber 18, 1776. A letter of the 16th, from R, Dallam, deputy pay-master general was read. The board of war brought in a report, which was taken into consideration; Whereupon,
Resolved, That if rations be received by the officers or privates in the conti
lental army, in money, they be paid at the rate of 8-90ths of a dollar per ration:
That Monsieur Jacque Paul Govert have the rank and pay of a captain-lieu
;enant of artillery in the continental army, and that a commission be given to
That the medical committee seild an assortment.of proper medicines to the northern army:
That Monsieur Vermonet have the rank and pay of a major by brevet, he beinea gentleman of considerable military abilities:
That the bounty and grants of land offered by Congress, by a resolution of the 16th instant, as an encouragement to the officers and soldiers to engage to serve in the army of the United States during the war, shall extend to all who are or shall be iiilistod for that term; the bounty of ten dollars, which any of the soldiers have received from the continent on account of a former inlistment, to be reckoned in part payment of the 20 dollars offered by the said resolution:
That no officer in the continental army be allowed to hold more than one commission, or to receive pay but in one capacity at the same time: Resolved, That the remainder of the report be postponed. Resolved, That the board of war be directed to prepare a resolution for enforcing and perfecting discipline in the army.
Ordered, That 1564 45-90 dollars be paid in specie to John Bonfield, and charged to the account of brigadier-general Arnold, the same being in full of brigadier-general Arnold's note of the 11th of May last:
That an order for 1000 dollars be drawn on the treasurer in favor of the committee appointed to contract for casting cannon ; they to be accountable:
That the secret committee furnish the said committee with two barrels of powder for proving cannon.
Resolved, That captain M'Kenzie, a prisoner in the gaol of Philadelphia, be liberated on his parole, the state of his health requiring air and exercise; and that he be ordered to Reading, in Pennsylvania, there to reside under the same restrictions as other prisoners on their parole.
The committee of treasury brought in a report on the ways and means of raising five millions of dollars, which was read: Ordered, To lie on the table.
Congress took into consideration the instructions to the commissioners, and after debate, Resolved, That the further consideration thereof be postponed. The several matters to this day referred, being postponed, Adjourned to ten o'clock to-morrow.
THURSDAY, September 19, 1776.
The board of treasury reported, that they have examined the vouchers brought into their office by Joseph Hewes, esq. one of the naval committee, by which it appears, that the naval committee have expended the sum of 134,333 27-90 dollars in fitting out eight armed vessels.
Resolved, That the same be allowed and passed to the credit of the said committee.
The naval committee having laid before Congress an account of sundry outstanding debts, and of sundry goods by them purchased, and put into the hands of different persons who have not yet accounted for the same.