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destiny of civilized man, we know generations for its fulfillment. That what must ultimately be that of half the plan is far from being completed civilized and barbarous nations. is evident. In this day many interThe facilities of intercourse assure preters of the prophets are very us of the final elevation of the sanguine and very impatient. They whole family of man. The romance declare that they can not see any of distance is at an end. A man provision for time beyond a few that has traveled ten thousand miles years. But we find no such revelais no longer a curiosily. The charm iion in the word of God—no time is broken. Mankind are hastening, specified when the earth shall be some for commercial purposes, and destroyed, or the present order of others impelled by humanity and things changed. But we do find Christian faith, to the remotest re- the Bible full of promises of an ungions of the earth. The empire of known future of universal righteousThe Great Khan has revealed its ness; and every step of progress mysteries. Timbuctoo is no longer toward this result is a pledge that an Eldorado, but a poor emporium the earth shall again yield her infor salı, ivory and gums. The Niger crease—that every portion of it now, like all sensible rivers, runs shall be subdued to the use of man. into the ocean. The earth with its The Great Ruler of the world will inhabitants, is well known. Many take time to complete this plan. He of the most fertile and beautiful por- finishes all that He begins. He tions of the earth, once densely would not commission man to subpopulated, are now desolate ; bar- due the earth and withdraw the barism bas taken the place of commission as soon as man had ancient civilization. But science, learned the true science of cultiva. and literature, art, commerce and lion. Nor would He send his ser. Christianity, on visiting those slum- vants to proclaim salvation 10 all bering nations will breathe into them nations, and recall them from the a nobler life. They will carry with work as soon as they were comthem elements of progress and mencing it in earnest. The clear permanency never before known. tendency of things is towards a Peace instead of war will follow as millenial state. There is progress. a matter of principle as well as of This progress has been growing policy, with industry and skill in its more and more rapid for three cen. irain; and the consequence will be turies. It is a general progress,an abundance of the material of embracing every thing that can ele. living, of enjoyment, and of mental vate and bless mankind. We are culture, for all classes, for the low- just coming into possession of knowl. est as well as the highest. The edge that will make this progress few shall no longer enslave the sure and permanent. And God many; but the earth shall be for will not stay its onward course till man according to the original grant man's mission of labor is accomof the Creator. The natural fertil. plished, and the race redeemed. ity of Asia and Africa, and their in- A day of peace is promised ; and exhaustible resources for agricultu. shall it not be as long as the days of ral improvement, are awaiting the war have been ? A day of light, new life which Christianity and a also; and shall it not be as bright higher civilization will impart to as the night has been dark: Knowl. those benighted regions.
edge is to fill the earth ; and will it How soon our expectations will not flow wherever there is ignorance be realized, we do not pretend to to be enlightened? Sin has aboundforesee. The divine plan may, for ed; and grace shall much more aught we can say, require many abound. The sword is to be changVOL. VI.
ed to a ploughshare—when and We have not come to it yet. The where? Not in the past, not in first act is not completed ;—the the present, but in the future. last may be far distant, but at length When that time shall come the the curtain will be raised and the whole earth will be subdued. The glorious panorama of a world, free, lion and the lamb will lie down to. equal and fraternal, doing all their gether? Beautiful emblem! But duty, and having all they want, shall of what? In what scene of earth's be revealed. drama has the archetype been seen?
MARTIAL MEN AND MARTIAL BOOKS.*
A WARLIKE as well as a lewd and the exploits of the crusaders, and effeminate age is known by its but in descriptions of batiles and literature. We can not doubt that tournaments, tales of Arthur and the reign of Charles II. was infa. Charlemagne, rules of chivalry, the mous for the licentiousness of the martial legends of the monks, and the court and the people, when the metrical fictions of the Trouveurs. books of that period so clearly The heroic periods of our own evince the fact; when history re- country are marked by correspond. corded, without a blush, the de. ing illuminations along the paid of bauchery and vile intrigues of the her literature. The war of the King and his ministers, and biogra. revolution, undertaken for the estab. phy celebrated the exploits of the lishment of colonial rights, waged most depraved characters; when for independence, and won through low satires and amatory songs be. valor and patriotism, closed amidst came the popular poetry; when the general rejoicing of an emanci. the drama exhibited, without a mor- paied people. The writers of that al, shameful scenes of vice, and day, sympathizing with the soldier, the performers were applauded in proclaimed their sentiments in pam. proportion to their skill in represent. phlets, sermons, orations, narratives, ing the basest passions; when the memoirs, histories, which furnished adventures of a Rochester and a materials to subsequent writers for Buckingham were themes of ro. an endless succession of martial mance; when the elegant arts books. In the war of 1812, prose. partook of the general corruption, cuted for the defense of " free trade music lent its "voluptuous swell” and sailors' rights," when our navy 10 the lascivious dances of lords won victories on sea and lake, and and ladies, and painting was em. our chivalry renown behind logs and ployed in the production of obscene cotton bags, and our invincible colpictures and in displaying the beauty
umos marched up to Canada and of the king's mistresses, and though then marched back again, the Milton lived in this degenerate age, Browns, the Jacksons, the Woods, among the writers of the day, “his ihe Wools, the Scotts, the Ripleys, muse appeared like the chaste lady the Pikes, the Perrys, the Hulls, the of the Masque-lofty, spotless and Macdonoughs, the Decaturs, lived serene." The age of chivalry was in countless volumes of heroic story, fruitful not only in deeds of valor to mark the time of their achieve. and courtesy-in the adventures of ments by the warlike tone of our roving knights, rapacious barons, literature. The “ Peninsular cam.
