Pura Besakih: Temple, Religion and Society in Bali
Pura Besakih is the paramount Hindu temple on Bali. Located high on the slopes of the volcano Mt Agung, it has developed over more than a thousand years into a great complex of 22 separate temples, the largest and central being Pura Penataran Agung. The annual cycle of more than seventy rituals, which symbolically link the temples into a whole, culminates in the centenary ceremony called Ekadasa Rudra (last held in 1979). The temple complex, state-supported at least since the fifteenth century, has undergone a series of architectural and ritual changes. This study combines an analysis of textual and historical sources with the fieldwork methods of anthropology in creating a unified interpretation of this great temple.
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The adat village
Temple hierarchy in Bali
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adat village administrative village Arya Arya Bang Sidemen Babad bale agung Bali Balinese Bangli banjar Batur Bhatara Turun Kabeh Brahma Bukit called caru catur century ceremony dadia dandanan deity Denpasar desa descent group Dewa Dukuh Ekadasa Rudra Gede Gelgel Gianyar gods Gunung Agung Gusti held Hindu holy water honour Hooykaas important Kangin Karangasem klihan Klungkung Kuturan land lontar Majapahit Mangku Manik mantra Mengwi Merajan meru Mount Agung mountain Muncan Naga odalan offerings official padmasana Panca Walikrama Parisada Parisada Hindu Dharma Pasek Gelgel pebangkit pedanda rituals pemangku pemangku rituals Pragunung priest public temples Pura Batu Madeg Pura Besakih pura dadia Pura Dalem Puri Pura Kiduling Kreteg Pura Padharman Pura Penataran Agung pura puseh Putra Raja Purana Ratu relationship Rendang rice ritual ruler Saka Sakti sanctuary Sang Hyang Selat setra shrine sorohan structure tanah Tegenan temple's texts Tirtha tradition warga west Karangasem Wisnu yadnya