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with America, till he had brought her to his feet," and that an avowed partisan of ministry has more lately denounced against us the dreadful sentence, ** delenda est Carthago,-" that this was done in the presence of a British senate, and being unreproved by them, must be taken to be their own sentiment, (especially as the purpose has already in part been carried into execution, by their treatment of Boston and burning of Charlestown; when it considers the great armaments with which they have invaded us, and the circumstances of cruelty with which they have commenced and prosecuted hostilities; when these things, we say, are laid together and attentively considered, can the world be deceived into an opinion that we are unreasonable, or can it hesitate to believe with us, that nothing but our own exertions may defeat the ministerial sentence of death or abject submission.
On motion made, Resolved, That Mr. Langdon, Mr. J. Adams, Mr. Hopkins, Mr. Deane, Mr. Clinton, Mr. Crane, Doctor Franklin, Mr. Rodney, Mr. Johnson, Mr. Henry, Mr. Hewes, Mr. Gadsden, and Mr. Hall, be a committee, in the recess of Congress,to make enquiry in all the colonies, after virgin lead, and leaden ore, and the best methods of collecting, smelting, and reiinipg it.
Resolved, That the above named gentlemen be a committee, in the recess of the Congress, to inquire into the cheapest and easiest methods of making salt in these colonies.
Agreeable to the order of the day, the Congress took under consideration the state of trade after the tenth of September, and after some debate, the same was postponed to a future day.
On motion, Resolved, That when the Congress adjourns for recess, it be adjourned to meet at Philadelphia.
Two petitions, one from sundry merchants in New-York, and the other from sundry merchants in Philadelphia, respecting the sale of teas imported before the late association, were laid before Congress.
Ordered, To lie on the table.
Adjourned till to-morrow at eight o'clock.
TUESDAY, August 1, 1775.
Met according to adjournment.
Resolved, That the sum of five hundred thousand dollars be immediatelyforwarded from the continental treasury, to the pay-master general, to be applied to the use of the army in Massachusetts-Bay, in such manner, as general Washington, or the commander in chief for the time being, by his warrants, shall limit and appoint; and if the above sum shall be expended before the next meeting ofthe Congress, then thatgeneral Washington, or the commander in chief for the time being, be empowered to draw upon the continental treasury, for the. sum of two hundred thousand dollars, in favor of the pay-master general, to be applied for the use and in the manner above mentioned.
Qvdcred, That the delegates for Pennsylvania be a committee to receive and count the above sum of five hundred thousand dollars, and forward the same, under the care of the delegates of Massachusetts-Bay, provided so much is now ready in the treasury. If that is not the case, then to receive, count, and forward, by the said delegates, what is ready, and the remainder by the first opportunity in the safest and best manner.
Resolved, That a sum not exceeding one hundred and seventy-five thousand dollars be paid to the provincial convention of New-York, to be applied towards the discharge of the moneys advanced and the debts contracted for the public service, by the said provincial convention and the committee of Albany, Hi pursuance of the directions of this Congress; and that the said provincial convention account to this Congress, at their next meeting, for'the application ot the said money. .
Resolved, That the treasurers be, and they are hereby, ordered to pay to the delegates of the colony of Connecticut, viz,. Eliphalet Dyer, Roger Sherman, and Silas Deane, esqrs. the sum of fifty thousand dollars, to be by them paid unto the governor and company of the said colony, in> part of the sums by them disbursed in the continental service: The said governor and company to account therefor.
Resolved, That the sum of one hundred thousand dollars be immediately forwarded from the continental treasury, to the paymaster general, to be applied to the use of the army in the New-York department, in such manner as general Schuyler, by his warrant, shall limit and appoint; and that if the above sum shall be expended before the next meeting of Congress, then that general Schuyler, or the commander in chief, for the time being, in that department, be empowered to draw upon the continental treasury, for a further sum, not exceeding two hundred thousand dollars, to be applied for the use and in the manner above mentioned.
Resolved, That the sum of sixteen thousand dollars be paid to the delegates of the colony of Pennsylvania, in full for the like sum by them borrowed by order of the Congress, on the 3d of June last, for the use of the continent.
Resolved, That the sum of ten thousand dollars be placed in the hands of the delegates of Pennsylvania, or any three of them, for contingent services, and that out of the same, be paid the expenses incurred for raising and arming the rifle companies, and for expresses and other small charges, of which the Congress have not been able to procure exact accounts; and that the said committee do lay before the Congress, at their next meeting, an account of their proceedings in that matter.
