« PreviousContinue »
sympathizing friends from among the best of windows of the new Court House building ocour citizens, and their residence in the jail con- cupied. A large number of ladies were in the fers disgrace on none but those whose malice crowd, in addition to those admitted by the sent them there.
Sheriff to the private apartments of the jail.
The crowd was of the highest respectability, 66 Stone walls do not a prison make,
and numbered between six and seven hundred Nor iron bars a cage; Minds innocent and quiet take
persons. That for an hermitage."
Professor Peck stood just inside the doorway
of the jail, and from that point .conducted the Last night they had beds made up in the up- exercises, which he opened with a short prayer. per range of cells, where they slept. Today The immense congregation then united in they are in the upper room of the jailer's resi- singing the hymn dence, where newspapers and writing facilities
" My soul be on thy guard, have been furnished them.
Ten thousand foes arise; Sheriff Wightman has treated them with
The hosts of sin are pressing hard kindness and courtesy; at the same time they
To draw thee from the skies." are strictly confined within the walls, and no A portion of Scripture was then read, a departure allowed from the regular discipline prayer offered, and the congregation sung the of persons in their condition.
hymn We understand that this afternoon the pris- 66 Am I a soldier of the cross, oners will be visited by a large party of ladies.
A follower of the Lamb?
And shall I fear to own his cause, from the congregation of the Prospect Street
Or blush to speak his name?" Church, accompanied by many other ladies residing in the city.
Professor Peck then read his text from To-morrow afternoon, about half past two Matthew I: 9. o'clock, Professor PECK will preach to his “And as Jesus passed forth from thence, he saw a “ brethren in bonds," and such of the citizens man named Matthew, sitting at the receipt of cusas can be accommodated, in the jail.
tom; and saith unto him, Follow me.”
It is of the utmost importance to men that Perhaps no better idea could be given of the they clearly apprehend the great law of right. state of feeling inside the prison, than may be Do they know that law; they are prepared to gathered from the two extracts next following, ascend from the knowledge to virtue and wellthe first of which is cut from the Evening Her- being Are they ignorant of it; that igno
rance sinks them to deepest sin and woe. ald, of Monday, April 18, and the second from There are but few, however, who can apprethe Morning Leader of the next day.
hend the law if it is stated to them in a merely dogmatic form; and fewer still are those who, knowing the law, can reduce it to details; who
can frame for themselves a logical system of The Bond Preaching to the Free!
The infirmity of the human intelligence
which prevents its comprehending abstract The jail on Saturday afternoon appeared rightness has been kindly recognized and promore like a fashionable place of resort than a vided for by our Great Father.
Making prison. Hundreds of ladies and gentlemen of account of it, He sent here his Son in the form the highest standing called on the Oberlin pris- of a man, to embody in an apprehensible way oners, and left them but few intervals during the law which lays its precept upon us all. In the day and evening for rest. On all sides they the discharge of this errand, the Good Teacher were greeted with assurances of sympathy and seldom taught duty in an abstract way. He respect, mingled with severe comments on the simply said to men, as he did to the tax-gatherer extraordinary conduct of District Attorney in our text, Follow me. BELDEN, in ordering their arrest in violation of The doctrine thus taught was easily compreall precedent and in contempt of all decency hended. Untutored “common people heard and propriety.
him gladly,” and even children learned from On Sunday afternoon, according to previous his life the truth they had need to know. notice, Professor Peck, one of the "Oberlin When the Divine messenger left the world, Rescuers committed to jail to await trial, pro- he commissioned and inspired men to put on ceeded to address his brethren in bonds and lasting record the life in which he had displayed such of the free as chose to come. The hour the law. So Matthew, the business-man, and appointed was half past two o'clock, and at that Mark, the plain, farmer-like man, and Luke, time an immense crowd had gathered around the cultivated man, and John, the susceptible the jail. The extensive jail yard was literally man, wrote the story; each telling it in his packed with human bodies, the space and street own way. Thus the world got glad-evangels, beyond filled, every roof and shed that afforded which, written from different points of study, à prospect of the preacher, crowded, and the agreed in well presenting the common theme
THE OBERLIN RESCUERS.
