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To just the extent in which the work natural ability to instruct and exhort of human renovation by faith in their fellow worshipers. Apostles Christ, advances, in the sects and in and Evangelists, or traveling preachthe world, will the way be prepared ers, were divinely commissioned, or for the church of the future. But the chosen by others, to preach the gospiety of that day must be of a higher 'pel to the unevangelized. It was order than is common among us, deemed a matter of importance in characterized by larger views of the local churches, that the elders, truth and by a quick discernment or executive officers, should also be and cordial recognition of the linea- distinguished by their ability to teach ments of the divine image in whom the people. This was rather a desirasoever they may appear. That true ble than an indispensable qualificaliberality of mind which receives tion for their office, because the cordially “him that is weak in the functions of ruling and teaching faith," because he is in the faith, not. when discharged with ability by the withstanding his errors and imper- same person, had on that account fections, must reign in all the sects more weight and efficacy. before the universal visible church In the course of time the offices can enter into the world. But in the of teaching and ruling became inmeantime every new convert to this dissolubly connected. The age of truly Christian Catholicism will, as miraculous gifts passed away, and a drop in the ocean, supply a part the necessity arose of a ministry of the grand result.

officially devoted to the work of We concur also in our Author's preaching the word. The mental views of the Christian mintstry as discipline of education, and a carewe understand them.

ful study of the Scriptures, were “I think,” he says, “ that in the Fu.

now required to supply the place of ture Church the distinction between clergy inspiration ; and as the preacher and laity will altogether cease, for this dis- could no longer rely on a direct tinction does not belong to Christianity, afflatus of the Spirit, he could ad. but was imported into it from Judaism. In the early Church all were clergy and equately inculcate the will of God, all laity, all priests and all people. By only by giving himself wholly to the one spirit all had been baptized into one work. The Christian ministry is, body, and no clerical order is intiinated. therefore, a body of men set apart The Church had its officers as any asso. ciation must, but these officers did not

to the work of preaching the gGos. form a class or clerisy. The Clergv. pel, in accordance with the same law Church must be changed into the Church of want and necessity which gave of the People, before the members can feel their individual responsibility for the

existence 10 the deaconship, for a total action of the body. The ministry, time to the office of deaconness, and (worship, and preaching will remain, but to every other part of the church's the Church will not be built on the min- organization. Our Author therefore istry but the ministry on the Church."

well says, that “the ministry, wor. This is very true, and very im- ship and preaching will remain" in portant to the establishment of the the church of the future. But as in church universal upon the basis of primitive times, "the church will liberty, equality and fraternity. not be built on the ministry, but the

It was manifestly the intention ministry on the church.” The min. of Christ that his Gospel should be istry will exist for the church ; not spread over the world by “the fool- the church for the ministry. The ishness of preaching." At first ev. church will have ministers because ery disciple was a preacher. Many she needs them for her own growth who had no office in the church, in knowledge and holiness, and for were endowed with the spirit of the work of evangelizing the world. prophecy, or inspired with a preter. Christian ministers will as pastors have official authority, as did the There are it is true a few noisy re: elders of the primitive church; and formers in New England, not conas preachers, they will have great nected with the visible church; bat personal influence, corresponding in the late movements, as well as in with the purity of their lives, and all previous measures for meliorathe ability and faithfulness of their ting the condition of man, the public instructions. But they will Christian ministry and Church have not be lords over God's heritage. furnished nine-tenths of the effective They will neither have the power influence. Who are the advocates nor the disposition 10 legislate for of temperance, of peace, and of the church. They will have the freedom, on whom reliance is chiefspirit which animated the Apostles ly to be placed for self-denying efwhen they called for the election of foris in their behalf ? A few men officers to take charge of the chari- of no religious faith, like Jefferson ties of the church, so that they and Franklin, and some of our own might give themselves wholly to the day, are entitled to gratitude for preaching of the word. They will their sacrifices for humanity. But see, as in civil affairs the nations what, we ask, would become of the seem likely to learn after the sad cause of human improvement, il it experience of centuries of mis-gov. were left, without the aid of the ernment, that the peace and pros. church, to the sole advocacy of those perity of the people demand that who denounce that body as the bul. they should be governed agreeably wark of war and slavery, and every to the principles of liberty, equality other time honored abuse? We and fraternity.