Washington and his Generals, by J. T. paign,”. or the conquest of some Headley. Baker & Scribnor, New York. live Indians, of the Seminole tribe,
by American troops, fighting side sectarian bounds, bent at the shrine by side with the blood-hounds of of the Virgin Mary. The embat, Cuba, winning laurels with these iled heights of Cerro Gordo could illustrious "dogs of war” in the not resist the shock of our arms. swamps of Florida, produced books Jalapa, Perote, Puebla, Contreras, on the military art, and the best Churubusco, Chapultepec, methods of training blood-hounds; speedily surrendered, and our tridiaries, and letters of officers, biog. umphant soldiery have " reveled in raphies of distinguished generals, the halls of the Montezumas." lives of Indian chiefs, &c.; indica. True, this war has cost us a hunting the taste of the people, and dred and fifty millions of dollarstheir progress in letters, as well as more than thirty thousand human in arms. We now come to the last lives have been sacrificed-causing, and most renowned campaign, which throughout our land, a wail like that crowns its authors with more glory of Egypt for her first-born children than the killing of Tecumseh, or the manners, morals, sensibilities the trapping of Oceola. This re- and principles of rulers and people public, cramped within the narrow have been corrupted, and the nation limits of nine hundred thousand is condemned in the judgment of square miles, determined to stretch heaven for lust of conquest and herself a little, particularly her military ambition. But our regulars southern limb, for the enlargement and volunteers have proved the naof the area of freedom.” This tive valor of the Anglo-Saxon race movement arousing a jealous neigh- —that one of this stock is match bor to the protection of her territo. for five Mexicans behind intrenchrial rights, led to a serious misunder. ments—Mexico has been taught the standing between the two nations striking lesson that if we want any and to a declaration of war. Our of her land we will have it if she troops are ordered to cross the owes us any thing she shall pay in Nueces-Palo Alto and Resaca de provinces, as well as in the blood la Palma become famous battle of her citizens. Presidential canfields. Soon our cannon are point. didates have been provided for the ed across the Rio Grande-Mata. next twenty years—and a trophy of moras, Camargo, Monterey and the conquest, the cork leg of Santa Saltillo yield to our arms—the en- Anna, has been set up in our nasanguined field of Buena Vista tells tional museum. But ihe conquest of unparalleled feats of bravery. of Mexico is not the only achieveThe renowned Scott, “ the hero of ment of these days of glory-bookLundy's Lane,” vied with the invin. makers, catching the spirit that is cible Taylor, “the hero of Okie- abroad, have multiplied their prochobee,” in martial exploits. Vera ductions and supplied, in profusion, Cruz was captured, the strong for. books for the times. “Grim vis. tress of San Juan de Ulloa could aged” warriors in gilded frames not withstand our bomb shells. Our frown upon us in print shops, parcommander in chief, pausing in mid lors and public places. The pericareer of conquest, like a true odical press records the most re. knight of the temple, foremost in markable incidents in the lives of religious zeal as well as in valor, American generals; and a mer. reverently entered a Popish cathe. chant's clerk, or printer's journey. dral, and in his inimitable style, man, turned out of employment for gracefully receiving between the dishonesty and debauchery, pand extremities of his thumb and fore obliged to go as far towards ihe seat finger a burning taper, in the pleni- of war as Texas, figures in half a tude of that charity which spurns column of newspaper, as the gal.