-the life which showed the law. In this
way, III. That the spirit with which Christ carried sage and savage, were provided with the out his Father's will, illustrates our duty. means of knowing just what God would have His was never a grudging nor a self-seeking them do. They had but to follow Jesus and service. He gave up himself to his work. He the law would be fulfilled. And in following assumed that he could not accomplish the will, the blessed Christ we find our law. It will
, which was his law, without inconvenience and therefore, be profitable for us to consider a loss to himself. So he went his way, expecting few of those things in the life of Christ which sorrow and pain. And when sorrow overtook have a bearing on or illustrate our duty. him, he cheerfully bore it. The indignities with We cannot but notice,
which the ungrateful compensated his love, dių I. That the life we are studying was always not disturb him. The buffetings and mockings pervaded by regard for the Father's will. with which his persecutors assailed him, as they
In infancy, he replied to the chidings of his crowned him with thorns, clothed him with purmother, who sought him as he lingered in the ple, and put a sceptre of reed in his hand, did temple, " Wist ye not that I must be about my not move him. Serenely did he bear that keenFather's business ;” and when, on the last night est grief which he suffered, when, looking from before his crucifixion, a bitter cup was put to the judgment-hall, he saw his most beloved dishis lips, he only said, “ Not my will but thine be ciple hiding in the distance, and his boldest one done."
openly giving himself up to treachery. And Nor could any thing ever divert him from ac- the last words which trembled upon his dying complishing that will. When an arbitrary so- lips were, “Father, forgive them, they know not cial law forbade his associating with publicans what they do." and sinners, he firmly kept on his own way, şay
It will be well for us to note here that it was ing only, “ I came not to call the righteous but the spirit which Christ exhibited which barred sinners to repentance. And when civil law the mischief which had otherwise come of his conflicted with the Divine will
, by pronouncing refusal to obey human law, when that law conthe gospel he taught an illicit system, still did tradicted the Divine will. His disobedience of he not pause. He would preach, and his apol- Cæsar was not divisive. The State did not sufogy was declared in the comprehensive doctrine, fer from it. A spirit which is obviously benevo"Render unto Cæsar the things which are Cæ- lent and generous never divides. Selfishness sar's, and unto God the things which are God's." divides society. The good-will, which Christ so Here, then, we get our first lesson. Divine well exhibited, unites men.
It is when one folwill is to be paramount law with us. We must lows Christ in this respect, that kindred and obey God always, and human law, social and neighbors are gathered most closely to him, and civil, when we can.
that society about him becomes most compact. Pursuing our study, we obserye,
It is the God-obeying, loving spirit which Christ II. That the Divine will was well expounded has communicated to those who follow him, in the life of Christ. It teaches us what that which has given life to the social and political will is -- that it is not an abstraction, but a liv- institutions under which we live, and are glad. ing principle, looking to most practical results. Let that spirit be ours. Let us be cheerful Describe the life in one word, and that word is in doing our work. Let us, when we are love the Evangelist's own summary of the career of to any desire but that of good will to all. Jesus. Visiting the poor, healing the sick, We find a fourth item of instruction with recheering the disconsolate, such were his occu- spect to our duty, in the manner of Christ, in pations. So it was that Christ set forth his looking for a reward for his labors and pains, idea of the Divine will.
not any personal recompense, but to the good And we may well note here that it was from to others which was to follow that labor and his understanding of his Father's will that Jesus pains. He never paused to ask whether his took the gauge of his relations to men. Ordi- merit was recognized; whether the honor due nary ties - those of consanguinity, for instance him was rendered; whether he was to enjoy
did not bind him as they did other men. either present or posthumous fame. The need of men, was what inclined him to enough for him to know that the gospel he was them. As they were poor, or despised, or sor- preaching was in all time to be life to many rowing, so did he stand close to them, and the souls; that his beneficence, maintained through greater their want the closer was his relation- all the ages, by those who should follow him, ship to them.
