« PreviousContinue »
ie coun,ive to the
e appointed to they represent,
anada, have been
able the number of
orderly and disobe
ng officers into mea
.d they have relied on
great source of the mis
ossaries difficult and pre
-.olutely impracticable, and
of misfortunes has been, the great proportion whereof has
t, Congress came to the following
■.-martial for leaving his command at . to the same with major Sherburne's
a court-martial for surrendering to the o such other officers as were with him,
reported, that, in the course of their enhat general Prescot's baggage was plunn of the faith of the capitulation;
>e desired to make strict enquiry into the ■ ceive due punishment, and ample
tenant IIou •*• .to "lra °"ted to this receive db avis
ions of col. Ef nt; . TTI . own, as of having bee utenant ITI *aBnSdering I, be submittei „„. jh-y, U
That the letters from general Washington, general Schuyler, and general Gates, and the letter from Mons. Kirmovan, be referred to the board of war.
That the letter from the convention of New-Jersey be referred to the committee on the ways and means of augmenting the flying-camp; and, that Mr. Clark be added to the said committee:
That the letter from the adjutant-general be referred to the committee appointed to revise the articles of war:
That the petition of James Nicholson be referred to the commissioners who went to Canada:
That the petition from George Nicholson be referred to the committee on Canada affairs:
That the Latin letter be referred to the marine committee.
Resolved, That an order for 47 dollars be drawn on the treasurers, in favor of Josiah Fissenden, in full for service, expenses, and horse-hire.
A letter, of the 20th, from the council of Virginia, was received and read.
The board of war brought in a report, which was taken into consideration; Whereupon,
Resolved, That general Washington be empowered to order the regiment, lately raised in Connecticut, under the command of colonel Ward, wheresoever he shall think die service requires it:
That Mons. Jean Artur dc Virmonet, who appears to be a young gentleman of merit, an,d has held a lieutenant's commission in the service of France, be appointed a brevet captain; and that Mons. Marie Fidel Dorre be sent as a volunteer, to be employed by general Washington as he shall think proper:
That M011S- Christopher Pelliser, who has suffered considerably by warmlj espousing and taking an active part iu the cause of America, in Canada,bean
Iiointedan engineer in the service of the United States, with the pay of 60 dolars a month, and rank of lieutenant-colonel; and that he be directed torepair to New York:
That the returns of colonel Elmore's regiment, made into the war-office bj brigadier -general Wrooster, be transmitted to general Washington, with blank commissions for the officers: And that general Washingtou oe directed to order the said regiment to join him, and that he fill up the said commissions, with the names of such officers as appear with their respective companies in the said regiment.
That John Brown be commissioned as lieutenant-colonel, and that Robert Cockran, now acting as eldest captain in the said regiment, be commissioned as major of the same, in the room of major J. Curtis, deceased. .
Resolved, That a lieutenant-colonel be appointed for the second Pennsylvania battalion, in the room of W. Allen, who has resigned:
The ballots being taken, Joseph Wood, esq. was elected.
Congress then resolved itself into a committee of the whole, to take imo their consideration, the articles of confederation.; and, after some time, «e president resumed the chair, and Mr. Morton reported, that the commit'^ have made farther progress in the articles of confederation; but, not baWg finished, desire leave to sit again.
A petition from Samuel Morris was presented to Congress, and read.
The committee on spies brought in a farther report, which was read:
Ordered, To lie on the table. v ,l
Revived, That the gaoler be directed to allow the prisoners, from ^jjj£
Carolina, the use and benefit of the yard, under the inspection of die gul provided it may be done with safety. j(.
Resolved, That this Congress will, to-morrow, resolve itself into a com tee of die whole, to take into their farther consideration the articles el c«n eration.
Adjourned to nine o'clock to-morrow.
