Congress: A Political-economic History of Roll Call Voting

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Oxford University Press, 1997 - Political Science - 297 pages
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Keith T. Poole and Howard Rosenthal have analyzed 16 million individual roll call votes spanning the two centuries since the two Houses of Congress began recording votes in 1789. By tracing the voting patterns of Congress throughout the country's history, Poole and Rosenthal find that, despite a wide array of issues facing legislators, over 80% of a legislator's voting decisions can be attributed to a consistent ideological position ranging from ultraconservatism to ultraliberalism.
The authors utilize roll call voting as a framework for a novel interpretation of important episodes in American political and economic history. Using a simple geometric model of voting,Congressdemonstrates that roll call voting has a very simple structure and that, for most of American history, roll call voting patterns have maintained a core stability based on two great issues: the extent of government regulation of, and intervention in, the economy; and race.

With the exception of the Civil War period, the major political parties have been organized around the issue of government intervention in the economy. Although political parties are the critical element in promoting stable voting alignments, these stable patterns are more than just the result of party alliances. Not only do new stable patterns of votingprecedethe emergence of new parties, there are also very important distinctions within parties.

Race, the second great source of stable voting patterns, has almost always divided the two major parties internally and, in the post World War II era, has split the Democratic party along North-South lines leading to a three-party system.Congressdocuments the history of race-related issues in Congress and how race has an indirect effect on many other issues such as minimum wages and food stamps.

Congressalso examines alternative models of roll call voting and finds them lacking. In several detailed case studies, the authors demonstrate that constituency interest or pocket-book voting models fail to account for voting on issues such as minimum wages, strip mining, food stamps, and railroad regulation.

Because of its scope and controversial findings which challenge established political and economic models used to explain Congressional behavior,Congresswill be essential reading for political scientists, economists, and historians.
  

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Contents

Introduction The LiberalConservative Structure
3
The Spatial Model and Congressional Voting
11
The Spatial Model Accuracy and Dimensionality
27
The Spatial Model Stability Replacement and Polarization
58
Party Realignment in Congress
86
Issues Constituency Interests and the Basic Space
115
Sophisticated Voting and Agenda Manipulation
146
Roll Call Voting and InterestGroup Ratings
165
Abstention from Roll Call Voting
210
The Unidimensional Congress
227
The NOMINATE Method of Estimating Spatial Models of Voting
233
The Dimensionality of Spatial Voting
252
Roll Call Coding Categories
259
Notes
263
References
281
Index
291

Committees and Roll Calls
184

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Keith T. Poole and Howard Rosenthal, Congress: A political ...
Public Choice 100: 135137, 1999. 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. 135. Book reviews. Keith T. Poole and Howard Rosenthal, ...
www.springerlink.com/ index/ K08285M412757847.pdf

JSTOR: Congress: A Political-Economic History of Roll Call Voting.
Congress: A Political-Economic History of Roll Call Voting. By Keith T. Poole and How- ard Rosenthal. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. Pp. vii, 297. ...
links.jstor.org/ sici?sici=0022-0507(199806)58%3A2%3C600%3ACAPHOR%3E2.0.CO%3B2-9

Congress: A Political-Economic History of Roll Call Voting by ...
Keith T. Poole and Howard Rosenthal have analyzed 16 million individual roll call votes spanning the two centuries since the two Houses of Congress began ...
www.questia.com/ library/ book/ congress-a-political-economic-history-of-roll-call-voting-by-keith-t-poole-howard-rosen...

Independent Review: Congress: A Political-Economic History of Roll ...
Congress: A Political-Economic History of Roll Call Voting By Keith Poole and Howard Rosenthal New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. Pp. xi, 297. ...
findarticles.com/ p/ articles/ mi_hb3316/ is_199903/ ai_n13122258/ print

D-NOMINATE After 10 Years: A Comparative Update to Congress: A ...
Congress: A Political Economic History of Roll Call Voting. Keith T. Poole. Carnegie Mellon University. Howard Rosenthal. Princeton University ...
www.voteview.com/ prapsd99.pdf

D-Nominate After 10 Years: An Update to Congress: A Political ...
D-Nominate After 10 Years: An Update to Congress: A Political Economic History of Roll Call Voting. Author info | Abstract | Publisher info | Download info ...
ideas.repec.org/ p/ cmu/ gsiawp/ 325.html

Political Science 490-0 Congress: Representation, Roll-Call Voting ...
Political Science 490-0. Congress: Representation, Roll-Call Voting, and Elections. Fall 2003. 9:00 11:50 M. 212 Scott Hall. Professor Jeffery A. Jenkins ...
faculty.virginia.edu/ jajenkins/ 490.pdf

The Decline and Rise of Party Polarization in Congress During the ...
In Congress: A Political Economic History of Roll Call Voting, we confirmed our earlier analyses and found. that the polarization surge had continued ...
www.ou.edu/ special/ albertctr/ extensions/ fall2005/ Poole.pdf

Keith T. Poole
Congress: A Political-Economic History of Roll Call Voting . Keith T. Poole and Howard Rosenthal. Congress: A Political-Economic History of Roll Call Voting ...
unjobs.org/ authors/ keith-t.-poole

Congressional Roll Call Voting Dataset
For more information on the meaning of these scores, please consult Congress: A Political-Economic History of Roll Call Voting by Keith Poole and Howard ...
www.policyagendas.org/ doc/ roll-call-voting-codebook.doc

About the author (1997)


Keith T. Poole is Professor of Politics and Political Economy at Carnegie Mellon University. Howard Rosenthal is Roger Williams Straus Professor of Social Sciences at Princeton University.

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