would minister good to the needy; that the poor This
, then, for we pause here for another les- and forlorn would be blessed by it; that those son, is always the Divine will
that we lovesick and in prison ” would be cheered by it, and do good to others, and that we fix our rela-1 and that it would strike the iron from countless tionships and distribute our endeavors accord- wretches unjustly bound. This was sufficient ing not to inclination, but to the need of recompense for him. And such should be the those for whose well-being we are called to only reward for well doing, which we should
seek. Is toil appointed to us; are we called Passing on, we notice,
" to suffer for righteousness' sake ?” it is enough
for us to know that what we do and bear will The remark was general' in the crowd, that bless some child of want; that some poor wretch, were the prisoners in the custody of the U. S. who may never know our name or realize his officers and Southern slave catchers, instead of obligation to us, will be cheered by the benefi- the friendly care of the County Sheriff, the jail cent influence which we set on foot; that the walls would present but a frail barrier between ministry of love which we discharge, will, after a liberating crowd and the incarcerated prisonwe are gone hence, be to parched tongues a érs. The numbers and the spirit for such an cooling drop
undertaking were both present, but under the We need pursue our subject no farther. It circumstances it was well known such a measure will surely leave with us these practical thoughts: was not necessary.
1. We are in all things to follow Christ. There is no position in which we shall need any other rule of life, than the example of the Lord THE INCARCERATED.-The twenty Oberlin who has gone before us. When duty is de- citizens who are încarcerated in the County manded, we need not look up an abstract law Jail appear to enjoy life as well as they could for our guidance; we have but to ask, “What be expected to do under the circumstances. would Christ do ?” And when we can answer On Saturday they had an almost ceaseless round ourselves that Christ would do this thing or that, of callers and friends, and President Buchanan we need not hesitate to do it ourselves, éven hardly holds greater levees than did these men though human law or the customs of men on Saturday afternoon. A large number of should forbid.
ladies made the “reception room (12 feet by 2. We learn how and where we are to find 18) cheerful and happy with their bright smiles Christ. It is not in the temple of worship only, and lively conversation. There was no lack of or in the closet, that we are to seek our Lord. merriment and laughter, for even the “ Do we go where the needy are, do we seek out, Oberlin saints can enliven the routine of life to bless, the wretch who is crunching his last with a hearty laugh when occasion calls for it. crust, there shall we find Christ. Do we visit The spirits of the prisoners can be seen by the the sick-bed, from whichi fear of contagion has following correspondence which was written for driven others, and there render needed offices, the Plaindealer, but, being accidentally left out, behold there will Christ present Himself. Do was solicited by us : we take the panting fugitive from slavery by
A VOICE FROM THE JUG.--My good friend the hand, and help him on his weary way, Gray asked me to write this, and said he was pointing him to the Northern Star, so we shall going to head it presently find that." the Man of Sorrows" is also
" Hark! from the tombs," by his side. So let us seek our Lord, going as He always did, when He was here, where the so I shall save him the trouble, and add for his neediest are.
benefit the remainder of this solemn stanza ; And, finally, let us learn from our subject to here is the whole : be satisfied, in all our trials and labors, to be as “ Hark! from the tombs a doleful sound; our Master was. Must we submit to toil- did
My ears attend the cry; not He labor to utmost weariness?
Ye living men come view the ground paid for our self-sacrifices by the ingratitude of
Where you must shortly lie." those we bless —'was not He repulsed even by Apropos to this sacred quotation, some one those He healed ? Are we persecuted for in the farther part of the room is just now sayrighteousness' sake, and taunted and buffeted by ing that Mr. Anderson Jennings, to whom we those who are in power. has not He been in rascals are especially indebted for our comfortathe judgment hall before us, and was not He ble quarters actually is, as Attorney Belden inticrowned with thorns, and did not deriding per- mated, a distinguished member of a Hard Shell secutors mockingly rail at Him as the King of Baptist Church in the chivalrous State of Kenthe Jews?
tucky! Comments upon such a statement are And when we have done all and suffered all
, quite unnecessary. Every man to his own inlet us rejoice to know that we shall have our ferences. But you are aching for items reward in the healing which shall come through sation items. How came: we in jail, and how us to some wounded spirit, and let us go cheer- do we feel here? Came we the defendants fully and joyously on our way, keeping in view here by order of the Honorable U. S. District Him who has trod the same weary way before Court for the Northern District of Ohio, on us, assured that as His works followed Him so motion of the U. S. District Attorney. The our works will follow us, and that the sons of immediate provocation of the imprisonment sorrow will be gladdened by us even when our seemed to be the extraordinary position taken hands have long mouldered to dust.
by the defendants in declining to accept as At the conclusion of the sermon a prayer competent to decide upon their liberty the jury was offered, the doxology sung, and the congre- which had just rendered a verdict of guilty gation dispersed, very many previously passing against one of their number. This Mr. Belden through the jail and shaking hands with the thought so impertinent as to destroy all his preprisoners.
