Drugs and behavior: an introduction to behavioral pharmacology
Especially designed for those with minimal knowledge of behavioral pharmacology, this book presents a review of the basic principles and concepts of pharmacology, psychology and neurophysiology in an historical and societal context. Readers will gain a greater understanding of drug use and addiction as they explore how the basic psychological concepts of learning and conditioning apply to understanding drug effects. Drugs are compared in many dimensions including their neuropharmacology, abuse potential, subjective properties and behavioral effects. Basic pharmacology of drugs; research design and behavioral analysis of drug effects; drug state conditioning, behavioral tolerance and dissociation; neurophysiology, neurotransmitters, and the nervous system; dependence, addiction, and self-administration; alcohol; barbiturates and benzodiazepines; tobacco; caffeine and methylxanthines, psychomotor stimulants, opiates, antipsychotic drugs, antidepressants and mood stabilizers, cannabis, and hallucinogens.
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Primary Effects and Side Effects
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absorption abuse acid action potentials activity addiction administration alco amphetamine antidepressants antipsychotics arousal axons azepines barbiturates basal ganglia behavior benzodiazepines block blood levels brain caffeine cannabinoids cause cell body Chapter cigarettes cocaine coffee conditioned consumed cortex crease decrease depression developed diazepam digestive system disease dopamine drinkers drinking drug effects of alcohol enzyme excretion experiment fects functioning GABA given hallucinogens heroin high doses humans increase injection ion channels ionized known laboratory animals lever lipid-soluble liver marijuana membrane mesolimbic metabolism methadone methylxanthines molecules monkeys morphine motor nervous system neurons neurotransmitters nicotine nonhumans normal opiates opium orally overdose pentobarbital percent physical dependence placebo positive reinforcement rats receptor sites reported response resting potential result schedule self-administration sensitization shown similar sleep smoking stimulants studies subjective effects substance synapses therapeutic tion tive tobacco tolerance transmitter treatment users usually withdrawal symptoms