Ideology and Economic Reform Under Deng Xiaoping, 1978-1993
This is a probing study of the interactions between ideological trends and economic reform in the era of Deng Xiaoping. It explores an important but frequently neglected issue in the contemporary study of China - the transformation from the orthodox anti-market doctrine into a more elastic and pro-business one, and from Mao's radical totalitarian approach to Deng's gradualist, developmental, authoritarian approach.
Based on a well-defined theoretical framework, the author makes a critical survey of many primary sources including official documents, policy statements, memoirs and interviews, while exploring the origin and themes of China's major ideological trends since 1978 and how they affected the pace, scope and content of economic reform.
The study focuses on the origin and evolution of Deng's doctrine of 'socialism with Chinese characteristics' and its impact on the reform programme. Wei-Wei Zhang's unique perspective brings out thought-provoking explanations of the nature of Chinese politics under Deng Xiaoping in general, and the politics of China's 'gradual approach' to reform in particular.
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Chapter One IDEOLOGY AND CHINAS MODERNIZATION IN HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
FROM THE DEBATE ON THE CRITERION OF TRUTH TO SOCIALISM WITH CHINESE CHARACTERISTICS 19781982
FROM NEW VERSIONS OF MARXISM TO THE NEW TECHNOLOGICAL REVOLUTION 19831984
FROM THE PLANNED COMMODITY ECONOMY TO THE SECOND CAMPAIGN AGAINST BOURGEOIS LIBERALIZATION 19841987
FROM THE PRIMARY STAGE OF SOCIALISM TO SOCIALIST MARKET ECONOMY 19871992
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adopted approach argued Beijing bourgeois liberalization cadres campaign capitalism capitalist central planning Chen Yun China China's economic reform Chinese Chinese characteristics Chinese economy Chinese political Chinese reformers claimed communist concept CPC Congress criticized Cultural Revolution Decision deﬁned democracy Deng Xiaoping Deng's Deng’s discourse discursive framework doctrine economic development economists enterprises favour ﬁeld ﬁrst foreign four cardinal principles Gaige goal Hong Kong Hu Yaobang Hua Guofeng ideas ideo ideological convention industry inﬂuence intellectuals issue Jingji leaders leadership leftist Mao's Maoist market economy market-oriented Marxism ment modernization nomic ofﬁcial open-door policy Party Party's People's planned economy political reform price reform pro-reform productive forces public ownership radical readjustment reﬂect reform and opening reform policies reform programme Renmin Ribao responsibility system role sector SEZs Shanghai Shekou Shenzhen signiﬁcant socialism with Chinese spiritual pollution strategy stressed struggle theory Wang Zhao Ziyang Zhao’s zones