after a short residence there he resolved, like his brothers, to proceed to the East, whence he returned to this country, about the year 1822. Mr. Fraser again went to India, and was employed in a diplomatic mission, in the course of which he rode on horseback from Constantinople to Ispahan, the fatigues and hardships of which gave the first shock to his vigorous constitution. When the Persian princes visited this country, he was requested by Government to accompany and take charge of them; and on their return, he went with them as far as Constantinople. Latterly, Mr. Fraser became a zealous improver of his Highland estate, which is almost unequalled fur its magnificent woods and romantic burn scenery.

In 1820, Mr. Fraser published a ' Tour through the Snowy Range of the Himalaya Mountains ;' in 1825, a 'Narrative of a Journey into Ehorasan in the Years 1821 and 1822, including an Account of the Countries to the North-East of Persia;' and in 1826, ' Travels and Adventures in the Persian Provinces.' In 1838, appeared his work, 'A Winter Journey from Constantinople to Tehran, with Travels through various parts of Persia.' He wrote also a History of Persia, contributed various pieces to the Annuals, and ventured once more into the regions of fiction by a Scottish story, 'The Highland Smugglers.' His last work was a military memoir of Colonel Skinner, a distinguished Indian officer, who died at Delhi in 1841, and Was buried by the side of his friend William Fraser.

Mr. Fraser was as accomplished as an artist, as he was as an author. He was an exquisite painter in water-colours, and several of his drawings of Eastern scenes have been engraved.

Hall, Dr. George, was well known as an accomplished traveller. Elected, in 1822, a Radcliffe Travelling Fellow of Oxford, he wont abroad, and, after visiting the greater part of Europe, joined the Count Alexander de la Borde, who, with his son Count Leon and the Duke de Richelieu, were about to travel in the East. Dr. Hall accompanied that distinguished party throughout the whole of their well-known journey through Egypt and Asia Minor, which gave him opportunities of visiting some parts of those countries then little known.

Whilst at Jericho he made an excursion to the ruins of the cities of Geraza and Amman, in the country E. of the Jordan, of .which ho printed an account in 1851, for private circulation. It is to bo regretted that with the exception of a description of Azani, which appears in Colonel Koppel's ' .Journey across the Balkan,' no other portions of his travels have as yet been published.

His varied and extensive knowledge and a most amiable disposition made his society always much sought after, and endeared him to a large circle of friends who will long deplore his loss.

Hammond, William, Esq., was elected a Fellow in the year 1838.

Harris, Captain Fortescue William, was born in 1821, educated at the Royal Naval School, and afterwards entered the merchant service. After many voyages to China, the East and West Indies, he was appointed to the command of the 'Madagascar' in 1852; went to Calcutta and back, and sailed on the 6th of March, 1853, for Melbourne, Victoria. He left Melbourne homewardbound on the 12th of August the same year, since which time nothing has been heard of the crew or ship, which is supposed to have foundered while coming round Cape Horn.

Irving, Edward George, M.d., R.n., was born 1st April, 1816, in the parish of Hoddam, Dumfriesshire, where he commenced his education and continued his studies for several years. He then went to the University of Edinburgh, and remained there until he obtained the degree of M.D. In 1840, he entered her Majesty's navy, and joined H.M.S. 'Britannia.' On the 14th October, 1840, he wan appointed to H.M.S. 'Bellerophon,' Captain C. Austen, and was present at the siege of Acre. In August, 1841, ho joined H.M.S. 'Isis,' Captain Sir John Marshall, on the Cape of Good Hope station, and remained in her three years. His next appointment was in 1845, to H.M.S. 'Tortoise,' for service on the Island of Ascension. He continued on the African coast until June, 1848, during which time fever prevailed to a great extent, and his own health suffered severely. He remained in England until May, 1850, whon he again returned to the West Coast of Africa in H.M. stoam-sloop ' Prometheus,' Captain Henry Foote : that officer having been ordered to proceed on a mission to Abbeokuta, Dr. Irving accompanied him thither; and on his return to England, in January, 1853, he wrote an account of their journey, which was published in the ' Church Missionary Intelligencer. '*

The testimony of Captain Foote and Dr. Irving proved that the natives of Abbeokuta and the Yoruba tribe generally, are an enterprising, industrious, and tractable people, and that the effect of missionary labour had been, to turn their thoughts from war and kidnapping to peace and the pursuits of lawful commerce. They

» Vile 'Church Missionary Intelligencer,' June, August, and October, 1853. —E».

had also entered into treaty with, the English Government, and friendly relations had been established with the British consuls on the coast, as well as with her Majesty's cruisers engaged in the suppression of the slave trade.

In this statu of things the missionaries were the only persons able to give the natives advice upon their political and commercial affairs; yot it was obviously desirablo that, as religious teachers, they should be relieved as far as possible from such temporal cares; and for this purpose the Committee of the Church Missionary Society determined to send out a lay agent, who, while on friendly and confidential terms with the missionaries, might also be authorised to communicate with the Consul and naval officers, as well as with the Homo Government, upon matters which may tend to promote British interests and commercial relations with the native tribes.