Whereas, at a former Congress, it was resolved, that, if certain acts of parliament, in the continental association enumerated and complained of, should not be repealed on or before the tenth day of September, 1775, the inhabitants of these United Colonies would not, directly or indirectly, export any merchandise or commodity whatsoever, to Great-Britain, Ireland, or the WestIndies; and as some doubts have arisen with respect to the true spirit and construction of said resolve; to the end, that such doubts may be removed, *
Resolved, That under the prohibition, in the said association contained, to export to, or import from, the islands of Great-Britain and Ireland, this Congress intends to comprise all exportation to, or importation from, the islands of Jersey, Guernsey, Sark, Aldernay, and Man, and every European island and settlement within the British dominions; and that under the denomination of the West-Indies, this Congress means to comprehend all the West-India islands, British and foreign, to whatever state, power, or prince belonging, or by whomsoever governed, and also the Summer islands, Bahama islands, Berbicia and Surinam on the Main, and every island and settlement within the latitude of the southern line of Georgia and the equator.
Adjourned to Tuesday, the fifth of September next.
The above is a copy of the journal of the proceedings of the Congress, from their meeting on die tenth of May, to this time, except that some resolutions, relative to military operations, carrying on, are omitted.
JOHN HANCOCK, President.
JOURNALS OF CONGRESS.
WEDNESDAY, Septembers, 1775.
AGREEABLE to adjournment, the president and a number of the members met, but there not being sufficient to enter upon business, the Congress was adjourned from day to day until Wednesday the 13th.
WEDNESDAY, September 13,1775.
Met according to adjournment.
The province of Georgia, having appointed delegates to represent that colony in Congress, and three of the delegates attending, their credentials were produced, read, and approved, and are as follows:
Georgia. The alarming and critical situation of affairs upon the continent of America, having, at length, roused the attention of this province, and the several inhabitants thereof, being desirous of uniting with their sister colonies in the great and important cause, a general election was held throughout the province for delegates to sit in provincial Congress; and the said delegates having so met in Savannah, on the fourth day of July, proceeded upon the consideration of such business as appeared to be fit and necessary; ana among other things, they made choice of five delegates to represent this province in the grand Continental Congress, now sitting in Philadelphia, viz. Archibald Bullock, esq. John Houston, esq. the rev. Dr. Zubly, Noble Wimberly Jones, esq. and Lyman Hall, esq. Now, therefore, be it known, and we, the several delegates for the different parishes and districts in this province, in provincial Congress assembled, do hereby declare the said Archibald Bullock and John Houston, esqrs. the rev. Dr. Zubly, Noble Wimberly Jones, and Lyman Hall, esqrs. duly and fairly elected, as the delegates, for this province; and we do authorize and require the said Archibald Bullock, and John Houston, esqrs. the rev. Dr. Zubly, Noble Wimberly Jones, and Lyman Hall, esqrs. or any three of them, immediately to repair to the said city of Philadelphia, and there to take their seats, as the representatives of the province of Georgia, in the general Congress now sitting, to do, transact, join and concur with the several delegates from the other colonies and provinces upon this continent, in all audi matters and things as shall appear eligible and fit, at this alarming time, for the preservation and defence of our rights and liberties, and for the restoration of harmony upon constitutional principles, between Great-Britain and America.
And we give and grant to the said Archibald Bullock, and John Houston, esqrs. the rev. Dr. Zubly, Noble Wimberly Jones, and Lyman Hall, esqrs. or any three of them, in whose fidelity, honor, and ability we very much confide, our full and whole power in the premises; and do promise and engage, in behalf of ourselves and our constituents respectively, (the inhabitants of the province of Georgia) under the sacred ties of virtue, honor, and love of our country, to abide by, enforce, and carry into execution, or endeavour, at the risque and expense of life and property, so to do, all and whatsoever our said delegates, or any three of them, in concurrence with the rest of the delegates from the several colonies and provinces upon this continent, shall resolve and agree upon, or, as shall be agreed and resolved upon by the said Continental Congress, now sitting in Philadelphia aforesaid, while our said delegates or any three of them shall be so sitting.
Signed in provincial Congress, this fifteenth day of July, 1775, by 53 members.
The delegates from Virginia, appointed by a convention of that colony, at Richmond, August 11,1775, produced their credentials, which were read and approved, as follows:
Virginia, In Convention, August 11, 1775. The convention being about to proceed to the choice of deputies to represent this colony in general Congress, Edmund Pendleton, esq. expressed his most grateful acknowledgments for the honor done him in two former appointments to that important trust, but, on account of the declining state of his health, entreated to be excused from the present nomination, which excuse being accepted.
Resolved, unanimously, That the thanks of this convention are justly due to George Washington, Patrick Henry, and Edmund Pendleton, esqrs. three of the worthy deputies, who represented this colony in the late Continental Congress, for their faithful discharge of that important trust, and this body are only induced to dispense with their future services of the like nature, by the appointment of the two former to other offices in the public service, incompatible with their attendance on this, and the infirm state of health of the latter. The convention then proceeded to the appointment of deputies to represent this colony in general Congress, for one year, and the members having prepared tickets, with the names of the deputies to be appointed, and put the same into the ballot-box, Mr. Robert Carter Nicholas, Mr. Cary, Mr. Pendleton, and Mr. Adams were appointed to examine the ballot-box, and report upon whom the majority fell, who retired, and after some time, returned into convention, and reported, that they had, according to order, examined the ballot-box, and that the numbers appeared as follows: For the hon. Peyton Randolph, esq. 89 For the hon. Thomas Nelson, esq. 66
Richard Henry Lee, esq. 88 Richard Bland, esq. 61
Thomas Jefferson, esq. 85 George Wythe, esq. 58
Benjamin Harrison, esq. 83
Resolved, That the said Peyton Randolph, Richard Henry Lee, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Harrison, Thomas Nelson, Richard Bland, and George Wythe, esqrs. be appointed deputies to represent this colony in general Congress for one year, and that they have power to meet and to adjourn for such time and to such place or places as may be thought most proper.
Resolved, That the said deputies, or any four of them, be a sufficient number to represent this colony.
Saturday, August 12, 1775. Richard Bland, esq. returned this convention his most grateful acknowledgments for the great honor they had pleased a third time to confer on him, by appointing him one of the deputies to represent this colony in general Congress, and said that this fresh instance of their approbation was sufficient for an old man, almost deprived of sight, whose greatest ambition had ever been to receive die plaudit of his country, whenever ne should retire from the public stage of life: That the honorable testimony he lately received of this approbation, joined with his present appointment, should ever animate him, as far as he was *hle, to support the glorious cause in which America is now engaged, but that bis advanced age rendered him incapable of taking an active part in those "eighty and important concerns, which must necessarily be agitated in the great council of the United Colonies; and, therefore, begging leave to decline •he honor they had been pleased to confer on him, and desiring that some peT*», more fit and able, might supply his place. Vol. I. 18
Resolved unanimously, That the thanks of this convention are justly due to the said Richard Bland, esq. one of the worthy deputies who represented this colony in the late Continental Congress, for his faithful discharge of that important trust, and this body are only induced to dispense with his future services of the like nature, on account of his advanced age. Tuesday, August 15, 1775.
The convention proceeded to the appointment of a deputy to represent this colony in general Congress, in the room of Richard Bland, esq. who hath resigned, and the members having prepared tickets, with the name of the deputy to be appointed, a committee was appointed to examine the ballot-box, and report on whom the majority fell; who retired, and after some time, reported that the numbers stood as follows:
Francis Lightfoot Lee, esq. . 37 | Carter Braxton, esq. . . . 36
Resolved, That the said Francis Lightfoot Lee, esq. be appointed a deputy to represent this colony in general Congress.
(Signed) JOHN TAZEWELL, Clerk of the Convention.
The delegates from Maryland also produced the credentials of their appointment, which were road and approved, as follows:
At a meeting of the delegates appointed by the several counties of the province of Maryland, at the city of Annapolis, on Wednesday, the 26th of July, 1775, and continued till the 14th day of August, in the same year:
Resolved, That the honorable Matthew Tilghman, esq. and Thomas Johnson, jun. Robert Goldsborough, William Paca, Samuel Chase, Thomas Stone, and John HaH, esqrs. or any three or more of them, be deputies to represent this province in Continental Congress, and that they, or any three or more of them, have full and ample power to consent and agree to all measures, which such Congress shall deem necessary and effectual to obtain a redress of American grievances; and further, we do authorize our said deputies, to represent and act for this province in any continental Congress, which may be held before the 25th day of March next
(Signed) G. DUVALL, Clerk.
The Congress being informed that only 172,520 dollars have been transmitted to the pay-master general for the use of the army in the Massachusetts-Bay, and that the general was under great difficulty for want of money:
Ordered, That the delegates for Pennsylvania do immediately send, under a proper guard, to the pay-master general, for the use of the army in the Massachusetts-Bay, the sum of 527,480 dollars, which, with that sent, will make up the sum of 700,000 dollars voted at the last session.
Sundry letters received during the recess of Congress, were produced and read, viz.
Two from general Washington, No. 4, and 5, with sundry enclosed papers; four from general Schuyler, 16th and 21st ofvJuly, and 2d and 31st of August, with sundry papers enclosed.
One from Messrs. L. Morris, and J. Wilson, of 6th September.
One from G. Bedford, deputy muster-master general, with enclosed papers.
Also, a letter from the deputies of the several districts in the island of Bermuda, dated 12th of August, with an account of the provisions imported and expended in that island, for three years last past, taken from the custom-house books, and an estimate of the provisions necessary for the support of the inhabitants for one year.
A memorial from James Stewart and Samuel Jackson, owners of the ship Friendship, Thomas Jann, master, was presented to Congress and read, setting forth that the said ship, on the 28th of August last, sailed from Maryland with a cargo of tobacco, but being overtaken by the late storm, she was driven on