Vegetation of New Zealand

Front Cover
CUP Archive, Sep 19, 1991 - Science - 672 pages
New Zealand, with its isolation from other lands, and latitudes ranging from the subtropical to subantarctic, has a unique and highly diverse vegetation. Peter Wardle's comprehensive and generously illustrated account of this vegetation provides a wealth of information on its origins, ecology, biogeography and community structure. The volume begins by considering the origins and ecological features of the unique native flora. Also discussed are factors which shape the vegetation, such as landscape, climate, historical events and, not least, human impact. Each of the major categories of vegetation are then described, including communities of both native and naturalised plants and the vegetation of the remote outlying islands of the New Zealand archipelago. Concluding chapters summarise ecophysiological aspects of the vegetation and discuss recent ecological processes such as disturbance, regeneration, invasion and succession. This major work will make an outstanding contribution to the understanding of New Zealand's plant life and will be essential reading for all those with an interest in vegetation, including professional and amateur botanists, ecologists and conservationists.
 

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Contents

FOREST 111 7 FOREST
7
ORIGINS AND HISTORY OF THE FLORA
8
PLANT FORM IN RELATION TO HABITAT
20
REPRODUCTIVE ASPECTS SEEDLING FORM
52
DESCRIPTION NOMENCLATURE AND CLASSIFICATION
71
The moisture factor
83
Vegetation processes
91
Mixed forests of Northland and Auckland
114
OPEN OR PATCHY VEGETATION ON PRIMARY SURFACES
350
Woody plants
365
Cliffs bluffs and rock outcrops
375
The vegetation of cliffs and similar land forms
383
THE ALPINE AND NIVAL BELTS
405
OUTLYING ISLANDS
432
BIOMASS GROWTH NUTRITION AND TOLERANCES
466
SUCCESSION RETROGRESSION AND INVASION
507

Exotic forests
157
Subalpine secondary heaths
205
Shrubland of Cassinia tauhinu and similar plants
211
Chionochloa communities
223
Maritime grasslands
263
Lawn and turf communities
281
WETLAND VEGETATION
284
DISTURBANCE REGENERATION AND TRENDS IN
559
Epilogue
606
Common names and Latin equivalents
612
Index of plant genera and species
637
General index
666
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