TUESDAY, July 30, 1776. A letter of the 28th, from brigadier-general Mercer, was laid before Congress, and read, requesting six light-horse may be sent to hiin; Whereupon,
Resolved, That the president write to S. Morris, esq. captain of the lighthorse, and request him to send six of his company to brigadier-general Mercer. Congress being informed, by a letter from the president of South-Carolina, that the Cherokees have commenced hostilities against that state, and that he has ordered a body of men to march against them, and has applied for assistance to the neighboring states of North-Carolina and Virginia,
Resolved, That it be recommended to the states of Virginia, North-Carolina, and Georgia, to afford all necessary assistance to the state of South-Carolina, and co-operate, with that state, in prosecuting the war against the Indians with the utmost vigor;
That the president write to the governor and council of Virginia, the council of safety of North-Carolina, and the president of Georgia, relative to the above subjects.
_ Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed to take into consideration the state of North-Carolina, and report thereon to Congress! The members chosen, Mr. Harrison, Mr. S.Adams, and Mr. Lynch. Congress took into consideration the report of the committee appointed to enquire into the causes of the miscarriages in Canada, wherein they represent, as their opinion,
"That the short inlistments of the continental troops, in Canada, have been one great cause of the miscarriages there, by rendering unstable the number of men engaged in military enterprizes, by making them disorderly and disobedient to their officers, and by precipitating the commanding officers into measures, which their prudence might have postponed, could they have relied on a longer continuance of their troops in service:
«' That the want of hard money has been one other great source of the miscarriages in Canada, rendering the supplies of necessaries difficult and precarious, the establishment of proper magazines absolutely impracticable, and the pay of the troops of little use to them:
••That a still greater,and more fatal, source of misfortunes has been, the prevalence of the small pox in that army; a great proportion whereof has thereby been usually kept unfit for duty." With this Congress concurred.
On the farther consideration of the report, Congress came to the following resolutions:
That colonel Bedel be tried by a court-martial for leaving his command at the Cedars, and for declining to return to the same with major Sherburne's reinforcement:
That major Butterfield be tried by a court-martial for surrendering to the enemy the post at the Cedars, and also such other officers as were with him, and consented to that surrender.
The said committee having farther reported, that, in the course of their enquiries, they had reason to believe, that general Prescot's baggage was plundered by some licentious persons, in violation of the faith of the capitulation; Whereupon,
Resolved, That general Schuyler be desired to make strict enquiry into the same, that the person guilty thereof may receive due punishment, and ample indemnification be made to general Prescot.
That colonel Bedel, doctor Fay, and lieutenant House, be subjected to this enquiry.
Resolved, That so much of the petitions of col. Easton and major Brown, a3 prays, that the charges against them, of having been concerned in plundering the officers' baggage, taken at Sorel, be submitted to a court of enquiry, is reasonable, and that general Schuyler be desired to order courts of enquiry oo them as soon as possible.
Resolved, That general Montgomery's promise to give to the troops concerned in taking the vessels on the Sorel, "all the public stores, except ammunition and provisions, on board thereof," be confirmed; and that general Schuyler be directed to cause aii enquiry to be made into the particulars and value* of the said public stores, (ammunition and provision excepted) and to certify the same to Congress, with the names of the officers and soldiers entitled thereto:
That so much of major Brown's petition, as prays, that an allowance be made to him for extraordinary services, be referred to general Schuyler, who is desired to certify to Congress, whether any and what reward may, with justice, be demanded by him:
That major Brown's accounts be settled by the commissioners appointed to adjust accounts in the northern department.
R solved, That the committee be discharged from proceeding on so much of the petition of colonel Easton, as prays a continuance of his rank and pay, and so much of major Brown's petition, as prays an examination into his rank and pay,' and that they be referred to the board of war.
That general Schuyler be desired to enquire into the conduct of colonel Hazen, who is charged with having beaten and ill-treated Francois Cuilot de la Rose, a continental captain of Canadian militia, and also to have ill-treated Charles Robert de la Fontaine, a Canadian, at Chambly, and put such conduct into a proper channel for trial and punishment:
That it be recommended to general Schuyler, whenever the pay of officers or soldiers is stopped, on account of any charge against them, to nave such charge determined by trial as speedily as possible, that there may be no delay of justice.
Resolved, That general Wooster acted properly in stopping -the goods of Bernard and Waduen, who were carrying the same, without permission, to the Indians in the upper country.