think but one answer can be given We may pass over the division to this question. Many members of the discourse which relates to the of the church have doubtless given church as it is, with the single re- too much occasion for the charge of mark, that we believe the Author inhumanity-but the world without has conceded too much to the preju. is far more deserving of the charge. dices of the “religious men” who The church is a city set upon a " think that churches are of no use ; hill; and all her defects are at once that they rather hinder than help the visible. Her professions make her cause of humanity.” He admits inconsistences more glaring. But that there is too much foundation with all her faults, she is the only for this charge, and accounts for it hope of the world. by saying that “ the church, in past We do not accord in every retimes, has thought its especial busi. spect with our author's views of the ness to be to promote piety, not to church of the future. This church, promote humanity." We should be thinks, will admit of variety in say, that both the piety and human. its rites and forms ; some parts of ity of the church have hitherto been it observing the simplicity of the too defective and too feeble to pro- Quaker and others the most imposduce the proper effects of Christian. ing rituals. He thinks, however, ity. It is not a want of just views that the distinction between clergy of the nature of religion, as consist- and laity will entirely cease, and ing in the love of man as well as that the will be of God, but the feebleness of love changed into the church of the peoitself, to which these sad practical ple. He does not expect that the delinquences are to be ascribed. So sects will all be merged in one; far as our observation has extended nor that they will unite on any varwe have found piety and humanity, row gronnd, or upon any comprothe love of God and man, united, mise or concession of their particufar more frequently than separate. lar ideas. He thinks, if we under

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stand him, that all the sects of to. to be received to their communion at day will continue to exist, holding the table of Christ. Believing him their peculiarities, but regarding to be a Christian, they have no right, each other as entitled to respect and on any prelence, to treat him as an brotherly affection, and forming to- infidel. It is only on the ground of gether one church universal, bound such heterodoxy in faith, or of such by no other tie than a common faith unchristian conduct, as destroys their in Christ, but living in actual fellow- confidence in his piety, that they ship in Christian privileges and co- can lawfully debar him from the operating in all benevolent enter- table of Christ. He is not entitled prises. In accordance with these to be received, as our author may views, he expects to see the Ortho- be understood to teach, merely bedox, the Unitarians, and the Spiritual cause he professes faith in Christ, ists, all in close fellowship, on the but, if at all, because he shows himbasis of a single article. "Faith in self by some sarisfactory marks, to Christ,” he says, “is the bond of be a true believer in Christ-a truly union-the one article of the regenerate person-penitent and church's creed.” No matter what obedient. He may be lawfully reelse is professed; no matter how jected if he professes the highest this is understood; whoever “ac- style of orthodoxy, with no better cepts Christ as the Master, stands evidence of Christian character. on the foundation, and is within the The only question is, Is he a true limits of the true church.”

Christian. How far we dissent from these The reader will now be able to views, in which we concur in part, comprehend our idea of the church will appear upon a brief statement of the future. It is the universal of our own views. We use the visible church--the unorganized word church, to denote (1) the whole aggregate of all open confessors of body of true Christians; (2) all Christ, in mutual fellowship--tender who appear to be Christians; and ly respecting each others' differ. (3) any body credibly profess- ences-coöperating in every labor ing faith in Christ

, associated for of humanity and love—and graduthe observance of Christian ordi- ally assimilating more and more tonances. In the first case it denotes ward unity in faith and practice. the universal invisible church ; in The points in which they differ may the second, the universal visible continue, at least for a time, to archurch—both of which are unorgan- range them in independent and disized bodies—and in the third case, similar organizations, but these difan organized society, the members ferences will no longer disturb their of which are in express covenant harmony, and the tendency will with each other, on the basis of a constantly be to throw what is trivial common creed. We hold that the more and more into the shade, and universal visible church embraces to correct the serious errors of all all who in any way make themselves parties. known as the disciples of Christ, It will be seen from these remarks notwithstanding they may differ that we reject the idea of a comprefrom each other in many important hensive church, having a creed points, and may not be enrolled in made up of patches from the sys. any local church. He is a member tems of all the different sects. The of this church who makes himself idea that each sect is a special appear to other Christians, to be a providence, designed to supply some Christian. As such he is entitled to deficiency in the other sects, seems certain privileges; to be recognized to us fanciful enough to challenge by his brethren as a Christian, and the easiest credulity-too fanciful to be gravely put forth as a probability. all others of all sects. And the It is true of sects, as it is of all members of this church will not go things, that they exist by divine to the sects for their creed, except permission, for some sufficient rea- as helps to the better understanding son; and the reason in a particular of the Bible, to which the final apcase may be the one alledged; but peal will always be made. In that to affirm it as a general principle of day, the Orthodox, the Unitarians, the providential government of God, and the Spiritualists, whom our auwithout the shadow of evidence, is thor expects 10 see in one fold, will preposterous. A becoming sense not, one and all, be likely to retain the of our own liability to error, with a same creeds which now distinguish charitable respect for other Chris. them; and even if they continue as tians, will lead us to examine their they are unchanged, those only who opinions with candor, if possible to show themselves to be “living epis. discover in them something in which tles of Christ,” will be recognized as we are deficient. This is the course belonging to the great household of which has been recommended in faith, the universal visible church. our pages, as fitted to enlarge the In thus intimating and perhaps charity of all Christians, and ulti- showing a difference of opinion from mately to unite all in that universal, our author, on some points, we visible brotherhood of which we are not sure that we fully underhave spoken. But this has no re- stand him, or that he really expects semblance to a church comprehen- or desires that Christians may be. sive enough to take in “all the len. come so latitudinarian as to embrace dencies which now appear embodied an eclectic system of doctrines, in the different sects.” In our opin. drawn from all the sects of Christenion the church of the future will dom. We would rather believe that comprehend as many of all sects, his meaning is more accordant with and of no sect, as are visibly true the views of the subject expressed believers in Christ; and will exclude by us in this article.



