## Number Sense Routines: Building Numerical Literacy Every Day in Grades K-3Just as athletes stretch their muscles before every game and musicians play scales to keep their technique in tune, mathematical thinkers and problem solvers can benefit from daily warm-up exercises. Jessica Shumway has developed a series of routines designed to help young students internalize and deepen their facility with numbers. The daily use of these quick five-, ten-, or fifteen-minute experiences at the beginning of math class will help build students' number sense. Students with strong number sense understand numbers, ways to represent numbers, relationships among numbers, and number systems. They make reasonable estimates, compute fluently, use reasoning strategies (e.g., relate operations, such as addition and subtraction, to each other), and use visual models based on their number sense to solve problems. Students who never develop strong number sense will struggle with nearly all mathematical strands, from measurement and geometry to data and equations. In Number Sense Routines, Jessica shows that number sense can be taught to all students. Dozens of classroom examples -- including conversations among students engaging in number sense routines -- illustrate how the routines work, how children's number sense develops, and how to implement responsive routines.Additionally, teachers will gain a deeper understanding of the underlying math -- the big ideas, skills, and strategies children learn as they develop numerical literacy. |

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### Contents

Introduction | 1 |

BUILDING NUMBER SENSE THROUGH ROUTINES | 3 |

NUMBER SENSE ROUTINES | 31 |

MORE THAN JUST THE ROUTINE | 117 |

Dot Cards | 145 |

Counting Routines Materials | 151 |

### Common terms and phrases

2011 Stenhouse Publishers amounts ask students base ten blocks big ideas Building Numerical Literacy Choral Counting Circle classroom combinations concepts conceptually subitize cookies counting backward counting by fives counting by tens counting routines counting sequence Counting the Days cubes Day in Grades days in school develop discussion dot cards efficient strategies encourage estimate example explain their thinking four fractions Grades K graph help students highlight Jessica F Kassia keep track kindergarten knew Layla learners Literacy Every Day look Malaak Marjorie Math talk math workshop mathematics mental math routines mistakes number grid Number Sense Routines number system Organic Number Line part-part-whole patterns perceptual subitizing place value quantities Quick Images reflection rekenrek relationships among numbers reproduction Figure sense of number Shumway skills subtraction teachers teaching teen numbers temperature ten-frame tens starting there’s third-grade Today’s Number visual understandings Wand What’s Whole-Class Routine