vious confidence in us. Hitherto we have come
and gone upon our word. But now we are safe | 16th. This article is selected as conveying preonly within stone walls. Not feeling very guilty, cisely the iinpressions upon which THE TWENwe do feel very happy. We are in jail
, and though treated with kindness, are none the less prisoners, for Sheriff Wightman is a faithful officer as well as a gentleman, and allows no Thirty-Seven Free Citizens of Ohio consigned personal feelings to interfere with the rigid dis
to a Jail because they Refused to be Tried by charge of his official duties; and here in jail, in
a Jury that had Prejudged their Cases. the beautiful city of Cleveland, in the Free The Wellington-Oberlin rescue case assumed State of Ohio, we shall quietly lie, not for the a new phase on Friday, and we must occupy a crime of violating the act of 1850, not for the brief space, although our columns have of late charge or suspicion of so doing, but for declin- been filled with the details of the trial of Bushing to intrust our liberty to the keeping of nell, in reviewing the history of this matter, twelve men who had just announced under and in calling attention to the unprecedented oath, their fixed opinion of the merits of our and unpardonable course of District Attorney case. Now how do we look and feel ?
BELDEN. We do not know how to characterThe glass is passing freely around, backed by ize the vindictiveness, the malice, the venom, a huge pitcher. The contents are as good as with which the Prosecution calls for the venthe Cleveland Reservoir can furnish, but still geance of the law upon these men. a little behind Oberlin wells. The Deacon Let us go back to the finding of these indictbrought an armful of exchanges just after tea, ments, merely to remind our readers that one and the genial Junior of the Leader came with as of the men allowed by the Prosecution to sit on many more an hour later. Mr. Benedict had the Grand Jury, was Mr. Boynton, the father already supplied us the Evening Herald. The of the boy, who, for twenty pieces of silver, literarily inclined are therefore buried in news, was hired to deceive and decoy a miserable, igand the rest chatter quietly between. A steady norant black man into the hands of his captors. current of callers eddies through our room, leav- Here was the first unblushing outrage upon ing a cheerful sediment of anecdote, witticism, propriety, --- yes, upon decency. discussion, argument, querying, and comfort. The next step in this mockery of fair and Very respectable callers these are, too, without honorable dealing, was the empanelling of a exception. Barristers, Editors, Legislators, Petit Jury, every man of whom was an adherent Merchants, and Clergymen. And now comes of the Democratic party, and one of them a our courteous Marshal Johnson to unite coun- Deputy United States Marshal. We do not say sels with the Sheriff, the Jailer and the ladies, law was violated by this, but we do say - and for the lodging of so unexpected and serious an every right-minded person will agree with us addition to the number of the public guests. that this was ungenerous, unfair, and an utter Next comes a friend with an armful of books. violation of the dignity and magnanimity beThen a gentleman and some ladies. Really, coming the professional character and position this is a lively evening. But, alas! every echo of a high public prosecutor. It was fit only for of our laughter rings with the hollow premoni- a four-corner Justice's trial on a horse warranty tion of a sundering Union, a disaffected South, question. and an excited community. What shall be The trial was had on the case against Bushdid ? Something to quiet the distracted narves, nell, and the jury, very summarily, found him something to throw another hoop about the part- guilty. We are not disposed to impugn the ining Union, something to make still more secure tegrity of these jurors: they acted under the the slippery two-legged property of our unfor- solemnity of an oath each had the intelligence tunate southern neighbors.
to comprehend, and the responsibility of which But they are laughing at me for writing for they ought fully to feel. How those men could the Plain-Dealer, and your readers will laugh say for by their verdict they have so said — so much more yet to see such an abolitionist, that those two Kentucky slave-catchers told the incendiary, Freedom-shrieking, Kansas-humbug, truth about that power of attorney, while some Republican, Oberlin article in your columns, half dozen of as good citizens as Lorain County that I may as well stop off. If you feel infect- contains were guilty of flat, deliberate, downed, fumigate yourself with sulphur, dear reader, right perjury, is a matter for them to settle with and be in Court on Monday,
their own consciences. We do not arraign them
DUNGEONER. for their opinion upon that subject, but proceed CUYAHOGA COUNTY JAIL,
to the scene which ensued upon the rendition Friday Evening, April 15, 1859.
of their verdict.