It may be said in reference to to be led into serious practical all important subjects, theoretical and practical, that the neglect or What if in the mechanic arts, we violation of a single fundamental were to set aside the principle of principle, will lead to disastrous the lever or the screw in our calcu. consequences. Let us suppose in lations ? What would become of morals for instance, that in all ex- the whole system of modern astreme cases, the difference between tronomy, if we were to disregard falsehood and veracity, may be safe. the attraction of gravity? What ly disregarded, and we undermine if in literature we were to observe at once all the foundations of social no distinction between history and happiness. Or let us in religion be romance? or in oratory, were to governed more by inward impulses suppose no difference between dra. than by the written word; or let us matic personation and the life-gir: be guided by the traditions of men ing appeals of forensic or pulpit or by the prevailing customs of so. eloquence ? Any one mistake of ciety, to the neglect of a surer stan. the kind would serve to vitiate all dard of duty, and we shall not fail our teachings in regard to the sub

ject to which it should relate, and most say, to a mere piece of formal. involve us in the mazes of practical ism-The latter retains much of its error.

true character and influence. The discovery of such a mistake Look for one moment at the ele. in reference to the subject of reli- vated character of our consecrated gious song, will enable us to under themes of song—themes, many of stand more clearly what is required which would tremble upon the lips of us in regard to church music; of social prayer! Do we generally and characterize with some certain. feel in song the full import of what ty, the leading influences which are we are uttering? Do we feel in brought to bear upon this part of any measure as Isaiah did, when our public worship.

we sing, “boly, holy, holy, is the Whoever attentively compares Lord of hosts ?" Or when we exthe scriptural teachings in regard 10 claimthe subject of praise, with what he " Let all the powers within me join usually notices in our religious as

In work and worship so divine,' semblies, will not fail to be struck do we really imagine ourselves to with the impropriety of the style. be speaking truth in devout sincerity Praise, as it appears in the Scrip- as we do in prayer? tures, is a hallowed and delightful It has sometimes been urged, employment. It is the work of that a young and rising nation will saints below, and the joy of angels not be given to musical pursuits like and glorified spirits above. But nations which are older. It should praise in our religious assemblies is be remembered, however, that mu. often a matter of frigid indifference sic in every other department of on the one hand; and of unprofite the art among us, is found to do its able sentimentality on the other. appropriate office. The music of The reading of a hymn from the the field, the parlor, the concert pulpit secures devout attention ; but room, and the oratorio, is continualwhen afterwards the same hymn is ly rising in interest and improving sung, the music either disturbs our in qualiiy. Even in the church we meditations by its rudeness or in. witness in many places, much artisappropriateness, or it attracts to. tical improvement, while in regard wards itself a large measure of that to spirituality, the delusion continattention which is due to the subject. ues, and perhaps increases. How seldom do we realize in our But, again, we are often told that experience, anything like that de- there is much want of knowledge gree of devotional interest which and discrimination—that ministers ihe Scriptures warrant us in antici. and leading members of the church pating?

treat the subject with neglect-ihat For this there must be some spe. singers are of all people in the cific cause. What is it? We shall world, the most refractory and unbe referred perhaps to the low state manageable. These things, however, of religion in the churches; to that are but the result of some specific low standard of piety which pre- cause--not that cause itself. The vails among us. But if this were question returns: Why this de. the true solution of the difficulty, ficiency in knowledge and discrimimight we not expect to witness a nation, and this indifference to a corresponding defect in public subject of such moment? and why prayer? Praise and prayer, the this contentious and unruly spirit in Holy Scriptures teach us to regard those who conduct the exercises of as equally solemn and spiritual ; but praise in Christian assemblies? The while the former has sadly degen. present age is not deficient in intel. erated-degenerated, we might al- lect, susceptibility, or practical disVol. VI.


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