The Women's Movement in Latin America: Participation and Democracy
For those interested in democratic transition and consolidation, social movements, and gender politics, this volume is the most comprehensive, up-to-date, and probing analysis available of how women’s groups are helping to reshape Latin America. The contributors document and assess the remarkable wave of women’s political participation in Latin America over the past two decades. The first five case studies, on Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Chile, and Peru, examine the origins, evolution, and goals of women’s organizations as they worked together to end authoritarian rule and elaborate how women’s groups have adapted in the 1990s to the day-to-day realities of democratic politics. In the 1990s, the challenge has shifted from mobilizing opposition to the very different task of working with parties and government bureaucracies in order to maintain and implement their agendas. The chapters on Nicaragua and Mexico broaden our understanding of political transitions.Seven case studies vividly illustrate the variety of women’s movements in the region, ranging from the communal-kitchens movements to human rights groups. Each author discusses the strategies and debates of the feminist movements in question and records their political successes and failures. Jaquette’s introductory and concluding essays provide a comparative framework, highlighting the innovative ways in which Latin American women are making gender a political issue.
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From Transition to Participation
TWO The Transformation of Feminisms and Gender
FOUR Women and Democracy in Argentina
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activists activities Afro-Brazilian agenda AMNLAE Argentina argued authoritarian autonomy Brazil Brazilian campaign centers Chile Chilean Concertación Congress Coordination created crisis demands democracy democratic Democratizing Brazil dictatorship discourse domestic economic elections electoral emerged en's female femi feminism feminismo feminist groups feminist movement feminist organizations FSLN gender grassroots housewives human rights Ibid labor Latin America leaders leadership Lima machismo Madres Maria ment Mexican Mexico City militant military rule mobilization mothers movement organizations Movements in Latin Mulher National neighborhood NGOs Nicaraguan Women's nist opposition oppression organizational Partido Paulista percent Peru Plaza de Mayo PMDB politica political parties programs protest regime represented Revolution role Sandinista Santiago Sao Paulo sectors SERNAM sexual social movements society strategy struggle Studies tion trade unions traditional transition unions urban Uruguay woman women's groups women's issues women's movement women's organizations women's participation women's political participation women's rights workers working-class
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