Holiness and masculinity in the Middle Ages
Studies of gender in medieval culture have tended to focus on femininity; however, the study of medieval masculinities has developed into an important area of enquiry in the last few years. This collection is the first to concentrate on the ways in which varieties of medieval masculinity intersected with concepts of holiness. Individual essays in this volume explore differing notions of holiness which had currency in the Middle Ages, understood variously as religious, saintly, sacred, pure and morally perfect. They also consider the ways in which the performance of both holiness and masculinity was affected by other categories such as monasticism, kingship, mysticism, social status, body and age. For some men the practice of holiness embodied the masculine capacities of self-control and intellectual decision, but for others it involved identities that challenged conventional ideas of masculine autonomy. Therefore masculinity could either be a source of validation, or a matter for anxiety an issue explored in several of the essays. Others consider holy masculinity alongside holy femininity and the ways in which both could sometimes be achieved by men and women. Topics include sanctity and martyrdom, eunuch saints, meanings attached to the tonsure, mystical marriage, models of ideal conduct and virginity. The volume as a whole deals with a wide variety of texts and sources drawn from Byzantium, Syria, Germany, France, Anglo-Saxon and later medieval England.
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Holiness and Masculinity in Aldhelms Opus Geminatum
Sexual Prowess the Battle
Theodoret of Cyrrhus Sexual Imagery
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Abbey of Saint-Denis abbot Abbot Suger Aldhelm's angels Anglo-Saxon argued ascetic asceticism Beowulf body bride Byzantine Cambridge Capetian Caroline Walker Bynum castration Catholic century chastity Christ Christian church clerics cult culture death depicted described discussion Edward Edward III English essay eunuch saints eunuchs example female saints feminine feminized Figure gender gender identity hagiographers hair Henry Henry Suso Hermann Hermann-Joseph History holiness and masculinity household Ibid identity Ignatios Interlude of Youth John king kingship Kuefler Lapidge late medieval Leben lives London Louis Luttrell Psalter Lydgate male saints Manly Eunuch Margaret of Anjou martyr Mary masculinity medieval England Middle Ages miracles monarchy monastic monks mystic marriage Niketas noble phallus piety play political priests queen relationship religious Richard role Royal Abbey Saint-Denis sanctity Secreta secretorum secular Servant sexual Spiritual Daughter St Edmund status suffering Suger suggests Suso Suso's symbolic Theodoret tonsure Tudor Virgin Vita women York