The question came up as to the trial of the As some individuals seem to have misappre- other cases, and the District Attorney, in his hended the true grounds of the committal to vindictiveness, his malignity towards the reprison, it has been thought best to insert in this should be tried by that same jury
maining defendants, insisted that each of them
a jury that connection an editorial which appeared in the under the solemnity of their oaths, had preCleveland Herald of Saturday evening, April judged all these cases.
Let it be borne in mind that this jury, by its part of the Government. The defence dismissed verdict, had found that there was concert of ac- their Counsel, and refused to stultify themselves tion at Wellington, on the part of the crowd of by appearing to accede to such a legal outrage which these defendants were a component part. upon their rights. Then it was the District-AtThat, of course, prejudged the vital point in the torney exultantly claimed his privilege of orderremaining cases.
ing Bushnell into the custody of the Marshal; But the outrage upon judicial propriety and he did more, he moved that those persons and decency, can only bċ appreciated by add- who were at large, upon their own recogniing this fact, that the jury which sat upon Bush- zances, be taken into custody. After their nell's case, was a “ Struck Jury." What lawyer names were called, and they had entered the ever heard of a “Struck Jury” for an entire box assigned them by the U. S. Marshal, Judge term of Court? We have it from the most ex- SPALDING moved, in behalf of the defendants, perienced gentlemen of our bar, from those who that an entry be made on the Journal, showing for years have sat upon the Bench, who have the several recognizances cancelled. This was grown gray in the profession, that a “ Struck done, or ordered to be done by the Court. SubJury” is always confined to the one case to try sequently, the District Attorney applied for an which it was empanelled. Ordinarily the term order that these defendants be admitted to bail, dockets do not embrace cases resting upon like at any time, by entering into recognizances, facts, and in such case the claim of the District- with süreties to the satisfaction of the Clerk. The Attorney that the Struck Jury" is for the Judge made the order, but distinctly said no term, while it would be novel, would not, as a bail or sureties would be required; that is, they matter of course, be glaringly unjust; but in might'renew their own individual recognizances, this instance it is monstrous.
if they saw fit. Then the vengeance of the When the defendants found that the District District-Attorney seemed for a moment satisfied, Attorney, in his madness, was determined to and these men were marched to our jail
, where put them through the wretched farce of a pre- they lie incarcerated. And for what?' Why, tended trial, while the verdict of guilty had for refusing to be tried by a Jury that had prebeen already pronounced by the Jury before judged their cases. whom they were to be arraigned, they aban- That is the length and breadth of this matter, doned their defence, and Judge SPALDING said, and we rest it here, begging the people of Ohio in behalf of the defendants, that if compelled to ponder upon this outrage, and to answer to to go before this Jury, they would introduce no themselves this question: What is the trial by witnesses, and the trial would be solely on the Jury worth in Olio ?
To gratify the reader, it is made a study, (dent upon the labors of others for its history. throughout this volumę, to avoid repetitions. His deep personal regret that he cannot hold
The testimony given on Mr. LANGSTON’s trial himself alone chargeable with any errors of will usually be introduced in this chapter only omission or commission that may be detected when it materially differs from that given on the herein, is however sensibly mitigated by the trial of Mr. BUSIINELL. The compiler ac- sincere pleasure the opportunity affords him to knowledges his indebtedness to Mr. BACKUS become the recipient of the numberless kind and Mr. GRISWOLD, for the use of their notes | offices of friends. of the testimony on this trial, from which his So much of the testimony as is presented in selections are mainly drawn. The indefatiga- this chapter may be received with every confible reporters of the Leader and of the Her- dence in its accuracy; and it is believed that ald will occasionally recognize “ familiar pas- but little, if any, of importance has escaped
” in this as in other Chapters, for the selection. privilege of using which, they need not be told he gladly makes grateful acknowledgments.
TRIAL OF CHARLES LANGSTON. A chain of untoward circumstances, begin-| FIRST DAY. - MONDAY, APRIL 18, 1859. ning with our incarceration, and ending with the foundation of this work itself
, so interrupt- ing of the Journal for Friday, in which it is
Court convened at 9 o'clock. On the readed the compiler's personal attendance upon stated that Charles Langston had appeared and Court during this trial, that he is mainly depen-Igiven up his recognizance, on his own free will