lant Capt. A. or Lieut. B. of the slaying men, and should therefore
regiment. A list of " popular hold its honors at the mercy of the books for sale” runs something in first gleam of sober sense that shall this way-Napoleon and his Mar. break upon mankind.” shals—Life and Campaigns of Na- In the first place, we hold that poleon- Washington and the Gen- military leaders, even the greatest erals of the Revolution, (Cary & of them, are not so preëminently Hart); Washington and his Gener. great as their eulogists seem to supals, by Headly-Washington and pose. Their intellectual endow. his Generals, by Lippard-Taylor ments are not of the highest order. and his Generals—Polk and his We do not mean that rare warlike Generals—Life of Santa Anna talents are never combined with Life of Ringgold—Life of Gen. Put- first rate powers of mind, but, that nam-Life of Marion-Life of Jack- from the nature of the case, the son—Incidents of the Revolution, highest abilities can never be devel. Book of the Army-Book of the oped either on the field of battle, or Navy—The War of Independence in arranging the complicated ma-Knights of Malta-Life of Zacha. chinery of human slaughter. ry Taylor-Indian Wars, including It is affirmed by Marshal Saxe, the discussion of the question, who that “the most indispensable quali killed Tecumseh ? The pains taken fication of a great commander is by authors of books of this descrip. valor, without which all others must tion, to celebrate war and warriors, prove nugatory." This language is the effect of that false opinion of may mean that a general must be military greatness which has so long bold in the execution of his plans, enthralled the human mind. If fearless and self-possessed in the warriors have generally held the midst of danger, ready to face death first place in the esteem of the at the cannon's mouth if it is neces. world, it is not surprising that histo- sary to complete “a turning ma. ry, poetry and fiction have combin. neuvre," or to restore order to his ed to glorify and enshrine the man wavering troops. Although valor, in who has commanded an army, or this sense, is something more than taken a city. We intend, however, brutal courage, which hurries men to in some of the following remarks, destruction without reflection, or reto question the claim of military gard to consequences; it can scarce. heroes to such peculiar honor, and ly claim admiration as a remarka. to show what place they should oc- ble endowment, since the comprecupy among those who have acted hension of a few facts, and firmness a conspicuous part in human affairs. of purpose, will enable a general to
“It is hard, to be sure,” says lead his columns into action in gal. John Foster, “ very hard, that what lant style, and to ride for a whole has been bedizened by the most day in front of his line on a “milk. magnificent epithets of every lan. white charger," while bullets are guage, what has procured for so whizzing about his ears, and cannon many men the idolatry of the world, balls falling around him every mowhat has crowned them with royal, ment. It often exists in perfection imperial, and according to the usual in those who show little capacity slang on the subject, immortal hon- for knowledge, or talent for intelors, what has obtained their apotheo. lectual pursuits, There have been sis in history and poetry, it is hard great conquerors who seemed inca. and vexatious that this same adored pable of understanding the simplest maker of emperors and demi.gods principles of science, or of the should be reducible in literal iruth conduct of public affairs. Dull on of description to the occupation of all subjects but those of the camp
and the battle-field-their scope of “sublime conceptions," " profound thought scarcely reached beyond philosophy,” exhibited in disposithe range of their cannon. Nor is tions and maneuvres : but when valor an uncommon quality. Under they come to particularize, the clidifferent names, it belongs to masses max ends in terms of less lofty imof men. It is a characteristic of port;--such as, "sound understand. whole nations. A coward, in the ing with some genius,” “ prompt ranks of an army, with the eyes of and vigorous resources ;"_" to achis comrades upon him, is a curios- complish all the purposes of war ity, and when in such circumstan- the judgment must be clear, the ces, one soldier will turn from a mind collected, the heart firm, the line of presented bayonets, a hun. eye incapable of being diverted;" dred soldiers will rush upon it. If "all offensive and defensive opera. valor is the crowning excellence of tions in the field require mobility, a general, his “indispensable quali- solidity, impulsion, and the greatest fication," he can not claim the hom. possible amount of fire.” But, age of the world for his intellectual whether an army is drawn up in greatness, though he is as valiant as simple or complex form, in “paralwas Alexander, or Publius Horatius, lel order," or " parallel order with the one-eyed hero, who saved Rome a crotchet," whether the enemy's on one occasion by withstanding a array is pierced, or turned, or the whole army.
attack made in column, or in line ; The application of "grand tac. on one, or on both wings,-howtics,” is considered to be an exhibi. ever great the “mobility, solidity, tion of great powers. Of the ele. impulsion and amount of fire,” there mentary part of this art, including is no exhibition of those powers and the principles of " right about face," qualities which we shall presently and “forward march,” and the speak of as belonging to the highest formation and evolutions of compa. order of intellectual greatness. The nies, battalions and divisions, it is greatest display of what is called not necessary to speak. To form military genius lies in the concepan army in the order of baitle, and tion and execution of an extensive to bring it into action, are more campaign, like some master complicated parts of the same busi- stroke" of Frederic or Napoleon. ness. The best positions for offense To form a plan of this kind, which, and defense are to be chosen; mass. embracing half a continent, is to be es of troops are to be arranged ac. carried out in the face of gigantic eording to the relative strength of the obstacles of nature and art; to diopposing forces ; different modes of rect the march of large masses of attack or protection are to be em. troops, with all their material, by ployed, as the nature of the field different routes to a prescribed poand the exigency of the occasion sition, so as 10 concentrate the seve may demand; feints are to be made, eral divisions of a grand army, with surprises defeated; and the whole such exacıness that they shall arrive force of infantry, artillery and cave at the hour appointed for striking a alry, brought to bear upon the ene. decisive blow; to anticipate the de. my with the greatest effect. These signs of an enemy, and 10 forestall operations, conducted in the best his movements so as to meet him at manner, require skill, sagacity, pen- a vital point with a superior force,etration, judgment—"a quick eye, requires the action of no ordinary a ready conception, a prompt exe. mind. It demands uncommon ca. cution.” Writers speak of the trans- pacity, invention of expedients, comcendent display of genius in scenes prehension of details, knowledge of of war-of “prophetic vision,” physical science, clear discernment