Dr. Irving's experience of nine years upon the West Africa coast, and the interest which he had taken in native civilisation and Christianity, pointed him out as a most eligible person for such an office. It was, therefore, proposed to him to go out for three years on this mission, and he readily acceded to the proposal. The Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty having granted the leave of absence, Lord Clarendon, as her Majesty's Secretary for Foreign Affairs, gave his sanction to the arrangement, and furnished Dr. Irving with letters of introduction to the consuls. Furnished by the Hydrographic Office and by this Society with instruments, with the use of which he had made himself perfectly acquainted, Dr. Irving proceeded to Africa in January, 1854, and diligently improved every opportunity for gaining the confidence of the natives, for promoting internal peace, and for inducing the chiefs to open and protect roads from various towns in the interior, to the coast. His period of labour was very short. He fell a victim to the climate after fifteen months' residence, and his death was deplored by all the nativo chiefs as a national calamity. His botanical collections have been sent to our learned associate, Sir William Hooker, at Kew.

King, Philip Parker, Rear-Admiral of the Blue, F.r.s.—Admiral King, the son of Philip Gidley King, Esq., Post-Captain in the Royal Navy, was born at Norfolk Island on the 13th of December, 1793, and was consequently in the 63rd year of his age. In early life, when only in his sixteenth year, his gallant conduct in boat actions, had obtained the favourable notice of the officers in command. In later years, he conducted a survey of the coasts of Australia, and subsequently of the southern coasts of America. In February, 1817, ho was entrusted with the conduct of an expedition having for its object a survey of the coasts of Australia, a service on which he continued employed in the 'Mermaid,' cutter, and 'Bathurst,' sloop —to the command of which he was promoted by commission, dated 17th July, 1821—until his return to England in 1823. Tho results of tho undertaking are contained in a Narrative of the Survey of the Inter-tropical and Western Coasts of Australia, and in an Atlas, both compiled by Captain King, and published, the former by Murray, and the latter by the Hydrographic Office of the Admiralty. In September, 1825, from the feeling of confidence with which he had impressed the Admiralty, in the discharge of his late duties, he was appointed to the 'Adventure,' sloop, and ordered to survey the southern coast of America, from the entrance of the Rio de la Plata round to Chiloe, and that of Tierra del Fuego. He was paid off on his arrival in England, 16th November, 1830, and has not been since employed. His post commission bears date 25th February, 1830.

In 1832, Captain King published, as the partial fruit of his recent voyage, a volume entitled, 'Sailing Directions to the Coasts of Eastern and Western Patagonia, including the Straits of Magellan, and the Sea Coast of Tierra del Fuego.'.

On his retirement from active service, Captain King returned to Australia, and shortly after his arrival, succeeded Sir Edward Parry as manager of the affairs of the Australian Agricultural Society, the duties of which office he discharged with characteristic and exemplary ability and attention for several years. Ho was appointed a nominee member of the Legislative Council by tho governor, Sir Charles FitzRoy; but latterly he held his seat in the House in the more honourable capacity of a representative member, having, at the general elections of 1851, offered himself as a candidate for the constituency of Gloucester and Macquarie, and on that occasion was returned by a large majority over his opponent, Mr. Joseph Simmons. During the last session of Council, he strongly supported, in particular, the proposition for the establishment of a nautical school. For some time past he held the office of chairman of the Denominational Board of Education, and was consequently regarded as tho representative of that body in the Council.

His was the first instance of a native of Australia rising to so distinguished a rank in the British navy, and every one must feel a deep regret that his enjoyment of the honour was for so brief a period.

Both in public and in private life, Admiral King merited, as he obtained, the cordial regard and high respect of all to whom he was known, whether personally or by repute^

Lawrkxce, the Hon. Abbott, who died at the age of 63, was the fifth son of Samuel Lawrence, and was born in Groton, Massachusetts, became a member of the Common Council of Boston in 1831, and in 1834 was elected to Congress, and served the term. He declined a re-election, but consented in 1839 to bo a candidato to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Richard Fletcher, was elected, and took his seat in the House in December of that year. Upon his entrance into Congress he was put on the Committee of Ways and Means.

Mr. Lawrence, in 1842, was appointed a commissioner on tho part of Massachusetts, to arrange the North-Eastcrn Boundary Question, and rendered most efficient service. In 1849, he was invited by General Taylor to take a seat in his Cabinet. He declined the offer, but accepted the appointment of Minister to Great Britain, the duties of which office he performed honourably to himself, satisfactorily to this, and advantageously to his own country. Mr. LawTence was public spirited, liberal, charitable, and benevolent. In all schemes of public improvement he took a deep interest, and aided them with his hand and purse. His foundation of the Lawrence Scientific School, at Cambridge, by a gift of 50,000 dollars, and the bequest of an additional 50,000 dollars rn his will, bis establishing prizes for the deserving scholars of the public schools, and the aid always generously given by him to churches and to religious and charitable associations, are well known. >

Locu, James, Esq., died last July at his residence in Albemarlestreet, aged 75. He was an Advocate and Barrister-at-Law, and Fellow of the Royal Geographical, Geological, Statistical, and Zoological Societies of London; formerly M.P. for the Kirkwall and Wick district of burghs.

Mr. Loch was the author of a 'Memoir of George Granville, late Dnke of Sutherland,' 4to. 1834; and his second son was tho lato Captain G. G. Loch, r.N., F.r.o.s., Surveyor of tho River San Juan do Nicaragua, and author of 'The Closing Events of tho Campaign in China,' 1843, 8vo.

Mitchell, Colonel Sir Thomas L., D.c.l., F.r.s., Surveyor-General of New South Wales, and one of the earliest members of this Society, died in October last, aged 63. He joined tho army in the Peninsula when only sixteen, served on Wellington's staff to the close of

« PreviousContinue »