Resolved, That the committee have leave to sit again, and that they be instructed to enquire in what manner the goods of Bernard and Wadaen were disposed of.
Resolved, That the secret committee be directed to supply the three riBe companies, now in town from Lancaster, with 1 lib. of powder and 44 lb of lead.
Resolved, That 500,000 dollars be sent to the pay-master-general.
That 60,000 dollars be sent to R. Dallam, deputy pay-master-general, wt the use of the flying*camp.
Congress proceeded to the election of a clerk, or assistant, to the auditorgeneral; when,
William Govet was elected. „,
Resolved, That William Govet be allowed the salary of 533 dollars and 1 •"» per annum.'
Resolved, That all public claims and accounts, that are, at this time, unsettled, be referred to the committee of treasury, ajid that the committee ° claims be discharged from proceeding further upon any claims or accounts. and that all the books and papers in the hands ot the committee of claims, delivered to the auditor-general. . ,
The board of war brought in a report, which was taken into consideration, Whereupon, «.
Resolved, That the resolution of the 17th of January last, allowing to*TM' cere 1 dollar and 1 -3d for every man they iulist, be extended to officers who in for the new army for three years: c i to
That gen. Mercer's letter, relative to the building of boats, be rt('"-i,t general Washington, with direction to give such orders therein as lie shall ju 0
necessary; and that he be desired to avail himself of the shipwrights and other artifices now in the flying-camp:
That general Mercer be allowed a secretary while he has a separate command:
That a number of 4 and 6 pounders, not exceeding ten of each, be immediately sent to general Mercer, to be mounted on the works he is now erecting; and that the council of safety of Pennsylvania be requested to forward them to Amboy, in New-Jersey:
That Congress approve of general Schuyler's intention to publish such parts of the treaty with the Six Nations, as may have a tendency to dispel the apprehensions of the frontier inhabitants:
That the commissioners for Indian affairs, in the middle department, be instructed to thank Cayashuta, In the name of the great conncil-fire, for his friendly conduct at Niagara, communicated by Peter Richman (whose Indian name is Queda) and to inform him, that it would be very agreeable to Congress to receive a visit from him.
A letter of the 29th, from general Washington, and one from the council of Massachusetts-Bay; also a letter of the 23d from governor Cooke, witli sundry papers enclosed, being received, were read:
Resolved, That the two first be referred to the board of war.
The board of war laid before Congress a letter received from general Washington:
Ordered, That they return an answer.
Congress resolved itselfinto a committee of the whole, to take into consideration the articles of confederation ; and, after some time, the president resumed the chair, and Mr. Morton reported, that the committee, not having yet finished, desired leave to sit again.
Resolved, That this Congress will, to-morrow, resolve itself into a committee of the whole, to take into consideration the articles of confederation.
Adjourned to nine o'clock to-morrow.
WEDNESDAY, July SI, 1776.
Resolved, That 20,000 dollars be advanced to Mr. Mease; he to be accountable:
That Mr. J. Mease be directed to pay John Pollock 2666 dollars and twothirds, and that the same be charged to the account of the committee of inspection of Cumberland, who are to be accountable.
Resolved, That the medical committee be directed to provide, and send forward, such a quantity of medicines as may be necessary for the hospital in the northern army:
That the said committee be directed to procure and forward such a quantity of medicines as may be necessary for the hospital in the southern department. , The board of war brought in a report, which was taken into consideration: Whereupon,
Resolved, That five tons of musket-powder be sent immediately to general Washington at New-York:
That the commissary-general be directed to furnish with rations, and the deputy pay-master general, in the state of Massachusetts-Bay, be ordered to pay, any militia, which the general assembly of that state shall think proper to call in, to replace the continental troops ordered from thence.
The committee appointed to enquire into the causes of the miscarriages in Canada, brought in a farther report, which was taken into consideration: Whereupon,
Resolved, That the conduct of colonel Nicholson, who commanded the post at Point-Levi, and who, after the determination of the council of war to retire from Quebec, U said to have deserted his said command, and left the party to . shift for themselves, be submitted to a court of enquiry: