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Hard, herd, hir'd, board, lord, gourd, bar'd, barr’d.
Earn, learn, scorn, thorn, burn, turn, worn, shorn, earn'd, scorn'd, burn'd, turn'd.
Hearse, verse, force, horse, dar'st, burst, first, worst, hears'd, vers'd forc'd, hors'd.
Bars, bears, hears, wears, pairs, tares, snares, repairs.
Carve, curve, serve, starve, carv'd, curv'd, serv’d, starv'd. Sm, s'n, sp, st, ss'd, ks, ct, k'd, ft, fd, pt, p'd, p’n, k'n,
d'n, v'n, t'n. Chasm, schism, prism, criticism, witticism, patriotism.
Reas'n, seas'n, ris'n, chos'n.
Vast, mast, lest, dost, must, lost, mist; pass’d, bless'd, gloss’d, miss’d.
Makes, quakes, likes, looks, streaks, rocks, crooks.
Lst, mst, nst, rst, dst, rdst, rmdst, rndst.
* O and E should never be heard, in these and similar words, unless in singing, and then only when a verse demands the syllable as a requisite to metre.
Heard'st, guard'st, reward'st, discard'st.
Ble, ple, dle, rl, bld, dld, pld, rld. Able, feeble, bible, double ; troubl’d, babbl’d, bubbl’d, doubl’d.
Ample, steeple, triple, topple ; tripl'd, toppl'd, dappl'd, crippl'd.
Cradle, saddle, idle, bridle; cradl’d, saddl’d, idl'd, swaddl’d. Marl, hurl, whirl ; world, hurld, whirl’d, furld.
Ngs, ngst, ng'd, ngdst. Rings, wrongs, hangs, songs; hang'st, sing'st, wrong'st, bring'st; wrong'd, hang'd, clang'd; wrong'dst, throng'dst.
V. Exercise in transition from one class of Elements to
another. The design of this exercise is to impress vividly on the mind the distinctive quality of each species of sound, and the effect of each on the organic action. - The columns are to be read across the page. “ Tonics.”
“ Subtonics." “ Atonics.”
VI. Exercise in transition from one class of Organic
Actions to another.
VII. Exercise in difficult Combinations of Elements.
1. U, as in Use. Lucubration Institution Accumulate Incalculably lugubrious constitution manipulate superiority incalculable revolution deglutition supremacy
2. Words of many syllables. Absolutely Necessarily Coextensively abstinently ordinarily
momentarily annunciation accurately temporarily appreciation agitated
voluntarily apologetic adequately Obediently association angularly immediately
innumerable apocalyptic architecture intolerable circumvolution agriculture dishonorable coagulation Annihilate ambiguously colonization antipathy
articulately commemoration apocrypha collaterally Congratulatory apostatize colloquially authoritatively
agricultural expostulatory assimilate allegorical Dietetically associate
alimentary disingenuousness auricular
astrological Immutability Acquiescence atmospherical compatibility acquisition christianity ecclesiastical alienation
3. Repetition of Elements. Hail ! heavenly harmony. Up the high hill he heaved a huge round stone. Heaven's first star alike ye see. Let it wave proudly o'er the good and brave, The supply lasts still. And gleaming and streaming and steaming and beaming, And rushing and flushing and brushing and gushing, And flapping and rapping and clapping and slapping, And curling and whirling and purling and twirling, Retreating and beating and meeting and sheeting, Delaying and straying and playing and straying, Advancing and glancing and prancing and dancing, Recoiling, turmoiling and toiling and boiling, And thumping and flumping and bumping and jumping, And dashing and flashing and splashing and clashing, And so never ending, but always descending, Sounds and motions for ever and ever are blending, All at once and all o'er, with a mighty uproar ; And this way the water comes down at Lodore. It is the first step that costs. The deed was done in broad day. None now was left to tell the mournful tale. Take care that you be not deceived, dear friends. Lie lightly on her, earth! her step was light on thee. Thou wast struck dumb with amazement.
Can no one be found faithful enough to warn him of his danger? No one dared do it.
A good deal of disturbance ensued.
Had he but heeded the counsel of his friend, he might have been saved.
He came at last too late to be of any service.
It is a fact familiar in the experience of most teachers, that, after the utmost care in the systematic cultivation of the utterance of young readers, by regular analytic exercises, such as the preceding, the influence of colloquial negligence in habit, is so powerful, that the same individual who has just articulated, with perfect exactness, the elements on a column,
column, - while he is kept mechanically on his guard against error, by express attention to details, — will, immediately on beginning to read a page of continuous expression of thought, relapse into his wonted errors of enunciation. To correct this tendency, no resort is so effectual as that of studying analytically a few lines, previous to commencing the usual practice of a reading lesson. The attention must first be turned to the words as such, -as forms of articulation, - then to their sounds in connexion with their sense.
The following will be found useful modes of practising such exercises as are now suggested. Begin at the end of a line, sentence, or paragraph, so as to prevent the possibility of reading negligently: then, Ist, articulate every element in every word, separately and very distinctly, throughout the line or sentence; 2d, enunciate every syllable of each word, throughout the line or sentence, clearly and exactly; 3d, pronounce every word, in the same style ; 4th, read the line or sentence, from the beginning, forward, with strict attention to the manner of pronouncing every word; 5th, read the whole line or sentence with an easy fluent enunciation, paying strict attention to the expression of the meaning, but without losing correctness in the style of pronunciation.
This is, apparently a merely mechanical drill; but its effects are strikingly beneficial, in a very short time. The habits of classes of young readers have thus been, in some instances, effectually changed, within a very few weeks,